2014 STATE AGRICULTURE OVERVIEW
 Alabama
Survey Data from Quick Stats as of: Mar/06/2015

Farms Operations

Farm Operations - Number of Operations43,400

Livestock Inventory

Cattle, Cows, Beef - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2015 )672,000
Cattle, Cows, Milk - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2015 )8,000
Cattle, Incl Calves - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2015 )1,220,000
Goats, Meat & Other - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2015 )47,000
Goats, Milk - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2015 )3,800
Hogs - Inventory ( First of Dec. 2014 )105,000

Milk Production

Milk - Production, Measured in Lb / Head13,625
Milk - Production, Measured in Lb109,000,000

Crops - Planted, Harvested, Yield, Production, Price (MYA), Value of Production
CommodityPlanted All Purpose AcresHarvested AcresYieldProductionPrice per UnitValue of Production in Dollars
HAY
HAY750,0002.80 TONS / ACRE2,100,000 TONS100.00 $ / TON210,000,000
HAY, (EXCL ALFALFA)750,0002.80 TONS / ACRE2,100,000 TONS100.00 $ / TON210,000,000
SOYBEANS
SOYBEANS485,000475,00040.00 BU / ACRE19,000,000 BU10.20 $ / BU193,800,000
COTTON
COTTON, UPLAND350,000348,000910.00 LB / ACRE660,000 480 LB BALES0.61 $ / LB192,614,000
COTTON, COTTONSEED198,000 TONS180.00 $ / TON35,640,000
COTTON350,000348,000910.00 LB / ACRE660,000 480 LB BALES
CORN
CORN, GRAIN285,000159.00 BU / ACRE45,315,000 BU3.80 $ / BU172,197,000
CORN300,000
CORN, SILAGE9,00017.00 TONS / ACRE153,000 TONS
PEANUTS
PEANUTS175,000173,0003,200.00 LB / ACRE553,600,000 LB0.18 $ / LB101,309,000
WHEAT
WHEAT, WINTER255,000225,00069.00 BU / ACRE15,525,000 BU5.95 $ / BU92,374,000
WHEAT255,000225,00069.00 BU / ACRE15,525,000 BU5.95 $ / BU92,374,000
SWEET POTATOES
SWEET POTATOES2,1002,000220.00 CWT / ACRE440,000 CWT17.80 $ / CWT7,832,000
MELONS
MELONS, WATERMELON, FRESH MARKET3,3002,700169.00 CWT / ACRE456,000 CWT14.20 $ / CWT6,475,000
OATS
OATS50,00015,00065.00 BU / ACRE975,000 BU4.25 $ / BU4,144,000
PECANS
PECANS, UTILIZED, IN SHELL1,900,000 LB3,834,000
PECANS, IMPROVED, UTILIZED, IN SHELL1,600,000 LB3,504,000
PECANS, NATIVE & SEEDLING, UTILIZED, IN SHELL300,000 LB330,000
PECANS, NATIVE & SEEDLING1.10 $ / LB
PECANS, IMPROVED2.19 $ / LB
PECANS2.02 $ / LB
PEACHES
PEACHES, UTILIZED1,900 TONS2,280,000
PEACHES, NOT SOLD100 TONS
PEACHES1,5002.27 TONS / ACRE3,400 TONS1,200.00 $ / TON
PEACHES, NOT HARVESTED1,400 TONS
SWEET CORN
SWEET CORN, FRESH MARKET1,4001,10074.00 CWT / ACRE81,000 CWT21.60 $ / CWT1,750,000
BLUEBERRIES
BLUEBERRIES, TAME, UTILIZED1,120.00 LB / ACRE480,000 LB1,181,000
BLUEBERRIES, TAME, FRESH MARKET480,000 LB2.46 $ / LB1,181,000
BLUEBERRIES, TAME430500,000 LB2.46 $ / LB
BLUEBERRIES, TAME, NOT HARVESTED10,000 LB
BLUEBERRIES, TAME, NOT SOLD10,000 LB
TOMATOES
TOMATOES, FRESH MARKET28.30 $ / CWT

Census State Profile: Alabama

Ranked Items Within The U.S., 2012
ItemQuantityU.S. RankUniverse 1
MARKET VALUE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS SOLD ($1,000)
Total value of agricultural products sold5,571,1732550
   Value of crops, including nursery and greenhouse 1,314,9713350
   Value of livestock, poultry, and their products4,256,2021650
 
VALUE OF SALES BY COMMODITY GROUP ($1,000)
Grains, oilseeds, dry beans, and dry peas435,4653350
Tobacco(D)1819
Cotton and cottonseed254,506717
Vegetables, melons, potatoes and sweet potatoes50,3323350
Fruit, tree nuts, and berries23,8722750
Nursery, greenhouse, floriculture and sod242,5891950
Cut Christmas trees and short rotation woody crops(D)3149
Other crops and hay307,3451750
Poultry and eggs3,624,852450
Cattle and calves429,3493150
Milk from cows28,1134450
Hogs and pigs33,4243150
Sheep, goats, wool, mohair, and milk5,6753350
Horses, ponies, mules, burros, and donkeys13,4023150
Aquaculture117,920450
Other animals and other animal products3,4674250
 
TOP CROP ITEMS (acres)
Forage-land used for all hay and haylage, grass silage, and greenchop807,0582550
Cotton, all376,464717
Upland cotton376,464717
Soybeans for beans334,8312345
Corn for grain285,3282849
 
TOP LIVESTOCK INVENTORY ITEMS (number)
Broilers and other meat-type chickens172,955,409250
Layers9,435,6051250
Pullets for laying flock replacement5,457,121950
Cattle and calves1,236,4672650
Quail1,104,670249

Other State Highlights, 2012
Economic Characteristics Quantity
Farm by value of sales
   Less than $1,00014,007
   $1,000 to $2,4994,246
   $2,500 to $4,9994,782
   $5,000 to $9,9995,591
   $10,000 to $19,9994,380
   $20,000 to $24,9991,193
   $25,000 to $39,9991,943
   $40,000 to $49,999719
   $50,000 to $99,9991,510
   $100,000 to $249,999947
   $250,000 to $499,999689
   $500,000 or more3,216
  
Total farm production expenses ($1,000)4,736,277
   Average per farm ($)109,578
  
Net cash farm income of the operations ($1,000)1,066,431
   Average per farm ($)24,673
Operator Characteristics Quantity
Principal operators by primary occupation
   Farming19,114
   Other24,109
 
Principal operators by sex
   Male37,809
   Female5,414
  
Average age of principal operator59.3
 
All operators by race 2
   American Indian or Alaska Native787
   Asian121
   Black or African American3,763
   Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander14
   White58,103
   More than one race481
  
All operators of Spanish, Hispanic or Latino Origin 2483

Note: See "Census of Agriculture, Volume 1, Geographic Area Series" for complete footnotes, explanations, definitions, and methodology.
   1 Universe is number of states in U.S. with item.
   2 Data were collected for a maximum of three operators per farm.
  (D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.
   - Represents zero.