2013 STATE AGRICULTURE OVERVIEW
 Idaho
Survey Data from Quick Stats as of: Oct/01/2014

Farms Operations

Farm Operations - Area Operated, Measured in Acres / Operation482
Farm Operations - Number of Operations24,500
Farm Operations - Acres Operated11,800,000

Livestock Inventory

Cattle, Cows, Beef - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2014 )445,000
Cattle, Cows, Milk - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2014 )565,000
Cattle, Incl Calves - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2014 )2,190,000
Cattle, On Feed - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2014 )225,000
Goats, Meat & Other - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2014 )14,000
Goats, Milk - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2014 )4,000
Sheep, Incl Lambs - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2014 )250,000
Hogs - Inventory ( First of Dec. 2013 )0

Milk Production

Milk - Production, Measured in Lb / Head23,440
Milk - Production, Measured in $2,578,752,000
Milk - Production, Measured in Lb13,431,000,000

Crops - Planted, Harvested, Yield, Production, Price (MYA), Value of Production
CommodityPlanted All Purpose AcresHarvested AcresYieldProductionPrice per UnitValue of Production in Dollars
HAY & HAYLAGE
HAY & HAYLAGE1,520,0003.62 TONS / ACRE, DRY BASIS5,496,000 TONS, DRY BASIS1,035,872,000
HAY & HAYLAGE, ALFALFA125,0001,135,0004.10 TONS / ACRE, DRY BASIS4,658,000 TONS, DRY BASIS
HAY & HAYLAGE, (EXCL ALFALFA)385,0002.18 TONS / ACRE, DRY BASIS838,000 TONS, DRY BASIS
POTATOES
POTATOES317,000316,000415.00 CWT / ACRE131,131,000 CWT7.75 $ / CWT1,016,265,000
POTATOES, FALL317,000316,000415.00 CWT / ACRE131,131,000 CWT7.75 $ / CWT1,016,265,000
POTATOES, FRESH MARKET7.15 $ / CWT
POTATOES, PROCESSING7.85 $ / CWT
HAY
HAY1,480,0003.36 TONS / ACRE4,976,000 TONS191.00 $ / TON938,832,000
HAY, ALFALFA1,120,0003.80 TONS / ACRE4,256,000 TONS193.00 $ / TON817,152,000
HAY, (EXCL ALFALFA)360,0002.00 TONS / ACRE720,000 TONS170.00 $ / TON121,680,000
WHEAT
WHEAT1,321,0001,261,00082.20 BU / ACRE103,592,000 BU7.05 $ / BU689,081,000
WHEAT, WINTER780,000740,00086.00 BU / ACRE63,640,000 BU7.02 $ / BU414,864,000
WHEAT, SPRING, (EXCL DURUM)530,000510,00077.00 BU / ACRE39,270,000 BU7.12 $ / BU269,000,000
WHEAT, SPRING, DURUM11,00011,00062.00 BU / ACRE682,000 BU7.72 $ / BU5,217,000
BARLEY
BARLEY650,000620,00093.00 BU / ACRE57,660,000 BU6.42 $ / BU357,120,000
BARLEY, FEED4.26 $ / BU
BARLEY, MALTING6.67 $ / BU
CORN
CORN, GRAIN120,000180.00 BU / ACRE21,600,000 BU5.70 $ / BU123,120,000
CORN, SILAGE225,00026.00 TONS / ACRE5,850,000 TONS
CORN350,000
BEANS
BEANS, DRY EDIBLE125,000124,0001,900.00 LB / ACRE2,356,000 CWT34.40 $ / CWT81,046,000
BEANS, DRY EDIBLE, PINK6,9006,7002,690.00 LB / ACRE180,000 CWT
BEANS, DRY EDIBLE, SMALL, RED7,6007,5002,760.00 LB / ACRE207,000 CWT
BEANS, DRY EDIBLE, OTHER1,9001,9002,530.00 LB / ACRE48,000 CWT
BEANS, DRY EDIBLE, NAVY2,1002,1002,290.00 LB / ACRE48,000 CWT
BEANS, DRY EDIBLE, BLACK1,4001,4002,930.00 LB / ACRE41,000 CWT
BEANS, DRY EDIBLE, CHICKPEAS78,00077,5001,460.00 LB / ACRE1,132,000 CWT
BEANS, DRY EDIBLE, PINTO23,00022,8002,610.00 LB / ACRE595,000 CWT
BEANS, DRY EDIBLE, GREAT NORTHERN2,5002,5002,680.00 LB / ACRE67,000 CWT
BEANS, DRY EDIBLE, CHICKPEAS, SMALL15,00014,8001,540.00 LB / ACRE228,000 CWT
BEANS, DRY EDIBLE, CHICKPEAS, LARGE63,00062,7001,440.00 LB / ACRE904,000 CWT
BEANS, DRY EDIBLE, LIGHT, RED, KIDNEY1,0001,0002,400.00 LB / ACRE24,000 CWT
BEANS, DRY EDIBLE, DARK, RED, KIDNEY6006002,330.00 LB / ACRE14,000 CWT
ONIONS
ONIONS, DRY, SUMMER, STORAGE9,2009,000820.00 CWT / ACRE7,380,000 CWT11.40 $ / CWT71,478,000
MINT
MINT, PEPPERMINT, OIL15,500100.00 LB / ACRE1,550,000 LB22.30 $ / LB34,565,000
MINT, SPEARMINT, OIL1,000125.00 LB / ACRE125,000 LB20.00 $ / LB2,500,000
APPLES
APPLES, UTILIZED70,000,000 LB23,153,000
APPLES, FRESH MARKET50,000,000 LB0.43 $ / LB21,250,000
APPLES, PROCESSING20,000,000 LB190.00 $ / TON1,903,000
APPLES, NOT HARVESTED2,000,000 LB
APPLES2,70026,700.00 LB / ACRE72,000,000 LB0.33 $ / LB
CANOLA
CANOLA44,00043,0001,850.00 LB / ACRE79,550,000 LB22.00 $ / CWT17,501,000
HOPS
HOPS3,3761,741.00 LB / ACRE5,876,000 LB2.64 $ / LB15,513,000
PEAS
PEAS, DRY EDIBLE37,00036,0002,200.00 LB / ACRE792,000 CWT17.40 $ / CWT13,781,000
PEAS, WRINKLED SEED110,000 CWT31.00 $ / CWT3,410,000
PEAS, AUSTRIAN WINTER5,0004,0001,700.00 LB / ACRE68,000 CWT24.60 $ / CWT1,673,000
LENTILS
LENTILS31,00030,0001,300.00 LB / ACRE390,000 CWT24.40 $ / CWT9,204,000
CHERRIES
CHERRIES, SWEET, UTILIZED2,200 TONS5,603,000
CHERRIES, SWEET, NOT HARVESTED100 TONS
CHERRIES, SWEET6003.83 TONS / ACRE2,300 TONS2,550.00 $ / TON
PEACHES
PEACHES, UTILIZED5,500 TONS5,196,000
PEACHES, NOT SOLD600 TONS
PEACHES1,1005.55 TONS / ACRE6,100 TONS945.00 $ / TON
OATS
OATS70,00015,00073.00 BU / ACRE1,095,000 BU3.80 $ / BU3,833,000
PLUMS & PRUNES
PLUMS & PRUNES4006.00 TONS / ACRE2,400 TONS440.00 $ / TON1,034,000
PLUMS & PRUNES, UTILIZED2,350 TONS
PLUMS & PRUNES, NOT SOLD10 TONS
PLUMS & PRUNES, NOT HARVESTED40 TONS
SUGARBEETS
SUGARBEETS175,000174,00036.20 TONS / ACRE6,299,000 TONS
HAYLAGE
HAYLAGE, ALFALFA65,00012.50 TONS / ACRE813,000 TONS
HAYLAGE, (EXCL ALFALFA)25,0009.50 TONS / ACRE238,000 TONS
HAYLAGE90,00011.68 TONS / ACRE1,051,000 TONS

Census State Profile: Idaho

Ranked Items Within The U.S., 2012
ItemQuantityU.S. RankUniverse 1
MARKET VALUE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS SOLD ($1,000)
Total value of agricultural products sold7,801,4461950
   Value of crops, including nursery and greenhouse 3,443,0122050
   Value of livestock, poultry, and their products4,358,4351550
 
VALUE OF SALES BY COMMODITY GROUP ($1,000)
Grains, oilseeds, dry beans, and dry peas1,448,0892350
Tobacco--19
Cotton and cottonseed--17
Vegetables, melons, potatoes and sweet potatoes967,476450
Fruit, tree nuts, and berries(D)2950
Nursery, greenhouse, floriculture and sod53,1573650
Cut Christmas trees and short rotation woody crops(D)(D)49
Other crops and hay950,370450
Poultry and eggs49,7333650
Cattle and calves1,808,9291050
Milk from cows2,333,364450
Hogs and pigs(D)3250
Sheep, goats, wool, mohair, and milk42,173750
Horses, ponies, mules, burros, and donkeys(D)3450
Aquaculture52,5821250
Other animals and other animal products33,5921150
 
TOP CROP ITEMS (acres)
Forage-land used for all hay and haylage, grass silage, and greenchop1,376,6321650
Wheat for grain, all1,250,4941149
Winter wheat for grain738,3541148
Barley for grain593,469343
Spring wheat for grain499,623629
 
TOP LIVESTOCK INVENTORY ITEMS (number)
Cattle and calves2,397,5411350
Layers655,3463950
Pullets for laying flock replacement(D)3550
Sheep and lambs231,078850
Pheasants137,590650

Other State Highlights, 2012
Economic Characteristics Quantity
Farm by value of sales
   Less than $1,0006,593
   $1,000 to $2,4992,376
   $2,500 to $4,9992,487
   $5,000 to $9,9992,367
   $10,000 to $19,9991,959
   $20,000 to $24,999578
   $25,000 to $39,9991,296
   $40,000 to $49,999546
   $50,000 to $99,9991,518
   $100,000 to $249,9991,835
   $250,000 to $499,9991,260
   $500,000 or more2,001
  
Total farm production expenses ($1,000)6,642,131
   Average per farm ($)267,655
  
Net cash farm income of the operations ($1,000)1,477,387
   Average per farm ($)59,534
Operator Characteristics Quantity
Principal operators by primary occupation
   Farming12,349
   Other12,467
 
Principal operators by sex
   Male21,821
   Female2,995
  
Average age of principal operator57.6
 
All operators by race 2
   American Indian or Alaska Native229
   Asian162
   Black or African American22
   Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander27
   White39,122
   More than one race185
  
All operators of Spanish, Hispanic or Latino Origin 21,113

Note: See "Census of Agriculture, Volume 1, Geographic Area Series" for complete footnotes, explanations, definitions, and methodology.
   1 Universe is number of states in U.S. with item.
   2 Data were collected for a maximum of three operators per farm.
  (D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.
   - Represents zero.