2014 STATE AGRICULTURE OVERVIEW
 Idaho
Survey Data from Quick Stats as of: May/29/2015

Farms Operations

Farm Operations - Area Operated, Measured in Acres / Operation484
Farm Operations - Number of Operations24,400
Farm Operations - Acres Operated11,800,000

Livestock Inventory

Cattle, Cows, Beef - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2015 )481,000
Cattle, Cows, Milk - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2015 )579,000
Cattle, Incl Calves - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2015 )2,300,000
Cattle, On Feed - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2015 )245,000
Goats, Meat & Other - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2015 )(NA)
Goats, Milk - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2015 )3,500
Sheep, Incl Lambs - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2015 )260,000
Hogs - Inventory ( First of Dec. 2014 )(D)

Milk Production

Milk - Production, Measured in Lb / Head24,127
Milk - Production, Measured in $3,204,663,000
Milk - Production, Measured in Lb13,873,000,000

Crops - Planted, Harvested, Yield, Production, Price (MYA), Value of Production
Sorted by Value of Production in Dollars
CommodityPlanted All Purpose AcresHarvested AcresYieldProductionPrice per UnitValue of Production in Dollars
HAY
HAY1,390,0003.51 TONS / ACRE4,881,000 TONS203 $ / TON984,855,000
HAY, ALFALFA1,090,0003.9 TONS / ACRE4,251,000 TONS205 $ / TON871,455,000
HAY, (EXCL ALFALFA)300,0002.1 TONS / ACRE630,000 TONS180 $ / TON113,400,000
POTATOES
POTATOES, FALL321,000320,000425 CWT / ACRE135,920,000 CWT6.85 $ / CWT931,052,000
POTATOES321,000320,000425 CWT / ACRE135,920,000 CWT6.85 $ / CWT931,052,000
WHEAT
WHEAT1,271,0001,196,00078.4 BU / ACRE93,717,000 BU6.15 $ / BU579,263,000
WHEAT, WINTER780,000730,00080 BU / ACRE58,400,000 BU6 $ / BU350,400,000
WHEAT, SPRING, (EXCL DURUM)480,000455,00076 BU / ACRE34,580,000 BU6.45 $ / BU223,041,000
WHEAT, SPRING, DURUM11,00011,00067 BU / ACRE737,000 BU7.9 $ / BU5,822,000
BARLEY
BARLEY560,000510,00094 BU / ACRE47,940,000 BU4.9 $ / BU234,906,000
BEANS
BEANS, DRY EDIBLE125,000124,0001,800 LB / ACRE2,232,000 CWT31.9 $ / CWT71,201,000
BEANS, DRY EDIBLE, PINK6,0006,0002,600 LB / ACRE156,000 CWT
BEANS, DRY EDIBLE, SMALL, RED8,0008,0002,630 LB / ACRE210,000 CWT
BEANS, DRY EDIBLE, SMALL, WHITE2,3002,3001,830 LB / ACRE42,000 CWT
BEANS, DRY EDIBLE, OTHER5,6005,6002,540 LB / ACRE142,000 CWT
BEANS, DRY EDIBLE, NAVY1,5001,5002,600 LB / ACRE39,000 CWT
BEANS, DRY EDIBLE, BLACK1,4001,4002,570 LB / ACRE36,000 CWT
BEANS, DRY EDIBLE, CHICKPEAS74,00073,0001,320 LB / ACRE965,000 CWT
BEANS, DRY EDIBLE, PINTO19,00019,0002,470 LB / ACRE470,000 CWT
BEANS, DRY EDIBLE, GREAT NORTHERN4,0004,0002,400 LB / ACRE96,000 CWT
BEANS, DRY EDIBLE, DARK, RED, KIDNEY1,5001,5002,200 LB / ACRE33,000 CWT
BEANS, DRY EDIBLE, CHICKPEAS, SMALL29,00029,0001,410 LB / ACRE410,000 CWT
BEANS, DRY EDIBLE, CHICKPEAS, LARGE45,00044,0001,260 LB / ACRE555,000 CWT
BEANS, DRY EDIBLE, LIGHT, RED, KIDNEY1,7001,7002,530 LB / ACRE43,000 CWT
CORN
CORN, GRAIN80,000200 BU / ACRE16,000,000 BU4.2 $ / BU67,200,000
CORN320,000
CORN, SILAGE235,00028 TONS / ACRE6,580,000 TONS
ONIONS
ONIONS, DRY, SUMMER, STORAGE7,0006,900820 CWT / ACRE5,658,000 CWT8.4 $ / CWT44,083,000
MINT
MINT, PEPPERMINT, OIL14,700105 LB / ACRE1,544,000 LB21.5 $ / LB33,196,000
MINT, SPEARMINT, OIL1,200130 LB / ACRE156,000 LB21 $ / LB3,276,000
HOPS
HOPS3,7431,847 LB / ACRE6,913,800 LB2.75 $ / LB19,013,000
APPLES
APPLES, UTILIZED64,000,000 LB14,078,000
APPLES, NOT HARVESTED1,000,000 LB
APPLES, NOT SOLD3,000,000 LB
APPLES2,40028,300 LB / ACRE68,000,000 LB0.22 $ / LB
PEAS
PEAS, DRY EDIBLE46,00044,0001,800 LB / ACRE792,000 CWT13.5 $ / CWT10,692,000
PEAS, WRINKLED SEED138,000 CWT36 $ / CWT4,968,000
PEAS, AUSTRIAN WINTER9,0007,5001,600 LB / ACRE120,000 CWT23.9 $ / CWT2,868,000
CANOLA
CANOLA35,00034,0001,800 LB / ACRE61,200,000 LB16 $ / CWT9,792,000
LENTILS
LENTILS25,00024,0001,100 LB / ACRE264,000 CWT29.2 $ / CWT7,709,000
CHERRIES
CHERRIES, SWEET, UTILIZED2,800 TONS6,399,000
CHERRIES, SWEET7004 TONS / ACRE2,800 TONS2,290 $ / TON
CHERRIES, SWEET, FRESH MARKET(D) TONS(D) $ / TON(D)
CHERRIES, SWEET, PROCESSING(D) TONS(D) $ / TON(D)
PEACHES
PEACHES, UTILIZED5,400 TONS4,336,000
PEACHES, NOT SOLD400 TONS
PEACHES1,1005.27 TONS / ACRE5,800 TONS803 $ / TON
OATS
OATS70,00015,00082 BU / ACRE1,230,000 BU2.45 $ / BU3,014,000
PLUMS & PRUNES
PLUMS & PRUNES4007 TONS / ACRE2,800 TONS466 $ / TON1,306,000
PLUMS & PRUNES, UTILIZED2,800 TONS
PLUMS & PRUNES, PROCESSING(D) TONS(D) $ / TON(D)
PLUMS & PRUNES, FRESH MARKET(D) TONS(D) $ / TON(D)
HAYLAGE
HAYLAGE120,00010.83 TONS / ACRE1,300,000 TONS
HAYLAGE, (EXCL ALFALFA)40,0009.5 TONS / ACRE380,000 TONS
HAYLAGE, ALFALFA80,00011.5 TONS / ACRE920,000 TONS
HAY & HAYLAGE
HAY & HAYLAGE, ALFALFA140,0001,120,0004.2 TONS / ACRE, DRY BASIS4,706,000 TONS, DRY BASIS
HAY & HAYLAGE1,460,0003.78 TONS / ACRE, DRY BASIS5,524,000 TONS, DRY BASIS
HAY & HAYLAGE, (EXCL ALFALFA)340,0002.41 TONS / ACRE, DRY BASIS818,000 TONS, DRY BASIS
SUGARBEETS
SUGARBEETS171,000169,00037.5 TONS / ACRE6,338,000 TONS
(NA) Not Available
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations
(S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate
(X) Not Applicable
(Z) Less than half the rounding unit

Census State Profile: Idaho

Ranked Items Within The U.S., 2012
ItemQuantityU.S. RankUniverse 1
MARKET VALUE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS SOLD ($1,000)
Total value of agricultural products sold7,801,4461950
   Value of crops, including nursery and greenhouse 3,443,0122050
   Value of livestock, poultry, and their products4,358,4351550
 
VALUE OF SALES BY COMMODITY GROUP ($1,000)
Grains, oilseeds, dry beans, and dry peas1,448,0892350
Tobacco--19
Cotton and cottonseed--17
Vegetables, melons, potatoes and sweet potatoes967,476450
Fruit, tree nuts, and berries(D)2950
Nursery, greenhouse, floriculture and sod53,1573650
Cut Christmas trees and short rotation woody crops(D)(D)49
Other crops and hay950,370450
Poultry and eggs49,7333650
Cattle and calves1,808,9291050
Milk from cows2,333,364450
Hogs and pigs(D)3250
Sheep, goats, wool, mohair, and milk42,173750
Horses, ponies, mules, burros, and donkeys(D)3450
Aquaculture52,5821250
Other animals and other animal products33,5921150
 
TOP CROP ITEMS (acres)
Forage-land used for all hay and haylage, grass silage, and greenchop1,376,6321650
Wheat for grain, all1,250,4941149
Winter wheat for grain738,3541148
Barley for grain593,469343
Spring wheat for grain499,623629
 
TOP LIVESTOCK INVENTORY ITEMS (number)
Cattle and calves2,397,5411350
Layers655,3463950
Pullets for laying flock replacement(D)3550
Sheep and lambs231,078850
Pheasants137,590650

Other State Highlights, 2012
Economic Characteristics Quantity
Farm by value of sales
   Less than $1,0006,593
   $1,000 to $2,4992,376
   $2,500 to $4,9992,487
   $5,000 to $9,9992,367
   $10,000 to $19,9991,959
   $20,000 to $24,999578
   $25,000 to $39,9991,296
   $40,000 to $49,999546
   $50,000 to $99,9991,518
   $100,000 to $249,9991,835
   $250,000 to $499,9991,260
   $500,000 or more2,001
  
Total farm production expenses ($1,000)6,642,131
   Average per farm ($)267,655
  
Net cash farm income of the operations ($1,000)1,477,387
   Average per farm ($)59,534
Operator Characteristics Quantity
Principal operators by primary occupation
   Farming12,349
   Other12,467
 
Principal operators by sex
   Male21,821
   Female2,995
  
Average age of principal operator57.6
 
All operators by race 2
   American Indian or Alaska Native229
   Asian162
   Black or African American22
   Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander27
   White39,122
   More than one race185
  
All operators of Spanish, Hispanic or Latino Origin 21,113

Note: See "Census of Agriculture, Volume 1, Geographic Area Series" for complete footnotes, explanations, definitions, and methodology.
   1 Universe is number of states in U.S. with item.
   2 Data were collected for a maximum of three operators per farm.
  (D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.
   - Represents zero.