2014 STATE AGRICULTURE OVERVIEW
 Illinois
Survey Data from Quick Stats as of: Aug/30/2015

Farms Operations

Farm Operations - Area Operated, Measured in Acres / Operation361
Farm Operations - Number of Operations74,500
Farm Operations - Acres Operated26,900,000

Livestock Inventory

Cattle, Cows, Beef - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2015 )376,000
Cattle, Cows, Milk - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2015 )94,000
Cattle, Incl Calves - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2015 )1,140,000
Cattle, On Feed - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2015 )230,000
Goats, Meat & Other - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2015 )16,700
Goats, Milk - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2015 )5,700
Sheep, Incl Lambs - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2015 )57,000
Hogs - Inventory ( First of Dec. 2014 )4,700,000

Milk Production

Milk - Production, Measured in Lb / Head19,681
Milk - Production, Measured in $456,950,000
Milk - Production, Measured in Lb1,850,000,000

Crops - Planted, Harvested, Yield, Production, Price (MYA), Value of Production
Sorted by Value of Production in Dollars
CommodityPlanted All Purpose AcresHarvested AcresYieldProductionPrice per UnitValue of Production in Dollars
CORN
CORN, GRAIN11,750,000200 BU / ACRE2,350,000,000 BU3.65 $ / BU8,577,500,000
CORN, SILAGE80,00022 TONS / ACRE1,760,000 TONS
CORN11,900,000
SOYBEANS
SOYBEANS9,800,0009,780,00056 BU / ACRE547,680,000 BU10.3 $ / BU5,641,104,000
HAY
HAY520,0003.38 TONS / ACRE1,755,000 TONS155 $ / TON268,380,000
HAY, ALFALFA270,0004 TONS / ACRE1,080,000 TONS181 $ / TON195,480,000
HAY, (EXCL ALFALFA)250,0002.7 TONS / ACRE675,000 TONS108 $ / TON72,900,000
WHEAT
WHEAT, WINTER740,000670,00067 BU / ACRE44,890,000 BU4.9 $ / BU219,961,000
WHEAT740,000670,00067 BU / ACRE44,890,000 BU4.9 $ / BU219,961,000
PUMPKINS
PUMPKINS20,10019,800375 CWT / ACRE7,458,000 CWT6.32 $ / CWT47,133,000
POTATOES
POTATOES6,5006,400415 CWT / ACRE2,656,000 CWT9.7 $ / CWT25,763,000
POTATOES, SUMMER6,5006,400415 CWT / ACRE2,656,000 CWT9.7 $ / CWT25,763,000
SWEET CORN
SWEET CORN, FRESH MARKET6,4006,100126 CWT / ACRE769,000 CWT22.2 $ / CWT17,072,000
SWEET CORN, PROCESSING(D)(D)(D) TONS / ACRE(D) TONS(D) $ / TON(D)
APPLES
APPLES, UTILIZED20,200,000 LB15,433,000
APPLES, NOT SOLD500,000 LB
APPLES, NOT HARVESTED300,000 LB
APPLES1,80011,700 LB / ACRE21,000,000 LB0.764 $ / LB
APPLES, FRESH MARKET(D) LB(D) $ / LB(D)
APPLES, PROCESSING(D) LB(D) $ / TON(D)
OATS
OATS35,00025,00080 BU / ACRE2,000,000 BU4.85 $ / BU9,700,000
SORGHUM
SORGHUM, GRAIN21,000106 BU / ACRE2,226,000 BU6.3 $ / CWT7,853,000
SORGHUM, SILAGE1,00018 TONS / ACRE18,000 TONS
SORGHUM23,000
PEACHES
PEACHES, UTILIZED3,550 TONS4,509,000
PEACHES, NOT SOLD10 TONS
PEACHES, NOT HARVESTED140 TONS
PEACHES1,2003.08 TONS / ACRE3,700 TONS1,270 $ / TON
HAY & HAYLAGE
HAY & HAYLAGE, (EXCL ALFALFA)250,0002.8 TONS / ACRE, DRY BASIS699,000 TONS, DRY BASIS
HAY & HAYLAGE540,0003.54 TONS / ACRE, DRY BASIS1,909,000 TONS, DRY BASIS
HAY & HAYLAGE, ALFALFA30,000290,0004.17 TONS / ACRE, DRY BASIS1,210,000 TONS, DRY BASIS
HAYLAGE
HAYLAGE, (EXCL ALFALFA)9,0005.4 TONS / ACRE49,000 TONS
HAYLAGE, ALFALFA40,0006.6 TONS / ACRE264,000 TONS
HAYLAGE49,0006.38 TONS / ACRE313,000 TONS
BEANS
BEANS, SNAP, PROCESSING(D)(D)(D) TONS / ACRE(D) TONS(D) $ / TON(D)
(NA) Not Available
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations
(S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate
(X) Not Applicable
(Z) Less than half the rounding unit

Census State Profile: Illinois

Ranked Items Within The U.S., 2012
ItemQuantityU.S. RankUniverse 1
MARKET VALUE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS SOLD ($1,000)
Total value of agricultural products sold17,187,052750
   Value of crops, including nursery and greenhouse 14,144,740350
   Value of livestock, poultry, and their products3,042,3122350
 
VALUE OF SALES BY COMMODITY GROUP ($1,000)
Grains, oilseeds, dry beans, and dry peas13,589,230250
Tobacco1,3971419
Cotton and cottonseed--17
Vegetables, melons, potatoes and sweet potatoes127,5922050
Fruit, tree nuts, and berries19,5353250
Nursery, greenhouse, floriculture and sod322,1041250
Cut Christmas trees and short rotation woody crops2,6131949
Other crops and hay82,2683650
Poultry and eggs136,8763150
Cattle and calves984,4661850
Milk from cows347,3392150
Hogs and pigs1,519,514450
Sheep, goats, wool, mohair, and milk10,7162450
Horses, ponies, mules, burros, and donkeys24,6381350
Aquaculture5,4253250
Other animals and other animal products13,3382550
 
TOP CROP ITEMS (acres)
Corn for grain12,263,259249
Soybeans for beans8,933,457245
Wheat for grain, all645,8291549
Winter wheat for grain645,8291448
Forage-land used for all hay and haylage, grass silage, and greenchop514,0243350
 
TOP LIVESTOCK INVENTORY ITEMS (number)
Hogs and pigs4,630,796450
Layers4,327,3112050
Cattle and calves1,127,6302950
Turkeys739,6601850
Pullets for laying flock replacement371,5313450

Other State Highlights, 2012
Economic Characteristics Quantity
Farm by value of sales
   Less than $1,00021,076
   $1,000 to $2,4993,949
   $2,500 to $4,9994,256
   $5,000 to $9,9994,860
   $10,000 to $19,9994,440
   $20,000 to $24,9991,468
   $25,000 to $39,9993,015
   $40,000 to $49,9991,548
   $50,000 to $99,9995,666
   $100,000 to $249,9998,637
   $250,000 to $499,9996,652
   $500,000 or more9,520
  
Total farm production expenses ($1,000)13,459,269
   Average per farm ($)179,249
  
Net cash farm income of the operations ($1,000)5,949,076
   Average per farm ($)79,229
Operator Characteristics Quantity
Principal operators by primary occupation
   Farming37,835
   Other37,252
 
Principal operators by sex
   Male68,196
   Female6,891
  
Average age of principal operator57.8
 
All operators by race 2
   American Indian or Alaska Native141
   Asian171
   Black or African American172
   Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander24
   White106,554
   More than one race222
  
All operators of Spanish, Hispanic or Latino Origin 2777

Note: See "Census of Agriculture, Volume 1, Geographic Area Series" for complete footnotes, explanations, definitions, and methodology.
   1 Universe is number of states in U.S. with item.
   2 Data were collected for a maximum of three operators per farm.
  (D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.
   - Represents zero.