2014 STATE AGRICULTURE OVERVIEW
 Michigan
Survey Data from Quick Stats as of: Mar/06/2015

Farms Operations

Farm Operations - Number of Operations51,600

Livestock Inventory

Cattle, Cows, Beef - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2015 )112,000
Cattle, Cows, Milk - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2015 )403,000
Cattle, Incl Calves - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2015 )1,140,000
Cattle, On Feed - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2015 )160,000
Goats, Meat & Other - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2015 )0
Goats, Milk - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2015 )11,300
Sheep, Incl Lambs - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2015 )76,000
Hogs - Inventory ( First of Dec. 2014 )1,100,000

Milk Production

Milk - Production, Measured in Lb / Head24,638
Milk - Production, Measured in Lb9,609,000,000

Crops - Planted, Harvested, Yield, Production, Price (MYA), Value of Production
CommodityPlanted All Purpose AcresHarvested AcresYieldProductionPrice per UnitValue of Production in Dollars
CORN
CORN, GRAIN2,210,000161.00 BU / ACRE355,810,000 BU3.65 $ / BU1,298,707,000
CORN, SILAGE320,00020.50 TONS / ACRE6,560,000 TONS
CORN2,550,000
SOYBEANS
SOYBEANS2,150,0002,140,00043.00 BU / ACRE92,020,000 BU10.10 $ / BU929,402,000
HAY
HAY980,0002.62 TONS / ACRE2,570,000 TONS149.00 $ / TON398,488,000
HAY, ALFALFA640,0002.90 TONS / ACRE1,856,000 TONS167.00 $ / TON309,952,000
HAY, (EXCL ALFALFA)340,0002.10 TONS / ACRE714,000 TONS124.00 $ / TON88,536,000
APPLES
APPLES, UTILIZED1,000,000,000 LB227,720,000
APPLES36,50027,400.00 LB / ACRE1,000,000,000 LB0.23 $ / LB
WHEAT
WHEAT, WINTER570,000485,00074.00 BU / ACRE35,890,000 BU5.70 $ / BU204,573,000
WHEAT570,000485,00074.00 BU / ACRE35,890,000 BU5.70 $ / BU204,573,000
POTATOES
POTATOES43,00042,500370.00 CWT / ACRE15,725,000 CWT10.90 $ / CWT171,403,000
POTATOES, FALL43,00042,500370.00 CWT / ACRE15,725,000 CWT10.90 $ / CWT171,403,000
BEANS
BEANS, DRY EDIBLE250,000245,3001,940.00 LB / ACRE4,749,000 CWT34.70 $ / CWT164,790,000
BEANS, SNAP, FRESH MARKET2,7002,60070.00 CWT / ACRE182,000 CWT44.90 $ / CWT8,172,000
BEANS, DRY EDIBLE, PINTO2,0001,9001,600.00 LB / ACRE30,000 CWT
BEANS, DRY EDIBLE, BLACK120,000117,9001,920.00 LB / ACRE2,264,000 CWT
BEANS, DRY EDIBLE, NAVY82,00081,0002,180.00 LB / ACRE1,766,000 CWT
BEANS, DRY EDIBLE, OTHER7,4007,4001,010.00 LB / ACRE75,000 CWT
BEANS, DRY EDIBLE, SMALL, RED20,00019,6001,830.00 LB / ACRE359,000 CWT
BEANS, DRY EDIBLE, DARK, RED, KIDNEY3,3002,700930.00 LB / ACRE25,000 CWT
BEANS, DRY EDIBLE, LIGHT, RED, KIDNEY11,30010,9001,590.00 LB / ACRE173,000 CWT
BEANS, DRY EDIBLE, CRANBERRY4,0003,9001,460.00 LB / ACRE57,000 CWT
BLUEBERRIES
BLUEBERRIES, TAME, UTILIZED4,840.00 LB / ACRE92,000,000 LB114,320,000
BLUEBERRIES, TAME, FRESH MARKET44,000,000 LB1.90 $ / LB83,600,000
BLUEBERRIES, TAME, PROCESSING48,000,000 LB0.64 $ / LB30,720,000
BLUEBERRIES, TAME19,00092,000,000 LB1.24 $ / LB
CHERRIES
CHERRIES, TART, UTILIZED201,000,000 LB72,937,000
CHERRIES, SWEET, UTILIZED29,460 TONS25,802,000
CHERRIES, SWEET, PROCESSING28,800 TONS846.00 $ / TON24,376,000
CHERRIES, SWEET, FRESH MARKET660 TONS2,160.00 $ / TON1,426,000
CHERRIES, SWEET, NOT SOLD300 TONS
CHERRIES, TART, NOT SOLD1,000,000 LB
CHERRIES, TART, PROCESSING, OTHER28,300,000 LB
CHERRIES, TART, PROCESSING, FROZEN125,000,000 LB0.34 $ / LB
CHERRIES, TART, PROCESSING200,900,000 LB
CHERRIES, TART, PROCESSING, (EXCL CANNED & FROZEN)0.39 $ / LB
CHERRIES, TART27,9007,280.00 LB / ACRE203,000,000 LB0.36 $ / LB
CHERRIES, SWEET6,9004.33 TONS / ACRE29,860 TONS876.00 $ / TON
CHERRIES, TART, FRESH MARKET100,000 LB
CHERRIES, SWEET, NOT HARVESTED100 TONS
CHERRIES, TART, NOT HARVESTED1,000,000 LB
CUCUMBERS
CUCUMBERS, PROCESSING, PICKLES27,90027,4006.10 TONS / ACRE167,140 TONS210.00 $ / TON35,099,000
CUCUMBERS, FRESH MARKET3,5003,400200.00 CWT / ACRE680,000 CWT20.40 $ / CWT13,872,000
ASPARAGUS
ASPARAGUS10,3009,00024.00 CWT / ACRE220,000 CWT93.20 $ / CWT20,505,000
SWEET CORN
SWEET CORN, FRESH MARKET9,7009,20090.00 CWT / ACRE828,000 CWT24.70 $ / CWT20,452,000
GRAPES
GRAPES, UTILIZED63,300 TONS19,292,000
GRAPES, PROCESSING63,300 TONS305.00 $ / TON19,292,000
GRAPES, PROCESSING, WINE2,600 TONS1,330.00 $ / TON
GRAPES, PROCESSING, JUICE60,100 TONS244.00 $ / TON
GRAPES, JUICE TYPE, CONCORD, PROCESSING44,500 TONS
GRAPES, NIAGARA, PROCESSING20,000 TONS
GRAPES13,6004.65 TONS / ACRE63,300 TONS305.00 $ / TON
CELERY
CELERY1,8001,700580.00 CWT / ACRE985,000 CWT19.10 $ / CWT18,853,000
SQUASH
SQUASH6,1006,000200.00 CWT / ACRE1,200,000 CWT15.00 $ / CWT18,032,000
PEPPERS
PEPPERS, BELL1,5001,400260.00 CWT / ACRE364,000 CWT37.00 $ / CWT13,468,000
CABBAGE
CABBAGE, FRESH MARKET3,2003,100270.00 CWT / ACRE837,000 CWT16.00 $ / CWT13,392,000
PUMPKINS
PUMPKINS6,4006,100160.00 CWT / ACRE970,000 CWT11.80 $ / CWT11,398,000
ONIONS
ONIONS, DRY, SUMMER, STORAGE2,6002,500370.00 CWT / ACRE925,000 CWT12.90 $ / CWT11,094,000
OATS
OATS50,00040,00069.00 BU / ACRE2,760,000 BU3.40 $ / BU9,384,000
CARROTS
CARROTS, FRESH MARKET1,7001,600310.00 CWT / ACRE496,000 CWT15.50 $ / CWT7,688,000
STRAWBERRIES
STRAWBERRIES85075060.00 CWT / ACRE45,000 CWT161.00 $ / CWT7,258,000
PEACHES
PEACHES, UTILIZED8,180 TONS6,609,000
PEACHES, NOT SOLD20 TONS
PEACHES2,9002.94 TONS / ACRE8,540 TONS808.00 $ / TON
PEACHES, NOT HARVESTED340 TONS
BARLEY
BARLEY8,0007,00053.00 BU / ACRE371,000 BU3.50 $ / BU1,299,000
PEARS
PEARS, UTILIZED2,410 TONS935,000
PEARS7003.60 TONS / ACRE2,520 TONS388.00 $ / TON
PLUMS & PRUNES
PLUMS & PRUNES4004.25 TONS / ACRE1,700 TONS539.00 $ / TON862,000
PLUMS & PRUNES, UTILIZED1,600 TONS
PLUMS & PRUNES, NOT HARVESTED100 TONS
TOMATOES
TOMATOES, FRESH MARKET35.70 $ / CWT
TOMATOES, PROCESSING117.00 $ / TON
MAPLE SYRUP
MAPLE SYRUP0.21 GALLONS / TAP91,000 GALLONS
HAY & HAYLAGE
HAY & HAYLAGE, (EXCL ALFALFA)360,0002.11 TONS / ACRE, DRY BASIS758,000 TONS, DRY BASIS
HAY & HAYLAGE1,210,0003.07 TONS / ACRE, DRY BASIS3,719,000 TONS, DRY BASIS
HAY & HAYLAGE, ALFALFA90,000850,0003.48 TONS / ACRE, DRY BASIS2,961,000 TONS, DRY BASIS
SUGARBEETS
SUGARBEETS151,000150,00029.40 TONS / ACRE4,410,000 TONS
HAYLAGE
HAYLAGE290,0008.02 TONS / ACRE2,326,000 TONS
HAYLAGE, ALFALFA260,0008.60 TONS / ACRE2,236,000 TONS
HAYLAGE, (EXCL ALFALFA)30,0003.00 TONS / ACRE90,000 TONS

Census State Profile: Michigan

Ranked Items Within The U.S., 2012
ItemQuantityU.S. RankUniverse 1
MARKET VALUE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS SOLD ($1,000)
Total value of agricultural products sold8,678,0501850
   Value of crops, including nursery and greenhouse 5,506,4371450
   Value of livestock, poultry, and their products3,171,6142150
 
VALUE OF SALES BY COMMODITY GROUP ($1,000)
Grains, oilseeds, dry beans, and dry peas3,613,2501250
Tobacco--19
Cotton and cottonseed--17
Vegetables, melons, potatoes and sweet potatoes462,726950
Fruit, tree nuts, and berries257,133750
Nursery, greenhouse, floriculture and sod727,847650
Cut Christmas trees and short rotation woody crops30,210349
Other crops and hay415,2711350
Poultry and eggs472,2182250
Cattle and calves603,6532750
Milk from cows1,540,609850
Hogs and pigs482,1771150
Sheep, goats, wool, mohair, and milk13,9631950
Horses, ponies, mules, burros, and donkeys29,0971250
Aquaculture3,9823850
Other animals and other animal products25,9141550
 
TOP CROP ITEMS (acres)
Corn for grain2,393,5041249
Soybeans for beans1,983,4441245
Forage-land used for all hay and haylage, grass silage, and greenchop1,061,9322150
Wheat for grain, all539,1381649
Winter wheat for grain538,8801548
 
TOP LIVESTOCK INVENTORY ITEMS (number)
Layers12,676,021950
Pullets for laying flock replacement3,356,8801250
Turkeys2,190,4861450
Cattle and calves1,130,4772850
Broilers and other meat-type chickens1,125,6012750

Other State Highlights, 2012
Economic Characteristics Quantity
Farm by value of sales
   Less than $1,00015,801
   $1,000 to $2,4994,530
   $2,500 to $4,9994,303
   $5,000 to $9,9994,609
   $10,000 to $19,9994,529
   $20,000 to $24,9991,417
   $25,000 to $39,9992,742
   $40,000 to $49,9991,244
   $50,000 to $99,9993,623
   $100,000 to $249,9993,597
   $250,000 to $499,9992,317
   $500,000 or more3,482
  
Total farm production expenses ($1,000)6,942,117
   Average per farm ($)133,006
  
Net cash farm income of the operations ($1,000)2,230,681
   Average per farm ($)42,738
Operator Characteristics Quantity
Principal operators by primary occupation
   Farming25,285
   Other26,909
 
Principal operators by sex
   Male44,785
   Female7,409
  
Average age of principal operator57.6
 
All operators by race 2
   American Indian or Alaska Native349
   Asian109
   Black or African American323
   Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander23
   White77,842
   More than one race302
  
All operators of Spanish, Hispanic or Latino Origin 2989

Note: See "Census of Agriculture, Volume 1, Geographic Area Series" for complete footnotes, explanations, definitions, and methodology.
   1 Universe is number of states in U.S. with item.
   2 Data were collected for a maximum of three operators per farm.
  (D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.
   - Represents zero.