2014 STATE AGRICULTURE OVERVIEW
 Minnesota
Survey Data from Quick Stats as of: May/30/2015

Farms Operations

Farm Operations - Area Operated, Measured in Acres / Operation350
Farm Operations - Number of Operations74,000
Farm Operations - Acres Operated25,900,000

Livestock Inventory

Cattle, Cows, Beef - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2015 )350,000
Cattle, Cows, Milk - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2015 )460,000
Cattle, Incl Calves - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2015 )2,330,000
Cattle, On Feed - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2015 )385,000
Goats, Angora - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2015 )(NA)
Goats, Meat & Other - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2015 )20,500
Goats, Milk - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2015 )13,500
Sheep, Incl Lambs - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2015 )130,000
Hogs - Inventory ( First of Dec. 2014 )7,900,000
Chickens, Broilers - Production, Measured in Head46,800,000
Turkeys - Production, Measured in Head45,500,000

Milk Production

Milk - Production, Measured in Lb / Head19,841
Milk - Production, Measured in $2,263,496,000
Milk - Production, Measured in Lb9,127,000,000

Crops - Planted, Harvested, Yield, Production, Price (MYA), Value of Production
Sorted by Value of Production in Dollars
CommodityPlanted All Purpose AcresHarvested AcresYieldProductionPrice per UnitValue of Production in Dollars
CORN
CORN, GRAIN7,550,000156 BU / ACRE1,177,800,000 BU3.65 $ / BU4,298,970,000
CORN, SILAGE500,00018 TONS / ACRE9,000,000 TONS
CORN8,200,000
SOYBEANS
SOYBEANS7,350,0007,270,00042 BU / ACRE305,340,000 BU10.2 $ / BU3,114,468,000
HAY
HAY1,910,0002.35 TONS / ACRE4,486,000 TONS122 $ / TON578,592,000
HAY, ALFALFA1,100,0002.9 TONS / ACRE3,190,000 TONS144 $ / TON459,360,000
HAY, (EXCL ALFALFA)810,0001.6 TONS / ACRE1,296,000 TONS92 $ / TON119,232,000
WHEAT
WHEAT1,262,0001,212,00054.8 BU / ACRE66,468,000 BU5.55 $ / BU368,349,000
WHEAT, SPRING, (EXCL DURUM)1,220,0001,180,00055 BU / ACRE64,900,000 BU5.55 $ / BU360,195,000
WHEAT, WINTER42,00032,00049 BU / ACRE1,568,000 BU5.2 $ / BU8,154,000
POTATOES
POTATOES, FALL43,00042,000400 CWT / ACRE16,800,000 CWT9.75 $ / CWT163,800,000
POTATOES43,00042,000400 CWT / ACRE16,800,000 CWT9.75 $ / CWT163,800,000
BEANS
BEANS, DRY EDIBLE155,000148,0001,950 LB / ACRE2,887,000 CWT48.7 $ / CWT140,597,000
BEANS, DRY EDIBLE, NAVY50,40047,2001,820 LB / ACRE861,000 CWT
BEANS, DRY EDIBLE, PINK4,3004,0001,750 LB / ACRE70,000 CWT
BEANS, DRY EDIBLE, OTHER10,0009,1002,100 LB / ACRE191,000 CWT
BEANS, DRY EDIBLE, PINTO9,8009,3001,530 LB / ACRE142,000 CWT
BEANS, DRY EDIBLE, SMALL, RED1,500
BEANS, DRY EDIBLE, BLACK23,40023,1002,030 LB / ACRE468,000 CWT
BEANS, DRY EDIBLE, GREAT NORTHERN400
BEANS, DRY EDIBLE, LIGHT, RED, KIDNEY17,20016,9002,130 LB / ACRE361,000 CWT
BEANS, DRY EDIBLE, DARK, RED, KIDNEY39,90038,4002,070 LB / ACRE794,000 CWT
BEANS, DRY EDIBLE, CRANBERRY2,600
BEANS, SNAP, PROCESSING(D)(D)(D) TONS / ACRE(D) TONS(D) $ / TON(D)
SWEET CORN
SWEET CORN, PROCESSING116,600109,4006.85 TONS / ACRE749,440 TONS113 $ / TON84,805,000
PEAS
PEAS, GREEN, PROCESSING68,60064,0001.22 TONS / ACRE78,150 TONS567 $ / TON44,273,000
OATS
OATS230,000125,00063 BU / ACRE7,875,000 BU3.25 $ / BU25,594,000
SUNFLOWER
SUNFLOWER62,00059,5001,477 LB / ACRE87,870,000 LB20.4 $ / CWT21,392,000
SUNFLOWER, OIL TYPE47,00045,0001,450 LB / ACRE65,250,000 LB20.2 $ / CWT13,181,000
SUNFLOWER, NON-OIL TYPE15,00014,5001,560 LB / ACRE22,620,000 LB36.3 $ / CWT8,211,000
BARLEY
BARLEY75,00060,00052 BU / ACRE3,120,000 BU5.1 $ / BU15,912,000
APPLES
APPLES, UTILIZED16,300,000 LB13,137,000
APPLES, NOT HARVESTED2,200,000 LB
APPLES, NOT SOLD900,000 LB
APPLES2,2008,820 LB / ACRE19,400,000 LB0.806 $ / LB
CANOLA
CANOLA14,00013,5001,650 LB / ACRE22,275,000 LB20 $ / CWT4,455,000
FLAXSEED
FLAXSEED2,0002,00024 BU / ACRE48,000 BU11.6 $ / BU557,000
HAYLAGE
HAYLAGE370,0006.4 TONS / ACRE2,368,000 TONS
HAYLAGE, (EXCL ALFALFA)55,0004.1 TONS / ACRE226,000 TONS
HAYLAGE, ALFALFA315,0006.8 TONS / ACRE2,142,000 TONS
HAY & HAYLAGE
HAY & HAYLAGE, ALFALFA250,0001,360,0003.12 TONS / ACRE, DRY BASIS4,249,000 TONS, DRY BASIS
HAY & HAYLAGE2,210,0002.56 TONS / ACRE, DRY BASIS5,657,000 TONS, DRY BASIS
HAY & HAYLAGE, (EXCL ALFALFA)850,0001.66 TONS / ACRE, DRY BASIS1,407,000 TONS, DRY BASIS
SUGARBEETS
SUGARBEETS440,000434,00022.5 TONS / ACRE9,765,000 TONS
(NA) Not Available
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations
(S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate
(X) Not Applicable
(Z) Less than half the rounding unit

Census State Profile: Minnesota

Ranked Items Within The U.S., 2012
ItemQuantityU.S. RankUniverse 1
MARKET VALUE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS SOLD ($1,000)
Total value of agricultural products sold21,280,184550
   Value of crops, including nursery and greenhouse 13,879,211450
   Value of livestock, poultry, and their products7,400,974750
 
VALUE OF SALES BY COMMODITY GROUP ($1,000)
Grains, oilseeds, dry beans, and dry peas12,304,415350
Tobacco--19
Cotton and cottonseed--17
Vegetables, melons, potatoes and sweet potatoes405,5971250
Fruit, tree nuts, and berries17,9743350
Nursery, greenhouse, floriculture and sod213,3352050
Cut Christmas trees and short rotation woody crops3,0431549
Other crops and hay934,846550
Poultry and eggs1,230,6251250
Cattle and calves1,639,6341250
Milk from cows1,645,911750
Hogs and pigs2,783,049350
Sheep, goats, wool, mohair, and milk25,6031250
Horses, ponies, mules, burros, and donkeys15,2042950
Aquaculture12,6782350
Other animals and other animal products48,271950
 
TOP CROP ITEMS (acres)
Corn for grain8,316,822449
Soybeans for beans7,005,764345
Forage-land used for all hay and haylage, grass silage, and greenchop1,499,5861550
Wheat for grain, all1,354,928949
Spring wheat for grain1,319,274329
 
TOP LIVESTOCK INVENTORY ITEMS (number)
Turkeys19,449,992150
Layers9,693,6481150
Broilers and other meat-type chickens7,765,1722250
Hogs and pigs7,606,785350
Pullets for laying flock replacement2,823,9941450

Other State Highlights, 2012
Economic Characteristics Quantity
Farm by value of sales
   Less than $1,00017,735
   $1,000 to $2,4993,453
   $2,500 to $4,9994,047
   $5,000 to $9,9994,552
   $10,000 to $19,9994,437
   $20,000 to $24,9991,585
   $25,000 to $39,9993,650
   $40,000 to $49,9991,980
   $50,000 to $99,9998,112
   $100,000 to $249,9998,185
   $250,000 to $499,9996,447
   $500,000 or more10,359
  
Total farm production expenses ($1,000)15,520,275
   Average per farm ($)208,208
  
Net cash farm income of the operations ($1,000)7,032,647
   Average per farm ($)94,345
Operator Characteristics Quantity
Principal operators by primary occupation
   Farming39,423
   Other35,119
 
Principal operators by sex
   Male68,172
   Female6,370
  
Average age of principal operator56.6
 
All operators by race 2
   American Indian or Alaska Native248
   Asian471
   Black or African American51
   Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander20
   White108,307
   More than one race252
  
All operators of Spanish, Hispanic or Latino Origin 2562

Note: See "Census of Agriculture, Volume 1, Geographic Area Series" for complete footnotes, explanations, definitions, and methodology.
   1 Universe is number of states in U.S. with item.
   2 Data were collected for a maximum of three operators per farm.
  (D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.
   - Represents zero.