2014 STATE AGRICULTURE OVERVIEW
 Montana
Survey Data from Quick Stats as of: May/27/2015

Farms Operations

Farm Operations - Area Operated, Measured in Acres / Operation2,147
Farm Operations - Number of Operations27,800
Farm Operations - Acres Operated59,700,000

Livestock Inventory

Cattle, Cows, Beef - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2015 )1,506,000
Cattle, Cows, Milk - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2015 )14,000
Cattle, Incl Calves - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2015 )2,500,000
Cattle, On Feed - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2015 )40,000
Sheep, Incl Lambs - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2015 )215,000
Hogs - Inventory ( First of Dec. 2014 )176,000

Milk Production

Milk - Production, Measured in Lb / Head21,500
Milk - Production, Measured in $66,220,000
Milk - Production, Measured in Lb301,000,000

Crops - Planted, Harvested, Yield, Production, Price (MYA), Value of Production
Sorted by Value of Production in Dollars
CommodityPlanted All Purpose AcresHarvested AcresYieldProductionPrice per UnitValue of Production in Dollars
WHEAT
WHEAT5,985,0005,650,00037.1 BU / ACRE209,470,000 BU6.15 $ / BU1,282,991,000
WHEAT, SPRING, (EXCL DURUM)3,050,0002,980,00035 BU / ACRE104,300,000 BU6.05 $ / BU631,015,000
WHEAT, WINTER2,500,0002,240,00041 BU / ACRE91,840,000 BU5.8 $ / BU532,672,000
WHEAT, SPRING, DURUM435,000430,00031 BU / ACRE13,330,000 BU8.95 $ / BU119,304,000
HAY
HAY2,730,0001.97 TONS / ACRE5,381,000 TONS126 $ / TON672,312,000
HAY, ALFALFA1,850,0002.1 TONS / ACRE3,885,000 TONS128 $ / TON497,280,000
HAY, (EXCL ALFALFA)880,0001.7 TONS / ACRE1,496,000 TONS117 $ / TON175,032,000
BARLEY
BARLEY920,000770,00058 BU / ACRE44,660,000 BU5.4 $ / BU241,164,000
PEAS
PEAS, DRY EDIBLE525,000504,0001,800 LB / ACRE9,072,000 CWT10.6 $ / CWT96,163,000
PEAS, AUSTRIAN WINTER12,0007,0001,000 LB / ACRE70,000 CWT25 $ / CWT1,750,000
POTATOES
POTATOES, FALL11,50011,300320 CWT / ACRE3,616,000 CWT12.7 $ / CWT45,923,000
POTATOES11,50011,300320 CWT / ACRE3,616,000 CWT12.7 $ / CWT45,923,000
LENTILS
LENTILS130,000119,0001,480 LB / ACRE1,761,000 CWT20.9 $ / CWT36,805,000
CORN
CORN, GRAIN75,000100 BU / ACRE7,500,000 BU3.75 $ / BU28,125,000
CORN, SILAGE51,00022 TONS / ACRE1,122,000 TONS
CORN130,000
BEANS
BEANS, DRY EDIBLE37,50037,0001,630 LB / ACRE603,000 CWT28 $ / CWT16,884,000
BEANS, DRY EDIBLE, CHICKPEAS31,50031,2001,520 LB / ACRE475,000 CWT
BEANS, DRY EDIBLE, CHICKPEAS, LARGE(D)(D)(D) LB / ACRE(D) CWT
BEANS, DRY EDIBLE, PINTO6,0005,8002,210 LB / ACRE128,000 CWT
BEANS, DRY EDIBLE, CHICKPEAS, SMALL(D)(D)(D) LB / ACRE(D) CWT
CANOLA
CANOLA63,00061,0001,380 LB / ACRE84,180,000 LB16.7 $ / CWT14,058,000
SAFFLOWER
SAFFLOWER54,00050,500840 LB / ACRE42,420,000 LB27 $ / CWT11,453,000
FLAXSEED
FLAXSEED28,00025,00017 BU / ACRE425,000 BU10.4 $ / BU4,420,000
CHERRIES
CHERRIES, SWEET, UTILIZED1,800 TONS3,775,000
CHERRIES, SWEET, NOT HARVESTED170 TONS
CHERRIES, SWEET, NOT SOLD40 TONS
CHERRIES, SWEET7002.87 TONS / ACRE2,010 TONS2,100 $ / TON
CHERRIES, SWEET, PROCESSING(D) TONS(D) $ / TON(D)
CHERRIES, SWEET, FRESH MARKET(D) TONS(D) $ / TON(D)
OATS
OATS45,00016,00069 BU / ACRE1,104,000 BU3.3 $ / BU3,643,000
HAY & HAYLAGE
HAY & HAYLAGE, ALFALFA100,000
SUGARBEETS
SUGARBEETS45,00044,50032.3 TONS / ACRE1,437,000 TONS
MUSTARD
MUSTARD16,50015,200990 LB / ACRE15,048,000 LB
LEGUMES
LEGUMES, ALFALFA, SEED10,000340 LB / ACRE3,395,000 LB
(NA) Not Available
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations
(S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate
(X) Not Applicable
(Z) Less than half the rounding unit

Census State Profile: Montana

Ranked Items Within The U.S., 2012
ItemQuantityU.S. RankUniverse 1
MARKET VALUE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS SOLD ($1,000)
Total value of agricultural products sold4,230,0832950
   Value of crops, including nursery and greenhouse 2,255,9962750
   Value of livestock, poultry, and their products1,974,0872750
 
VALUE OF SALES BY COMMODITY GROUP ($1,000)
Grains, oilseeds, dry beans, and dry peas1,787,1621750
Tobacco--19
Cotton and cottonseed--17
Vegetables, melons, potatoes and sweet potatoes33,1993850
Fruit, tree nuts, and berries3,6584350
Nursery, greenhouse, floriculture and sod28,5664350
Cut Christmas trees and short rotation woody crops1604249
Other crops and hay403,2511450
Poultry and eggs(D)4450
Cattle and calves1,783,9081150
Milk from cows44,6713850
Hogs and pigs54,0912350
Sheep, goats, wool, mohair, and milk31,2331050
Horses, ponies, mules, burros, and donkeys22,8241850
Aquaculture3,1724350
Other animals and other animal products(D)(D)50
 
TOP CROP ITEMS (acres)
Wheat for grain, all5,627,463349
Spring wheat for grain2,909,910229
Forage-land used for all hay and haylage, grass silage, and greenchop2,267,198850
Winter wheat for grain2,168,021448
Barley for grain778,521243
 
TOP LIVESTOCK INVENTORY ITEMS (number)
Cattle and calves2,633,7401050
Layers464,8024050
Sheep and lambs236,646750
Pullets for laying flock replacement225,0213850
Hogs and pigs173,9532250

Other State Highlights, 2012
Economic Characteristics Quantity
Farm by value of sales
   Less than $1,0008,243
   $1,000 to $2,4991,927
   $2,500 to $4,9991,747
   $5,000 to $9,9991,988
   $10,000 to $19,9991,939
   $20,000 to $24,999592
   $25,000 to $39,9991,420
   $40,000 to $49,999633
   $50,000 to $99,9992,178
   $100,000 to $249,9992,945
   $250,000 to $499,9992,276
   $500,000 or more2,120
  
Total farm production expenses ($1,000)3,516,180
   Average per farm ($)125,542
  
Net cash farm income of the operations ($1,000)1,172,280
   Average per farm ($)41,855
Operator Characteristics Quantity
Principal operators by primary occupation
   Farming15,434
   Other12,574
 
Principal operators by sex
   Male23,765
   Female4,243
  
Average age of principal operator58.9
 
All operators by race 2
   American Indian or Alaska Native1,787
   Asian79
   Black or African American20
   Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander13
   White42,092
   More than one race258
  
All operators of Spanish, Hispanic or Latino Origin 2430

Note: See "Census of Agriculture, Volume 1, Geographic Area Series" for complete footnotes, explanations, definitions, and methodology.
   1 Universe is number of states in U.S. with item.
   2 Data were collected for a maximum of three operators per farm.
  (D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.
   - Represents zero.