2013 STATE AGRICULTURE OVERVIEW
 Montana
Survey Data from Quick Stats as of: Sep/19/2014

Farms Operations

Farm Operations - Area Operated, Measured in Acres / Operation2,125
Farm Operations - Number of Operations28,100
Farm Operations - Acres Operated59,700,000

Livestock Inventory

Cattle, Cows, Beef - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2014 )1,476,000
Cattle, Cows, Milk - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2014 )14,000
Cattle, Incl Calves - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2014 )2,550,000
Cattle, On Feed - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2014 )45,000
Goats, Meat & Other - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2014 )8,000
Goats, Milk - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2014 )3,000
Sheep, Incl Lambs - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2014 )220,000
Hogs - Inventory ( First of Dec. 2013 )166,000

Milk Production

Milk - Production, Measured in Lb / Head21,286
Milk - Production, Measured in $55,726,000
Milk - Production, Measured in Lb298,000,000

Crops - Planted, Harvested, Yield, Production, Price (MYA), Value of Production
CommodityPlanted All Purpose AcresHarvested AcresYieldProductionPrice per UnitValue of Production in Dollars
WHEAT
WHEAT5,455,0005,220,00038.90 BU / ACRE203,070,000 BU6.87 $ / BU1,386,072,000
WHEAT, SPRING, (EXCL DURUM)2,950,0002,830,00037.00 BU / ACRE104,710,000 BU6.70 $ / BU701,557,000
WHEAT, WINTER2,000,0001,900,00043.00 BU / ACRE81,700,000 BU7.05 $ / BU563,730,000
WHEAT, SPRING, DURUM505,000490,00034.00 BU / ACRE16,660,000 BU7.15 $ / BU120,785,000
HAY & HAYLAGE
HAY & HAYLAGE745,860,000
HAY & HAYLAGE, ALFALFA100,000
HAY
HAY2,800,0001.95 TONS / ACRE5,460,000 TONS138.00 $ / TON745,860,000
HAY, ALFALFA1,800,0002.20 TONS / ACRE3,960,000 TONS141.00 $ / TON558,360,000
HAY, (EXCL ALFALFA)1,000,0001.50 TONS / ACRE1,500,000 TONS122.00 $ / TON187,500,000
BARLEY
BARLEY990,000830,00054.00 BU / ACRE44,820,000 BU6.32 $ / BU284,607,000
BARLEY, MALTING6.45 $ / BU
BARLEY, FEED3.71 $ / BU
PEAS
PEAS, DRY EDIBLE440,000395,0001,800.00 LB / ACRE7,110,000 CWT13.60 $ / CWT96,696,000
PEAS, AUSTRIAN WINTER10,0008,0001,550.00 LB / ACRE124,000 CWT25.70 $ / CWT3,187,000
POTATOES
POTATOES11,30011,100310.00 CWT / ACRE3,441,000 CWT12.90 $ / CWT44,389,000
POTATOES, FALL11,30011,100310.00 CWT / ACRE3,441,000 CWT12.90 $ / CWT44,389,000
CORN
CORN, GRAIN75,000115.00 BU / ACRE8,625,000 BU4.50 $ / BU38,813,000
CORN, SILAGE41,00023.00 TONS / ACRE943,000 TONS
CORN120,000
LENTILS
LENTILS140,000129,0001,500.00 LB / ACRE1,935,000 CWT18.70 $ / CWT36,185,000
CANOLA
CANOLA72,00069,0001,540.00 LB / ACRE106,260,000 LB20.20 $ / CWT21,465,000
BEANS
BEANS, DRY EDIBLE24,00023,6001,920.00 LB / ACRE453,000 CWT34.60 $ / CWT15,674,000
BEANS, DRY EDIBLE, CHICKPEAS18,00017,7001,760.00 LB / ACRE312,000 CWT
BEANS, DRY EDIBLE, PINTO5,8005,7002,400.00 LB / ACRE137,000 CWT
BEANS, DRY EDIBLE, OTHER2002002,020.00 LB / ACRE4,000 CWT
SAFFLOWER
SAFFLOWER35,00034,3001,110.00 LB / ACRE38,073,000 LB31.00 $ / CWT11,803,000
OATS
OATS50,00022,00054.00 BU / ACRE1,188,000 BU2.87 $ / BU3,861,000
CHERRIES
CHERRIES, SWEET, UTILIZED1,785 TONS3,702,000
CHERRIES, SWEET, NOT SOLD70 TONS
CHERRIES, SWEET, NOT HARVESTED160 TONS
CHERRIES, SWEET7002.88 TONS / ACRE2,015 TONS2,070.00 $ / TON
FLAXSEED
FLAXSEED20,00016,00015.00 BU / ACRE240,000 BU14.00 $ / BU3,360,000
SUGARBEETS
SUGARBEETS43,40042,80029.20 TONS / ACRE1,250,000 TONS
MUSTARD
MUSTARD22,00021,000650.00 LB / ACRE13,650,000 LB

Census State Profile: Montana

Ranked Items Within The U.S., 2012
ItemQuantityU.S. RankUniverse 1
MARKET VALUE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS SOLD ($1,000)
Total value of agricultural products sold4,230,0832950
   Value of crops, including nursery and greenhouse 2,255,9962750
   Value of livestock, poultry, and their products1,974,0872750
 
VALUE OF SALES BY COMMODITY GROUP ($1,000)
Grains, oilseeds, dry beans, and dry peas1,787,1621750
Tobacco--19
Cotton and cottonseed--17
Vegetables, melons, potatoes and sweet potatoes33,1993850
Fruit, tree nuts, and berries3,6584350
Nursery, greenhouse, floriculture and sod28,5664350
Cut Christmas trees and short rotation woody crops1604249
Other crops and hay403,2511450
Poultry and eggs(D)4450
Cattle and calves1,783,9081150
Milk from cows44,6713850
Hogs and pigs54,0912350
Sheep, goats, wool, mohair, and milk31,2331050
Horses, ponies, mules, burros, and donkeys22,8241850
Aquaculture3,1724350
Other animals and other animal products(D)(D)50
 
TOP CROP ITEMS (acres)
Wheat for grain, all5,627,463349
Spring wheat for grain2,909,910229
Forage-land used for all hay and haylage, grass silage, and greenchop2,267,198850
Winter wheat for grain2,168,021448
Barley for grain778,521243
 
TOP LIVESTOCK INVENTORY ITEMS (number)
Cattle and calves2,633,7401050
Layers464,8024050
Sheep and lambs236,646750
Pullets for laying flock replacement225,0213850
Hogs and pigs173,9532250

Other State Highlights, 2012
Economic Characteristics Quantity
Farm by value of sales
   Less than $1,0008,243
   $1,000 to $2,4991,927
   $2,500 to $4,9991,747
   $5,000 to $9,9991,988
   $10,000 to $19,9991,939
   $20,000 to $24,999592
   $25,000 to $39,9991,420
   $40,000 to $49,999633
   $50,000 to $99,9992,178
   $100,000 to $249,9992,945
   $250,000 to $499,9992,276
   $500,000 or more2,120
  
Total farm production expenses ($1,000)3,516,180
   Average per farm ($)125,542
  
Net cash farm income of the operations ($1,000)1,172,280
   Average per farm ($)41,855
Operator Characteristics Quantity
Principal operators by primary occupation
   Farming15,434
   Other12,574
 
Principal operators by sex
   Male23,765
   Female4,243
  
Average age of principal operator58.9
 
All operators by race 2
   American Indian or Alaska Native1,787
   Asian79
   Black or African American20
   Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander13
   White42,092
   More than one race258
  
All operators of Spanish, Hispanic or Latino Origin 2430

Note: See "Census of Agriculture, Volume 1, Geographic Area Series" for complete footnotes, explanations, definitions, and methodology.
   1 Universe is number of states in U.S. with item.
   2 Data were collected for a maximum of three operators per farm.
  (D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.
   - Represents zero.