2013 STATE AGRICULTURE OVERVIEW
 Ohio
Survey Data from Quick Stats as of: Jul/31/2014

Farms Operations

Farm Operations - Area Operated, Measured in Acres / Operation187
Farm Operations - Number of Operations75,000
Farm Operations - Acres Operated14,000,000

Livestock Inventory

Cattle, Cows, Beef - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2014 )293,000
Cattle, Cows, Milk - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2014 )267,000
Cattle, Incl Calves - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2014 )1,250,000
Cattle, On Feed - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2014 )160,000
Goats, Meat & Other - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2014 )60,000
Goats, Milk - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2014 )9,500
Sheep, Incl Lambs - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2014 )117,000
Hogs - Inventory ( First of Dec. 2013 )2,200,000
Turkeys - Production, Measured in Head5,500,000

Milk Production

Milk - Production, Measured in Lb / Head20,178
Milk - Production, Measured in $1,154,976,000
Milk - Production, Measured in Lb5,448,000,000

Crops - Planted, Harvested, Yield, Production, Price (MYA), Value of Production
CommodityPlanted All Purpose AcresHarvested AcresYieldProductionPrice per UnitValue of Production in Dollars
CORN
CORN, GRAIN3,740,000177.00 BU / ACRE661,980,000 BU4.30 $ / BU2,846,514,000
CORN, SILAGE150,00019.50 TONS / ACRE2,925,000 TONS
CORN3,900,000
SOYBEANS
SOYBEANS4,450,0004,430,00049.00 BU / ACRE217,070,000 BU12.60 $ / BU2,735,082,000
HAY & HAYLAGE
HAY & HAYLAGE1,110,0002.68 TONS / ACRE, DRY BASIS2,978,000 TONS, DRY BASIS526,692,000
HAY & HAYLAGE, (EXCL ALFALFA)750,0002.09 TONS / ACRE, DRY BASIS1,570,000 TONS, DRY BASIS
HAY & HAYLAGE, ALFALFA45,000360,0003.91 TONS / ACRE, DRY BASIS1,408,000 TONS, DRY BASIS
HAY
HAY1,070,0002.46 TONS / ACRE2,635,000 TONS177.00 $ / TON462,205,000
HAY, (EXCL ALFALFA)740,0002.00 TONS / ACRE1,480,000 TONS157.00 $ / TON232,360,000
HAY, ALFALFA330,0003.50 TONS / ACRE1,155,000 TONS199.00 $ / TON229,845,000
WHEAT
WHEAT, WINTER690,000665,00070.00 BU / ACRE46,550,000 BU6.40 $ / BU297,920,000
WHEAT690,000665,00070.00 BU / ACRE46,550,000 BU6.40 $ / BU297,920,000
SWEET CORN
SWEET CORN, FRESH MARKET16,40015,500100.00 CWT / ACRE1,550,000 CWT25.60 $ / CWT39,680,000
APPLES
APPLES, UTILIZED51,000,000 LB21,310,000
APPLES, FRESH MARKET37,000,000 LB0.54 $ / LB19,980,000
APPLES, PROCESSING14,000,000 LB190.00 $ / TON1,330,000
APPLES, NOT SOLD2,400,000 LB
APPLES, NOT HARVESTED600,000 LB
APPLES3,80014,200.00 LB / ACRE54,000,000 LB0.42 $ / LB
PEPPERS
PEPPERS, BELL2,9002,700180.00 CWT / ACRE486,000 CWT43.00 $ / CWT20,898,000
CUCUMBERS
CUCUMBERS, PROCESSING, PICKLES8,0007,0007.50 TONS / ACRE52,500 TONS325.00 $ / TON17,063,000
PUMPKINS
PUMPKINS6,8006,100165.00 CWT / ACRE1,004,000 CWT15.40 $ / CWT15,455,000
SQUASH
SQUASH1,6001,400170.00 CWT / ACRE238,000 CWT40.00 $ / CWT9,520,000
TOBACCO
TOBACCO2,1002,200.00 LB / ACRE4,620,000 LB2.05 $ / LB9,471,000
TOBACCO, AIR-CURED LIGHT BURLEY (TYPE 31)2,1002,200.00 LB / ACRE4,620,000 LB2.05 $ / LB9,471,000
PEACHES
PEACHES, UTILIZED4,960 TONS7,364,000
PEACHES, NOT HARVESTED130 TONS
PEACHES1,0005.37 TONS / ACRE5,370 TONS1,480.00 $ / TON
PEACHES, NOT SOLD280 TONS
CABBAGE
CABBAGE, FRESH MARKET1,3001,300335.00 CWT / ACRE436,000 CWT16.00 $ / CWT6,976,000
POTATOES
POTATOES, FALL1,4001,300350.00 CWT / ACRE455,000 CWT14.80 $ / CWT6,734,000
POTATOES1,4001,300350.00 CWT / ACRE455,000 CWT14.80 $ / CWT6,734,000
STRAWBERRIES
STRAWBERRIES66059049.00 CWT / ACRE29,000 CWT209.00 $ / CWT6,061,000
STRAWBERRIES, FRESH MARKET29,000 CWT209.00 $ / CWT6,061,000
MAPLE SYRUP
MAPLE SYRUP0.35 GALLONS / TAP155,000 GALLONS36.90 $ / GALLON5,720,000
OATS
OATS50,00025,00063.00 BU / ACRE1,575,000 BU3.50 $ / BU5,513,000
GRAPES
GRAPES, UTILIZED6,160 TONS3,691,000
GRAPES, PROCESSING6,100 TONS588.00 $ / TON3,587,000
GRAPES, FRESH MARKET60 TONS1,730.00 $ / TON104,000
GRAPES, JUICE TYPE, CONCORD, PROCESSING4,530 TONS
GRAPES, NIAGARA, PROCESSING450 TONS
GRAPES, PROCESSING, JUICE3,160 TONS295.00 $ / TON
GRAPES, PROCESSING, WINE2,940 TONS903.00 $ / TON
GRAPES1,9003.42 TONS / ACRE6,490 TONS599.00 $ / TON
GRAPES, NOT HARVESTED330 TONS
TOMATOES
TOMATOES, FRESH MARKET75.00 $ / CWT
TOMATOES, PROCESSING116.00 $ / TON
HAYLAGE
HAYLAGE, ALFALFA80,0006.40 TONS / ACRE512,000 TONS
HAYLAGE112,0006.20 TONS / ACRE694,000 TONS
HAYLAGE, (EXCL ALFALFA)32,0005.70 TONS / ACRE182,000 TONS

Census State Profile: Ohio

Ranked Items Within The U.S., 2012
ItemQuantityU.S. RankUniverse 1
MARKET VALUE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS SOLD ($1,000)
Total value of agricultural products sold10,064,0851350
   Value of crops, including nursery and greenhouse 6,597,9461050
   Value of livestock, poultry, and their products3,466,1392050
 
VALUE OF SALES BY COMMODITY GROUP ($1,000)
Grains, oilseeds, dry beans, and dry peas5,834,600850
Tobacco7,4201019
Cotton and cottonseed--17
Vegetables, melons, potatoes and sweet potatoes133,7961950
Fruit, tree nuts, and berries27,2152350
Nursery, greenhouse, floriculture and sod437,723850
Cut Christmas trees and short rotation woody crops3,9881049
Other crops and hay153,2043050
Poultry and eggs946,5921750
Cattle and calves689,6552550
Milk from cows938,2661150
Hogs and pigs788,761850
Sheep, goats, wool, mohair, and milk17,8841450
Horses, ponies, mules, burros, and donkeys47,068650
Aquaculture3,8753950
Other animals and other animal products34,0371050
 
TOP CROP ITEMS (acres)
Soybeans for beans4,569,775945
Corn for grain3,630,624849
Forage-land used for all hay and haylage, grass silage, and greenchop1,092,1832050
Wheat for grain, all469,8401849
Winter wheat for grain469,8401648
 
TOP LIVESTOCK INVENTORY ITEMS (number)
Layers28,312,692250
Broilers and other meat-type chickens12,194,0241950
Pullets for laying flock replacement8,495,659250
Turkeys2,096,3951550
Hogs and pigs2,058,503950

Other State Highlights, 2012
Economic Characteristics Quantity
Farm by value of sales
   Less than $1,00018,193
   $1,000 to $2,4997,005
   $2,500 to $4,9997,305
   $5,000 to $9,9997,220
   $10,000 to $19,9996,479
   $20,000 to $24,9992,018
   $25,000 to $39,9994,151
   $40,000 to $49,9992,003
   $50,000 to $99,9995,764
   $100,000 to $249,9997,017
   $250,000 to $499,9993,668
   $500,000 or more4,639
  
Total farm production expenses ($1,000)7,743,344
   Average per farm ($)102,612
  
Net cash farm income of the operations ($1,000)2,996,899
   Average per farm ($)39,714
Operator Characteristics Quantity
Principal operators by primary occupation
   Farming33,140
   Other42,322
 
Principal operators by sex
   Male66,760
   Female8,702
  
Average age of principal operator56.8
 
All operators by race 2
   American Indian or Alaska Native169
   Asian144
   Black or African American205
   Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander7
   White112,812
   More than one race287
  
All operators of Spanish, Hispanic or Latino Origin 2661

Note: See "Census of Agriculture, Volume 1, Geographic Area Series" for complete footnotes, explanations, definitions, and methodology.
   1 Universe is number of states in U.S. with item.
   2 Data were collected for a maximum of three operators per farm.
  (D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.
   - Represents zero.