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2014 STATE AGRICULTURE OVERVIEW
 Ohio
Survey Data from Quick Stats as of: Mar/29/2015

Farms Operations

Farm Operations - Number of Operations74,500

Livestock Inventory

Cattle, Cows, Beef - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2015 )282,000
Cattle, Cows, Milk - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2015 )268,000
Cattle, Incl Calves - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2015 )1,250,000
Cattle, On Feed - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2015 )170,000
Goats, Meat & Other - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2015 )46,000
Goats, Milk - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2015 )10,000
Sheep, Incl Lambs - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2015 )121,000
Hogs - Inventory ( First of Dec. 2014 )2,160,000
Turkeys - Production, Measured in Head6,000,000

Milk Production

Milk - Production, Measured in Lb / Head20,318
Milk - Production, Measured in Lb5,425,000,000

Crops - Planted, Harvested, Yield, Production, Price (MYA), Value of Production
Sorted by Value of Production in Dollars
CommodityPlanted All Purpose AcresHarvested AcresYieldProductionPrice per UnitValue of Production in Dollars
SOYBEANS
SOYBEANS4,850,0004,840,00052.5 BU / ACRE254,100,000 BU10.4 $ / BU2,642,640,000
CORN
CORN, GRAIN3,470,000176 BU / ACRE610,720,000 BU3.65 $ / BU2,229,128,000
CORN, SILAGE190,00020.5 TONS / ACRE3,895,000 TONS
CORN3,700,000
HAY
HAY960,0002.82 TONS / ACRE2,710,000 TONS139 $ / TON370,790,000
HAY, ALFALFA310,0003.5 TONS / ACRE1,085,000 TONS174 $ / TON188,790,000
HAY, (EXCL ALFALFA)650,0002.5 TONS / ACRE1,625,000 TONS112 $ / TON182,000,000
WHEAT
WHEAT, WINTER620,000545,00074 BU / ACRE40,330,000 BU5.55 $ / BU223,832,000
WHEAT620,000545,00074 BU / ACRE40,330,000 BU5.55 $ / BU223,832,000
SWEET CORN
SWEET CORN, FRESH MARKET15,90015,10087 CWT / ACRE1,314,000 CWT29.9 $ / CWT39,289,000
APPLES
APPLES, UTILIZED46,000,000 LB20,700,000
APPLES, NOT SOLD500,000 LB
APPLES3,90012,100 LB / ACRE47,000,000 LB0.45 $ / LB
APPLES, NOT HARVESTED500,000 LB
PUMPKINS
PUMPKINS6,7006,300165 CWT / ACRE1,053,000 CWT17.8 $ / CWT18,701,000
PEPPERS
PEPPERS, BELL2,8002,600175 CWT / ACRE455,000 CWT38 $ / CWT17,290,000
CUCUMBERS
CUCUMBERS, PROCESSING, PICKLES7,5006,5006.3 TONS / ACRE40,950 TONS300 $ / TON12,285,000
OATS
OATS55,00039,00063 BU / ACRE2,457,000 BU4.65 $ / BU11,425,000
SQUASH
SQUASH1,8001,600190 CWT / ACRE304,000 CWT34 $ / CWT10,336,000
TOBACCO
TOBACCO2,0002,150 LB / ACRE4,300,000 LB2.01 $ / LB8,643,000
TOBACCO, AIR-CURED LIGHT BURLEY (TYPE 31)2,0002,150 LB / ACRE4,300,000 LB2.01 $ / LB8,643,000
CABBAGE
CABBAGE, FRESH MARKET1,5001,400350 CWT / ACRE490,000 CWT13 $ / CWT6,370,000
POTATOES
POTATOES1,6001,500280 CWT / ACRE420,000 CWT13 $ / CWT5,460,000
POTATOES, FALL1,6001,500280 CWT / ACRE420,000 CWT13 $ / CWT5,460,000
STRAWBERRIES
STRAWBERRIES, FRESH MARKET18,000 CWT193 $ / CWT3,474,000
STRAWBERRIES62048038 CWT / ACRE18,000 CWT193 $ / CWT3,474,000
GRAPES
GRAPES, UTILIZED3,560 TONS1,846,000
GRAPES, PROCESSING3,450 TONS503 $ / TON1,736,000
GRAPES, FRESH MARKET110 TONS1,000 $ / TON110,000
GRAPES, JUICE TYPE, CONCORD, PROCESSING3,070 TONS
GRAPES, PROCESSING, JUICE2,020 TONS249 $ / TON
GRAPES, PROCESSING, WINE1,430 TONS862 $ / TON
GRAPES, NIAGARA, PROCESSING170 TONS
GRAPES1,6002.38 TONS / ACRE3,810 TONS519 $ / TON
GRAPES, NOT HARVESTED250 TONS
PEACHES
PEACHES, UTILIZED720 TONS1,210,000
PEACHES8000.91 TONS / ACRE730 TONS1,680 $ / TON
PEACHES, NOT HARVESTED10 TONS
TOMATOES
TOMATOES, PROCESSING111 $ / TON
TOMATOES, FRESH MARKET36.6 $ / CWT
MAPLE SYRUP
MAPLE SYRUP0.289 GALLONS / TAP130,000 GALLONS
HAY & HAYLAGE
HAY & HAYLAGE1,030,0002.96 TONS / ACRE, DRY BASIS3,044,000 TONS, DRY BASIS
HAY & HAYLAGE, (EXCL ALFALFA)680,0002.56 TONS / ACRE, DRY BASIS1,744,000 TONS, DRY BASIS
HAY & HAYLAGE, ALFALFA50,000350,0003.71 TONS / ACRE, DRY BASIS1,300,000 TONS, DRY BASIS
HAYLAGE
HAYLAGE, ALFALFA85,0005.1 TONS / ACRE434,000 TONS
HAYLAGE, (EXCL ALFALFA)48,0005 TONS / ACRE240,000 TONS
HAYLAGE133,0005.06 TONS / ACRE674,000 TONS
(NA) Not Available
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations
(S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate
(X) Not Applicable
(Z) Less than half the rounding unit

Census State Profile: Ohio

Ranked Items Within The U.S., 2012
ItemQuantityU.S. RankUniverse 1
MARKET VALUE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS SOLD ($1,000)
Total value of agricultural products sold10,064,0851350
   Value of crops, including nursery and greenhouse 6,597,9461050
   Value of livestock, poultry, and their products3,466,1392050
 
VALUE OF SALES BY COMMODITY GROUP ($1,000)
Grains, oilseeds, dry beans, and dry peas5,834,600850
Tobacco7,4201019
Cotton and cottonseed--17
Vegetables, melons, potatoes and sweet potatoes133,7961950
Fruit, tree nuts, and berries27,2152350
Nursery, greenhouse, floriculture and sod437,723850
Cut Christmas trees and short rotation woody crops3,9881049
Other crops and hay153,2043050
Poultry and eggs946,5921750
Cattle and calves689,6552550
Milk from cows938,2661150
Hogs and pigs788,761850
Sheep, goats, wool, mohair, and milk17,8841450
Horses, ponies, mules, burros, and donkeys47,068650
Aquaculture3,8753950
Other animals and other animal products34,0371050
 
TOP CROP ITEMS (acres)
Soybeans for beans4,569,775945
Corn for grain3,630,624849
Forage-land used for all hay and haylage, grass silage, and greenchop1,092,1832050
Wheat for grain, all469,8401849
Winter wheat for grain469,8401648
 
TOP LIVESTOCK INVENTORY ITEMS (number)
Layers28,312,692250
Broilers and other meat-type chickens12,194,0241950
Pullets for laying flock replacement8,495,659250
Turkeys2,096,3951550
Hogs and pigs2,058,503950

Other State Highlights, 2012
Economic Characteristics Quantity
Farm by value of sales
   Less than $1,00018,193
   $1,000 to $2,4997,005
   $2,500 to $4,9997,305
   $5,000 to $9,9997,220
   $10,000 to $19,9996,479
   $20,000 to $24,9992,018
   $25,000 to $39,9994,151
   $40,000 to $49,9992,003
   $50,000 to $99,9995,764
   $100,000 to $249,9997,017
   $250,000 to $499,9993,668
   $500,000 or more4,639
  
Total farm production expenses ($1,000)7,743,344
   Average per farm ($)102,612
  
Net cash farm income of the operations ($1,000)2,996,899
   Average per farm ($)39,714
Operator Characteristics Quantity
Principal operators by primary occupation
   Farming33,140
   Other42,322
 
Principal operators by sex
   Male66,760
   Female8,702
  
Average age of principal operator56.8
 
All operators by race 2
   American Indian or Alaska Native169
   Asian144
   Black or African American205
   Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander7
   White112,812
   More than one race287
  
All operators of Spanish, Hispanic or Latino Origin 2661

Note: See "Census of Agriculture, Volume 1, Geographic Area Series" for complete footnotes, explanations, definitions, and methodology.
   1 Universe is number of states in U.S. with item.
   2 Data were collected for a maximum of three operators per farm.
  (D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.
   - Represents zero.
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