2014 STATE AGRICULTURE OVERVIEW
 Pennsylvania
Survey Data from Quick Stats as of: May/28/2015

Farms Operations

Farm Operations - Area Operated, Measured in Acres / Operation131
Farm Operations - Number of Operations58,800
Farm Operations - Acres Operated7,720,000

Livestock Inventory

Cattle, Cows, Beef - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2015 )150,000
Cattle, Cows, Milk - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2015 )530,000
Cattle, Incl Calves - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2015 )1,530,000
Cattle, On Feed - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2015 )90,000
Goats, Meat & Other - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2015 )37,000
Goats, Milk - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2015 )13,000
Sheep, Incl Lambs - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2015 )86,000
Hogs - Inventory ( First of Dec. 2014 )1,100,000
Chickens, Broilers - Production, Measured in Head181,300,000
Turkeys - Production, Measured in Head7,000,000

Milk Production

Milk - Production, Measured in Lb / Head20,157
Milk - Production, Measured in $2,745,531,000
Milk - Production, Measured in Lb10,683,000,000

Crops - Planted, Harvested, Yield, Production, Price (MYA), Value of Production
Sorted by Value of Production in Dollars
CommodityPlanted All Purpose AcresHarvested AcresYieldProductionPrice per UnitValue of Production in Dollars
HAY
HAY1,400,0002.28 TONS / ACRE3,185,000 TONS201 $ / TON640,675,000
HAY, (EXCL ALFALFA)1,050,0002.1 TONS / ACRE2,205,000 TONS191 $ / TON421,155,000
HAY, ALFALFA350,0002.8 TONS / ACRE980,000 TONS224 $ / TON219,520,000
CORN
CORN, GRAIN1,030,000154 BU / ACRE158,620,000 BU3.75 $ / BU594,825,000
CORN, SILAGE410,00020 TONS / ACRE8,200,000 TONS
CORN1,460,000
SOYBEANS
SOYBEANS610,000605,00049 BU / ACRE29,645,000 BU9.8 $ / BU290,521,000
APPLES
APPLES, UTILIZED469,000,000 LB74,011,000
APPLES20,00023,900 LB / ACRE478,000,000 LB0.158 $ / LB
APPLES, NOT HARVESTED4,000,000 LB
APPLES, NOT SOLD5,000,000 LB
WHEAT
WHEAT, WINTER185,000150,00065 BU / ACRE9,750,000 BU5.7 $ / BU55,575,000
WHEAT185,000150,00065 BU / ACRE9,750,000 BU5.7 $ / BU55,575,000
TOBACCO
TOBACCO9,1002,445 LB / ACRE22,250,000 LB1.925 $ / LB42,833,000
TOBACCO, AIR-CURED LIGHT BURLEY (TYPE 31)5,1002,500 LB / ACRE12,750,000 LB1.85 $ / LB23,588,000
TOBACCO, CIGAR FILLER PA SEED LEAF (TYPE 41)2,0002,400 LB / ACRE4,800,000 LB2.1 $ / LB10,080,000
TOBACCO, AIR-CURED LIGHT SOUTHERN MD BELT (TYPE 32)2,0002,350 LB / ACRE4,700,000 LB1.95 $ / LB9,165,000
GRAPES
GRAPES, UTILIZED89,000 TONS29,466,000
GRAPES, PROCESSING87,300 TONS314 $ / TON27,426,000
GRAPES, FRESH MARKET1,700 TONS1,200 $ / TON2,040,000
GRAPES, PROCESSING, WINE17,600 TONS592 $ / TON
GRAPES, PROCESSING, JUICE69,700 TONS244 $ / TON
GRAPES, JUICE TYPE, CONCORD, PROCESSING68,600 TONS
GRAPES, NIAGARA, PROCESSING7,700 TONS
GRAPES, JUICE TYPE, CONCORD246 $ / TON
GRAPES13,0007 TONS / ACRE91,000 TONS331 $ / TON
GRAPES, NOT HARVESTED2,000 TONS
SWEET CORN
SWEET CORN, FRESH MARKET12,00011,30070 CWT / ACRE791,000 CWT36.3 $ / CWT28,713,000
POTATOES
POTATOES5,3005,200270 CWT / ACRE1,404,000 CWT17.5 $ / CWT24,570,000
POTATOES, FALL5,3005,200270 CWT / ACRE1,404,000 CWT17.5 $ / CWT24,570,000
PEACHES
PEACHES, UTILIZED14,690 TONS16,935,000
PEACHES4,0003.95 TONS / ACRE15,800 TONS1,150 $ / TON
PEACHES, NOT SOLD720 TONS
PEACHES, NOT HARVESTED390 TONS
PUMPKINS
PUMPKINS6,2005,900180 CWT / ACRE1,050,000 CWT15.7 $ / CWT16,485,000
OATS
OATS90,00060,00058 BU / ACRE3,480,000 BU3.65 $ / BU12,702,000
BARLEY
BARLEY70,00050,00071 BU / ACRE3,550,000 BU3.15 $ / BU11,183,000
BEANS
BEANS, SNAP, PROCESSING11,60011,4003.01 TONS / ACRE34,310 TONS303 $ / TON10,411,000
STRAWBERRIES
STRAWBERRIES, FRESH MARKET33,000 CWT160 $ / CWT5,280,000
STRAWBERRIES82073545 CWT / ACRE33,000 CWT160 $ / CWT5,280,000
CABBAGE
CABBAGE, FRESH MARKET1,000960221 CWT / ACRE212,000 CWT19.8 $ / CWT4,198,000
MELONS
MELONS, CANTALOUP, FRESH MARKET1,2001,200120 CWT / ACRE144,000 CWT28.1 $ / CWT4,046,000
PEARS
PEARS, UTILIZED970 TONS1,409,000
PEARS, PROCESSING(D) TONS(D) $ / TON
PEARS, NOT SOLD70 TONS
PEARS8001.64 TONS / ACRE1,310 TONS1,450 $ / TON
PEARS, NOT HARVESTED270 TONS
PEARS, PROCESSING, (EXCL DRIED)(D)
PEARS, FRESH MARKET(D) TONS(D) $ / TON(D)
CHERRIES
CHERRIES, TART, UTILIZED800,000 LB639,000
CHERRIES, TART5002,360 LB / ACRE1,200,000 LB0.77 $ / LB
CHERRIES, TART, NOT HARVESTED400,000 LB
CHERRIES, TART, FRESH MARKET(D) LB(D) $ / LB(D)
CHERRIES, TART, PROCESSING(D) LB(D) $ / LB(D)
MAPLE SYRUP
MAPLE SYRUP0.248 GALLONS / TAP146,000 GALLONS
HAY & HAYLAGE
HAY & HAYLAGE1,720,0002.65 TONS / ACRE, DRY BASIS4,562,000 TONS, DRY BASIS
HAY & HAYLAGE, ALFALFA85,000560,0003.52 TONS / ACRE, DRY BASIS1,969,000 TONS, DRY BASIS
HAY & HAYLAGE, (EXCL ALFALFA)1,160,0002.23 TONS / ACRE, DRY BASIS2,593,000 TONS, DRY BASIS
TOMATOES
TOMATOES, FRESH MARKET65.4 $ / CWT
MUSHROOMS
MUSHROOMS, AGARICUS, FRESH MARKET0.999 $ / LB
MUSHROOMS, AGARICUS, PROCESSING0.635 $ / LB
MUSHROOMS, AGARICUS7 LB / SQ FT0.944 $ / LB
HAYLAGE
HAYLAGE, ALFALFA290,0006.9 TONS / ACRE2,001,000 TONS
HAYLAGE, (EXCL ALFALFA)160,0004.9 TONS / ACRE784,000 TONS
HAYLAGE450,0006.19 TONS / ACRE2,785,000 TONS
(NA) Not Available
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations
(S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate
(X) Not Applicable
(Z) Less than half the rounding unit

Census State Profile: Pennsylvania

Ranked Items Within The U.S., 2012
ItemQuantityU.S. RankUniverse 1
MARKET VALUE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS SOLD ($1,000)
Total value of agricultural products sold7,400,7812250
   Value of crops, including nursery and greenhouse 2,782,9112450
   Value of livestock, poultry, and their products4,617,8701350
 
VALUE OF SALES BY COMMODITY GROUP ($1,000)
Grains, oilseeds, dry beans, and dry peas1,210,8692650
Tobacco40,379619
Cotton and cottonseed--17
Vegetables, melons, potatoes and sweet potatoes140,8751850
Fruit, tree nuts, and berries160,5011050
Nursery, greenhouse, floriculture and sod944,883450
Cut Christmas trees and short rotation woody crops21,148449
Other crops and hay264,2562250
Poultry and eggs1,362,0391050
Cattle and calves717,0852250
Milk from cows1,966,892550
Hogs and pigs457,9161250
Sheep, goats, wool, mohair, and milk15,8401750
Horses, ponies, mules, burros, and donkeys38,693850
Aquaculture26,1231550
Other animals and other animal products33,2831250
 
TOP CROP ITEMS (acres)
Forage-land used for all hay and haylage, grass silage, and greenchop1,651,9171450
Corn for grain998,3761649
Soybeans for beans519,7182045
Corn for silage412,695649
Wheat for grain, all144,7253149
 
TOP LIVESTOCK INVENTORY ITEMS (number)
Broilers and other meat-type chickens29,248,1151650
Layers25,147,630450
Pullets for laying flock replacement7,291,936550
Turkeys2,955,9931150
Cattle and calves1,626,3741950

Other State Highlights, 2012
Economic Characteristics Quantity
Farm by value of sales
   Less than $1,00015,058
   $1,000 to $2,4994,563
   $2,500 to $4,9995,144
   $5,000 to $9,9996,002
   $10,000 to $19,9995,968
   $20,000 to $24,9991,833
   $25,000 to $39,9993,372
   $40,000 to $49,9991,511
   $50,000 to $99,9994,044
   $100,000 to $249,9995,585
   $250,000 to $499,9993,328
   $500,000 or more2,901
  
Total farm production expenses ($1,000)6,041,767
   Average per farm ($)101,869
  
Net cash farm income of the operations ($1,000)1,755,111
   Average per farm ($)29,593
Operator Characteristics Quantity
Principal operators by primary occupation
   Farming30,638
   Other28,671
 
Principal operators by sex
   Male50,849
   Female8,460
  
Average age of principal operator56.1
 
All operators by race 2
   American Indian or Alaska Native114
   Asian103
   Black or African American103
   Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander19
   White90,012
   More than one race244
  
All operators of Spanish, Hispanic or Latino Origin 2652

Note: See "Census of Agriculture, Volume 1, Geographic Area Series" for complete footnotes, explanations, definitions, and methodology.
   1 Universe is number of states in U.S. with item.
   2 Data were collected for a maximum of three operators per farm.
  (D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.
   - Represents zero.