2014 STATE AGRICULTURE OVERVIEW
 South Dakota
Survey Data from Quick Stats as of: Jul/02/2015

Farms Operations

Farm Operations - Area Operated, Measured in Acres / Operation1,366
Farm Operations - Number of Operations31,700
Farm Operations - Acres Operated43,300,000

Livestock Inventory

Cattle, Cows, Beef - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2015 )1,632,000
Cattle, Cows, Milk - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2015 )98,000
Cattle, Incl Calves - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2015 )3,700,000
Cattle, On Feed - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2015 )385,000
Sheep, Incl Lambs - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2015 )255,000
Hogs - Inventory ( First of Dec. 2014 )1,270,000
Turkeys - Production, Measured in Head4,500,000

Milk Production

Milk - Production, Measured in Lb / Head21,742
Milk - Production, Measured in $520,923,000
Milk - Production, Measured in Lb2,109,000,000

Crops - Planted, Harvested, Yield, Production, Price (MYA), Value of Production
Sorted by Value of Production in Dollars
CommodityPlanted All Purpose AcresHarvested AcresYieldProductionPrice per UnitValue of Production in Dollars
CORN
CORN, GRAIN5,320,000148 BU / ACRE787,360,000 BU3.25 $ / BU2,558,920,000
CORN, SILAGE400,00015.5 TONS / ACRE6,200,000 TONS
CORN5,800,000
SOYBEANS
SOYBEANS5,150,0005,110,00045 BU / ACRE229,950,000 BU9.4 $ / BU2,161,530,000
HAY
HAY3,250,0002.05 TONS / ACRE6,665,000 TONS114 $ / TON732,318,000
HAY, ALFALFA1,900,0002.3 TONS / ACRE4,370,000 TONS119 $ / TON520,030,000
HAY, (EXCL ALFALFA)1,350,0001.7 TONS / ACRE2,295,000 TONS92.5 $ / TON212,288,000
WHEAT
WHEAT2,514,0002,364,00055.5 BU / ACRE131,260,000 BU5.6 $ / BU728,500,000
WHEAT, SPRING, (EXCL DURUM)1,300,0001,280,00056 BU / ACRE71,680,000 BU5.5 $ / BU394,240,000
WHEAT, WINTER1,210,0001,080,00055 BU / ACRE59,400,000 BU5.6 $ / BU332,640,000
WHEAT, SPRING, DURUM4,0004,00045 BU / ACRE180,000 BU9 $ / BU1,620,000
SUNFLOWER
SUNFLOWER535,000522,0001,679 LB / ACRE876,620,000 LB19.8 $ / CWT192,675,000
SUNFLOWER, OIL TYPE410,000400,0001,670 LB / ACRE668,000,000 LB18.6 $ / CWT124,248,000
SUNFLOWER, NON-OIL TYPE125,000122,0001,710 LB / ACRE208,620,000 LB32.8 $ / CWT68,427,000
SORGHUM
SORGHUM, GRAIN150,00063 BU / ACRE9,450,000 BU5.5 $ / CWT29,106,000
SORGHUM200,000
SORGHUM, SILAGE20,00011 TONS / ACRE220,000 TONS
OATS
OATS250,000100,00093 BU / ACRE9,300,000 BU2.95 $ / BU27,435,000
BEANS
BEANS, DRY EDIBLE14,00012,9001,880 LB / ACRE243,000 CWT33.2 $ / CWT8,068,000
BEANS, DRY EDIBLE, PINTO2,9002,7002,360 LB / ACRE64,000 CWT
BEANS, DRY EDIBLE, CHICKPEAS2,8002,6001,420 LB / ACRE37,000 CWT
BEANS, DRY EDIBLE, CHICKPEAS, SMALL(D)(D)(D) LB / ACRE(D) CWT
BEANS, DRY EDIBLE, OTHER3,1002,8001,540 LB / ACRE43,000 CWT
BEANS, DRY EDIBLE, NAVY5,2004,8002,070 LB / ACRE99,000 CWT
BEANS, DRY EDIBLE, CHICKPEAS, LARGE(D)(D)(D) LB / ACRE(D) CWT
MILLET
MILLET, PROSO75,00069,00031 BU / ACRE2,139,000 BU3.4 $ / BU7,273,000
BARLEY
BARLEY28,00017,00052 BU / ACRE884,000 BU3.5 $ / BU3,094,000
FLAXSEED
FLAXSEED6,0005,00018 BU / ACRE90,000 BU13 $ / BU1,170,000
HAY & HAYLAGE
HAY & HAYLAGE, ALFALFA150,0001,910,0002.32 TONS / ACRE, DRY BASIS4,431,000 TONS, DRY BASIS
HAY & HAYLAGE3,280,0002.09 TONS / ACRE, DRY BASIS6,859,000 TONS, DRY BASIS
HAY & HAYLAGE, (EXCL ALFALFA)1,370,0001.77 TONS / ACRE, DRY BASIS2,428,000 TONS, DRY BASIS
HAYLAGE
HAYLAGE, (EXCL ALFALFA)30,0009 TONS / ACRE270,000 TONS
HAYLAGE60,0006.55 TONS / ACRE393,000 TONS
HAYLAGE, ALFALFA30,0004.1 TONS / ACRE123,000 TONS
(NA) Not Available
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations
(S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate
(X) Not Applicable
(Z) Less than half the rounding unit

Census State Profile: South_Dakota

Ranked Items Within The U.S., 2012
ItemQuantityU.S. RankUniverse 1
MARKET VALUE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS SOLD ($1,000)
Total value of agricultural products sold10,170,2271250
   Value of crops, including nursery and greenhouse 6,072,9221250
   Value of livestock, poultry, and their products4,097,3041750
 
VALUE OF SALES BY COMMODITY GROUP ($1,000)
Grains, oilseeds, dry beans, and dry peas5,809,792950
Tobacco--19
Cotton and cottonseed--17
Vegetables, melons, potatoes and sweet potatoes2,1865050
Fruit, tree nuts, and berries8874750
Nursery, greenhouse, floriculture and sod14,6704750
Cut Christmas trees and short rotation woody crops1314349
Other crops and hay245,2572450
Poultry and eggs182,0762850
Cattle and calves2,968,996850
Milk from cows374,4902050
Hogs and pigs446,7561350
Sheep, goats, wool, mohair, and milk43,636550
Horses, ponies, mules, burros, and donkeys23,6291650
Aquaculture2,4984550
Other animals and other animal products55,223750
 
TOP CROP ITEMS (acres)
Corn for grain5,289,110649
Soybeans for beans4,714,204845
Forage-land used for all hay and haylage, grass silage, and greenchop2,615,189450
Wheat for grain, all2,203,785649
Winter wheat for grain1,208,309848
 
TOP LIVESTOCK INVENTORY ITEMS (number)
Cattle and calves3,893,251750
Layers2,450,7802950
Turkeys2,449,7841350
Hogs and pigs1,191,1621150
Pullets for laying flock replacement(D)3050

Other State Highlights, 2012
Economic Characteristics Quantity
Farm by value of sales
   Less than $1,0006,819
   $1,000 to $2,4991,126
   $2,500 to $4,9991,495
   $5,000 to $9,9991,767
   $10,000 to $19,9991,801
   $20,000 to $24,999726
   $25,000 to $39,9991,459
   $40,000 to $49,999822
   $50,000 to $99,9992,946
   $100,000 to $249,9994,510
   $250,000 to $499,9993,708
   $500,000 or more4,810
  
Total farm production expenses ($1,000)8,104,502
   Average per farm ($)253,353
  
Net cash farm income of the operations ($1,000)3,289,165
   Average per farm ($)102,822
Operator Characteristics Quantity
Principal operators by primary occupation
   Farming18,844
   Other13,145
 
Principal operators by sex
   Male29,656
   Female2,333
  
Average age of principal operator55.9
 
All operators by race 2
   American Indian or Alaska Native1,243
   Asian16
   Black or African American11
   Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander5
   White46,425
   More than one race170
  
All operators of Spanish, Hispanic or Latino Origin 2309

Note: See "Census of Agriculture, Volume 1, Geographic Area Series" for complete footnotes, explanations, definitions, and methodology.
   1 Universe is number of states in U.S. with item.
   2 Data were collected for a maximum of three operators per farm.
  (D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.
   - Represents zero.