2014 STATE AGRICULTURE OVERVIEW
 Texas
Survey Data from Quick Stats as of: Mar/31/2015

Farms Operations

Farm Operations - Number of Operations245,500

Livestock Inventory

Cattle, Cows, Beef - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2015 )4,180,000
Cattle, Cows, Milk - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2015 )470,000
Cattle, Incl Calves - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2015 )11,800,000
Cattle, On Feed - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2015 )2,510,000
Goats, Angora - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2015 )85,000
Goats, Meat & Other - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2015 )820,000
Goats, Milk - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2015 )23,000
Sheep, Incl Lambs - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2015 )720,000
Hogs - Inventory ( First of Dec. 2014 )760,000

Milk Production

Milk - Production, Measured in Lb / Head22,268
Milk - Production, Measured in Lb10,310,000,000

Crops - Planted, Harvested, Yield, Production, Price (MYA), Value of Production
Sorted by Value of Production in Dollars
CommodityPlanted All Purpose AcresHarvested AcresYieldProductionPrice per UnitValue of Production in Dollars
COTTON
COTTON, UPLAND6,200,0004,950,000580 LB / ACRE5,980,000 480 LB BALES0.611 $ / LB1,753,814,000
COTTON, COTTONSEED2,009,000 TONS181 $ / TON363,629,000
COTTON, PIMA17,00016,000990 LB / ACRE33,000 480 LB BALES1.6 $ / LB25,344,000
COTTON6,217,0004,966,000581 LB / ACRE6,013,000 480 LB BALES
CORN
CORN, GRAIN1,990,000148 BU / ACRE294,520,000 BU4.45 $ / BU1,310,614,000
CORN, SILAGE210,00022 TONS / ACRE4,620,000 TONS
CORN2,250,000
HAY
HAY5,440,0002.16 TONS / ACRE11,746,000 TONS107 $ / TON978,257,000
HAY, (EXCL ALFALFA)5,300,0002.1 TONS / ACRE11,130,000 TONS74.5 $ / TON829,185,000
HAY, ALFALFA140,0004.4 TONS / ACRE616,000 TONS242 $ / TON149,072,000
SORGHUM
SORGHUM, GRAIN2,250,00061 BU / ACRE137,250,000 BU7.2 $ / CWT553,392,000
SORGHUM, SILAGE100,00014 TONS / ACRE1,400,000 TONS
SORGHUM2,500,000
WHEAT
WHEAT6,000,0002,250,00030 BU / ACRE67,500,000 BU6.4 $ / BU432,000,000
WHEAT, WINTER6,000,0002,250,00030 BU / ACRE67,500,000 BU6.4 $ / BU432,000,000
RICE
RICE150,000147,0007,340 LB / ACRE10,791,000 CWT14.7 $ / CWT158,628,000
RICE, MEDIUM GRAIN9,0009,0004,900 LB / ACRE441,000 CWT
RICE, LONG GRAIN141,000138,0007,500 LB / ACRE10,350,000 CWT
PEANUTS
PEANUTS130,000127,0003,850 LB / ACRE488,950,000 LB0.277 $ / LB135,439,000
POTATOES
POTATOES, SUMMER21,00020,600330 CWT / ACRE6,798,000 CWT17 $ / CWT115,566,000
POTATOES21,00020,600330 CWT / ACRE6,798,000 CWT17 $ / CWT115,566,000
PECANS
PECANS, UTILIZED, IN SHELL60,000,000 LB110,040,000
PECANS, IMPROVED, UTILIZED, IN SHELL48,000,000 LB99,840,000
PECANS, NATIVE & SEEDLING, UTILIZED, IN SHELL12,000,000 LB10,200,000
PECANS1.83 $ / LB
PECANS, IMPROVED2.08 $ / LB
PECANS, NATIVE & SEEDLING0.85 $ / LB
ONIONS
ONIONS, DRY, SPRING11,4009,000260 CWT / ACRE2,340,000 CWT24 $ / CWT56,160,000
ONIONS, DRY, SUMMER, NON-STORAGE(D)(D)(D) CWT / ACRE(D) CWT(D) $ / CWT(D)
SOYBEANS
SOYBEANS155,000140,00038.5 BU / ACRE5,390,000 BU9.55 $ / BU51,475,000
MELONS
MELONS, WATERMELON, FRESH MARKET24,00020,000260 CWT / ACRE5,200,000 CWT9.6 $ / CWT49,920,000
MELONS, CANTALOUP, FRESH MARKET2,6002,300115 CWT / ACRE265,000 CWT31 $ / CWT8,215,000
MELONS, HONEYDEW, FRESH MARKET500450220 CWT / ACRE99,000 CWT29 $ / CWT2,871,000
GRAPEFRUIT
GRAPEFRUIT17,000335 BOXES / ACRE8.43 $ / BOX, PHD EQUIV48,040,000
GRAPEFRUIT, FRESH MARKET15.5 $ / BOX, PHD EQUIV43,400,000
GRAPEFRUIT, PROCESSING1.6 $ / BOX, PHD EQUIV4,640,000
GRAPEFRUIT, UTILIZED228,000 TONS
SUNFLOWER
SUNFLOWER104,00092,0001,493 LB / ACRE137,400,000 LB25.9 $ / CWT35,540,000
SUNFLOWER, OIL TYPE43,00040,0001,420 LB / ACRE56,800,000 LB(D) $ / CWT(D)
SUNFLOWER, NON-OIL TYPE61,00052,0001,550 LB / ACRE80,600,000 LB(D) $ / CWT(D)
CABBAGE
CABBAGE, FRESH MARKET6,5006,200250 CWT / ACRE1,550,000 CWT21.5 $ / CWT33,325,000
ORANGES
ORANGES8,000222 BOXES / ACRE13.41 $ / BOX, PHD EQUIV23,815,000
ORANGES, MID & NAVEL6,000233 BOXES / ACRE13.97 $ / BOX, PHD EQUIV19,563,000
ORANGES, VALENCIA2,000188 BOXES / ACRE11.31 $ / BOX, PHD EQUIV4,252,000
ORANGES, UTILIZED76,000 TONS
ORANGES, MID & NAVEL, UTILIZED60,000 TONS
ORANGES, VALENCIA, UTILIZED16,000 TONS
ORANGES, MID & NAVEL, FRESH MARKET(D) $ / BOX, PHD EQUIV(D)
ORANGES, VALENCIA, FRESH MARKET(D) $ / BOX, PHD EQUIV(D)
ORANGES, PROCESSING(D) $ / BOX, PHD EQUIV(D)
ORANGES, VALENCIA, PROCESSING(D) $ / BOX, PHD EQUIV(D)
ORANGES, MID & NAVEL, PROCESSING(D) $ / BOX, PHD EQUIV(D)
ORANGES, FRESH MARKET(D) $ / BOX, PHD EQUIV(D)
GRAPES
GRAPES, UTILIZED8,800 TONS13,170,000
GRAPES, PROCESSING8,650 TONS1,500 $ / TON12,975,000
GRAPES, FRESH MARKET150 TONS1,300 $ / TON195,000
GRAPES, PROCESSING, WINE8,650 TONS1,500 $ / TON
GRAPES4,0002.35 TONS / ACRE9,400 TONS1,500 $ / TON
GRAPES, NOT HARVESTED600 TONS
BEANS
BEANS, DRY EDIBLE23,00021,0001,220 LB / ACRE256,000 CWT46 $ / CWT11,776,000
BEANS, DRY EDIBLE, OTHER1,5001,0001,220 LB / ACRE12,000 CWT
BEANS, DRY EDIBLE, BLACKEYE21,50020,0001,220 LB / ACRE244,000 CWT
CUCUMBERS
CUCUMBERS, PROCESSING, PICKLES4,5004,2004.66 TONS / ACRE19,570 TONS540 $ / TON10,568,000
CUCUMBERS, FRESH MARKET2,5002,400118 CWT / ACRE283,000 CWT18.6 $ / CWT5,264,000
OATS
OATS450,00045,00038 BU / ACRE1,710,000 BU5.95 $ / BU10,175,000
SPINACH
SPINACH, FRESH MARKET1,6001,500150 CWT / ACRE225,000 CWT44 $ / CWT9,900,000
PEPPERS
PEPPERS, CHILE3,4003,10060 CWT / ACRE185,000 CWT52.4 $ / CWT9,693,000
CARROTS
CARROTS, FRESH MARKET1,6001,400270 CWT / ACRE378,000 CWT20 $ / CWT7,560,000
SQUASH
SQUASH1,6001,50090 CWT / ACRE135,000 CWT55 $ / CWT7,425,000
PEACHES
PEACHES, FRESH MARKET3,300 TONS2,000 $ / TON6,600,000
PEACHES, UTILIZED3,300 TONS6,600,000
PEACHES3,1001.23 TONS / ACRE3,800 TONS2,000 $ / TON
PEACHES, NOT HARVESTED200 TONS
PEACHES, NOT SOLD300 TONS
SWEET CORN
SWEET CORN, FRESH MARKET3,2002,95095 CWT / ACRE280,000 CWT22 $ / CWT6,160,000
SWEET POTATOES
SWEET POTATOES1,000900155 CWT / ACRE140,000 CWT29.6 $ / CWT4,144,000
SUGARCANE
SUGARCANE, SUGAR & SEED33,10037.9 TONS / ACRE1,255,000 TONS
SUGARCANE, SEED1,60037.9 TONS / ACRE61,000 TONS
SUGARCANE, SUGAR31,50037.9 TONS / ACRE1,194,000 TONS
TOMATOES
TOMATOES, FRESH MARKET57.3 $ / CWT
HAY & HAYLAGE
HAY & HAYLAGE, (EXCL ALFALFA)5,400,0002.14 TONS / ACRE, DRY BASIS11,538,000 TONS, DRY BASIS
HAY & HAYLAGE5,545,0002.2 TONS / ACRE, DRY BASIS12,178,000 TONS, DRY BASIS
HAY & HAYLAGE, ALFALFA15,000145,0004.41 TONS / ACRE, DRY BASIS640,000 TONS, DRY BASIS
HAYLAGE
HAYLAGE157,0005.57 TONS / ACRE874,000 TONS
HAYLAGE, (EXCL ALFALFA)150,0005.5 TONS / ACRE825,000 TONS
HAYLAGE, ALFALFA7,0007 TONS / ACRE49,000 TONS
(NA) Not Available
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations
(S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate
(X) Not Applicable
(Z) Less than half the rounding unit

Census State Profile: Texas

Ranked Items Within The U.S., 2012
ItemQuantityU.S. RankUniverse 1
MARKET VALUE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS SOLD ($1,000)
Total value of agricultural products sold25,375,581350
   Value of crops, including nursery and greenhouse 7,366,993850
   Value of livestock, poultry, and their products18,008,588150
 
VALUE OF SALES BY COMMODITY GROUP ($1,000)
Grains, oilseeds, dry beans, and dry peas3,049,5221450
Tobacco--19
Cotton and cottonseed1,618,671117
Vegetables, melons, potatoes and sweet potatoes474,949850
Fruit, tree nuts, and berries251,647850
Nursery, greenhouse, floriculture and sod1,011,669350
Cut Christmas trees and short rotation woody crops2,4462049
Other crops and hay958,088350
Poultry and eggs2,624,759650
Cattle and calves13,013,127150
Milk from cows1,698,264650
Hogs and pigs239,3581550
Sheep, goats, wool, mohair, and milk122,053150
Horses, ponies, mules, burros, and donkeys149,103350
Aquaculture82,033750
Other animals and other animal products79,891350
 
TOP CROP ITEMS (acres)
Forage-land used for all hay and haylage, grass silage, and greenchop5,069,579150
Cotton, all3,844,464117
Upland cotton3,835,216117
Wheat for grain, all2,993,969549
Winter wheat for grain2,989,113348
 
TOP LIVESTOCK INVENTORY ITEMS (number)
Broilers and other meat-type chickens107,351,698650
Layers20,902,244550
Cattle and calves11,159,747150
Pullets for laying flock replacement6,244,474750
Turkeys1,747,5261750

Other State Highlights, 2012
Economic Characteristics Quantity
Farm by value of sales
   Less than $1,00080,196
   $1,000 to $2,49932,579
   $2,500 to $4,99929,961
   $5,000 to $9,99932,144
   $10,000 to $19,99925,156
   $20,000 to $24,9996,625
   $25,000 to $39,99911,250
   $40,000 to $49,9994,255
   $50,000 to $99,9999,154
   $100,000 to $249,9997,631
   $250,000 to $499,9993,846
   $500,000 or more6,012
  
Total farm production expenses ($1,000)25,404,943
   Average per farm ($)102,106
  
Net cash farm income of the operations ($1,000)1,965,736
   Average per farm ($)7,901
Operator Characteristics Quantity
Principal operators by primary occupation
   Farming104,769
   Other144,040
 
Principal operators by sex
   Male210,357
   Female38,452
  
Average age of principal operator60.1
 
All operators by race 2
   American Indian or Alaska Native3,820
   Asian1,226
   Black or African American11,719
   Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander147
   White351,950
   More than one race2,202
  
All operators of Spanish, Hispanic or Latino Origin 234,264

Note: See "Census of Agriculture, Volume 1, Geographic Area Series" for complete footnotes, explanations, definitions, and methodology.
   1 Universe is number of states in U.S. with item.
   2 Data were collected for a maximum of three operators per farm.
  (D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.
   - Represents zero.