WEATHER: Mostly dry conditions during July allowed producers to prepare
land for fall crop planting with Palmetto-Ruskin and East Coast growers
starting to plant, and Quincy growers finishing tomato planting by late July.
Rainfall during July ranged from about two and a third inches at Pensacola to
about nine and three-fourths inches at Melbourne with most central and
southern Peninsula localities recording from four to almost nine inches for the
month. The July rains were slightly above normal at some stations but most
others were a half inch to over five inches below normal. July temperatures
were one degree below normal to four degrees above at the major stations with
most daytime highs in the 80s and 90s. Pensacola, Tallahassee, and Umatilla
each recorded at least one high at 100 or more in July. Nighttime lows during
July were mostly in the 70s and 80s with several stations recording at least one
low in the 60s. Producers in southern Peninsula areas delayed some fieldwork
early in late August as Hurricane Debby approached but found relief when the
storm broke up before hitting the State. Southwestern producers began fall
crop planting in late August. Rainfall during August ranged from about two
and a quarter inches at Bunnell to almost eleven inches at Hollywood. August
rainfall for most localities remained below normal for the year. Temperatures
in August averaged from one degree below normal to two degrees above at the
major stations. Tropical weather during September caused some fieldwork
delays. Heavy rains accompanying the tropical storms reduced yield prospects
of some crops and caused some abandonment in flooded fields. The passage
of Hurricane Gordon and Tropical Storm Helene off the west coast and over
the big Bend area in late September brought abundant rainfall to some
northern areas. During the last week of September, strong winds from the
Atlantic brought significant precipitation to many eastern coastal localities.
September rainfall ranged from about one and two-thirds inches at Lake Alfred
to over twenty-three inches in the Jacksonville area. Most localities recorded
normal to above normal rainfall for the month. Temperatures for September
at the major stations ranged from highs in the 80s and 90s to lows mostly in
the 60s and 70s. Both Tallahassee and Pensacola recorded at least one low in
the 50s during September. Most September temperatures averaged normal to
one degree above. A tropical disturbance passed through the Florida Straits
in early October brought heavy rains to many southern and central Peninsula
localities. These heavy rains flooded some Dade County fields with actual
damages and losses currently being assessed.
|This first quarterly release for the 2000-2001 season shows acreage for harvest during fall months of October through December based on conditions existing October 1. Estimated acreage for harvest by growing areas is presented in the following order: area, previous year (1999), current year (2000).|
SNAP BEANS: Planting was active in the southern areas during September. The Dade County crop is in good condition. In other areas the crop is in fair to good condition. (Southeast, 5,000, 5,000; Southwest and Everglades, 4,000, 4,600; other areas; 1,500, 2,400; All areas, 10,500, 12,000)
CABBAGE: Planting was starting in the Hastings area in late September. The
crop was reported in good condition. (All areas, 900, 900)
CUCUMBERS FOR FRESH MARKET: Planting started during early
September in the Palmetto-Ruskin region. East Coast and southwest started
planting in late September. The crop is in good condition as of the first of
October. (West Central, 2,300, 2,050; Southwest, 1,800, 1,550; Southeast,
950, 850; other areas, 350, 250; All areas, 5,400, 4,700).
EGGPLANT: Planting began in August in the East Coast area and continues
in the Dade and the southwest areas at the present time. Oldest fields are in
good condition. Workers are staking and tying as needed. (All areas, 700,
SWEET C0RN: By mid-September plants were knee-high in the Zellwood
area. Hurricane Gordon and Tropical Storm Helene caused no significant
damage to the fall acreage after mid-month. Planting started in the East Coast
and Southwest regions during the last half of September. Acreage in the
Everglades is in good condition. (Everglades, 1,700, 3,000; Central, 1,000,
900; other areas, 1,100, 1,300; All areas, 3,800, 5,200).
BELL PEPPER: East Coast producers started planting in early August, while
growers in the Palmetto-Ruskin and Immokalee regions started planting after
mid-month. By mid-September oldest plants started to show blooms in the
East Coast area. High temperatures and gusty winds increased the need for
irrigation during the last half of September. (Southwest, 2,700, 2,850;
Southeast, 1,700, 1,600; West Central and other areas, 2,600, 2,850; All areas,
TOMATOES: Growers in the Quincy area finished planting in mid to late July with harvest to begin in late September. Producers in the southern Peninsula areas delayed some fieldwork early in late August as Hurricane Debby neared but found relief when the storm broke up before hitting the State. Palmetto-Ruskin growers started planting in early August while East Coast producers began about mid-month. Southwestern growers around Immokalee commenced transplanting in late August. Most southern Peninsula acreage escaped damage from Hurricane Gordon and Tropical Storm Helene as they passed by the Gulf of Mexico coast ant traveled inland over the Big Bend area. Acreage around Quincy received some rain from Helene but most acreage avoided significant harm. Quincy growers began picking a very light volume during the last week of September. The oldest fruit reached golf-ball sizes in the Palmetto-Ruskin area in late September with harvesting started by early October. (Southwest, 8,200, 6,500; Palmetto-Ruskin, 5,800, 6,100; East Coast, 1,500, 1,300; other areas, 1,600, 1,500; All areas, 17,100, 15,400).
SNAP BEANS: Fall fresh market acreage for harvest is forecast at 19,900
acres, up 2 percent from last year and 24 percent more than 1998. Georgia's
rainfall slowed the planting of this year's crop. New Jersey's night tempera
tures were much lower than normal which slowed the growth of snap beans.
Virginia's fall harvest began in September and will continue until frost.
CABBAGE: Fresh market acreage for harvest is forecast at 6,700 acres, up 5
percent from last year and 20 percent above two years ago. Georgia's recent
rainfall slowed planting. Conditions in New Jersey were favorable and
beneficial to the fall cabbage. Texas is experiencing a severe drought, leaving
irrigation water in short supply.
SWEET CORN: Fresh market acreage for harvest is forecast at 9,700 acres,
up 17 percent from last year but 3 percent less than 1998. California's crop
had a good start, but erratic weather patterns and occasional reports of worm
damage in some areas affected quality.
ESCAROLE/ENDIVE: Fresh market acreage for fall harvest is forecast at
750 acres, the same as 1999 but 15 percent above 1998. Below normal
temperatures and excessive moisture adversely affected New Jersey's crop.
BELL PEPPER: Fall acreage for harvest is forecast at 8,100 acres, 26 percent
less than 1999 and 7 percent less than 1998. Severe drought conditions in
Texas affected growers planting decisions.
TOMATOES: Fresh market acreage for fall harvest is forecast at 26,000
acres, 11 percent below last year and 1 percent below 1998. California's fall
tomato crop is in good condition and maturing normally. There are no reports
of major pest problems.
WATERMELONS: Arizona acreage for fall harvest is forecast at 900 acres, down 10 percent from 1999 and 18 percent below 1998. Above average temperatures had no influence on harvest and use of irrigation prevented damage to the crop.
Vegetables for fresh market, prospective acreage for harvest, October, November,
and December, by States, 2000 with comparisons.
|South Carolina 1/||Oct-Dec||600||600||--||--|
|New Jersey 4/||Sep-Nov||500||400||--||--|
|BELL PEPPERS: 3/|
|TOTAL OF CROPS LISTED|
|TOTAL OF CROPS ESTIMATED|
|United States 5/ 6/||195,750||206,950||191,800||92|
1/ Seasonal estimate discontinued. Estimates to be published in the Vegetable 2000 Summary, released January 2001.
2/ Percent calculated excluding MD and SC.
3/ Includes fresh market and processing.
4/ Not published in 2000 to avoid disclosure of individual operations.
5/ 1999 revised.
6/ Total of crops listed plus broccoli, carrots, cauliflower, celery, head lettuce, cantaloups, honeydew melons, and watermelons.