FLORIDA WEATHER: Frequent rains during July replenished
topsoil and subsoil moisture supplies in most areas and totaled from
about two and three quarters inches at Fernandina Beach to almost
fourteen inches at Perrine. The formation of Tropical Storm Barry off
the southwestern coast in early August replenished soil moisture in
some areas with most localities receiving from one to two and a half
inches. Spotty showers during the rest of August left soils dry in many
localities. However, wet soils in some areas delayed some planting.
Total August rainfall ranged from about an inch and a half at Live Oak
to almost twelve and a half inches at Plant City. During early September,
almost daily showers boosted growth and development of vegetables in central
and southern Peninsula areas as the planting of fall
crops increased. Around mid-September, Tropical Storm Gabrielle
crossed the Peninsula and brought significant rains and strong winds
to most areas delaying some fall crop planting. Drier conditions
followed the storm which allowed planting to proceed at a normal
pace. A tropical disturbance in the Gulf combined with a cold front
passing over the State at the end of September brought abundant rains
to many southern Peninsula localities. The heavy rains and strong
winds from these storms interrupted some field activities and reduced
yield prospects for some crops. September rainfall at the major stations
ranged from a little over two inches at Pensacola to over eighteen
inches in Miami. Drier conditions following these storms allowed field
work to progress normally during early October.
|This first quarterly release for the 2001-2002 season shows acreage for harvest during fall months of October through December based on conditions existing October 1. Estimated acreage for harvest by growing areas is presented in the following order: area, current year (2001), previous year (2000).|
CABBAGE: Planting started in Dade County about mid-September
while planting in the Southwest and East Coast regions started during
late month. Planting was active in the Everglades by early October.
(All areas, 900, 900).
CUCUMBERS FOR FRESH MARKET: Planting began in late
August and early September in southern Peninsula localities. Picking
started by the end of September around Zellwood. (All areas, 4,200,
EGGPLANT: Planting started in the Immokalee and East Coast areas
during late August. Dade County producers began to plant in early
September. (All areas, 700, 700).
SWEET C0RN: Most of the fall crop corn was planted by early to
mid September. Heavy rains and strong winds from Tropical Storm
Danielle caused no significant damage to the crop around mid-
September. Some planting of the winter crop in the Everglades was
delayed up to ten days by wet soils in late September. Everglades and
Zellwood growers reported the crop was in good condition by October
1. (Everglades, 3,200, 2,500; Central, 1,250, 900; other areas, 1,350,
800; all areas, 5,800, 4,200).
BELL PEPPER: Planting increased during September in the
Southwest, East Coast and West Central regions. Tropical Storm
Danielle's strong winds and heavy rains caused some bloom drop near
mid-September. Crop condition was rated fair to mostly good by
October 1. (Southwest, 2,250, 2,850; Southeast, 2,250, 1,700; Central
and North, 3,200, 2,850; all areas, 7,700, 7,400).
TOMATOES: Almost daily showers during August and the first half
of September kept soil moisture supplies adequate over the southern
Peninsula but delayed some plantings in wetter localities. The
formation off the west coast and the passage over the central and
northern Peninsula of Tropical Storm Danielle in mid-September
brought significant rains and strong winds to some southern fields.
Growers reported only minor damage from this storm with some leaves
broken and some blooms blown off plants. Most blooms were not open
when the storm passed. Drier and somewhat cooler weather during late
September boosted plant growth and development. Harvesting around
Quincy started by early October. (Southwest, 6,000, 4,500; Palmetto-
Ruskin, 6,400, 6,100; East Coast, 1,200, 1,150; other areas, 1,500,
1,550; all areas, 15,100, 13,300).
GENERAL: The prospective area for harvest of 13 selected fresh
market vegetables during the fall quarter is forecast at 177,400 acres,
up 4 percent from last year. Acreage increased for snap beans,
broccoli, cabbage, carrots, celery, sweet corn, head lettuce, bell
peppers, and tomatoes, while cucumbers showed the only acreage
decrease. Cauliflower, eggplant, and escarole/endive acreage were
unchanged from a year ago. Area forecasted for melon harvest is
15,100 acres, up 9 percent from last year. Cantaloup acreage is
forecast at 8,900 acres, up 3 percent from 2000. Honeydew acreage
is forecast at 5,300 acres, up 23 percent from last fall. Watermelon
acreage is forecast at 900 acres, down 10 percent from last year.
SNAP BEANS: Fall fresh market acreage for harvest is forecast at
18,500 acres, up 1 percent from last year but 5 percent below 1999.
Planting in Georgia was active during most of August. The State had
scattered showers during this time but they did not seem to affect
planting schedules. Soil moisture conditions were mostly adequate.
New Jersey's planting was on schedule this year. Despite heavy rains,
Virginia's planting was on schedule. Prospects for the crop look
CABBAGE: Fresh market acreage for harvest is forecast at 6,400
acres, up 3 percent from last year but unchanged from two years ago.
In Georgia, weather conditions were favorable for planting. New
Jersey's harvested acreage is down due to low market prices and
unfavorable weather conditions. In Texas, the crop is progressing well
with good moisture conditions. The fall harvest is mostly complete in
the High Plains.
SWEET CORN: Fresh market acreage for harvest is forecast at
10,200 acres, up 24 percent from last year and 29 percent more than
1999. In California, the grounding of crop duster planes caused some
problems with the crop. Occasional report of worm damage resulted
from spraying intervals that went beyond three days.
CUCUMBERS: Acreage for fall harvest is forecast at 7,900 acres, 1
percent below last year and 19 percent less than 1999. In South
Carolina, precipitation has been below normal thus far. Additional
rainfall is needed to make a good crop. In Texas, the crop is develop
ing well with good moisture conditions. Planting in Virginia was on
schedule despite heavy rains. Harvest will continue until a heavy frost
BELL PEPPER: Fall acreage for harvest is forecast at 8,400 acres,
up 2 percent from 2000 and 5 percent more than 1999. In Texas, the
crop is progressing well with good moisture reported. Newly planted
peppers are maturing well.
TOMATOES: Fresh market acreage for fall harvest is forecast at 24,600 acres, up 3 percent from last year but 15 percent below 1999. California experienced ideal growing conditions in early July. However, by mid-to-late July the weather was cooler than normal. By July's end through mid-August ideal growing conditions returned, however, hot weather set in by late August. Despite weather fluctuations, the crop is progressing normally.
Vegetables for fresh market, prospective acreage for harvest, October, November and
December, by States, 2001 with comparisons
|South Carolina 1/||Oct-Dec||600||--||--||--|
|BELL PEPPERS: 4/|
|TOTAL OF CROPS LISTED|
|TOTAL OF CROPS ESTIMATED|
|United States 5/||203,850||185,000||192,500||104|
1/ Seasonal estimate discontinued in 2000. Estimate to be published in January 2001 annual, released January 2002.
2/ 2000 State data revised.
3/ 2001 State data not published to avoid disclosure.
5/ Total of crops listed plus broccoli, carrots, cauliflower, celery, endive/escarole, head lettuce, cantaloups, honeydew melons and watermelons.