FALL ACREAGE (Oct., Nov., Dec.)
GENERAL: Below normal rainfall during July, August, and September
in most of the major vegetable producing areas allowed field
preparations and planting to stay on schedule. In July, precipitation
totals were one half inch to over eight inches below normal. In
August, only northern and some central localities received above
normal rains with most locations recording from an inch to almost
ten inches below normal precipitation. September rainfall was
normal at a few northern and western Panhandle cities, but ranged
from a half inch to almost eight inches below normal over the rest
of the State. This dry weather allowed some southern Peninsula
growers to enter fields that usually are too muddy to work until
October. Growers did delay some field work during early September
due to the threat of adverse weather caused by Hurricanes Fran and
Hortense. Some muckland planting was slowed by heavy rains
around Lake Okeechobee in early September, but drier conditions for
most of the month allowed growers to get back on schedule.
Monthly temperatures averaged normal to two degrees above during
July, normal to two degrees below during August, and ranged from
two degrees below to three degrees above normal during Septem
ber. Heavy rain and strong winds from Tropical Storm Josephine
affected crop development in most areas during October 7 and 8.
|This first quarterly release for the 1996-97 season shows acreage for harvest during all months of October through December based on conditions existing October 1. Estimated acreage for harvest by growing areas is presented in the follow ing order: area, previous year (1995), current year (1996).|
CABBAGE: Planting was active in the west central area and starting
in the Hastings area by the end of September. The west central crop
is in good condition. Growers are making preparations for planting
in Dade County and the southwest. (Central, 800, 700; all areas,
CUCUMBERS FOR FRESH MARKET: Growers in northern and west central
localities began planting during August. Producers along the
southeastern coast started planting in early September. Southwest
ern growers commenced planting about mid-September. Several
growers planted on plastic used for vegetables in prior quarters.
Some growers delayed planting until receiving funding and did not
begin planting until October. Harvesting of very limited northern
acreage began in late September. (West Central, 1,700, 1,400;
Southwest, 750, 600; Southeast, 900, 900; other areas, 1,050,
600; all areas, 4,500, 3,500).
EGGPLANT: Planting began before the middle of August in the East
Coast area and continued at a steady pace. By late September the
crop was in very good condition with the oldest fields showing
blooms. (all areas, 1,000, 600).
ESCAROLE-ENDIVE: Planting in the Everglades was delayed by wet soils
during the first half of September, but was well underway by
mid-month in both the Zellwood and Lake Okeechobee areas. (all
areas, 800, 400).
HEAD LETTUCE (Boston, Bibb, Iceberg): Wet soils delayed some activity
around Lake Okeechobee during early September. However,
planting became active in both the Zellwood and Everglades region
by mid-September. (Not published to avoid disclosure of individual
SWEET CORN: Mostly mild weather kept field work and plantings in the
Zellwood and northern areas on schedule during July, August,
and most of September. Growers delayed some field work during
early September due to the threat of adverse weather caused by
Hurricanes Fran and Hortense, and due to heavy rains around Lake
Okeechobee. However, producers got back on schedule by mid-
month. The crop is in mostly good condition with some Zellwood
fields knee to waist high by mid-September. East Coast growers
started limited planting during the last half of September. South
western, Everglades, and Dade County producers scheduled planting
of larger acreage for late September and early October. Northern
picking began during late September. (Everglades, 2,650, 3,300;
Central, 1,700, 2,400; other areas, 1,950, 2,000; all areas, 6,300,
BELL PEPPERS: Pepper plantings were underway in the East Coast region
during the last half of July with producers in the southwest
and Palmetto-Ruskin areas starting by mid-to-late August. Drier
than normal fall weather kept plantings on schedule throughout
September with some growers able to plant acreage in September
that they usually do not plant until October. Fruit began to set
about mid-September in the oldest fields along the southeastern
coast and by late September in southwestern and West Central
localities. Northern picking is getting underway. (Southwest, 2,800,
2,750; Southeast, 2,675, 2,575; West Central and other areas,
1,725, 2,275; all areas, 7,200, 7,600).
TOMATOES: Planting began around Quincy about mid-July with most acreage in the ground by early August. Transplanting started around mid-August in southern Peninsula areas. Dade County growers commenced planting during the last half of September. The drier than normal fall weather allowed planting and spraying for disease control to proceed on schedule. Harvesting began around Quincy during late September with most growers starting to pick in early October. Some southern growers are delaying planting until they receive funding. The estimated acreage includes round and plum or pear varieties, and U-Pic acres. (Southwest, 8,800, 5,550; Palmetto-Ruskin, 6,100, 5,250; East Coast, 1,300, 950; other areas, 1,800, 1,350; all areas, 18,000, 13,100).
GENERAL: The prospective area for harvest of 13 selected fresh market
vegetables during the fall quarter is forecast at 179,900
acres, down 3 percent from last year but up 3 percent from 1994.
Acreage reductions for snap beans, broccoli, cauliflower, cucum
bers, eggplant, escarole/endive, and tomatoes offset increased
acreage of cabbage, carrots, sweet corn, head lettuce, and bell
SNAP BEANS: Fall fresh market acreage for harvest is forecast at
18,600 acres, down 2 percent from the last year and 8 percent less
than 1994. Unfavorable weather discouraged producers from
planting more acres in Maryland and New Jersey.
CABBAGE: Fresh market acreage for harvest is forecast at 7,700 acres,
up 1 percent from last year and 22 percent greater than in
1994. Favorable growing conditions benefitted the crop in New
Jersey. Although water shortages reduced acreage in the Texas Rio
Grande Valley, producers increased acreage in other parts of the
SWEET CORN: Fresh market acreage for harvest is estimated at 11,000
acres, up 12 percent from last year, and 28 percent more than in 1994.
CUCUMBERS: Acreage for fall harvest is forecast at 7,900 acres, a
22 percent decrease from last year and a 25 percent decline from
1994. Drought conditions in the Rio Grande Valley of Texas
prompted producers to reduce acreage.
ESCAROLE/ENDIVE: Fresh market acreage for fall harvest is forecast
at 800 acres, down 400 acres from last year but the same
as in 1994. The fall crop in New Jersey was reported as being in
BELL PEPPERS: Fall acreage for harvest is forecast at 11,800 acres,
an 8 percent increase from 1995 and up 17 percent from
1994. In Texas some pepper acreage that was not planted in the
Rio Grande Valley was planted in the high plains region.
TOMATOES: Fresh market acreage for fall harvest is estimated at 24,400 acres, down 16 percent from last year and 17 percent less than 1994. The California crop was reported in good condition.
ACREAGE - October-December
|BELL PEPPERS: 2/|
|TOTAL OF CROPS LISTED|
|TOTAL OF CROPS ESTIMATED|
|United States 4/||186,000||200,600||196,600||98|
1/ 1995 revised.
2/ Includes fresh market and processing.
3/ Estimate discontinued.
4/ Total of crops listed plus broccoli, carrots, cauliflower, celery, cantaloups, honeydew melons, and watermelons.