Agricultural statistics are important by providing an accurate, unbiased picture of Kentucky State's and U.S. agriculture. Measurement of present and prospective supplies furnishes a sound basis for judgment and action by farmers, agribusiness, researchers, marketing programs and agencies which service farmers. Thanks and appreciation goes to the many Kentucky farmers and agricultural businesses who take the time to provide the data to make these reports possible.
The Kentucky Field Office of USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) is a federal office funded and staffed by both federal and state resources. This cooperative arrangement is much more efficient than operating separate and duplicate federal and state agencies to measure Kentucky agriculture. Our mission is to provide timely, accurate and useful statistics in service to U.S. agriculture.
USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) is a network of 46 field offices (including the Louisville office), serving all 50 states and Puerto Rico through cooperative agreements with state departments of agriculture or universities. These field offices regularly survey thousands of farm operators, ranchers, and agri-businesses who voluntarily provide information on a confidential basis. Consolidating these reports with field observations, objective yield measurements, and other data, statisticians then produce state statistics. These statistics are forwarded to NASS headquarters in Washington, D.C., where they are combined and released to the public.
The Internet site contains agricultural statistics, an on-line data base, all reports, links to other pertinent sites and even a Kids Page targeted to education on agricultural topics. The national website is at http://www.nass.usda.gov while the Kentucky homepage is at http://www.nass.usda.gov/ky . For more information, contact us via email at email@example.com or call 502-582-5293.
As part of USDA, the federal program includes the Census of Agriculture conducted every five years and an Annual Statistics Program. The Agricultural Census publishes all agricultural commodities at the state and county level. The Annual Statistics Program provides more timely state level statistics limited to major crop and livestock commodities and data series at the county level.
Confidentiality is guaranteed to anyone providing information to NASS regardless if it is acting in the federal or state capacity. According to federal law, the mail list can never be given or sold to any other entity, public or private (this includes other government agencies). Individual data is exempt from requests under the Freedom of Information Act and exempt from subpoena. Data is only published at an aggregate level so that no one can derive information about any single operation.
Annual Statistics Program
About 400 national reports are issued by NASS every year through the Agricultural Statistics Board. These national reports are complemented by about 125 state reports. Each report is released on a fixed schedule according to an annual calendar of release dates. Strict security measures are maintained to ensure that no one gains premature access to the information. The reports provide broad coverage of agriculture, including more than 165 crop and livestock items.
The annual cycle of crop reports begins with projections of the acreage that farmers intend to plant, and continues with reports of acreage planted, acreage intended for harvest, probable yields, and potential production. Final reports of acreage harvested, actual yields, and production are made at the end of the crop production season.
Livestock inventory numbers are published annually or semiannually. Details on hog production, cattle on feed, and the production of eggs, milk, and meat are issued in monthly and quarterly reports. Reports on breeding, farrowings, chick and poult placements, and calf and lamb crops provide indications of prospective market supplies. Measurements of manufactured dairy products and the cold storage holdings of agricultural commodities are also published regularly.
NASS also collects and publishes statistics on a variety of additional subjects pertaining to agriculture as part of the Annual Statistics Program. These include number and sizes of farms, farm labor and wage rates, prices received and paid by farmers, grain stocks, greenhouse & nursery production, fruits & vegetables, fertilizer & pesticide usage, mushrooms, mink, trout, plus many other commodities grown or raised in specialized areas of the country, as well as weekly weather and crop bulletins.
Census of Agriculture
The national Census of Agriculture is conducted every five years. In some ways it resembles the population census with which most Americans are familiar, because the Census of Agriculture attempts to produce a complete quantification of all agricultural items and activities nationwide, just as the population census attempts to count and collect data about every man, woman, and child in this country.
For more than 150 years, the U.S. Department of Commerce,
Bureau of the Census, conducted the census of agriculture.
However, the 1997 Appropriations Act transferred the responsibility
from the Bureau of the Census to the U.S. Department of Agriculture
(USDA), National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS). The
1997 Census of Agriculture was the first census conducted
The census of agriculture is the leading source of statistics about the Nation's agricultural production and an important source of consistent, comparable data at the county, State, and national levels. Census statistics are used by Congress to develop and change farm programs, study historical trends, assess current conditions, and plan for the future. Many national and State programs use census data to design and allocate funding for extension service projects, agricultural research, soil conservation programs, and land-grant colleges and universities. Private industry uses census statistics to provide a more effective production and distribution system for the agricultural community.
In keeping with the provisions of Title 7 of the United States Code, no data are published that would disclose the operations of an individual farm. However, the number of farms reporting an item is not considered a release of confidential information and is provided even though other information may be withheld.
The Census of Agriculture is published in various forms including:
national, state & county level data; state & county
rankings; agricultural atlas; zip code tabulations; and congressional
district tabulations & rankings. Special studies that
are also part of the census program include the Farm and Ranch
Irrigation Survey, the Organic Production survey, the Census
of Horticultural Specialties and the Census of Aquaculture.
The Kentucky Field Office of USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service publishes numerous reports throughout the year. Some of these reports include:
Weekly Crop Progress and Condition Report - A 2-page release
issued each Monday (April through November). Includes data
on: temperatures and precipitation of selected locations;
state weather summary; planting, harvesting and crop development
progress; range and livestock pasture conditions.
Agri -News - A 4-page report issued monthly around the
15th. Contains data on field crops, acreage, production, stocks;
cattle and calf inventory; livestock slaughter; milk production;
hog and pig inventory; sheep and lamb inventory; goat inventory;
prices received by farmers; and other agricultural data.
Statistical Bulletin - An annual summary bulletin of multi-year
series for all major crops, livestock and related data. Includes
county data for major agricultural items. Issued late fall.
How to contact the Kentucky Field Office:
By phone: (502) 582-5293
By fax: (502) 582-5114
By mail: P.O. Box 1120
Louisville, Kentucky 40201-1120
By email: firstname.lastname@example.org