Michigan Equine Monitoring System

Michigan Equine Survey-1996

Contents

  • Equine General Information
  • Equine Population by County
  • Equine Population by Breed
  • Equine Labor Data

    The inventory of equine in Michigan as of June 1, 1996, 130,000 head, was unchanged from 5 years earlier. While the total number was steady, there were substantial changes in counts by breed. The number of Standardbreds and Thoroughbreds fell by 30 and 20 percent, respectively. The number of Morgans, half-Arabs, Saddlebreds and various breeds of ponies also declined. By contrast, the inventories of quarter horses, paints/pintoes, warmbloods & European breeds, draft horses, Appaloosas and Tennessee Walkers and Arabians all increased. The top 5 counties in equine count were Oakland, Washtenaw, Jackson, Livingston and Wayne. The total value of equine was estimated at over $400 million.

    The equine industry has a sizeable labor force. There were 6,500 people who worked full-time on equine operations during the year ending May 31, 1996. These were principally the family members and owners of those facilities. Those equine facility operators also had 1,100 full-time paid employees during this time period and hired 4,400 part-time and seasonal workers. In addition, equine operators used the services of veterinarians and farriers 100,000 and 110,000 times, respectively, during the year ending May 31.

    Equine Population: Inventory by Operation Type
    Type of Operation Number of Operations Total
    Equine
    Boarding Stables
    550 10,000
    Breeding Farms
    1,500 22,000
    Crop and Livestock Farms
    5,500 20,000
    Racehorse Training Stables
    450 6,000
    Private Residences
    18,500 55,000
    Riding Stables (camps, resorts, rentals)
    200 4,000
    Show Horse Training Facilities
    600 7,000
    Equine Centers or Academies
    100 2,000
    Other Equine Operations 1
    100 4,000
    Total
    27,500 130,000
    1 Includes racetracks, therapeutic riding facilities, polo clubs, hunting clubs, etc.

    Equine by Breed Chart

    Equine Population Map

    Equine Population: Number by county, June 1,1996
    County Number County Number
    Alcona
    350 Lapeer
    4,000
    Alger
    200 Leelanau
    250
    Allegan
    3,200 Lenawee
    3,400
    Alpena
    850 Livingston
    4,900
    Antrim
    350 Mackinac
    700
    Arenac
    300 Macomb
    2,300
    Barry
    3,200 Manistee
    400
    Bay
    1,000 Marquette
    600
    Benzie
    200 Mason
    700
    Berrien
    1,800 Mecosta
    1,200
    Branch
    1,600 Menominee
    500
    Calhoun
    2,900 Midland
    1,700
    Cass
    1,300 Missaukee
    600
    Charlevoix
    600 Monroe
    2,800
    Cheboygan
    400 Montcalm
    1,600
    Chippewa
    1,100 Montmorency
    350
    Clare
    1,100 Muskegon
    1,400
    Clinton
    2,200 Newaygo
    1,200
    Crawford
    400 Oakland
    7,000
    Delta
    600 Oceana
    1,000
    Dickinson
    300 Ogemaw
    850
    Eaton
    3,600 Ontonagan
    300
    Emmet
    750 Osceola
    1,000
    Genesee
    3,500 Oscoda
    600
    Gladwin
    1,300 Otsego
    250
    Gogebic
    200 Ottawa
    3,000
    Grand Traverse
    1,100 Presque Isle
    250
    Gratiot
    1,000 Roscommon
    100
    Hillsdale
    2,400 Saginaw
    2,700
    Houghton
    500 Sanilac
    2,000
    Huron
    900 Schoolcraft
    100
    Ingham
    4,000 Shiawassee
    2,500
    Ionia
    2,100 St. Clair
    2,500
    Iosco
    600 St. Joseph
    2,300
    Iron
    300 Tuscola
    2,100
    Isabella
    2,100 Van Buren
    1,400
    Jackson
    5,200 Washtenaw
    5,200
    Kalamazoo
    3,000 Wayne
    4,400
    Kalkaska
    300 Wexford
    450
    Kent
    4,300 Others
    100
    Lake
    200 Total
    130,000

    Equine Population and Value by Breed
    Breed Number of Equine Average Value- 1996 Total
    Value-
    1996
    October 1, 1984 June 1, 1991 June 1, 1996
    Number Number Number Dollars per head 1,000 dollars
    American Quarter Horse 41,500 29,000 36,000 2,500 90,000
    American Paint/Pinto
    3,700 3,800 5,600 3,000 16,800
    American Saddlebred
    2,200 1,700 1,400 6,000 8,400
    Appaloosa
    9,500 6,300 6,900 2,000 13,800
    Arabian
    14,000 15,000 15,500 4,000 62,000
    Belgian
    3,700 4,800 5,800 2,000 11,600
    Clydesdale
    NA NA 500 3,500 1,750
    Donkey
    NA NA 1,100 600 660
    Hackney
    NA NA 300 7,000 2,100
    Haflinger
    NA NA 1,400 2,500 3,500
    Half Arabian
    3,600 3,300 2,500 2,000 5,000
    Hanoverian
    NA NA 400 13,000 5,200
    Holstein (Hessian)
    NA NA 300 15,000 4,500
    Miniature
    NA 1,100 1,700 2,000 3,400
    Missouri Fox Trotter
    NA NA 300 2,000 600
    Morgan
    5,300 4,000 3,500 4,500 15,750
    Mule 1
    2,000 1,700 1,300 1,000 1,300
    Mustang
    NA NA 400 950 380
    Palomino
    1,300 1,800 1,200 2,000 2,400
    Paso Fino
    NA NA 300 3,500 1,050
    Percheron
    1,300 2,200 2,500 2,500 6,250
    Pony of the Americas
    1,600 1,700 1,200 2,000 2,400
    Shetland Pony
    6,900 3,500 3,100 600 1,860
    Standardbred
    19,000 17,000 12,000 4,500 54,000
    Tennessee Walker
    1,600 1,800 2,200 3,000 6,600
    Thoroughbred
    8,600 9,500 7,600 7,000 53,200
    Trakehner
    NA NA 300 10,500 3,150
    Welsh Pony
    4,500 2,000 1,800 900 1,620
    Other light horse 2
    2,700 2,300 900 4,000 3,600
    Other draft 2
    1,000 1,000 700 2,500 1,750
    Other pony 2
    8,000 5,800 2,800 450 1,260
    Other warmblood 2
    NA 1,200 1,000 11,500 11,500
    Mixed breed (grade 18,000 9,500 7,500 750 5,620
    Total 160,000 130,000 130,000 3,100 403,000
    NA = not available.
    1 The 1984 and 1991 mule estimate shown includes donkeys & mules.
    2 The 1984 and 1991 categories are split among various breeds in 1996.

    Equine Labor Data for Year Ending May 31, 1996

    Number of Unpaid Full-time Workers
    Number of Workers
    None 1 2 3
    or more
    Number of Operations 23,600 2,200 1,100 600

    Number of Paid Full-time Workers
    Number of Workers
    None 1 2 3
    or more
    Number of Operations 27,000 270 110 120

    Number of Unpaid Part-time Workers
    Number of Workers
    None 1 2 3
    or more
    Number of Operations 5,600 11,000 7,200 3,700

    Number of Paid Part-time Workers
    Type of Workers Number of Workers
    None 1 2 3
    or more
    Number of Operations 25,700 900 400 500

    Hours Worked Per Week by Paid Part-time Workers
    Average Hours Worked Per Week
    Less than 10 10 to 25 More than 25 Average hours
    worked
    Paid Part-time Workers 2,700 1,100 600 15

    Total Number and Type of Workers
    Type of Workers Total Workers 1
    Unpaid Full-time
    6,500
    Unpaid Part-time
    40,000
    Paid Full-time
    1,100
    Paid Part-time
    4,400
    Pari-mutuel Racing Licensees
    6,650
    1 Total workers should not be summed. Workers may be in more than one category.

    Number of Operations: Number of Annual Visits from or Trips to Professionals
    Professionals Number of Trips or Visits
    None 1 to 5 6 to 10 11 or more
    Number of Operations
    Veterinarian
    8,600 14,500 2,600 1,800
    Farrier
    8,200 10,500 7,400 1,400
    Others 1
    23,650 3,200 350 300
    1 Dentists, trainers, chiropractors, masseurs and acupuncturists.


    315 West Allegan Street, Room 201 * Post Office Box 20008 * Lansing, MI * 48901-0608 * (517) 377-1831

    Facsimile: (517) 377-1829 * E-mail: nass-mi@nass.usda.gov * http://www.mda.state.mi.us/mass/