I. Nursery
There were 16,750 acres used for production of woody ornamental plants in Michigan in 1999 and 1,950 acres used for growing perennials and other herbaceous ornamentals. To qualify as a producer, an operation had to grow at least 0.1 acre of one of these products and to sell them either wholesale or retail. There were 1,085 such operations. Approximately 10.1 million square feet were devoted to the production of propagation materials.

Ottawa, Allegan, and Berrien were the three leading counties for land in production. They accounted for 43 percent of all acres. The nursery industry is widely dispersed in Michigan. Seventeen counties had 25operations or more.

The nursery and perennial plant growers contributed substantially to the State's economy. They had $250 million in wholesale and retail sales in 1999. That is up from $210 million in 1996, the last time the survey was conducted. There was about $90 million of product wholesaled outside Michigan.

The nursery industry employed 2,900 permanent workers and 4,900 seasonal workers in 1999. The total payroll was an estimated $77 million. If more workers had been available in 1999, an additional 250 permanent and 650 seasonal workers would have been hired.

Table 1._Nurseries: Number of operations and acres, by category  
Category   Field
grown  
Container
grown  
State
total  
Number of operations   Acres   Number of operations   Acres   Number of operations   Acres  
Deciduous trees
 
396   3,900   130   150   453   4,050  
Deciduous shrubs
 
170   610   166   420   292   1,030  
Narrow-leaved evergreens
 
578   10,750   88   250   618   11,000  
Broad-leaved evergreens
 
35   124   63   81   93   205  
Roses
 
5   1   68   24   72   25  
Fruit trees
 
19   220   32   5   50   225  
Small fruits
 
26   195   43   20   65   215  
All woody plants
 
710   15,800   267   950   827   16,750  
Daylillies
 
91   330   176   40   255   370  
Hosta
 
78   185   208   50   271   235  
Ornamental grasses
 
45   40   129   20   167   60  
Other herbaceous perennials
 
129   920   268   160   369   1,080  
Vines and ground covers
 
43   45   131   65   170   110  
Bulbs, corms and rhizomes
 
42   80   45   10   85   90  
Water garden (aquatic) plants
 
0   0   26   5   26   5  
All herbaceous plants
 
224   1,600   341   350   507   1,950  
State total
 
870   17,400   440   1,300   1,085   18,700  

Table 2._Nurseries: Number of operations and acres of woody ornamentals, by size group  
Size
group  
Number of
operations  
    Acres  
1997   2000   1997   2000  
1 acre or less
 
200   185   100   90  
1.1 to 5 acres
 
335   272   1,000   830  
5.1 to 10 acres
 
140   129   1,050   1,000  
10.1 to 25 acres
 
105   119   1,650   2,050  
25.1 to 50 acres
 
60   65   2,100   2,230  
50 acres or more
 
50   57   11,100   10,550  
State total
 
890   827   17,000   16,750  

Table 3._Nurseries: Number of operations and acres of woody ornamentals,
by Michigan Department of Agriculture region
 
MDA region   Field
grown  
Container
grown  
State
total  
Number of
operations  
Acres   Number of operations   Acres   Number of operations   Acres  
1997   2000   1997   2000   1997   2000   1997   2000   1997   2000   1997   2000  
1
 
15   10   490   215   9   8   10   10   20   16   500   225  
2
 
58   62   585   840   32   26   35   15   74   78   620   855  
3
 
121   128   5,810   5,600   69   56   980   585   153   155   6,790   6,185  
4
 
104   121   1,190   1,685   41   42   60   65   119   134   1,250   1,750  
5
 
134   131   2,925   3,110   53   46   115   100   154   151   3,040   3,210  
6
 
191   169   2,500   2,760   43   43   130   50   205   185   2,630   2,810  
7
 
142   89   2,000   1,590   53   46   170   125   165   108   2,170   1,715  
State total
 
765   710   15,500   15,800   300   267   1,500   950   890   827   17,000   16,750  

Table 4._Nurseries: Number of operations and sales, by sales category, 1999  
Sales
category  
Number of
operations  
Percent of
State total  
State total
sales  
Percent of
State total  
$1,000 or less
 
200   18.4   70,000   0.0  
$1,001 to $10,000
 
330   30.4   1,530,000   0.6  
$10,001 to $100,000
 
330   30.4   13,400,000   5.4  
$100,001 to $250,000
 
95   8.8   15,000,000   6.0  
$250,001 to $1,000,000
 
100   9.2   50,000,000   20.0  
$1,000,001 or more
 
30   2.8   170,000,000   68.0  
State total
 
1,085   100.0   250,000,000   100.0  

Table 5._Nurseries: Sales of nursery stock and propagation materials  
Category   Dollars  
Woody Plants:    
Wholesale to retailers
 
68,000,000  
Wholesale to wholesalers
 
39,000,000  
Retail
 
40,000,000  
Herbaceous Plants:    
Wholesale to retailers
 
30,000,000  
Wholesale to wholesalers
 
41,000,000  
Retail
 
18,000,000  
Propagation Materials:    
Wholesale to retailers
 
2,500,000  
Wholesale to wholesalers
 
10,500,000  
Retail
 
1,000,000  
State total
 
250,000,000  

Table 6._Nurseries: Number of operations and acres of herbaceous ornamentals,
by Michigan Department of Agriculture region
 
[Herbaceous ornamentals include: Vines, ground covers, bulbs, corms, rhizomes and perennials]  
MDA Region   Field
grown  
Container
grown  
Total  
Number of operations   Acres   Number of operations   Acres   Number of operations   Acres  
1997   2000   1997   2000   1997   2000   1997   2000   1997   2000   1997   2000  
1 & 2
 
30   27   20   30   40   40   15   10   62   61   35   40  
3
 
55   40   390   360   64   64   70   95   107   91   460   455  
4
 
42   20   35   15   43   45   20   35   79   61   55   50  
5
 
78   71   975   1,125   65   60   75   115   126   119   1,050   1,240  
6
 
44   34   25   20   55   57   25   30   87   79   50   50  
7
 
51   32   55   50   68   75   45   65   109   96   100   115  
State total
 
300   224   1,500   1,600   335   341   250   350   570   507   1,750   1,950  

Table 7._Nurseries: Number of operations and acres of herbaceous ornamentals,
by size group
 
Size group       Number of
operations  
    Acres  
1997   2000       1997   2000  
0.5 acre or less
 
365   274   85   75  
0.6 to 1 acre
 
85   88   70   75  
1.1 to 5 acres
 
93   113   215   250  
5.1 acres or more
 
27   32   1,380   1,550  
State total
 
570   507   1,750   1,950  

Table 8._Nurseries: Number of paid workers and payroll, 1999  
Category   Paid workers  
Full-time permanent
 
2,300  
Full-time seasonal
 
2,900  
Part-time permanent
 
600  
Part-time seasonal
 
2,000  
State total
 
7,800  
  Dollars  
Payroll
 
77,000,000  

Table 9._Nurseries: Number of operations and acres, by county and
Michigan Department of Agriculture region
County
and
MDA region
Number of
operations
Acres
  1996   1999       1996   1999  
Menominee
 
3   3   65   20  
Other counties 1
 
21   14   440   210  
Region 1
 
24   17   505   230  
Alcona
 
3   4   80   80  
Antrim
 
13   15   75   90  
Benzie
 
4   3   20   10  
Charlevoix
 
**   4   **   20  
Cheboygan
 
**   6   **   25  
Emmett
 
6   6   120   170  
Grand Traverse
 
20   12   30   20  
Kalkaska
 
4   7   60   170  
Leelanau
 
12   9   25   45  
Manistee
 
8   11   120   100  
Missaukee
 
5   5   25   105  
Wexford
 
**   6   **   20  
Other counties 1
 
24   8   95   35  
Region 2
 
99   96   650   890  
Ionia
    
 
14   9   90   95  
Kent
 
55   41   650   360  
Lake
 
**   3   **   135  
Mason
 
12   12   250   310  
Mecosta
 
**   4   **   45  
Montcalm
 
11   16   70   465  
Muskegon
 
9   8   60   135  
Newaygo
 
12   11   100   130  
Oceana
 
6   9   40   95  
Osceola
 
**   6   **   70  
Ottawa
 
88   81   5,950   4,800  
Other counties 1
 
11   - -   40   - -  
Region 3
 
218   200   7,250   6,640  
Arenac
 
**   4   **   25  
Bay
 
8   8   110   135  
Genesee
 
35   41   180   330  
Huron
 
**   6   **   25  
Iosco
 
**   3   **   10  
Isabella
 
6   10   45   195  
Lapeer
 
38   31   420   385  
Midland
 
9   6   15   15  
Ogemaw
 
**   3   **   35  
Saginaw
 
31   26   250   270  
Sanilac
 
11   12   230   300  
Tuscola
 
10   6   30   30  
Other counties 1
 
16   5   25   45  
Region 4
 
164   161   1,305   1,800  
Allegan
 
37   50   1,700   2,440  
Barry
 
7   5   25   30  
Berrien
 
61   59   960   860  
Branch
 
8   3   40   5  
Calhoun
 
19   21   140   170  
Cass
 
16   16   90   75  
Kalamazoo
 
36   28   450   200  
St. Joseph
 
18   11   135   60  
Van Buren
 
32   33   550   610  
Region 5
 
234   226   4,090   4,450  
Clinton
 
27   25   250   300  
Eaton
 
29   22   380   250  
Gratiot
 
**   6   **   25  
Hillsdale
 
**   8   **   15  
Ingham
 
33   25   420   630  
Jackson
 
22   17   270   260  
Lenawee
 
21   14   160   130  
Livingston
 
51   43   560   650  
Shiawassee
 
14   14   280   200  
Washtenaw
 
49   49   330   400  
Other counties 1
 
11     30    
Region 6
 
257   223   2,680   2,860  
Macomb
 
47   28   530   430  
Monroe
 
38   33   540   625  
Oakland
 
86   54   510   295  
St. Clair
 
29   21   450   325  
Wayne
 
34   26   240   155  
Region 7
 
234   162   2,270   1,830  
State total
 
1,230   1,085   18,750   18,700  
1 Includes all counties with fewer than 3 operations.  
** Included in Other counties in 1996  

Nursery Acres by County

II. Christmas Trees

There were 54,000 acres in commercial Christmas tree production in Michigan on January 1, 2000 . That was down from 69,000 acres on January 1, 1997. There were 830 commercial growers--operations with at least five acres of Christmas trees. Sixteen plantations had more than 500 acres, down from 20 three years ago. The top five counties, Wexford, Missaukee, Oceana, Montcalm, and Kalkaska, accounted for 46 percent of the Christmas tree acreage. Thirty-two counties had at least ten tree farms.

Sales of Christmas trees in 1999 had a value of $41.0 million at the producer level. That is up from $37.2 millionin 1996. The number of trees sold by growers fell to 3.18 million from 3.55 million in 1996. There were an additional $2.5 million of the sales of wreathes, cut boughs, garlands, and other cut greens.

There were 19,000 acres of Scotch Pine at the outset of 2000. Its percentage of total acres, however, fell to 35 percent from 43 percent three years earlier. There were 10,350 acres of Douglas Fir and 9,750 acres of Colorado Blue Spruce. While the acreage of these three trees declined, that of Fraser Fir rose 18 percent to 4,700.

Table 10._Christmas trees: Acres by Michigan Department of Agriculture region and species, January 1, 2000  
Species   MDA region   State total  
1   2   3   4   5   6   7  
Fir:                  
    Balsam
 
1,250   530   210   125   90   35   10   2,250  
    Canaan
 
5   35   105   10   55   20   20   250  
    Concolor
 
10   315   330   65   140   35   5   900  
    Douglas
 
275   4,610   4,040   250   850   250   75   10,350  
    Fraser
 
240   1,700   1,600   260   680   160   60   4,700  
Pine:                  
    Austrian
 
15   105   65   20   35   40   20   300  
    Red
 
75   160   125   40   5   35   10   450  
    Scotch
 
520   10,450   5,050   750   1,250   540   440   19,000  
    White
 
150   640   230   190   110   130   50   1,500  
Spruce:                  
    Black Hills
 
10   570   70   30   0   15   5   700  
    Colorado Blue
 
240   4,250   3,200   620   740   510   190   9,750  
    Norway
 
60   155   60   40   40   80   15   450  
    White
 
1,130   1,290   280   280   45   130   45   3,200  
Others
 
20   90   35   20   10   20   5   200  
State total
 
4,000   24,900   15,400   2,700   4,050   2,000   950   54,000  

Table 11._Christmas trees: Acres by species, January 1, 1997, and 2000  
Species   1997   2000  
Acres   Percent   Acres   Percent  
Firs:          
    Balsam
 
2,100   3.0   2,250   4.2  
    Canaan 1
 
100   0.1   250   0.5  
    Concolor
 
750   1.1   900   1.7  
    Douglas
 
13,600   19.7   10,350   19.2  
    Fraser
 
4,000   5.8   4,700   8.7  
Pines:          
    Austrian
 
350   0.5   300   0.6  
    Red
 
250   0.4   450   0.8  
    Scotch
 
29,500   42.8   19,000   35.2  
    White
 
1,300   1.9   1,500   2.8  
Spruces:          
    Black Hills 1
 
700   1.0   700   1.3  
    Colorado Blue
 
12,300   17.8   9,750   18.1  
    Norway
 
400   0.6   450   0.8  
    White
 
3,200   4.6   3,200   5.9  
Others
 
450   0.7   200   0.4  
State total
 
69,000   100.0   54,000   100.0  
1 Included in others in 1997.  

Table 12._Christmas trees: Acres and number of operations, by size group  
Operation size
group  
Acres   Number of
operations  
1997   2000   1997   2000  
5 to 9.9 acres
 
1,000   900   155   135  
10 to 24.9 acres
 
5,200   5,000   340   325  
25 to 49.9 acres
 
7,100   5,600   210   165  
50 to 99.9 acres
 
7,700   6,800   115   98  
100 to 499.9 acres
 
24,000   16,200   130   91  
500 acres or more
 
24,000   19,500   20   16  
State total
 
69,000   54,000   970   830  

Table 13._Christmas trees: Sales by destination, 1999  
Destination   Trees sold  
Michigan
 
934,000  
Other states
 
2,230,000  
Out of United States.
 
16,000  
State total
 
3,180,000  

Table 14._Christmas trees: Sales by species, 1999  
Species   Sales   Trees   Value per
tree  
Value of
sales  
    Number   Dollars   Dollars  
Balsam Fir
 
Wholesale   71,000   13.00   923,000  
  Retail   15,000   34.00   510,000  
  State total   86,000   16.70   1,433,000  
Concolor Fir
 
Wholesale   30,000   14.00   420,000  
  Retail   11,000   45.00   495,000  
  State total   41,000   22.30   915,000  
Douglas Fir
 
Wholesale   590,000   13.00   7,670,000  
  Retail   45,000   33.00   1,485,000  
  State total   635,000   14.40   9,155,000  
Fraser Fir
 
Wholesale   310,000   19.00   5,890,000  
  Retail   30,000   45.00   1,350,000  
  State total   340,000   21.30   7,240,000  
Scotch Pine
 
Wholesale   1,345,000   8.00   10,760,000  
  Retail   125,000   21.00   2,620,000  
  State total   1,470,000   9.10   13,380,000  
White Pine
 
Wholesale   37,000   10.00   370,000  
  Retail   21,000   22.00   460,000  
  State total   58,000   14.30   830,000  
Colorado Blue Spruce
 
Wholesale   290,000   11.00   3,190,000  
  Retail   60,000   29.00   1,740,000  
  State total   350,000   14.10   4,930,000  
White Spruce
 
Wholesale   110,000   10.00   1,100,000  
  Retail   30,000   27.00   810,000  
  State total   140,000   13.60   1,910,000  
Others
 
Wholesale   37,000   11.00   407,000  
  Retail   23,000   35.00   800,000  
  State total   60,000   20.10   1,207,000  
All species
 
Wholesale   2,820,000   10.90   30,730,000  
  Retail 1   360,000   28.50   10,270,000  
  State total   3,180,000   12.90   41,000,000  
1 Comprised of 215,000 trees sold choose & cut and 145,000 trees sold already cut.  

Table 15._Christmas trees: Number of operations and acres, by county and
Michigan Department of Agriculture region
County
and
MDA region
    Number of
operations
Acres
1997 2000 1997 2000
Chippewa
6 4 270 170
Delta
17 15 800 820
Dickinson
14 9 500 240
Luce
5 3 160 110
Marquette
3 4 130 100
Menominee
31 36 1,600 1,800
Other counties 1
9 9 740 760
Region 1
85 80 4,200 4,000
Alcona
8 5 360 280
Alpena
8 8 350 200
Antrim
16 17 2,000 1,200
Benzie
12 12 630 600
Cheboygan
21 18 1,100 1,000
Emmett
9 6 180 130
Grand Traverse
18 16 1,550 1,100
Kalkaska
35 27 5,100 3,300
Leelanau
17 13 520 370
Manistee
24 27 2,700 2,600
Missaukee
53 40 7,500 6,500
Otsego
9 5 220 60
Presque Isle
5 7 210 210
Wexford
47 41 8,500 7,300
Other counties 1
3 3 80 50
Region 2
285 245 31,000 24,900
Ionia
11 6 350 200
Kent
11 8 800 570
Lake
7 6 700 530
Mason
13 15 800 850
Mecosta
20 6 1,400 650
Montcalm
24 25 4,500 3,400
Muskegon
13 12 450 350
Newaygo
24 14 2,300 1,400
Oceana
74 55 6,000 4,500
Osceola
18 22 3,100 2,500
Ottawa
25 16 1,100 450
Region 3
240 185 21,500 15,400
Arenac
4 7 230 160
Clare
7 3 300 120
Genesee
11 12 180 200
Gladwin
4 4 130 130
Iosco
8 7 200 110
Isabella
23 14 750 400
Lapeer
12 11 250 200
Midland
4 5 160 150
Saginaw
15 14 380 350
Sanilac
8 6 360 360
Tuscola
12 9 600 260
Other counties 1
12 8 260 260
Region 4
120 100 3,800 2,700
Allegan
21 29 2,900 2,500
Berrien
19 14 300 170
Calhoun
10 13 290 220
Cass
6 4 160 100
Kalamazoo
10 9 280 210
Van Buren
16 17 700 750
Other counties 1
13 4 270 100
Region 5
95 90 4,900 4,050
Clinton
12 8 280 160
Eaton
14 15 240 270
Hillsdale
8 6 270 250
Ingham
13 13 280 310
Jackson
18 19 500 370
Livingston
15 13 310 290
Shiawassee
5 3 130 50
Washtenaw
10 10 350 250
Other counties 1
5 5 90 50
Region 6
100 92 2,450 2,000
Monroe
6 5 140 130
Oakland
16 15 310 270
St. Clair
9 9 380 410
Other counties
14 9 320 140
Region 7
45 38 1,150 950
State total
970 830 69,000 54,000
1 Includes all counties with fewer than 3 operations.

Table 16._Percent of growers reporting that insect control issues affect their business significantly, by type of operation  
Type of operation  
Insect Control Issues   Wholesale   Retail-cut   Choose & cut   All  
                Percent  
        Do not affect business
 
30.5   39.4   42.9   35.7  
        Do affect business
 
69.5   60.6   57.1   64.3  
Insect control issues from growers reporting “do affect business” (total may exceed 100%)  
Gypsy moth certification
 
47.5   25.4   17.5   34.7  
Availability of effective insecticides in the market
 
38.2   32.4   42.9   38.8  
Uniformity of MDA field inspections
 
15.8   12.7   7.8   12.8  
Federal quarantines in other states
 
21.6   16.9   4.5   15.5  
Other
 
5.0   7.0   4.5   5.2  
Note: Type of operation defined as channel through which majority of trees were sold.  

Table 17._Age distribution of Christmas tree growers  
Age category   Percent  
Under 30 years of age
 
2.1  
30 - 39 years of age
 
8.9  
40 - 49 years of age
 
22.8  
50 - 59 years of age
 
30.7  
60 - 69 years of age
 
21.9  
70 or more years of age
 
13.6  
Total   100.0  
Note: Of the operators over 50, 14 percent had a partner, other than a spouse, under 50. Of the operators over 60, 18 percent had a partner under 40.  

Table 18._Age distribution of Christmas tree growers by ten-year plan for operation  
Age category   Will continue   Will not continue   Total  
Percent  
Under 30 years of age
 
1.6   0.5   2.1  
30 - 39 years of age
 
6.8   2.2   9.0  
40 - 49 years of age
 
15.4   7.4   22.8  
50 - 59 years of age
 
21.0   9.7   30.7  
60 - 69 years of age
 
11.0   10.9   21.9  
70 or more years of age
 
6.2   7.3   13.5  
Total   62.0   38.0   100.0  
Note: Of the operators over 50, 14 percent had a partner, other than a spouse, under 50. Of the operators over 60, 18 percent had a partner under 40.  

Table 19._Plans for Christmas tree operation in the next ten years:  
  Percent  
Continue current Christmas tree operation
 
62.0  
Turn over Christmas tree operation to a relative
 
9.2  
Discontinue Christmas tree sales, but keep ownership of the acreage
 
21.8  
Sell the Christmas tree acreage to another Christmas tree operator
 
2.6  
Sell the Christmas tree acreage for non-agricultural use
 
3.5  
Other
 
0.9  
Total   100.0  

III. Survey Methods and Questionnaires

The Nursery Grower survey was sent to the Michigan Agricultural Statistics Service's (MASS) list of nurseries and herbaceous ornamental growers. Those lists were supplemented by the Michigan Department of Agriculture's list of licensed nursery growers and plant growers. To qualify, an operation had to have grown at least 0.1 acre of woody ornamentals or herbaceous perennials in 1999 and have planned to sell them either retail or wholesale. There were 1,085 such places. The principal Christmas tree list was again MASS's List Sampling Frame. Additional names were found from the Michigan Christmas Tree Association. To qualify, an operation had to have grown at least five acres of trees for sale as Christmas trees. There were 830 operations that met the criterion for Christmas tree farms.

    The data were collected on the attached Nursery Grower and the Christmas Tree questionnaires. These forms were developed with input from industry representatives.

    Questionnaires were mailed to the entire universe in early January, 2000. Reminder letters from the Michigan Nursery and Landscape Association and Michigan Christmas Tree Association were sent two weeks later. A week after that, a second mailing of the questionnaire was made. Telephoning of non- respondents commenced in February. This was followed by personal enumeration of operators who could not be reached by phone.
A summary of responses is as follows:

Responses   Growers  
Nursery   Christmas trees  
Mail
 
490   440  
Telephone
 
380   240  
Personal Interview
 
45   30  
Refused
 
130   85  
Inaccessible
 
40   35  
Total
 
1,085   830  

Estimates of total acres were made for refusals and inaccessibles. Expansion factors were computed for each of the 7 MDA regions for both surveys:

(Acres on Usable Reports+Estimated Acres)/(Acres on Usable Reports)

These weights were applied to reported data to account for missing reports.

Some respondents who provided acreage refused income data. Regression and ratio estimators were used to expand missing income data on the Nursery and Christmas tree surveys, respectively.

Michigan Nursery Inventory
1999-2000

At the request of the nursery industry, the Michigan Department of Agriculture is conducting the third triennial inventory. Please complete and return this questionnaire promptly. Your confidential report is needed to evaluate changes during the last three years and is used only for statistical purposes. Response to this survey is voluntary and not required by law.

David D. Kleweno, State Statistician

Include:        Trees, shrubs, ground covers, etc. at all stages of growth, except propagation materials.
                        Plants that are field-grown and sold bare-rooted, balled and potted, or balled and burlapped.
                        Plants grown and sold in containers.

Exclude:    Liners (lining out stock), young plants such as plug seedlings and tissue cultured plantlets, propagation materials such as cuttings. (Report in item 2.) Also exclude plants purchased for resale without a change in size or status, i.e. bare-root to pot- established.  
Plants grown or produced in 1999   Maximum growing acres
(Report to nearest tenth of an acre.)
 
Field
grown
 
Container
grown
 
Woody plants:
    1.     A.    Deciduous shade and flowering trees _ash, maple, oak, birch, crab-apple, dogwood, magnolia, etc.
 
001
 
*   002   *  
             B.    Deciduous shrubs
 
003   *   004   *  
             C.    Narrow-leaved evergreens _fir, pine, spruce, other conifers. (Include Christmas trees only if grown as nursery stock.)
 
005   *   006   *  
             D.    Broad-leafed evergreens _rhododendron, etc.
 
007   *   008   *  
             E.    Roses
 
009   *   010   *  
             F.    Fruit trees (Nursery stock only.)
 
011   *   012   *  
             G.    Small fruits_ grapes, berries, etc. (Nursery stock only.).
 
013   *   014   *  
Non-woody plants:
             H.    Daylilies
 
015   *   016   *  
             I.        Hosta
 
017   *   018   *  
             J.    Ornamental grasses
 
019   *   020   *  
             K.    Other herbaceous perennials
    
 
021   *   022   *  
             L.    Vines and ground covers
 
023   *   024   *  
             M.    Bulbs, corms and rhizomes_tulip, crocus, lily, etc.   025   *   026   *  
             N.    Water garden(aquatic) plants
 
027   *   028   *  
             O.     Total acres
 
029   *   030   *  

2.    How much 1999 production area was used for propagation materials , such as cuttings, liners, plug seedlings, prefinished plants, or tissue cultured plantlets?   Square feet  
031  

3.    How many paid workers in each category were employed in 1999?  
  Permanent
(150 days or more per year)  
Seasonal
(149 days or fewer per year)  
            Full-time (32 hours or more per week)
 
032   033  
            Part-time (31 hours or less per week)
 
034   035  
4.    If more workers had been available in 1999, how many more would you have employed?  
  Permanent
(150 days or more per year)  
Seasonal
(149 days or fewer per year)  
            Full-time (32 hours or more per week)
 
036   037  
            Part-time (31 hours or less per week)
 
038   039  

  Dollars  
5.    What was the total annual labor payroll for 1999?
 
040  

6.    Please report your total 1999 gross wholesale and retail sales volume in dollars.    
Sales   Woody plants
(Items A.- G. in Question 1)  
Non-woody plants
(Items H.- N. in Question 1)  
Propagation material
from Question 2.  
Dollars   Dollars   Dollars  
Wholesale to retailers
 
041   042   043  
Wholesale to wholesalers
 
044   045   046  
Retail
 
047   048   049  

7.    What percent of your wholesale sales in Item 6.,(wholesale to retailers, and wholesale to wholesalers) were in:   Percent  
            Michigan
 
050  
            Other states
 
051  
            Other countries
 
052  
Total =   100%  

8.    List the county or counties where your nursery is located. If your operation is in more than one county, list each county separately with acres and percent of total gross sales by county.  
County   Acres   Percent of sales  
053   054   055  
056   057   058  

Michigan Christmas Tree Inventory 1999-2000

At the request of the Christmas tree industry, the Michigan Department of Agriculture is conducting the third triennial inventory. Please complete and return this questionnaire promptly. Your confidential report is needed to evaluate changes during the last three years and is used only for statistical purposes. Response to this survey is voluntary and not required by law.

Thank you for your cooperation,

David D. Kleweno, State Statistician

Please make address corrections, if needed.  
To avoid duplication, indicate below any operation name or partner(s) associated with this operation not included above.  
Firm Name:
 
Partner's Name(s):
 
Address:
 
City:
 
St:
 
Zip:
 
If not growing Christmas trees, check (.)
reason below and give new operator's name:

1.    []    Operation sold.
2.    []    Operation rented.
3.    []    Never had trees.

New Operator's Name:



Address:



City:


St:
Zip:

Telephone:



 
1.    A.    Total Christmas tree acres on January 1, 2000

                    (If less than 5 acres, complete this item only and return questionnaire.)
 
001  
Acres  

Example:  
County   Species (code)*   Acres  
Lake   1   47  
Manistee   1   57  
Manistee   5   40  

*Codes for tree species.  
Species   Code   Species   Code  
Scotch Pine   1   Douglas Fir   8  
Austrian Pine   2   Fraser Fir   9  
Red Pine   3   Concolor Fir   10  
White Pine   4   Balsam Fir   11  
Colorado Blue Spruce   5   Canaan Fir   12  
White Spruce   6   Other   13  
Norway Spruce   7   (specify)    

1.    B.    Christmas tree acres by county and species
                (Please use codes from shaded box above.)
 
County Species (code)* Acres County Species (code)* Acres
           
           
           
           
           
           
           
           
           
           
           
           
           
           
           
           
           
           
           
           
           
           
           
 

2.    A.    Tree sales in 1999  
Species   Wholesale   Retail-cut   Choose and cut  
Trees
sold  
Average price per tree   Trees
sold  
Average price per tree   Trees
sold  
Average price per tree  
Number   Dollars   Number   Dollars   Number   Dollars  
Scotch Pine   002   016   030   044   058   072  
Austrian Pine   003   017   031   045   059   073  
Red Pine   004   018   032   046   060   074  
White Pine   005   019   033   047   061   075  
Colorado Blue Spruce   006   020   034   048   062   076  
White Spruce   007   021   035   049   063   077  
Norway Spruce   008   022   036   050   064   078  
Douglas Fir   009   023   037   051   065   079  
Fraser Fir   010   024   038   052   066   080  
Concolor Fir   011   025   039   053   067   081  
Balsam Fir   012   026   040   054   068   082  
Canaan Fir   013   027   041   055   069   083  
Other (specify)   014   028   042   056   070   084  

2.    B.    Sales of wreathes, cut boughs, and roping (garlands) in 1999  
  Dollars      
  088      

2.    C.    Sales in 1999  
  Buyer Location   Percent of total  
      Michigan   085  
      Out of state   086  
      Out of U.S.   087  
  Total =   100%  

3.    A.    What age is the present operator?   3.    B.    Is there another principal person, excluding a spouse, in this operation?
                            []        Yes        []        No . Go to item 4.
                            If yes, what age is that person?  
[]   Under 30 years of age.  
[]   30-39 years of age.  
[]   40-49 years of age.   []   Under 30 years of age.   []   60-69 years of age.  
[]   50-59 years of age.   []   30-39 years of age.   []   70 or more years of age.  
[]   60-69 years of age.   []   40-49 years of age.  
[]   70 or more years of age.   []   50-59 years of age.  

4.    (Check the one response that best describes your intentions.) Within the next 10 years I plan to:  
[]
 
Continue my current Christmas tree operation.   []   Turn over this Christmas tree operation to a relative.  
(Skip to item 5.)   []   Discontinue Christmas tree sales, but keep ownership of the acreage.  
OR .   []   Sell the Christmas tree acreage to another Christmas tree operator.  
[]   Sell the Christmas tree acreage for non-agricultural use.  
    []   Other
 
      (specify)  

5.    Which of the following insect control issues do you consider significant to your Christmas tree business?
        (Check as many as apply.)  
[]   Insect control issues do not affect my business.   []   Gypsy moth certification.  
      OR     .   []   Availability of effective insecticides in the market.  
.   []   Uniformity of MDA field inspections.  
[]   Federal quarantines in other states.  
[]   Other
 
 
(specify)
 

So that we can ensure complete coverage, please give the name of another nearby Christmas tree operation:  
Name   Address   City   Telephone  

 

    
    
 
   

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Michigan Agricultural Statistics Service

Post Office Box 26248 * Lansing, MI * 48909-6248 * (517) 324-5300

Facsimile: (517) 324-5299 * E-mail: nass-mi@nass.usda.gov * http://www.mda.state.mi.us/mass/