MICHIGAN VEGETABLE SURVEY 1998-99

Contents
  • Principal vegetables
  • Celery
  • Peppers, other
  • Asparagus
  • Corn, sweet
  • Potatoes
  • Beans, snap
  • Cucumbers
  • Pumpkins
  • Cabbage
  • Mint
  • Radishes
  • Cantaloups
  • Onions, dry
  • Squash, summer
  • Carrots
  • Peas, green
  • Squash, winter
  • Cauliflower
  • Peppers, bell
  • Tomatoes
  • Maps
  • Agricultural Statistics Districts
  • Fresh Market Vegetables
  • Processing Vegetables
  • Charts
  • Asparagus by Variety/Hybrid
  • Top Ten Vegetable Counties
  • Top Ten Vegetable Counties (excluding potatoes)
  • Fresh Market Vegetables Harvested
  • Processing Vegetables Harvested
  • Fresh Market Vegetables Harvested by Size of Farm
  • Processing Vegetables Harvested by Size of Farm
  • Table 1._Principal vegetables: Harvested and planted acres
    Vegetable 1995 1998
    Total
    planted
    Harvested for processing Harvested for fresh market Total
    planted
    Harvested for processing Harvested for fresh market
    Acres Acres Acres Acres Acres Acres
    Asparagus
    17,500 14,600 2,400 17,500 14,200 2,800
    Beans, snap
    23,800 20,500 1,700 23,700 21,000 2,100
    Cabbage
    2,100 300 1,700 2,250 450 1,700
    Cantaloups
    900 0 850 800 0 750
    Carrots
    7,900 1,600 5,700 6,400 1,600 4,600
    Cauliflower
    700 150 500 400 0 400
    Celery
    2,700 700 1,800 2,300 400 1,800
    Corn, sweet
    18,000 4,100 11,500 11,000 0 10,000
    Cucumbers
    33,900 26,000 5,700 34,000 26,000 6,500
    Onions, dry
    6,500 0 6,400 4,500 0 4,200
    Peas, green
    1,700 1,500 50 1,765 1,700 50
    Peppers, bell
    2,200 350 1,750 1,900 250 1,550
    Peppers, other
    1,400 1,200 150 775 580 140
    Potatoes
    55,000 31,500 20,400 47,000 29,700 13,850
    Pumpkins
    3,500 0 3,000 4,100 0 3,800
    Radishes
    3,300 0 3,000 2,700 0 2,500
    Squash, summer
    1,900 600 1,200 2,250 900 1,300
    Squash, winter
    3,100 1,000 2,000 2,900 900 1,800
    Tomatoes
    7,200 4,500 2,400 5,100 2,500 2,300
    Other 1
    3,900 220 3,280 3,800 0 3,600
    State total
    197,200 108,820 75,480 175,140 100,180 65,740
    1 See Table 2.

    Table 2._Other miscellaneous vegetables: Number of farms, acres, yield, and production
    Vegetable Farms Planted Harvested Yield Production
    Number Acres Acres Pounds
    per acre
    1,000
    pounds
    Beets, red
    42 150 150 19,000 2,850
    Broccoli
    60 220 210 9,500 1,995
    Eggplant
    50 200 190 40,000 7,600
    Greens1
    35 570 550 13,500 7,425
    Lettuce, head
    10 270 230 40,000 9,200
    Lettuce, others
    29 290 280 25,000 7,000
    Onions, green
    26 310 300 27,000 8,100
    Parsnips
    13 450 430 14,500 6,235
    Turnips
    23 700 650 9,000 5,850
    Watermelons
    75 270 260 35,000 9,100
    Other 2
    60 370 350 -- --
    State total
    -- 3,800 3,600 -- --
    1    Includes collard, kale, mustard, and turnip greens.
    2    Includes Brussel sprouts, cabbage, celery, Chinese cabbage, cilantro, dill, endive, escarole, garlic, honey dew, leeks, lima beans, okra, parsley, rhubarb, spinach, sweet potatoes, Swiss chard, and watercress,.

    Table 3._Principal vegetables: Number of farms and harvested acres
    County
    and
    district
    Farms Processing Fresh
    market
    Total
    Number Acres Acres Acres
    Delta
    12 80 1,070 1,150
    Dickinson
    5 50 340 390
    Marquette
    4 100 320 420
    Other counties
    34 50 370 420
    Upper Peninsula (1)
    55 280 2,100 2,380
    Grand Traverse
    31 890 110 1,000
    Kalkaska
    6 700 700 1,400
    Manistee
    22 775 225 1,000
    Wexford
    4 340 10 350
    Other counties
    52 515 1,835 2,350
    Northwest (2)
    115 3,220 2,880 6,100
    Alpena
    11 0 800 800
    Presque Isle
    17 150 1,700 1,850
    Other counties
    22 0 350 350
    Northeast (3)
    50 150 2,850 3,000
    Mason
    65 4,350 350 4,700
    Muskegon
    32 2,450 650 3,100
    Newaygo
    40 800 4,850 5,650
    Oceana
    180 12,000 2,100 14,100
    Gratiot
    32 4,050 700 4,750
    Isabella
    13 1,420 750 2,170
    Mecosta
    23 3,320 280 3,600
    Midland
    10 480 70 550
    Montcalm
    47 16,200 1,600 17,800
    Other counties
    13 130 150 280
    West Central (4) and Central (5)
    455 45,200 11,500 56,700
    Arenac
    24 2,000 200 2,200
    Bay
    67 1,950 4,250 6,200
    Saginaw
    35 3,090 510 3,600
    Tuscola
    27 4,850 550 5,400
    Other counties
    27 1,600 1,000 2,600
    East Central (6)
    180 13,490 6,510 20,000
    Allegan
    70 3,250 4,600 7,850
    Berrien
    160 700 5,100 5,800
    Cass
    30 2,050 1,100 3,150
    Kalamazoo
    35 1,750 400 2,150
    Kent
    65 1,050 2,400 3,450
    Ottawa
    90 200 3,200 3,400
    Van Buren
    85 5,800 2,700 8,500
    Southwest (7)
    535 14,800 19,500 34,300
    Branch
    22 450 650 1,100
    Calhoun
    22 0 1,000 1,000
    Clinton
    27 150 470 620
    Eaton
    22 150 1,050 1,200
    Ingham
    21 110 460 570
    Ionia
    15 260 500 760
    Jackson
    26 30 720 750
    St. Joseph
    55 16,500 800 17,300
    Other counties
    40 50 250 300
    South Central (8)
    250 17,700 5,900 23,600
    Genesee
    35 700 700 1,400
    Lapeer
    40 30 3,050 3,080
    Lenawee
    40 2,700 600 3,300
    Livingston
    25 0 650 650
    Macomb
    70 10 3,390 3,400
    Monroe
    55 1,900 1,950 3,850
    Oakland
    20 0 460 460
    St. Clair
    30 0 800 800
    Washtenaw
    40 0 1,700 1,700
    Wayne
    25 0 1,200 1,200
    Southeast (9)
    380 5,340 14,500 19,840
    State total
    2,020 100,180 65,740 165,920

    Table 4._Vegetables (all): Number of farms and planted acres, by size group
    Size
    group
    Farms Percent
    of total
    Planted
    acres
    Percent
    of total
    1 to 10 acres
    725 35.9 3,640 2.1
    11to 25 acres
    380 18.8 6,500 3.7
    26 to 50 acres
    270 13.4 9,500 5.4
    51 to 100 acres
    260 12.9 19,500 11.1
    101 to 250 acres
    230 11.4 36,000 20.6
    251 to 500 acres
    94 4.7 33,000 18.8
    501 acres or more
    61 3.0 67,000 38.3
    State total
    2,020 175,140

    Table 5._Vegetables (fresh market): Number of farms and harvested acres, by size group
    Size
    group
    Farms Percent
    of total
    Harvested
    acres
    Percent
    of total
    1 to 10 acres
    700 47.0 3,140 4.8
    11 to 25 acres
    300 20.1 4,600 7.0
    26 to 50 acres
    165 11.1 5,100 7.8
    51 to 100 acres
    150 10.1 10,200 15.5
    101 to 250 acres
    120 8.1 17,000 25.9
    251 to 500 acres
    39 2.6 11,700 17.8
    501 acres or more
    16 1.1 14,000 21.3
    State total
    1,490 65,740

    Table 6._Vegetables (processing): Number of farms and harvested acres, by size group
    Size
    group
    Farms Percent
    of total
    Harvested
    acres
    Percent
    of total
    1 to 10 acres
    100 15.2 330 0.3
    11 to 25 acres
    100 15.2 1,550 1.5
    26 to 50 acres
    130 19.7 3,900 3.9
    51 to 100 acres
    115 17.4 8,500 8.5
    101 to 250 acres
    115 17.4 17,100 17.1
    251 to 500 acres
    55 8.3 19,800 19.8
    501 acres or more
    45 6.8 49,000 48.9
    State total
    660 100,180

    Yield distributions
    Table 7., below, shows percentiles and means for yields. A percentile of 25 means that 25 percent of the reported yields were lower than that value of pounds per acre. The mean yield is calculated as a weighted yield with acres as the weights. For most crops and utilizations the mean is higher than the median, the 50th percentile. These values indicate that large producers obtained higher yields than small growers.

    Table 7._Vegetables: Yield distributions, by commodity
    Commodity Yield (pounds per acre)
    Percentile
    10 25 50        
    (median)
    75 90 Mean
    Asparagus, fresh
    150 500 900 1,500 2,000 1,300
    Asparagus, processed
    600 1,000 1,400 2,000 2,500 1,700
    Beans, snap, fresh
    700 2,000 3,000 5,400 8,200 6,000
    Beans, snap, processed
    4,000 5,300 7,000 8,000 10,000 7,800
    Cabbage, fresh
    1,600 6,400 15,000 26,000 38,000 26,000
    Cantaloups, fresh
    1,000 3,700 9,000 15,000 25,000 15,000
    Carrots, fresh
    7,000 15,000 22,000 36,000 46,000 29,000
    Celery, fresh
    28,000 38,000 47,000 51,000 57,000 44,000
    Corn, sweet, fresh
    1,000 2,000 4,500 7,500 10,000 7,500
    Cucumbers, fresh
    1,200 4,000 10,000 19,000 29,000 19,000
    Cucumbers, processed
    5,000 7,500 13,000 20,000 32,000 10,000
    Onions, dry, fresh
    2,500 11,000 20,000 30,000 40,000 26,000
    Peppers, bell, fresh
    800 2,800 6,200 14,000 23,000 18,400
    Potatoes, fresh
    9,000 15,000 20,000 30,000 33,000 26,500
    Potatoes, processed
    26,000 30,000 32,000 35,000 38,000 34,500
    Pumpkins, fresh
    3,000 6,000 10,000 18,000 20,000 14,000
    Squash, summer, fresh
    1,400 3,600 12,000 19,000 30,000 17,000
    Squash, winter, fresh
    2,000 3,900 8,400 14,000 20,000 14,000
    Tomatoes, fresh
    2,000 4,500 10,000 25,000 42,000 21,000

    Table 8._Asparagus: Number of farms and acres planted
    County
    and
    district
    Farms Planted
    Number Acres
    Manistee
    14 400
    Other counties
    10 150
    Northwest (2)
    24 550
    Mason
    45 2,300
    Oceana
    145 10,200
    Other counties
    15 400
    West Central (4)
    205 12,900
    Mecosta
    11 370
    Other counties
    6 80
    Central (5)
    17 450
    Berrien
    21 350
    Ottawa
    11 300
    Van Buren
    35 1,450
    Other counties
    28 1,100
    Southwest (7)
    95 3,200
    St. Joseph
    5 140
    Other counties
    16 120
    South Central (8)
    21 260
    Southeast (9)
    35 100
    Other districts
    13 40
    State total
    410 17,500

    Table 9._Asparagus (fresh market): Harvested acres, yield, and production
    County
    and
    district
    Harvested Yield Production

    Acres Pounds
    per acre
    1,000
    pounds
    West Central (4)
    1,100 1,650 1,815
    Central (5)
    200 700 140
    Southwest (7)
    1,050 1,250 1,312
    South Central (8)
    150 850 128
    Southeast (9)
    95 850 81
    Other districts
    205 800 164
    State total
    2,800 1,300 3,640

    Table 10._Asparagus (processing): Harvested acres, yield, and production
    County
    and
    district
    Harvested Yield Production
    Acres Pounds
    per acre
    1,000
    pounds
    Northwest (2)
    350 1,100 385
    West Central (4)
    11,450 1,800 20,635
    Southwest (7)
    2,050 1,350 2,770
    Other districts
    350 1,000 350
    State total
    14,200 1,700 24,140

    Asparagus by Variety Chart

    Table 11._Asparagus: Acres by variety and year of planting
    Variety
    or hybrid
    Before 1984 1984-88 1989-93 1994-95 1996 1997 1998 Total
    Acres Acres Acres Acres Acres Acres Acres Acres
    Apollo
    0 0 5 25 35 5 5 75
    Franklin
    20 10 15 85 30 5 35 200
    Centennial
    0 170 70 0 0 10 0 250
    Jersey Gem
    0 50 85 50 50 5 10 250
    Jersey General
    40 25 120 200 130 5 5 525
    Jersey Giant
    165 470 1,030 870 380 580 505 4,000
    Jersey Knight
    0 30 240 310 80 50 90 800
    Mary Washington
    1,580 275 170 60 25 0 90 2,200
    SYN 4-56
    80 830 730 80 90 15 25 1,850
    Viking KB3
    1,260 960 155 15 10 0 0 2,400
    Other varieties
    55 180 80 5 10 15 5 350
    West Central (4)
    3,200 3,000 2,700 1,700 840 690 770 12,900
    Apollo
    0 0 0 15 5 5 0 25
    Franklin
    0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
    Centennial
    0 0 50 0 0 0 0 50
    Jersey Gem
    0 5 65 5 5 10 10 100
    Jersey General
    0 25 155 5 20 5 15 225
    Jersey Giant
    35 275 300 260 95 110 125 1,200
    Jersey Knight
    0 10 110 10 120 20 130 400
    Mary Washington
    410 85 100 0 0 5 0 600
    SYN 4-56
    10 25 290 10 15 0 0 350
    Viking KB3
    425 670 220 80 0 5 0 1,400
    Other varieties
    20 5 210 15 0 0 0 250
    Other districts
    900 1,100 1,500 400 260 160 280 4,600
    Apollo
    0 0 5 40 40 10 5 100
    Franklin
    20 10 15 85 30 5 35 200
    Centennial
    0 170 120 0 0 10 0 300
    Jersey Gem
    0 55 150 55 55 15 20 350
    Jersey General
    40 50 275 205 150 10 20 750
    Jersey Giant
    200 745 1,330 1,130 475 690 630 5,200
    Jersey Knight
    0 40 350 320 200 70 220 1,200
    Mary Washington
    1,990 360 270 60 25 5 90 2,800
    SYN 4-56
    90 855 1,020 90 105 15 25 2,200
    Viking KB3
    1,685 1,630 375 95 10 5 0 3,800
    Other varieties
    75 185 290 20 10 15 5 600
    State total
    4,100 4,100 4,200 2,100 1,100 850 1,050 17,500

    Table 12._Beans, snap (processing): Number of farms, acres, yield, and production
    County
    and
    district
    Farms Planted Harvested Yield Production
    Number Acres Acres Pounds
    per acre
    1,000
    pounds
    Grand Traverse
    13 1,150
    Other counties
    5 850
    Northwest (2)
    18 2,000 1,900 5,950 11,305
    Mason
    16 2,200
    Oceana
    13 1,450
    Other counties
    5 450
    West Central (4)
    34 4,100 3,950 7,400 29,230
    Montcalm
    13 2,650
    Other counties
    7 1,250
    Central (5)
    20 3,900 3,800 6,900 26,230
    Kalamazoo
    10 1,200
    Other counties
    6 1,700
    Southwest (7)
    16 2,900 2,850 7,800 22,235
    St. Joseph
    24 8,500
    Other counties
    2 100
    South Central (8)
    26 8,600 8,500 8,800 74,800
    State total
    114 21,500 21,000 7,800 163,800

    Table 13._Beans, snap (fresh market): Number of farms, acres, yield, and production
    County
    and
    district
    Farms Planted Harvested Yield Production
    Number Acres Acres Pounds
    per acre
    1,000
    pounds
    Southwest (7)
    48 800 770 7,200 5,544
    Branch
    5 300
    Other counties
    26 100
    South Central (8)
    31 400 380 8,200 3,116
    Macomb
    18 309
    Monroe
    8 108
    Other counties
    30 475
    Southeast (9)
    56 830 800 4,400 3,520
    Other districts
    47 170 150 2,800 420
    State total
    182 2,200 2,100 6,000 12,600

    Table 14._Cabbage (processing): Number of farms, acres, yield, and production
    County
    and
    district
    Farms Planted Harvested Yield Production
    Number Acres Acres Pounds per acre 1,000 pounds
    State total
    5 450 450 40,000 18,000

    Table 15._Cabbage (fresh market): Number of farms, acres, yield, and production
    County
    and
    district
    Farms Planted Harvested Yield Production
    Number Acres Acres Pounds per acre 1,000 pounds
    Bay
    20 115
    Other counties
    14 95
    East Central (6)
    34 210 200 30,500 6,100
    Kent and Ottawa
    16 500
    Other counties
    20 20
    Southwest (7)
    36 520 500 23,000 11,500
    Macomb
    29 260
    Monroe
    18 260
    Other counties
    27 220
    Southeast (9)
    74 740 700 26,000 18,200
    Other districts
    55 330 300 28,000 8,400
    State total
    199 1,800 1,700 26,000 44,200

    Table 16._Cantaloups: Number of farms, acres, yield, and production
    County
    and
    district
    Farms Planted Harvested Yield Production
    Number Acres Acres Pounds
    per acre
    1,000
    pounds
    Bay
    30 130
    Other counties
    15 20
    East Central (6)
    45 150 140 10,000 1,400
    Berrien
    27 80
    Ottawa
    13 35
    Van Buren
    8 30
    Other counties
    25 35
    Southwest (7)
    73 180 165 14,000 2,310
    South Central (8)
    40 90 85 15,000 1,270
    Lenawee
    6 50
    Livingston
    8 40
    Macomb
    16 45
    Monroe
    14 125
    Other counties
    45 90
    Southeast (9)
    89 350 330 18,000 5,940
    Other districts
    28 30 30 11,000 330
    State total
    275 800 750 15,000 11,250

    Table 17._Carrots (fresh market): Number of farms, acres, yield, and production
    County
    and
    district
    Farms Planted Harvested Yield Production
    Number Acres Acres Pounds
    per acre
    1,000
    pounds
    Newaygo
    11 1,300
    Muskegon and Oceana
    9 400
    West Central (4)
    20 1,700 1,650 21,000 34,675
    Montcalm
    4 680
    Other counties
    3 170
    Central (5)
    7 850 800 37,000 29,600
    South Central (8)
    11 650 650 29,000 18,850
    Lapeer
    14 940
    Other counties
    3 10
    Southeast (9)
    17 950 950 37,000 35,150
    Other districts
    33 550 550 27,500 15,125
    State total
    88 4,700 4,600 29,000 133,400

    Table 18._Carrots (processing): Number of farms, acres, yield, and production
    County
    and
    district
    Farms Planted Harvested Yield Production
    Acres Acres Acres Pounds
    per acre
    1,000
    pounds
    Oceana
    8 650
    Other counties
    4 150
    West Central (4)
    12 800 750 38,000 28,500
    Other districts
    8 900 850 38,000 32,300
    State total
    20 1,700 1,600 38,000 60,800

    Table 19._Cauliflower: Number of farms, acres, yield, and production
    County
    and
    district
    Farms Planted Harvested Yield Production
    Number Acres Acres Pounds
    per acre
    1,000
    pounds
    Bay
    8 70
    Other counties
    17 30
    East Central (6)
    25 100 100 17,000 1,700
    Allegan
    6 135
    Other counties
    16 55
    Southwest (7)
    22 190 190 13,400 2,540
    Macomb
    14 50
    Other counties
    19 60
    Southeast (9)
    33 110 110 16,000 1,760
    State total
    80 400 400 15,000 6,000

    Table 20._Celery: Number of farms and planted acres
    County
    and
    district
    Farms Planted
    Number Acres
    Muskegon
    4 310
    Newaygo and Oceana
    3 200
    West Central (4)
    6 510
    Allegan
    3 340
    Kent
    5 270
    Ottawa
    7 390
    Van Buren
    3 220
    Other counties
    2 160
    Southwest (7)
    20 1,380
    Southeast (9)
    3 290
    Other districts
    2 120
    State total
    31 2,300

    Table 21._Celery (fresh market): Harvested acres, yield, and production
    County
    and
    district
    Harvested Yield Production
    Acres Pounds
    per acre
    1,000
    pounds
    Southwest (7)
    1,150 46,000 52,900
    Other districts
    650 40,500 26,300
    State total
    1,800 44,000 79,200

    Table 22._Celery (processing): Harvested acres, yield, and production
    County
    and
    district
    Harvested Yield Production
    Acres Pounds
    per acre
    1,000
    pounds
    West Central (4)
    240 69,000 16,560
    Southwest (7)
    160 54,000 8,640
    State total
    400 63,000 25,200

    Table 23._Corn, sweet (fresh market): Number of farms, acres, yield, and production
    County
    and
    district
    Farms Planted Harvested Yield Production
    Number Acres Acres Pounds
    per acre
    1,000
    pounds
    Antrim
    17 110
    Emmet
    12 110
    Other counties
    51 300
    Northwest (2)
    80 520 460 6,800 3,128
    Newaygo
    18 440
    Other counties
    32 300
    West Central (4)
    50 740 590 3,900 2,301
    Bay
    35 410
    Saginaw
    20 270
    Other counties
    34 140
    East Central (6)
    89 820 770 6,500 5,005
    Allegan
    24 120
    Berrien
    56 650
    Cass
    18 170
    Kalamazoo
    25 440
    Kent
    34 700
    Ottawa
    30 230
    Van Buren
    31 240
    Southwest (7)
    218 2,550 2,350 8,000 18,800
    Clinton
    15 190
    Jackson
    23 410
    St. Joseph
    13 160
    Other counties
    94 640
    South Central (8)
    145 1,400 1,300 6,000 7,800
    Genesee
    29 300
    Lapeer
    22 340
    Lenawee
    9 170
    Livingston
    22 170
    Macomb
    38 1,150
    Monroe
    35 520
    Oakland
    15 290
    St. Clair
    26 240
    Washtenaw
    24 410
    Wayne
    9 910
    Southeast (9)
    229 4,500 4,100 8,600 35,260
    Other districts
    99 470 430 6,300 2,706
    State total
    910 11,000 10,000 7,500 75,000

    Table 24._Cucumbers (fresh market): Number of farms, acres, yield, and production
    County
    and
    district
    Farms Planted Harvested Yield Production
    Number Acres Acres Pounds
    per acre
    1,000
    pounds
    Newaygo
    7 350
    Oceana
    5 370
    Other counties
    3 80
    West Central (4)
    15 800 750 22,000 16,530
    Allegan and Cass
    12 2,400
    Berrien and Van Buren
    40 2,800
    Other counties
    15 200
    Southwest (7)
    67 5,400 5,000 19,000 95,000
    Macomb
    22 80
    Monroe
    12 90
    Other counties
    41 60
    Southeast (9)
    75 230 220 25,500 5,610
    Other districts
    93 570 530 12,000 6,360
    State total
    250 7,000 6,500 19,000 123,500

    Table 25._Cucumbers (processing): Number of farms, acres, yield, and production
    County
    and
    district
    Farms Planted Harvested Yield Production
    Number Acres Acres Pounds
    per acre
    1,000
    pounds
    Manistee
    7 450
    Other counties
    3 150
    Northwest (2)
    10 600 550 21,000 11,550
    Oceana
    14 700
    Other counties
    4 1,800
    West Central (4)
    18 2,500 2,400 11,500 27,600
    Gratiot
    11 3,000
    Midland
    5 500
    Other counties
    6 1,100
    Central (5)
    22 4,600 4,400 10,000 44,000
    Arenac
    12 1,800
    Bay
    10 850
    Saginaw
    8 2,300
    Sanilac
    5 650
    Tuscola
    9 1,400
    East Central (6)
    44 7,000 6,800 9,500 64,650
    Allegan
    15 2,400
    Berrien
    13 400
    Kent
    8 500
    Van Buren
    6 4,700
    Other counties
    4 300
    Southwest (7)
    46 8,300 8,000 8,400 67,200
    St. Joseph
    8 2,400
    Other counties
    2 100
    South Central (8)
    10 2,500 2,400 11,500 27,600
    Lenawee
    7 1,300
    Other counties
    3 200
    Southeast (9)
    10 1,500 1,450 12,000 17,400
    State total
    160 27,000 26,000 10,000 260,000

    Table 26._Peppermint: Number of farms, acres, yield, and production
    County
    and
    district
    Farms Harvested Yield Production
    Number Acres Pounds
    per acre
    Pounds
    Clinton
    7 400
    Other counties
    7 600
    State total
    14 1,000 45 45,000

    Table 27._Spearmint: Number of farms, acres, yield, and production
    County
    and
    district
    Farms Harvested Yield Production
    Number Acres Pounds
    per acre
    Pounds
    Clinton
    7 1,500
    Other counties
    5 200
    State total
    12 1,700 42 71,000

    Table 28._Onions, dry: Number of farms, acres, yield, and production
    County
    and
    district
    Farms Planted Harvested Yield Production
    Number Acres Acres Pounds
    per acre
    1,000
    pounds
    Newaygo
    11 1,350
    Other counties
    2 150
    West Central (4)
    13 1,500 1,350 22,000 29,750
    Allegan
    5 670
    Ottawa
    10 520
    Van Buren
    3 120
    Other counties
    5 90
    Southwest (7)
    23 1,400 1,320 31,000 40,950
    Eaton
    3 380
    Ingham
    5 280
    Other counties
    14 540
    South Central (8)
    22 1,200 1,150 24,000 27,600
    Lapeer
    4 190
    Other counties
    18 60
    Southeast (9)
    22 250 240 32,000 7,680
    Other districts
    23 150 140 23,000 3,220
    State total
    103 4,500 4,200 26,000 109,200

    Table 29._Peas, green (processing): Number of farms, acres, yield, and production
    County
    and
    district
    Farms Planted Harvested Yield Production
    Number Acres Acres Pounds
    per acre
    1,000
    pounds
    Montcalm
    8 1,400
    Other counties
    2 300
    Central (5)
    10 1,700 1,700 4,400 6,900
    State total
    10 1,700 1,700 4,400 6,900

    Table 30._Peas, green (fresh market): Number of farms, acres, yield, and production
    County
    and
    district
    Farms Planted Harvested Yield Production
    Number Acres Acres Pounds
    per acre
    1,000
    pounds
    State total
    40 65 50 2,800 140

    Table 31._Peppers, bell: Number of farms and planted acres
    County
    and
    district
    Farms Planted
    Number Acres
    Newaygo and Oceana
    10 430
    Other counties
    5 20
    West Central (4)
    15 450
    Gratiot
    5 240
    Other counties
    8 10
    Central (5)
    13 250
    Bay
    26 150
    Other counties
    18 20
    East Central (6)
    44 170
    Berrien
    33 270
    Kent
    13 80
    Ottawa
    16 85
    Other counties
    21 185
    Southwest (7)
    83 620
    Macomb
    27 70
    Monroe
    16 130
    Other counties
    55 160
    Southeast (9)
    98 360
    Other districts
    42 50
    State total
    295 1,900

    Table 32._Peppers, bell (processing): Acres, yield, and production
    County
    and
    district
    Harvested Yield Production
    Acres Pounds
    per acre
    1,000
    pounds
    State total
    250 30,000 7,500

    Table 33._Peppers, bell (fresh market): Acres, yield, and production
    County
    and
    district
    Harvested Yield Production
    Acres Pounds
    per acre
    1,000
    pounds
    West Central (4)
    390 23,000 8,970
    East Central (6)
    160 15,000 2,400
    Southwest (7)
    590 18,000 10,620
    Southeast (9)
    300 17,000 5,100
    Other districts
    110 13,000 1,430
    State total
    1,550 18,400 28,520

    Table 34._Peppers, other: Number of farms and planted acres
    County
    and
    district
    Farms Planted
    Number Acres
    West Central (4)
    3 30
    Gratiot
    3 260
    Other counties
    3 5
    Central (5)
    6 265
    Bay
    12 60
    Other counties
    4 5
    East Central (6)
    16 65
    Berrien
    9 35
    Other counties
    7 10
    Southwest (7)
    16 45
    South Central (8)
    9 10
    Lenawee
    4 255
    Other counties
    20 105
    Southeast (9)
    24 360
    State total
    74 775

    Table 35._Peppers, other (processing): Acres, yield, and production
    County
    and
    district
    Harvested Yield Production
    Acres Pounds
    per acre
    1,000
    pounds
    State total
    580 19,000 11,000

    Table 36._Peppers, other (fresh market): Acres, yield, and production
    County
    and
    district
    Harvested Yield Production
    Acres Pounds
    per acre
    1,000
    pounds
    Southwest (7)
    40 25,000 1,000
    Southeast (9)
    50 17,000 850
    Other districts
    50 19,000 950
    State total
    140 20,000 2,800

    Table 37._Potatoes: Number of farms, yield, and production
    County
    and
    district
    Farms Planted Harvested Yield Production
    Number Acres Acres Pounds
    per acre
    1,000
    pounds
    Delta
    14 1,100
    Dickinson
    10 700
    Marquette
    3 500
    Other counties
    21 1,200
    Upper Peninsula (1)
    48 3,500 3,450 23,000 79,350
    Kalkaska
    3 1,100
    Other counties
    40 2,400
    Northwest (2) and West Central (4)
    43 3,500 3,500 29,000 101,500
    Presque Isle
    18 2,400
    Other counties
    8 900
    Northeast (3)
    26 3,300 3,250 26,000 84,500
    Montcalm
    27 12,000
    Other counties
    12 3,000
    Central (5)
    39 15,000 14,900 35,000 521,500
    Bay
    37 4,200
    Saginaw
    2 900
    Tuscola
    6 3,400
    Other counties
    13 1,500
    East Central (6)
    58 10,000 9,950 28,000 278,600
    Allegan
    7 600
    Other counties
    24 1,400
    Southwest (7)
    31 2,000 1,950 36,000 70,200
    Eaton
    3 500
    St. Joseph
    12 4,800
    Other counties
    17 1,200
    South Central (8)
    32 6,500 6,300 37,000 233,100
    Washtenaw
    3 400
    Other counties
    25 2,800
    Southeast (9)
    28 3,200 3,200 30,000 96,000
    State total
    305 47,000 46,500 31,500 1,465,000

    Table 38._Potatoes: Acres and production, by utilization
    Use State total
    planted
    State total
    harvested
    State
    yield
    State
    production
    Acres Acres Cwt. Cwt.
    Fresh market
    14,000 13,850 265 3,670,000
    Chipping
    30,000 29,700 345 10,245,000
    Other
    500 500 285 143,000
    Seed
    2,500 2,450 240 590,000
    State total
    47,000 46,500 315 14,648,000

    Table 39._Potatoes: Planted acres
    County
    and
    district
    Planted for
    fresh market
    Planted for chipping Planted for other purposes Planted for
    seed
    Total
    planted
    Acres Acres Acres Acres Acres
    Upper Peninsula (1)
    1,900 200 100 1,300 3,500
    Northwest (2) and West Central (4)
    2,500 400 100 500 3,500
    Northeast (3)
    2,400 200 0 700 3,300
    Central (5)
    800 14,200 0 0 15,000
    East Central (6)
    4,100 5,900 0 0 10,000
    Southwest (7)
    50 1,950 0 0 2,000
    South Central (8)
    700 5,500 300 0 6,500
    Southeast (9)
    1,550 1,650 0 0 3,200
    State total
    14,000 30,000 500 2,500 47,000

    Table 40._ Potatoes: Number of farms and acres, by size group
    Size
    group
    Farms Acres
    4.9 acres or less
    116 200
    5 to 24.9 acres
    36 500
    25 to 99.9 acres
    55 3,300
    100 to 199.9 acres
    47 6,500
    200 to 299.9 acres
    17 4,100
    300 to 499.9 acres
    17 6,100
    500 to 999.9 acres
    8 4,700
    1,000 acres or more
    9 21,600
    State total
    305 47,000

    Table 41._Pumpkins: Number of farms, acres, yield, and production
    County
    and
    district
    Farms Planted Harvested Yield Production
    Number Acres Acres Pounds per
    acre
    1,000
    pounds
    Gratiot
    5 35
    Isabella
    4 250
    Montcalm
    6 40
    Other counties
    6 35
    Central (5)
    21 360 340 15,500 5,270
    Bay
    24 145
    Saginaw
    9 40
    Other counties
    9 25
    East Central (6)
    42 210 200 13,500 2,700
    Allegan
    12 80
    Berrien
    45 260
    Cass
    8 30
    Kalamazoo
    15 130
    Kent
    22 105
    Ottawa
    32 185
    Van Buren
    21 160
    Southwest (7)
    155 950 870 14,000 12,190
    Clinton
    13 80
    Eaton
    6 50
    Ionia
    7 55
    Jackson
    18 65
    St. Joseph
    4 80
    Other counties
    32 120
    South Central (8)
    80 450 420 13,500 5,670
    Genesee
    20 45
    Lapeer
    19 145
    Lenawee
    6 155
    Livingston
    12 55
    Macomb
    43 430
    Monroe
    20 270
    Oakland
    16 140
    St. Clair
    10 60
    Washtenaw
    17 180
    Wayne
    7 170
    Southeast (9)
    170 1,650 1,550 14,000 21,700
    Upper Peninsula (1)
    16 50
    Northwest (2)
    20 100
    Northeast (3)
    24 80
    West Central (4)
    32 250
    Other districts
    92 480 420 13,500 5,670
    State total
    560 4,100 3,800 14,000 53,200

    Table 42._Radishes: Number of farms, acres, yield, and production
    County
    and
    district
    Farms Planted Harvested Yield Production
    Number Acres Acres Pounds
    per acre
    1,000
    pounds
    Southwest (7)
    7 1,700 1,670 5,100 8,510
    Southeast (9)
    7 350 330 7,100 2,340
    Central (5) and South Central (8)
    7 650 500 3,300 1,650
    State total
    21 2,700 2,500 5,000 12,500

    Table 43._Squash, summer (processing): Number of operations, acres, yield, and production
    County
    and
    district
    Farms Planted Harvested Yield Production
    Number Acres Acres Pounds
    per acre
    1,000
    pounds
    Oceana
    13 650
    Other counties
    3 250
    West Central (4)
    16 900 900
    State total
    16 900 900 30,000 27,000

    Table 44._Squash, summer (fresh market): Number of operations, acres, yield, and production
    County
    and
    district
    Farms Planted Harvested Yield Production
    Number Acres Acres Pounds
    per acre
    1,000
    pounds
    Oceana
    7 160
    Other counties
    3 90
    West Central (4)
    10 250 240 20,000 4,800
    Berrien
    38 500
    Van Buren
    9 150
    Other counties
    17 120
    Southwest (7)
    64 770 740 16,500 12,210
    Macomb
    20 180
    Monroe
    8 55
    Other counties
    20 40
    Southeast (9)
    48 275 265 16,000 4,240
    Other districts
    49 55 55 15,500 850
    State total
    171 1,350 1,300 17,000 22,100

    Table 45._Squash, winter (processing): Number of operations, acres, yield, and production
    County
    and
    district
    Farms Planted Harvested Yield Production
    Number Acres Acres Pounds
    per acre
    1,000
    pounds
    Mason and Newaygo
    6 400
    Oceana
    10 500
    West Central (4)
    16 900 850
    Other districts
    4 50 50
    State total
    20 950 900 29,000 26,100

    Table 46._Squash, winter (fresh market): Number of operations, acres, yield, and production
    County
    and
    district
    Farms Planted Harvested Yield Production
    Number Acres Acres Pounds
    per acre
    1,000
    pounds
    Gratiot
    3 110
    Other counties
    7 25
    Central (5)
    10 135 125 11,500 1,440
    Bay
    20 70
    Other counties
    6 40
    East Central (6)
    26 110 105 15,000 1,575
    Berrien
    32 510
    Cass
    8 60
    Kent
    6 190
    Ottawa
    12 430
    Other counties
    20 60
    Southwest (7)
    78 1,250 1,170 14,500 16,985
    Lapeer 10 50
    Macomb
    30 250
    Other counties
    33 60
    Southeast (9)
    73 360 310 13,000 4,030
    Other districts
    50 95 90 13,000 1,170
    State total
    237 1,950 1,800 14,000 25,200

    Table 47._Tomatoes (processing): Number of farms, acres, yield, and production
    County
    and
    district
    Farms Planted Harvested Yield Production
    Number Acres Acres Pounds
    per acre
    1,000
    pounds
    St. Joseph
    4 700
    Other counties
    1 150
    South Central (8)
    5 850 800 78,000 62,400
    Lenawee
    5 650
    Monroe
    6 1,100
    Southeast (9)
    11 1,750 1,700 69,000 117,600
    State total
    16 2,600 2,500 72,000 180,000

    Table 48._Tomatoes (fresh market): Number of farms, acres, yield, and production
    County
    and
    district
    Farms Planted Harvested Yield Production
    Number Acres Acres Pounds
    per acre
    1,000
    pounds
    Bay
    33 85
    Other counties
    25 55
    East Central (6)
    58 140 130 20,000 2,600
    Berrien
    65 1,050
    Other counties
    85 450
    Southwest (7)
    150 1,500 1,380 24,000 33,120
    Calhoun
    8 160
    Other counties
    60 150
    South Central (8)
    68 310 290 16,500 4,780
    Macomb
    36 110
    Monroe
    20 130
    Other counties
    100 200
    Southeast (9)
    156 440 400 15,000 6,000
    Other districts
    88 110 100 18,000 1,800
    State total
    520 2,500 2,300 21,000 48,300

    Michigan Agricultural Statistics Districts Map

    Michigan Fresh Market Vegetables Density Map

    Michigan Processing Vegetables Density Map

    Michigan Top Ten Vegetable Counties Chart

    Michigan Top Ten Vegetable Counties (excluding potatoes) Chart

    Michigan Fresh Market Vegetables Harvested Chart

    Michigan Processing Vegetables Harvested Chart

    Michigan Fresh Market Vegetables Harvested by size of Farm Chart

    Michigan Processing Vegetables Harvested by size of Farm Chart
    Survey Methods

    The 1998 Rotational Vegetable Survey questionnaire was mailed to most operations on the list sampling frame of the Michigan Agricultural Statistics Service (MASS) that had vegetable indicators. Operations that were in the MASS Vegetable Chemical Survey were interviewed simultaneously on the Rotational Vegetable Survey. The first mailing occurred in mid-October, 1998. Questionnaires were sent to potato, mint, and new operations in late November, 1998. New farms were operations having vegetables on the 1997 Census of Agriculture that were not on the original list. Operators who did not respond by mail were telephoned or interviewed in person in November, December and January. Acres by crop were estimated for those who refused or who were unable to be contacted. Completion rates by type were as follows: mail,10 percent; telephone, 32 percent; personal interview, 43 percent; estimated, 15 percent. The percent of cooperation varied widely by crop, as shown in the table below.

    The definition of a commercial grower for this census was anyone growing at least one total acre of the crops of interest__potatoes, mint or vegetables. A total of 2,020 such farms were identified, down from 2,130 in 1995. The decline was in medium-sized vegetable farms. Three years ago there were 850 farms with 26 to 250 acres of vegetables. That count fell to 760 in 1998. The total acres of vegetables fell 12 percent since 1995 to just over 175,000 acres.

    Acres planted for major counties for each vegetable crop and utilization are shown except when confidentiality rules prohibited county level data publication. Suppression occurs if there are fewer than three growers in the county or if one grower has more than 60 percent of the acres. Harvested acres and mean yields are shown at the agricultural statistics district level for major vegetable crops. They are published at the state level for minor crops.

    Several vegetable farms operated in more than one county. The individual crop acres were split among the counties according to the percentage of the total vegetable acres in each county. The farm was, however, attributed only to the county with the majority of the vegetable acres.

    Percent of Acres Imputed
    Crop Percent Crop Percent
    Asparagus 11.4 Onions, dry 18.9
    Beans, snap 1.0 Peppers, bell 1.0
    Cabbage 7.0 Peppers, other 7.4
    Cantaloups 19.5 Potatoes 21.8
    Carrots 18.9 Pumpkins 9.5
    Cauliflower 1.0 Radishes 15.8
    Celery 15.2 Squash, summer 9.0
    Corn, sweet 15.9 Squash, winter 3.9
    Cucumbers (processing) 10.8 Tomatoes (fresh) 24.3
    Cucumbers (fresh) 2.5 Tomatoes (processing) 11.5
    Mint 17.1 Turnips 0.6


    Michigan Agricultural Statistics Service

    315 West Allegan Street, Room 201 * Post Office Box 20008 * Lansing, MI * 48901-0608 * (517) 377-1831

    Facsimile: (517) 377-1829 * E-mail: nass-mi@nass.usda.gov * http://www.mda.state.mi.us/mass/ /BODY>