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Week Ending May 7, 2006

Agricultural Summary

Cool, cloudy conditions and consistent rain kept fieldwork to a minimum in most of the State, allowing 1.9 days suitable for fieldwork. Soybean planting and corn side-dressing have been delayed, while spring tillage, at 85 percent complete, advanced only 1 percent from last week. The recent rains, however, have improved the agricultural outlook in several respects, including row-crop germination, pasture growth, stock water supplies, and soil moisture. Topsoil moisture supply is in good shape, rated at 1 percent very short, 8 percent short, 81 percent adequate, and 10 percent surplus. The southeast district was again plagued by severe weather. Mississippi County suffered some hail damage to its corn, cotton, wheat, potato, and watermelon crops.

Field Crops Report

Corn planting progress was minimal over the past week. Ninety-three percent of the crop is planted, compared with 90 percent last week, although the pace is still 5 days ahead of last year and 18 days ahead of the 5-year average of 81 percent. Emergence is at 75 percent, nearly 1 week ahead of last year and 11 days beyond normal. Reporters indicate that early-emerged corn could use some sun to get it growing. Soybean planting, at 15 percent complete, has fallen behind last year’s pace of 19 percent, but is even with the historical average. Sorghum planting is 34 percent complete, compared with 22 percent last year and 27 percent for the 5-year average. Rice planting is 90 percent complete, while emergence is at 80 percent, both over two weeks ahead of normal. Condition of the crop is 18 percent fair, 76 percent good, and 6 percent excellent. Cotton planting is 47 percent complete, lagging both last year and the 5-year average by a few days. Wheat condition improved slightly from last week at 3 percent very poor, 11 percent poor, 30 percent fair, 48 percent good, and 8 percent excellent. Eighty-three percent of the crop is headed, 12 days ahead of last year and 10 days ahead of normal. Central and southern areas are starting to see isolated areas of the crop turn, with the State averaging 2 percent turning color. Wheat that is not in the mature stages, primarily in northern areas, has grown significantly after recent moisture. The first cutting of alfalfa is 6 percent complete, while other hay is 3 percent cut, both ahead of average.

Pasture & Livestock

Pasture condition is rated 7 percent very poor, 18 percent poor, 43 percent fair, 28 percent good, and 4 percent excellent, a significant improvement over last week. Isolated areas in the southwest are still severely short of stock water supplies, but most reports state-wide indicate that run-off has started to refill ponds and streams.

Weather Summary

Temperatures were near normal for the week. Readings throughout the State deviated, at most, 2 degrees from the long-term average. Rainfall averaged 1.15 inches for the week. Each district received over one-half inch, with the largest amount falling in the southwest district at 2.10 inches.

District Summaries As Of May 7, 2006
  Missouri NW NC NE WC C EC SW SC SE
Days Suitable For Fieldwork                    
This Year 1.9 1.1 1.7 2.1 1.2 3.0 2.6 2.9 2.8 0.9
Last Year 6.3 6.3 5.3 6.0 6.8 6.2 6.4 6.6 6.6 7.0
Topsoil Moisture Supply                    
Very Short 1 0 0 1 0 1 0 7 0 0
Short 8 6 8 8 0 10 15 13 13 0
Adequate 81 88 76 89 74 80 84 74 78 84
Surplus 10 6 16 2 26 9 1 6 9 16
Ground Worked Spring Tillage, Percent                    
This Year 85 89 88 80 89 87 84 89 83 86
Last Year 88 84 83 82 92 90 89 92 91 95
Normal 80                  
Corn Planted, Percent                    
This Year 93 91 91 91 97 96 87 91 73 99
Last Year 88 80 89 79 99 87 93 94 95 99
Normal 81                  
Corn Emerged, Percent                    
This Year 75 64 67 65 92 80 65 81 59 99
Last Year 60 40 59 52 87 63 58 81 65 79
Normal 57                  
Soybeans Planted, Percent                    
This Year 15 20 17 19 9 13 13 3 6 15
Last Year 19 21 19 20 11 12 22 6 20 24
Normal 15                  
Cotton Planted, Percent                    
This Year 47                 47
Last Year 70                 70
Normal 58                  
Rice Emerged, Percent                    
This Year 80                 80
Last Year 30                 30
Normal 33                  
Sorghum Planted, Percent                    
This Year 34 35 11 26 49 21 10 28 38 67
Last Year 22 23 8 9 21 3 16 34 22 56
Normal 27                  
Winter Wheat Headed and Beyond, Percent                    
This Year 83 32 53 53 82 74 78 99 79 99
Last Year 44 1 8 17 38 18 28 40 58 77
Normal 51                  
Winter Wheat Turning Color, Percent                    
This Year 2 0 0 0 2 1 0 1 0 3
Last Year 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Normal 0                  
Alfalfa Hay 1st Cutting, Percent                    
This Year 6 4 3 3 8 11 18 6 3 21
Last Year 9 1 3 2 6 14 14 27 25 27
Normal 3                  
Other Hay Cut, Percent                    
This Year 3 2 2 1 0 4 1 8 1 3
Last Year 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Normal 0                  
Rice Condition                    
Very Poor 0                 0
Poor 0                 0
Fair 18                 18
Good 76                 76
Excellent 6                 6
Winter Wheat Condition                    
Very Poor 3 0 0 0 4 0 0 15 0 0
Poor 11 3 1 3 29 7 1 40 4 4
Fair 30 41 30 26 32 22 30 38 21 29
Good 48 51 56 64 28 63 55 7 45 58
Excellent 8 5 13 7 7 8 14 0 30 9
Pasture Condition                    
Very Poor 7 0 6 10 4 6 2 34 2 0
Poor 18 7 15 29 31 18 10 36 9 0
Fair 43 38 41 36 47 46 35 26 59 19
Good 28 50 30 23 18 28 41 4 25 65
Excellent 4 5 8 2 0 2 12 0 5 16
                     
Average Precipitation 1.15 0.58 1.26 0.61 0.79 0.93 0.97 2.10 1.61 1.76