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Week Ending May 14, 2006

Agricultural Summary

Cool, overcast conditions were the rule for the week, with 3.2 days suitable for fieldwork. Spring tillage stands at 89% complete, 1 week behind last year but 1 week ahead of normal. The cool, cloudy weather is slowing corn development as well as soybean planting and emergence. Initial hay cuttings are yielding below average, as expected from early spring dryness. Topsoil moisture supply is little changed from last week, rated at 1 percent very short, 8 percent short, 83 percent adequate, and 8 percent surplus. Topsoil moisture ratings are lowest in the northeast district, which has seen substantially less rain than other districts in the past four weeks. Subsoil moisture levels are still a concern in much of the State.

Field Crops Report

Corn planting progress is 96 percent complete, 3 days ahead of last year and 16 days ahead of the 5-year average of 86 percent. Emergence is at 87 percent, 1 week ahead of last year and 2 weeks beyond normal. Despite rapid emergence, growth has been very slow, with plants taking on a yellowish appearance. Corn condition is rated 1 percent very poor, 3 percent poor, 33 percent fair, 57 percent good, and 6 percent excellent. Soybean planting stands at 26 percent complete, while emergence is at 7 percent, about even with the normal pace. Compared to last year, planting is 4 days behind and emergence is 2 days behind. Sorghum planting is at 43 percent, the same as last year but 2 days ahead of normal. Rice planting advanced only 1 percent over last week to 91 percent complete, now a few days behind last year but still 10 days ahead of normal. Emergence is at 87 percent, several days ahead of both last year and the 5-year average. Condition of the crop is 1 percent poor, 29 percent fair, 59 percent good, and 11 percent excellent. Cotton planting is 53 percent complete, lagging both last year and the 5-year average by over 1 week. Cool, wet weather in the Bootheel is causing poor stands, making significant replanting of cotton likely. The condition of the crop is rated 1 percent very poor, 25 percent poor, 40 percent fair, 30 percent good, and 4 percent excellent. Wheat condition is rated 3 percent very poor, 11 percent poor, 32 percent fair, 46 percent good, and 8 percent excellent. Ninety-five percent of the crop is headed, nearly 2 weeks ahead of both last year and the 5-year average, while 8 percent is turning color, slightly ahead of normal. There is some concern about rust showing up in wet fields. The first cutting of alfalfa is 17 percent complete, 4 days behind last year but on pace with the 5-year average. Other hay is 6 percent cut, a few days ahead of both last year and the normal pace.

Pasture & Livestock

Pasture condition is rated 6 percent very poor, 15 percent poor, 43 percent fair, 31 percent good, and 5 percent excellent, a slight improvement over last week. Pasture growth has also been slowed by the cool, cloudy weather. Reports indicate that stock water supplies are gradually improving.

Weather Summary

Temperatures were below normal throughout the State, ranging from 3 to 8 degrees below the long-term average. Rainfall averaged 1.07 inches for the week, generally favoring the southern half of the State with the heaviest amounts. The southwest district again received the most at 2.34 inches, while totals in the northern third of the State were mostly less than 0.25 inches.

District Summaries As Of May 14, 2006
  Missouri NW NC NE WC C EC SW SC SE
Days Suitable For Fieldwork                    
This Year 3.2 3.7 3.8 4.4 3.3 4 1.2 3.4 3 1.2
Last Year 4 2.4 2.8 3.9 4.1 4.2 5 5.4 5.7 5.1
Topsoil Moisture Supply                    
Very Short 1 0 0 5 0 0 0 3 0 0
Short 8 8 5 13 6 11 9 8 14 0
Adequate 83 78 84 80 88 87 84 83 81 77
Surplus 8 14 11 2 6 2 7 6 5 23
Ground Worked Spring Tillage, Percent                    
This Year 89 93 88 91 91 90 87 91 92 87
Last Year 92 90 87 89 95 94 94 94 94 97
Normal 85                  
Corn Planted, Percent                    
This Year 96 96 94 96 99 98 91 98 74 99
Last Year 94 91 95 90 100 93 97 97 99 100
Normal 86                  
Corn Emerged, Percent                    
This Year 87 82 81 79 99 91 79 94 62 99
Last Year 77 61 79 70 91 74 75 90 79 96
Normal 70                  
Soybeans Planted, Percent                    
This Year 26 36 25 40 11 30 18 4 6 16
Last Year 40 36 37 41 38 31 39 16 39 52
Normal 26                  
Soybeans Emerged, Percent                    
This Year 7 4 2 10 3 8 3 1 0 14
Last Year 13 10 10 11 15 6 11 3 7 22
Normal 8                  
Sorghum Planted, Percent                    
This Year 43 65 26 27 49 46 19 33 38 80
Last Year 43 30 18 37 37 16 25 61 41 77
Normal 39                  
Winter Wheat Headed and Beyond, Percent                    
This Year 95 75 86 84 100 93 94 100 97 100
Last Year 71 24 38 60 73 44 51 78 87 94
Normal 75                  
Corn Condition                    
Very Poor 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 4
Poor 3 3 7 4 0 1 3 4 14 2
Fair 33 37 39 32 28 23 44 28 68 31
Good 57 58 48 54 62 75 53 61 18 53
Excellent 6 2 6 10 10 1 0 7 0 10
Winter Wheat Condition                    
Very Poor 3 0 0 0 4 1 0 15 0 0
Poor 11 3 1 3 25 8 2 35 3 4
Fair 32 35 28 26 30 23 28 43 22 33
Good 46 57 55 65 31 58 56 7 45 54
Excellent 8 5 16 6 10 10 14 0 30 9
Pasture Condition                    
Very Poor 6 0 4 11 4 5 2 23 1 0
Poor 15 7 15 28 26 11 5 30 6 0
Fair 43 41 38 41 44 47 42 40 48 19
Good 31 49 34 19 26 33 42 6 37 60
Excellent 5 3 9 1 0 4 9 1 8 21
                     
Average Precipitation 1.07 0.21 0.11 0.27 0.57 0.76 1.58 2.34 2.18 1.65