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Week Ending May 21, 2006

Agricultural Summary

Dry weather prevailed through most of the week, with 5.7 days suitable for fieldwork. With corn planting nearly complete, farmers worked to get soybeans in the ground, while also turning their attention to the first hay cuttings. Corn and soybean growth is still slow, but most of the planted fields appear well established, with just a few reports of poor stands that require replanting. Spring tillage progressed steadily to 94 percent complete, 4 days behind last year but 2 weeks ahead of normal. Topsoil moisture supply declined from last week to 2 percent very short, 23 percent short, 71 percent adequate, and 4 percent surplus. The northern districts suffered the worst drop in topsoil moisture ratings, where rainfall the past two weeks has been of the “nuisance” variety, light and widely scattered.

Field Crops Report

Corn planting progress is virtually complete at 98 percent, even with last year but 2 weeks ahead of the 5-year average of 90 percent. Emergence is at 93 percent, 5 days ahead of last year and 2 weeks ahead of normal. Corn condition is rated 3 percent poor, 36 percent fair, 56 percent good, and 5 percent excellent. Soybean planting made good progress to 53 percent complete, which lags last year by 3 days but is 6 days ahead of the normal pace of 41 percent. Emergence, at 18 percent, has been slow due to cool, overcast conditions, and is 5 days behind last year and slightly behind the normal pace. Sorghum planting is at 63 percent, about the same as last year but 1 week ahead of normal. In the Bootheel, rice planting is 97 percent complete, slightly behind last year but 9 days ahead of normal. Emergence is at 92 percent, 6 days ahead of last year and 11 days ahead of the 5-year average. Condition of the crop is 6 percent poor, 30 percent fair, 51 percent good, and 13 percent excellent. Cotton producers planted at a torrid pace during the week, advancing to 80 percent complete versus 53 percent last week. However, it is still 11 days behind last year and 2 days behind normal. Significant replanting has also been necessary, as wet soils have hampered stand development. The condition of the crop declined from last week to 1 percent very poor, 33 percent poor, 41 percent fair, 21 percent good, and 4 percent excellent. Wheat condition is rated 6 percent very poor, 11 percent poor, 31 percent fair, 44 percent good, and 8 percent excellent. Heading is 98 percent complete, at least 10 days ahead of both last year and the 5-year average, while 23 percent is turning color, 3 days ahead of normal. While other crops need rain, wheat in some areas needs warm, dry weather to avoid rust development. The first cutting of alfalfa is 41 percent complete, while other hay is 18 percent cut, both about even with last year and a few days ahead of normal.

Pasture & Livestock

Pasture condition is rated 5 percent very poor, 14 percent poor, 43 percent fair, 34 percent good, and 4 percent excellent, nearly the same as last week. Reports from around the State continue to stress the need for a good hay crop to replace short hay supplies. However, early cuttings are showing erratic yields, with many coming in on the low side.

Weather Summary

Temperatures were mostly below normal, especially in the eastern half of the State, where readings were 3 to 6 degrees below normal. Western areas were generally 1 to 3 degrees below normal. Rainfall for the week was light, averaging 0.32 inches. Six out of nine districts received a quarter inch or less. The central and southeast districts received the most, each with 0.58 inches.

District Summaries As Of May 21, 2006
  Missouri NW NC NE WC C EC SW SC SE
Days Suitable For Fieldwork                    
This Year 5.7 6.6 6.3 6.4 5.6 5.9 4 6.5 4.2 4.1
Last Year 5.8 5.5 4.5 4.9 5.8 6.3 5.8 6.8 6.5 6.5
Topsoil Moisture Supply                    
Very Short 2 2 1 11 0 2 0 4 0 0
Short 23 51 27 34 14 21 11 20 18 2
Adequate 71 45 72 55 83 73 84 76 80 80
Surplus 4 2 0 0 3 4 5 0 2 18
Corn Emerged, Percent                    
This Year 93 90 87 91 99 96 88 96 78 99
Last Year 87 78 86 83 91 89 87 95 88 100
Normal 79                  
Soybeans Planted, Percent                    
This Year 53 69 62 64 37 62 42 20 15 36
Last Year 62 62 57 65 57 62 64 27 55 69
Normal 41                  
Soybeans Emerged, Percent                    
This Year 18 18 20 21 11 22 9 5 7 20
Last Year 30 21 27 40 20 31 34 7 15 41
Normal 21                  
Sorghum Planted, Percent                    
This Year 63 92 47 53 55 51 40 62 57 95
Last Year 64 53 42 66 55 42 49 77 53 90
Normal 52                  
Winter Wheat Turning Color, Percent                    
This Year 23 1 1 19 23 3 12 28 25 38
Last Year 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Normal 9                  
Alfalfa Hay 1st Cutting, Percent                    
This Year 41 49 23 26 56 44 28 64 38 33
Last Year 42 16 23 29 53 61 55 63 64 89
Normal 34                  
Other Hay Cut, Percent                    
This Year 18 10 18 7 13 21 12 33 19 11
Last Year 15 7 6 9 4 15 9 27 14 18
Normal 12                  
Corn Condition                    
Very Poor 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Poor 3 3 8 7 3 1 4 3 2 1
Fair 36 43 41 41 29 26 43 30 62 29
Good 56 50 49 50 60 73 52 61 36 56
Excellent 5 4 2 2 8 0 1 6 0 14
Winter Wheat Condition                    
Very Poor 6 0 0 0 4 0 0 34 0 0
Poor 11 3 0 3 30 6 5 30 4 6
Fair 31 38 25 29 32 20 33 27 21 35
Good 44 54 58 62 26 65 56 9 39 49
Excellent 8 5 17 6 8 9 6 0 36 10
Pasture Condition                    
Very Poor 5 1 6 9 4 3 2 20 1 0
Poor 14 9 12 31 28 9 5 25 7 0
Fair 43 41 38 46 45 43 38 43 48 19
Good 34 45 43 13 23 40 44 12 37 60
Excellent 4 4 1 1 0 5 11 0 7 21
                     
Average Precipitation 0.32 0.07 0.18 0.16 0.10 0.58 0.26 0.23 0.51 0.58