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Week Ending May 28, 2006

Agricultural Summary

Hot, dry weather took hold during the week, with temperatures soaring into the upper 90’s in the Bootheel and lower 90’s in the rest of the state. There were 6.1 days suitable for fieldwork, during which farmers made steady progress in cutting hay and planting soybeans and sorghum. Topsoil moisture supply deteriorated markedly to 10 percent very short, 31 percent short, 56 percent adequate, and 3 percent surplus, a decline of 16 percentage points in the adequate to surplus categories. The lack of moisture is especially pronounced in the northeast district, where 76 percent is rated short to very short. Thus far, the dryness has not adversely affected row crop conditions, although reporters indicate crops will deteriorate rapidly without relief in the near future. Meanwhile, areas of the Bootheel have experienced the opposite problem of excessive rainfall, which, in addition to hail storms, has made some replanting of soybeans and cotton necessary.

Field Crops Report

Corn emergence is at 98 percent, 4 days ahead of last year and 18 days ahead of the normal pace of 86 percent. Corn condition is rated 1 percent very poor, 6 percent poor, 31 percent fair, 56 percent good, and 6 percent excellent, similar to last week. The dry weather enabled soybean planting to progress to 74 percent complete, 2 days behind last year but 11 days ahead of the 5-year average of 56 percent. Emergence is at 44 percent, 3 days behind last year but 4 days ahead of normal. Sorghum planting advanced 20 percentage points over last week to 83 percent complete, about the same as last year but nearly 2 weeks ahead of normal. In the Bootheel, rice emergence stands at 96 percent, 1 day ahead of last year and 11 days ahead of the 5-year average. The condition of the crop is 7 percent poor, 29 percent fair, 51 percent good, and 13 percent excellent, virtually unchanged from last week. Cotton planting is 93 percent complete, 2 weeks behind last year but about even with normal. The condition of the crop improved somewhat from last week to 1 percent very poor, 28 percent poor, 40 percent fair, 27 percent good, and 4 percent excellent, as the hot weather aided emergence of replanted fields. Wheat turning color has reached 61 percent, nearly 1 week ahead of both last year and the 5-year average. Some counties in the west-central and southwest districts are reporting short, poor quality wheat with blank heads showing up in spots. Abandonment is expected to be higher than normal, with many fields already baled for hay. However, other districts are mostly good to excellent. State-wide, wheat condition is rated 7 percent very poor, 11 percent poor, 29 percent fair, 45 percent good, and 8 percent excellent. The first cutting of alfalfa is 75 percent complete, 5 days ahead of last year and 11 days ahead of normal. Other hay is 35 percent cut, 2 days ahead of last year and 6 days ahead of normal. Early yields have been light, with reporters estimating production at one-third to two-thirds of normal.

Pasture & Livestock

Pasture condition is rated 7 percent very poor, 17 percent poor, 43 percent fair, 31 percent good, and 2 percent excellent, a slight decline from last week. Reporters around the State continue to comment on stalled pasture growth, low pond levels, and short hay supplies.

Weather Summary

Temperatures were well above normal for the week. The Bootheel saw highs in the upper 90’s, with average temperatures 6 to 9 degrees above normal. Western and northern counties were 9 to 12 degrees above normal, with highs in the lower 90’s. Rainfall averaged 0.33 inches for the State. Some districts experienced heavy rain but it was isolated to one or two counties, leaving surrounding counties mostly dry. Jasper County recorded 3.06 inches, pulling the southwest district average up to 0.82 inches. Dunklin County received 3.39 inches, giving the southeast district an average of 1.10 inches. Districts in the northern two-thirds of the State received about one-third inch or less.

District Summaries As Of May 28, 2006
  Missouri NW NC NE WC C EC SW SC SE
Days Suitable For Fieldwork                    
This Year 6.1 6.1 6.7 6.8 6.7 6.5 6.6 6.0 6.0 4.0
Last Year 6.5 6.6 6.1 6.4 6.7 6.4 6.3 5.7 6.9 7.0
Topsoil Moisture Supply                    
Very Short 10 14 4 40 6 5 14 7 0 0
Short 31 30 40 36 42 38 42 21 19 3
Adequate 56 55 50 23 49 56 44 72 79 87
Surplus 3 1 6 1 3 1 0 0 2 10
Corn Emerged, Percent                    
This Year 98 96 98 98 100 97 97 97 96 100
Last Week 93 90 87 91 99 96 88 96 78 99
Last Year 95 91 93 93 97 97 96 99 97 100
Normal 86                  
Soybeans Planted, Percent                    
This Year 74 87 85 80 69 88 81 28 39 50
Last Week 53 69 62 64 37 62 42 20 15 36
Last Year 80 84 80 83 79 85 78 41 75 83
Normal 56                  
Soybeans Emerged, Percent                    
This Year 44 48 46 55 35 62 49 14 30 29
Last Week 18 18 20 21 11 22 9 5 7 20
Last Year 55 54 53 63 53 55 51 17 57 61
Normal 36                  
Sorghum Planted, Percent                    
This Year 83 94 85 80 76 71 69 86 72 96
Last Week 63 92 47 53 55 51 40 62 57 95
Last Year 85 79 73 89 81 75 64 90 93 99
Normal 64                  
Winter Wheat Turning Color, Percent                    
This Year 61 19 12 44 70 46 42 82 83 76
Last Week 23 1 1 19 23 3 12 28 25 38
Last Year 25 2 2 3 15 15 11 8 49 60
Normal 41                  
Alfalfa Hay 1st Cutting, Percent                    
This Year 75 74 62 59 90 79 70 95 74 97
Last Week 41 49 23 26 56 44 28 64 38 33
Last Year 66 46 40 64 75 85 76 75 94 99
Normal 53                  
Other Hay Cut, Percent                    
This Year 35 28 29 17 31 39 34 52 40 22
Last Week 18 10 18 7 13 21 12 33 19 11
Last Year 32 18 15 20 20 33 33 35 53 38
Normal 24                  
Corn Condition                    
Very Poor 1 0 0 2 0 4 0 0 0 1
Poor 6 2 6 7 2 18 3 4 2 2
Fair 31 24 40 44 30 26 41 11 47 25
Good 56 69 45 43 59 51 56 80 43 60
Excellent 6 5 9 4 9 1 0 5 8 12
Winter Wheat Condition                    
Very Poor 7 1 0 0 6 0 0 39 0 0
Poor 11 2 1 5 26 10 4 25 3 6
Fair 29 28 26 30 29 29 28 31 20 31
Good 45 61 57 59 30 59 58 5 42 53
Excellent 8 8 16 6 9 2 10 0 35 10
Pasture Condition                    
Very Poor 7 3 6 18 5 5 2 19 0 0
Poor 17 12 23 37 30 9 6 26 1 0
Fair 43 42 51 34 44 51 32 45 35 23
Good 31 42 20 9 21 35 51 10 56 64
Excellent 2 1 0 2 0 0 9 0 8 13
                     
Average Precipitation 0.33 0.37 0.15 0.05 0.17 0.12 0.20 0.82 0.39 1.10