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Week Ending June 4, 2006

Agricultural Summary

Farmers made steady progress in cutting hay and planting soybeans during the week, while wheat producers prepared for harvest. There were 4.9 days suitable for fieldwork. Scattered thunderstorms brought improvement to topsoil moisture supplies, rated 7 percent very short, 28 percent short, 62 percent adequate, and 3 percent surplus. Most districts showed improvement, with the northeast district drastically better. Rainfall has been adequate to maintain growth and development of spring row crops. However, a lack of moisture reserve is causing many farmers concern heading into the hot summer weather, as a dry spell would cause rapid deterioration. Subsoil moisture supply is rated 10 percent very short, 42 percent short, 47 percent adequate, and 1 percent surplus. The Bootheel is the only district experiencing sufficient soil moisture, with 95 percent adequate to surplus.

Field Crops Report

Corn condition is rated 5 percent poor, 30 percent fair, 56 percent good, and 9 percent excellent, a slight improvement from last week as the crop benefited from the warm weather and recent rainfall. Soybean planting is 84 percent complete, 5 days behind last year but nearly 2 weeks ahead of the 5-year average of 69 percent. Emergence is at 65 percent, 3 days behind last year but 8 days ahead of normal. Condition of the crop is 5 percent poor, 36 percent fair, 55 percent good, and 4 percent excellent. Sorghum planting is 89 percent complete, 5 days behind last year but 12 days of normal. In the Bootheel, warm weather the past two weeks has improved rice and cotton conditions. Rice condition improved to 1 percent poor, 25 percent fair, 63 percent good, and 11 percent excellent. Cotton planting is virtually complete, while squaring is at 2 percent, slightly behind last year and the 5-year average. Condition of the crop is rated 21 percent poor, 42 percent fair, 33 percent good, and 4 percent excellent. Wheat turning color has reached 87 percent, about 1 week ahead of both last year and the 5-year average. Harvest is starting slightly ahead of normal, with most of the early harvest activity baling the poor quality fields for straw or haylage. Reports from around the state are indicating a few problems with disease or poor quality, but the overall condition is stable from last week at 7 percent very poor, 12 percent poor, 28 percent fair, 45 percent good, and 8 percent excellent. The first cutting of alfalfa is 87 percent complete, 8 days ahead of last year and 12 days ahead of normal. Other hay is 48 percent cut, 1 day ahead of last year and 1 week ahead of normal.

Pasture & Livestock

Pasture condition is rated 6 percent very poor, 16 percent poor, 43 percent fair, 33 percent good, and 2 percent excellent, a slight improvement over last week. Stock water supply is rated 6 percent very short, 25 percent short, 67 percent adequate, and 2 percent surplus. Hay supply is rated 9 percent very short, 25 percent short, 64 percent adequate, and 2 percent surplus. The worst shortages are in the west-central and southwest districts. Some producers there are cutting wheat for haylage as well as requesting permission to cut CRP ground for hay.

Weather Summary

Temperatures were above normal throughout the State. The northwest district was the warmest at 8 to 9 degrees above average, while southern counties were generally 3 to 5 degrees above normal. “Spotty” was the reporters’ word of choice to describe rainfall for the week, which averaged 1.15 inches for the State. Amounts ranged from none in scattered locations to 5.00 inches in Montgomery County and 6.43 in Monroe County. However, rainfall was highly variable even within counties, giving locally heavy totals but leaving other areas mostly dry. On average, central and northern districts had 1 inch or more, with the exception of the northwest district at 0.68 inches. The driest area was the Bootheel, which had 0.46 inches.

District Summaries As Of June 4, 2006
  Missouri NW NC NE WC C EC SW SC SE
Days Suitable For Fieldwork                    
This Year 4.9 5.7 4.4 3.3 4.2 5.1 5.1 5.8 6.1 4.9
Last Year 5.5 2.8 4.5 5.8 4.8 6.3 6.9 6.9 7.0 6.7
Topsoil Moisture Supply                    
Very Short 7 17 10 12 9 0 8 6 3 0
Short 28 38 28 23 31 31 34 18 36 7
Adequate 62 44 59 55 56 68 58 76 58 88
Surplus 3 1 3 10 4 1 0 0 3 5
Subsoil Moisture Supply                    
Very Short 10 15 10 20 19 6 3 9 7 0
Short 42 45 40 58 48 53 36 47 35 5
Adequate 47 38 50 21 33 41 61 44 56 94
Surplus 1 2 0 1 0 0 0 0 2 1
Soybeans Planted, Percent                    
This Year 84 96 92 89 81 93 90 39 43 66
Last Year 90 91 92 92 90 93 90 64 87 88
Normal 69                  
Soybeans Emerged, Percent                    
This Year 65 74 72 78 60 66 73 31 36 47
Last Year 73 76 75 78 68 73 59 39 72 73
Normal 49                  
Sorghum Planted, Percent                    
This Year 89 96 92 86 94 76 89 90 76 99
Last Year 95 92 92 99 94 91 84 95 100 100
Normal 75                  
Winter Wheat Turning Color, Percent                    
This Year 87 76 65 78 94 78 78 92 97 96
Last Year 68 53 30 48 71 48 68 61 94 92
Normal 70                  
Alfalfa Hay 1st Cutting, Percent                    
This Year 87 93 77 68 90 90 85 97 95 99
Last Year 78 60 62 83 91 92 91 92 97 100
Normal 68                  
Other Hay Cut, Percent                    
This Year 48 45 29 31 38 54 50 63 58 39
Last Year 46 23 25 32 32 47 52 63 75 90
Normal 37                  
Corn Condition                    
Very Poor 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
Poor 5 6 7 6 2 11 2 4 2 2
Fair 30 29 37 28 32 31 44 9 36 21
Good 56 58 43 54 51 56 51 77 54 64
Excellent 9 8 13 11 15 2 3 10 8 13
Soybean Condition                    
Very Poor 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
Poor 5 7 9 3 3 1 1 0 0 6
Fair 36 38 35 20 60 32 42 9 5 40
Good 55 52 49 63 35 67 56 91 91 53
Excellent 4 2 6 13 2 0 1 0 4 1
Winter Wheat Condition                    
Very Poor 7 0 0 0 9 0 0 37 0 0
Poor 12 4 4 5 30 6 3 34 4 6
Fair 28 40 26 28 32 23 27 23 9 30
Good 45 52 55 59 24 63 62 6 54 52
Excellent 8 4 15 8 5 8 8 0 33 12
Supply of Hay and Other Roughages                    
Very Short 9 5 2 8 14 0 1 29 9 0
Short 25 24 22 30 36 26 23 31 19 9
Adequate 64 64 74 52 50 74 76 39 70 90
Surplus 2 7 2 10 0 0 0 1 2 1
Pasture Condition                    
Very Poor 6 5 5 11 8 0 2 20 3 0
Poor 16 19 25 37 34 3 6 17 7 0
Fair 43 39 45 35 44 50 33 46 39 24
Good 33 35 23 15 14 46 50 16 48 65
Excellent 2 2 2 2 0 1 9 1 3 11
                     
Average Precipitation 1.15 0.68 1.42 2.52 1.67 1.03 1.25 0.88 0.84 0.46