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Week Ending June 18, 2006

Agricultural Summary

Farmers took advantage of mostly dry weather to harvest wheat and cut hay. Southern areas also saw progress in harvesting fescue seed. Pockets of dryness are developing in a few areas as a result of spotty rainfall. Topsoil moisture deteriorated somewhat to 10 percent very short, 33 percent short, 55 percent adequate, and 2 percent surplus, as the western and east-central districts registered substantial declines in the adequate to surplus categories. In general, however, spring crops remain in fair to good condition, developing well in warm, sunny weather and receiving just enough rain to maintain good plant health. There were 6.0 days suitable for fieldwork.

Field Crops Report

Corn condition is rated 1 percent very poor, 5 percent poor, 28 percent fair, 56 percent good, and 10 percent excellent, nearly identical to last week. Corn silked is at 9 percent, 5 days ahead of normal. The southwest district, where 47 percent of the crop is silked, is well ahead of other districts, while the northwest and northeast districts have yet to begin silking. Soybean planting is 95 percent complete, about even with last year but 11 days ahead of normal. Emergence is at 86 percent, 5 days behind last year but 8 days ahead of normal. Condition of the crop is very similar to last week at 1 percent very poor, 7 percent poor, 32 percent fair, 54 percent good, and 6 percent excellent. Sorghum planting is nearly complete at 97 percent, while heading has just begun. Condition of sorghum is rated 3 percent poor, 26 percent fair, 63 percent good, and 8 percent excellent. Hot temperatures and weekend rains in the Bootheel greatly benefited the rice and cotton crops. Rice condition improved to 1 percent poor, 25 percent fair, 62 percent good, and 12 percent excellent. Cotton condition improved to 10 percent poor, 42 percent fair, 44 percent good, and 4 percent excellent, a gain of 11 percentage points over last week in the good to excellent categories. Cotton squaring stands at 28 percent, 3 days ahead of last year and about even with the five-year average. Winter wheat harvest progressed rapidly to 63 percent complete, a week ahead of last year and the normal pace. Condition of the crop is 9 percent very poor, 12 percent poor, 24 percent fair, 47 percent good, and 8 percent excellent. The second growth of alfalfa is 30 percent cut, 2 days ahead of last year and 6 days ahead of normal. Other hay is 74 percent cut, 5 days ahead of last year and 9 days ahead of normal.

Pasture & Livestock

Pasture condition declined slightly from last week to 10 percent very poor, 22 percent poor, 40 percent fair, 27 percent good, and 1 percent excellent. The livestock water supply situation remains marginal to critical in most areas. Recent rains have maintained what supply is available, but have failed to raise pond and stream levels.

Weather Summary

Temperatures were near normal throughout the State. Northern areas saw high temperatures in the lower nineties, while a few central counties and the Bootheel reached the mid to upper nineties. Rainfall averaged 0.55 inches State-wide. The Bootheel received a soaking rain over the weekend, finishing the week with 1.86 inches. In contrast, the northwest and northeast districts received only about one-tenth inch, with several counties recording no measurable precipitation. Reporters continue to emphasize the scattered nature of recent rainfall, with considerable variability even within counties.

District Summaries As Of June 18, 2006
  Missouri NW NC NE WC C EC SW SC SE
Days Suitable For Fieldwork                    
This Year 6.0 6.7 5.7 6.3 5.8 6.0 5.5 6.1 5.8 5.9
Last Year 5.8 6.3 5.4 5.7 5.0 6.2 5.6 5.3 6.1 6.5
Topsoil Moisture Supply                    
Very Short 10 24 7 10 6 6 3 26 5 3
Short 33 39 35 20 48 35 45 33 38 8
Adequate 55 36 52 66 42 59 52 41 57 83
Surplus 2 1 6 4 4 0 0 0 0 6
Corn Silked and Beyond, Percent                    
This Year 9 0 4 0 2 2 6 47 0 21
Last Year 2 0 5 0 3 6 9 9 25 46
Normal 6                  
Soybeans Planted, Percent                    
This Year 95 100 100 97 93 97 98 65 86 90
Last Year 96 97 97 99 93 99 98 71 96 92
Normal 86                  
Soybeans Emerged, Percent                    
This Year 86 96 85 93 86 78 91 41 62 82
Last Year 90 93 94 95 81 95 89 60 85 95
Normal 75                  
Sorghum Planted, Percent                    
This Year 97 99 100 97 99 93 95 98 100 100
Last Year 98 100 98 100 97 100 94 100 100 100
Normal 90                  
Winter Wheat Harvested, Percent                    
This Year 63 5 29 13 62 54 30 66 67 88
Last Year 24 2 2 5 8 7 15 13 25 55
Normal 25                  
Alfalfa Hay 2nd Cutting, Percent                    
This Year 30 15 20 11 52 41 39 33 50 60
Last Year 24 13 11 8 26 30 24 40 53 89
Normal 16                  
Other Hay Cut, Percent                    
This Year 74 86 53 66 60 80 77 80 79 84
Last Year 65 48 43 56 46 69 71 80 90 100
Normal 59                  
Corn Condition                    
Very Poor 1 1 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 1
Poor 5 6 8 7 5 1 1 0 3 5
Fair 28 31 39 23 24 23 43 13 8 23
Good 56 58 31 54 53 73 54 79 67 58
Excellent 10 4 22 14 18 3 2 8 22 13
Soybean Condition                    
Very Poor 1 2 2 1 0 0 0 0 1 2
Poor 7 11 12 4 7 0 2 0 1 9
Fair 32 27 33 23 45 21 61 9 1 37
Good 54 57 40 64 36 77 36 89 93 50
Excellent 6 3 13 8 12 2 1 2 4 2
Sorghum Condition                    
Very Poor 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0
Poor 3 3 2 3 7 1 3 0 2 7
Fair 26 16 39 14 48 14 51 12 10 39
Good 63 77 53 70 38 82 44 79 62 51
Excellent 8 3 6 13 7 3 2 9 25 3
Winter Wheat Condition                    
Very Poor 9 1 0 1 7 0 0 49 0 0
Poor 12 5 3 4 24 4 7 32 2 5
Fair 24 42 26 28 33 16 37 15 12 23
Good 47 46 59 59 32 72 50 4 51 59
Excellent 8 6 12 8 4 8 6 0 35 13
Pasture Condition                    
Very Poor 10 7 3 9 13 5 2 25 8 1
Poor 22 27 24 36 34 14 9 28 10 10
Fair 40 43 40 38 39 49 45 35 35 20
Good 27 22 25 16 14 32 44 12 45 67
Excellent 1 1 8 1 0 0 0 0 2 2
                     
Average Precipitation 0.55 0.09 0.34 0.13 0.90 0.38 0.37 0.69 0.82 1.86