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Week Ending July 9, 2006

Agricultural Summary

Scattered showers and below normal temperatures during the week mitigated stress on row crops and helped keep conditions mostly fair to good. Drought stress was more pronounced in deteriorating pasture conditions and declines in moisture supplies. Topsoil moisture supplies are rated at 32 percent very short, 48 percent short, and 20 percent adequate. Subsoil moisture supplies have similar ratings at 34 percent very short, 45 percent short, and 21 percent adequate. The northwest, southwest, and south-central districts are suffering the most from moisture shortages, but all districts are in need of rain as row crops have little subsoil moisture to draw on during critical growth stages. There were 6.6 days suitable for fieldwork.

Field Crops Report

Corn silking is at 72 percent, 1 day ahead of a year earlier and 5 days ahead of the 5-year average. With the bulk of the crop entering pollination, the need for rain is now most acute. Condition of the crop is nearly the same as last week at 2 percent very poor, 8 percent poor, 29 percent fair, 53 percent good and 8 percent excellent. Thirty percent of the soybeans are blooming, 1 day behind last year but 6 days ahead of the 18 percent average. The important growth stage of pod set is just beginning, with 3 percent of the crop setting pods. Condition of the bean crop is rated 3 percent very poor, 11 percent poor, 36 percent fair, 45 percent good and 5 percent excellent, a decline from last week of 5 percentage points in the good and excellent categories. Sorghum heading is at 10 percent, nearly the same as both last year and average. Condition of the crop is rated 1 percent very poor, 5 percent poor, 33 percent fair, 55 percent good, and 6 percent excellent, a moderate decline from a week earlier. Five percent of the rice crop is headed, on pace with normal development. Rice condition continues to progress well at 2 percent poor, 16 percent fair, 58 percent good and 24 percent excellent. Cotton squaring is at 79 percent, while 18 percent has begun setting bolls, both about 2 days behind last year and average. Cotton condition is rated 10 percent poor, 39 percent fair, 48 percent good and 3 percent excellent, similar to a week ago. The second cutting of alfalfa is 85 percent complete, 1 day ahead of last year and over 1 week ahead of average, while the third cutting has begun at 6 percent harvested. Other hay is 92 percent cut, even with last year and over 1 week ahead of normal. Reporters indicate that hay yields have been variable, with some fields surprisingly good but others worse than expected.

Pasture & Livestock

Pasture condition is rated 22 percent very poor, 41 percent poor, 27 percent fair and 10 percent good, a further significant decline from a week earlier as grass growth is stalled in many areas. Stock water supplies are rated 18 percent very short, 32 percent short, 49 percent adequate, and 1 percent surplus. The west-central, central, and southwest districts have counties that have been critically low on pond levels for quite some time.

Weather Summary

Temperatures were below normal for the week, ranging from 1 to 5 degrees below average. Rainfall averaged 0.55 inches Statewide, with amounts by area ranging from 0.09 inches in the southwest to 0.91 inch in the west-central. Nearly all districts had some counties receive 1 to 2 inches, but nearby counties received little to no rain due to the scattered nature of summer storms.

District Summaries As Of July 9, 2006
  Missouri NW NC NE WC C EC SW SC SE
Days Suitable For Fieldwork                    
This Year 6.6 6.4 6.4 6.7 6.6 6.6 6.7 6.9 6.9 6.7
Last Year 6.6 6.8 6.3 6.7 6.5 6.8 6.7 6.6 6.9 6.2
Topsoil Moisture Supply                    
Very Short 32 41 14 23 25 33 21 67 29 39
Short 48 51 40 51 50 43 58 30 67 35
Adequate 20 8 46 26 25 24 21 3 4 26
Surplus 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Subsoil Moisture Supply                    
Very Short 34 50 16 51 31 42 16 64 27 6
Short 45 32 45 29 40 47 58 35 71 48
Adequate 21 18 39 20 29 11 26 1 2 46
Surplus 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Corn Silked and Beyond, Percent                    
This Year 72 47 76 68 86 85 50 98 46 94
Last Year 68 50 66 53 92 83 73 90 40 85
Normal 59                  
Soybeans Blooming and Beyond, Percent                    
This Year 30 36 41 29 38 29 44 3 7 17
Last Year 31 21 39 31 29 45 38 15 15 35
Normal 18                  
Sorghum Headed and Beyond, Percent                    
This Year 10 2 10 1 13 12 22 2 16 26
Last Year 10 9 22 3 16 13 17 13 12 12
Normal 11                  
Alfalfa Hay 2nd Cutting, Percent                    
This Year 85 90 65 72 89 97 89 99 95 99
Last Year 83 75 74 80 78 93 84 95 96 100
Normal 71                  
Other Hay Cut, Percent                    
This Year 92 95 85 90 91 93 95 94 95 100
Last Year 92 92 84 92 87 93 93 95 97 100
Normal 87                  
Corn Condition                    
Very Poor 2 2 7 3 1 6 1 0 1 1
Poor 8 5 12 7 7 15 6 3 9 7
Fair 29 21 32 28 41 25 53 36 34 25
Good 53 62 32 57 46 51 38 57 43 57
Excellent 8 10 17 5 5 3 2 4 13 10
Soybean Condition                    
Very Poor 3 2 6 2 1 3 1 0 1 5
Poor 11 14 10 6 15 10 3 5 16 15
Fair 36 32 34 28 47 26 57 17 36 43
Good 45 50 35 59 25 60 37 77 47 35
Excellent 5 2 15 5 12 1 2 1 0 2
Sorghum Condition                    
Very Poor 1 1 3 0 0 0 0 0 1 2
Poor 5 5 8 3 9 1 5 3 23 10
Fair 33 26 23 21 59 30 39 34 24 46
Good 55 65 64 64 30 66 53 60 26 41
Excellent 6 3 2 12 2 3 3 3 26 1
Stock Water Supplies                    
Very Short 18 15 3 10 28 30 6 28 10 2
Short 32 31 17 23 39 33 41 47 31 34
Adequate 49 53 80 66 33 37 51 25 58 64
Surplus 1 1 0 1 0 0 2 0 1 0
Pasture Condition                    
Very Poor 22 19 10 20 23 28 7 49 11 5
Poor 41 30 28 41 42 31 35 40 69 37
Fair 27 33 41 32 32 25 39 11 17 47
Good 10 18 20 6 3 16 19 0 3 11
Excellent 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
                     
Average Precipitation 0.55 0.78 0.55 0.42 0.91 0.55 0.27 0.09 0.76 0.47