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Week Ending July 16, 2006

Agricultural Summary

Timely and very welcome rain fell statewide during the week, with soaking rains in many counties that improved both crop and pasture conditions. Topsoil moisture supplies likewise improved, rated 20 percent very short, 38 percent short, 40 percent adequate, and 2 percent surplus, which is 22 percentage points above last week in the adequate and surplus categories. Soil moisture was distinctly improved in southern areas, although all but the southeast district are far from replenished. Consequently, timely rain will still be needed to continue pasture improvement and maintain row crops during reproductive stages. There were 4.8 days suitable for fieldwork.

Field Crops Report

Corn silking is at 85 percent, 1 day ahead of a year earlier and 5 days ahead of the 5-year average of 77 percent. Twenty-two percent of the crop is in dough stage, about even with both last year and the normal pace. The bulk of the crop was able to escape extreme heat during pollination, but needs rain to fill out ears. Condition of the crop is 2 percent very poor, 7 percent poor, 25 percent fair, 55 percent good, and 11 percent excellent, an improvement of 5 percentage points in good to excellent. Forty-five percent of the soybeans are blooming, 1 day behind last year but 5 days ahead of average. Pod setting is at 9 percent, 2 days behind last year but 2 days ahead of normal. Condition of the bean crop is rated 2 percent very poor, 10 percent poor, 35 percent fair, 47 percent good, and 6 percent excellent, a slight improvement over last week. Sorghum heading is at 24 percent, nearly the same as both last year and average, while 1 percent is turning color. Condition of the crop is rated 1 percent very poor, 4 percent poor, 27 percent fair, 60 percent good, and 8 percent excellent. Seven percent of the rice crop is headed, 5 days behind last year and 4 days behind average. Rice condition continues to progress well at 2 percent poor, 14 percent fair, 58 percent good, and 26 percent excellent. Cotton squaring is at 89 percent, behind last year by a few days, although setting bolls, at 45 percent complete, is ahead of last year by a few days. Cotton condition is rated 6 percent poor, 32 percent fair, 57 percent good, and 5 percent excellent, a significant improvement over a week ago. The second cutting of alfalfa is 91 percent complete, even with last year and 1 week ahead of average. The third cutting is 15 percent harvested, a few days behind last year but a few days ahead of average. Other hay is 94 percent cut, about the same as last year and slightly ahead of normal.

Pasture & Livestock

Pasture condition is rated 22 percent very poor, 30 percent poor, 32 percent fair, 15 percent good, and 1 percent excellent. Heavy rains in southern counties provided runoff to partially refill ponds, while improved pasture growth should reduce the need for supplemental hay feeding. Central and northern areas, however, are still in dire need of rain for livestock water supplies.

Weather Summary

Temperatures were near normal for most counties, although some southern areas were 2 to 3 degrees below average. Nearly every county received close to an inch or better of rainfall, with a statewide average of 2.04 inches. Prolonged downpours in the south-central district dumped over 6 inches in some counties and caused localized flash flooding. Notable amounts include 7.77 inches in Carter, 7.40 in Ripley, 6.33 in Shannon, and 5.58 in Texas.

District Summaries As Of July 16, 2006
  Missouri NW NC NE WC C EC SW SC SE
Days Suitable For Fieldwork                    
This Year 4.8 5.4 5.5 5.2 4.8 5.2 4.9 5.1 4.2 2.6
Last Year 5.9 6.9 6.9 6.7 6.9 6.9 4.9 6.9 5.4 0.7
Topsoil Moisture Supply                    
Very Short 20 29 15 9 31 28 15 38 9 0
Short 38 49 40 38 47 39 52 20 36 7
Adequate 40 22 45 50 22 32 33 42 50 87
Surplus 2 0 0 3 0 1 0 0 5 6
Corn Silked and Beyond, Percent                    
This Year 85 72 81 87 96 95 73 100 62 97
Last Year 84 74 85 72 96 92 85 99 57 96
Normal 77                  
Corn Dough Stage and Beyond, Percent                    
This Year 22 13 12 11 22 11 10 51 10 63
Last Year 21 18 11 15 38 14 10 32 4 42
Normal 22                  
Soybeans Blooming and Beyond, Percent                    
This Year 45 45 46 57 55 46 49 15 31 38
Last Year 47 33 58 47 44 62 61 35 37 42
Normal 33                  
Soybeans Setting Pods and Beyond, Percent                    
This Year 9 9 8 4 7 11 5 0 6 17
Last Year 11 5 12 9 10 12 9 4 3 19
Normal 7                  
Sorghum Headed and Beyond, Percent                    
This Year 24 8 12 2 28 23 42 20 30 51
Last Year 25 14 25 17 20 24 33 39 33 28
Normal 23                  
Alfalfa Hay 3rd Cutting, Percent                    
This Year 15 7 4 8 33 19 16 29 31 32
Last Year 18 13 9 8 18 23 15 43 31 34
Normal 11                  
Other Hay Cut, Percent                    
This Year 94 96 86 94 92 95 96 95 96 100
Last Year 95 96 91 96 89 96 97 97 98 100
Normal 92                  
Corn Condition                    
Very Poor 2 2 1 1 1 8 1 0 1 1
Poor 7 8 4 3 5 15 10 1 5 4
Fair 25 27 25 22 32 21 39 13 23 21
Good 55 53 52 61 54 50 40 71 51 61
Excellent 11 10 18 13 8 6 10 15 20 13
Soybean Condition                    
Very Poor 2 3 2 0 1 4 1 0 7 3
Poor 10 15 8 4 12 11 4 4 10 10
Fair 35 37 39 21 42 21 48 14 27 41
Good 47 41 38 65 31 61 42 81 47 44
Excellent 6 4 13 10 14 3 5 1 9 2
Sorghum Condition                    
Very Poor 1 1 3 0 0 0 0 0 1 2
Poor 4 7 7 0 5 2 5 2 14 10
Fair 27 27 44 16 26 34 28 17 33 38
Good 60 63 45 66 62 60 65 71 21 49
Excellent 8 2 1 18 7 4 2 10 31 1
Pasture Condition                    
Very Poor 22 24 8 13 31 30 13 44 6 1
Poor 30 25 31 39 37 28 29 25 35 6
Fair 32 33 42 35 27 20 27 19 49 71
Good 15 18 18 12 5 20 27 12 9 22
Excellent 1 0 1 1 0 2 4 0 1 0
                     
Average Precipitation 2.04 1.17 1.39 1.50 2.17 2.01 1.22 2.09 3.38 3.67