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Week Ending July 23, 2006

Agricultural Summary

Extreme heat was the dominant feature of the week. Moisture from the previous week was quickly sapped, although it did help sustain row crops through the hot days. Corn, soybeans, and sorghum conditions declined only slightly, while Bootheel cotton and rice actually improved. Pastures continue to suffer. Topsoil moisture supplies are 24 percent very short, 42 percent short, and 34 percent adequate. Only the southeast district has over 50 percent adequate to surplus topsoil moisture supply. There were 6.1 days suitable for fieldwork.

Field Crops Report

Corn silking is at 89 percent, 3 days behind last year but slightly ahead of normal. Thirty-seven percent of the crop is in dough stage, slightly behind both last year and the normal pace. Most of the crop was pollinated before the heat wave was in place, allowing fields to escape with only a minor drop in conditions. The crop rates 3 percent very poor, 8 percent poor, 26 percent fair, 53 percent good, and 10 percent excellent, a decline of 3 percentage points in good to excellent. Soybean blooming is at 58 percent, 2 days behind last year but 5 days ahead of average. Pod setting is at 18 percent, 2 days behind last year but 1 day ahead of normal. Condition of the bean crop is rated 3 percent very poor, 10 percent poor, 35 percent fair, 46 percent good, and 6 percent excellent. Sorghum heading has reached 50 percent, 1 day ahead of last year and 5 days ahead of normal, while 6 percent is turning color, 3 days ahead of both last year and normal. Condition of the crop is rated 1 percent very poor, 4 percent poor, 28 percent fair, 58 percent good, and 9 percent excellent. Twenty-four percent of the rice crop is headed, 2 days behind last year but 3 days ahead of average. Rice condition continues to progress well at 2 percent poor, 11 percent fair, 57 percent good, and 30 percent excellent. Cotton squaring is at 94 percent, behind last year by over 1 week and 5 days behind normal. Cotton setting bolls jumped ahead 32 percentage points to 77 percent complete, over 1 week ahead of both last year and the normal pace. Condition is rated 5 percent poor, 31 percent fair, 57 percent good, and 7 percent excellent. The second cutting of alfalfa is nearly wrapped up at 97 percent complete, while the third cutting is 31 percent harvested, slightly behind last year but 5 days ahead of normal. The other hay harvest is also nearing completion at 95 percent cut, about even with last year and average.

Pasture & Livestock

Pasture condition is rated 24 percent very poor, 34 percent poor, 28 percent fair, 13 percent good, and 1 percent excellent. Isolated areas saw pastures green up from rainfall, but most counties experienced a continued decline in pasture condition. Producers in the driest areas are feeding hay and hauling water to compensate for limited grass growth and dry ponds. Cattle were under stress during the extremely hot days.

Weather Summary

Temperatures were 3 to 5 degrees above average in the northern half of the State, while southern areas were 1 to 2 degrees above normal. Extreme heat was present for much of the week, with highs over 100 degrees at several locations, including 107 degrees at Versailles and 105 degrees at Green Ridge. A general lack of rainfall exacerbated temperatures and combined with high humidity to create heat indices well above 100 degrees in many areas. Rainfall averaged 0.38 inches for the week. The northwest district received 0.93 inches, but all other districts received about one-half inch or less, including 0.09 in the west-central, 0.05 in the central, and no measurable precipitation in the southwest.

District Summaries As Of July 23, 2006
  Missouri NW NC NE WC C EC SW SC SE
Days Suitable For Fieldwork                    
This Year 6.1 5.4 5.7 6.1 6.8 6.3 5.8 7.0 6.3 5.9
Last Year 6.1 5.7 6.8 6.9 6.5 6.9 6.0 6.7 5.9 3.8
Topsoil Moisture Supply                    
Very Short 24 19 18 21 39 31 13 54 16 1
Short 42 57 37 44 50 43 43 31 45 22
Adequate 34 23 45 34 11 25 44 15 39 74
Surplus 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 3
Corn Silked and Beyond, Percent                    
This Year 89 77 90 88 97 96 79 100 73 100
Last Year 92 88 94 86 99 95 91 100 62 98
Normal 88                  
Corn Dough Stage and Beyond, Percent                    
This Year 37 16 22 22 47 27 34 75 28 88
Last Year 42 34 27 38 60 34 34 72 8 61
Normal 39                  
Soybeans Blooming and Beyond, Percent                    
This Year 58 53 57 62 67 70 54 21 51 54
Last Year 63 58 76 65 63 73 74 46 48 50
Normal 49                  
Soybeans Setting Pods and Beyond, Percent                    
This Year 18 17 15 14 27 17 11 5 20 23
Last Year 21 29 18 24 23 17 20 7 5 21
Normal 16                  
Sorghum Headed and Beyond, Percent                    
This Year 50 23 37 36 50 54 54 54 45 73
Last Year 46 30 46 44 33 41 51 58 37 57
Normal 38                  
Sorghum Turning Color and Beyond, Percent                    
This Year 6 1 0 0 24 0 1 2 5 14
Last Year 3 1 4 2 2 5 0 0 2 4
Normal 3                  
Alfalfa Hay 3rd Cutting, Percent                    
This Year 31 20 12 22 40 29 24 50 63 94
Last Year 33 27 19 20 26 37 26 63 56 44
Normal 22                  
Other Hay Cut, Percent                    
This Year 95 97 87 95 93 97 98 96 97 100
Last Year 96 98 95 98 90 98 99 98 99 100
Normal 94                  
Corn Condition                    
Very Poor 3 0 9 4 1 9 2 0 1 1
Poor 8 9 11 7 5 11 4 3 6 5
Fair 26 23 27 28 38 26 27 31 23 19
Good 53 59 39 53 45 51 58 60 49 60
Excellent 10 9 14 8 11 3 9 6 21 15
Soybean Condition                    
Very Poor 3 1 9 2 1 5 1 0 5 4
Poor 10 9 13 7 14 11 3 7 7 11
Fair 35 39 30 26 48 27 26 20 32 42
Good 46 48 37 58 29 54 57 73 47 41
Excellent 6 3 11 7 8 3 13 0 9 2
Sorghum Condition                    
Very Poor 1 1 6 0 0 0 0 0 1 0
Poor 4 3 8 1 5 8 6 1 11 5
Fair 28 22 40 16 38 32 20 23 36 37
Good 58 72 45 65 51 55 71 71 21 52
Excellent 9 2 1 18 6 5 3 5 31 6
Pasture Condition                    
Very Poor 24 19 10 20 33 35 15 50 10 0
Poor 34 31 33 41 42 28 25 35 42 2
Fair 28 38 36 28 24 16 29 12 37 70
Good 13 12 20 10 1 19 31 3 10 25
Excellent 1 0 1 1 0 2 0 0 1 3
                     
Average Precipitation 0.38 0.93 0.54 0.41 0.09 0.05 0.54 0.00 0.37 0.49