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Week Ending July 30, 2006

Agricultural Summary

Another heat wave moved into the State late in the week, further reducing soil moisture and inflicting moderate to severe stress on row crops and pastures. Rain is needed to fill corn kernels, set soybean pods, restart pasture growth, and fill ponds. Reporters have yet to see disease and insect pressure, saving the crops further stress. Topsoil moisture supplies are 35 percent very short, 43 percent short, 21 percent adequate, and 1 percent surplus. All districts saw declines except the south-central, which remained stable. The west-central, central, and southwest districts all rate under 10 percent in the adequate to surplus categories. There were 6.4 days suitable for fieldwork.

Field Crops Report

Corn silking is virtually complete. Fifty-nine percent of the crop is in dough stage, slightly behind last year but slightly ahead of the normal pace. Corn in the dent stage has reached 20 percent, about 2 days ahead of both last year and average. Reporters saw a substantial decline in corn condition, raising concerns of poor kernel fill and the loss of top-end yields. The crop is rated 4 percent very poor, 10 percent poor, 32 percent fair, 46 percent good, and 8 percent excellent, a decline of 9 percentage points in good to excellent. The northwest, central, and east-central districts all experienced sharp deterioration of just under 20 points. Despite the drop in condition, this year’s crop on a statewide basis is still rated 22 points better in good to excellent than last year’s corn crop at this time. Soybean blooming is at 74 percent, 1 day behind last year but 5 days ahead of average. Pod setting is at 33 percent, 2 days behind last year but 2 days ahead of the 5-year average of 30 percent. Condition of the bean crop is rated 4 percent very poor, 12 percent poor, 36 percent fair, 42 percent good, and 6 percent excellent, a drop of 4 percentage points in good to excellent. Extreme heat has caused concern about pods aborting. Sorghum heading has reached 74 percent, 2 days ahead of last year and over 1 week ahead of normal, while 10 percent is turning color, about even with last year and normal. Condition of the crop is rated 1 percent very poor, 5 percent poor, 33 percent fair, 56 percent good, and 5 percent excellent. Thirty-four percent of the rice crop is headed, 4 days behind last year but even with average. Rice condition was stable from last week at 2 percent poor, 11 percent fair, 53 percent good, and 34 percent excellent. Cotton squaring is virtually complete at 98 percent. Cotton setting bolls is 84 percent complete, over 1 week ahead of last year and 4 days ahead of average. In contrast to other crops, cotton condition improved over last week to 5 percent poor, 24 percent fair, 63 percent good, and 8 percent excellent, up 7 percentage points in good to excellent. The third cutting of alfalfa is 57 percent harvested, 4 days ahead of last year and 9 days ahead of normal.

Pasture & Livestock

Pasture condition is rated 31 percent very poor, 35 percent poor, 25 percent fair, and 9 percent good. There is concern about lack of feed and water for cattle, as pastures lie dormant and pond levels continue to drop. Producers in central and southwestern areas have been feeding supplemental hay for several weeks, but reporters indicate that supplemental feeding is now becoming necessary nearly statewide. Heat stress is also evident in cattle.

Weather Summary

Temperatures were as much as 6 degrees above average in central and northern counties, while the Bootheel was 2 to 4 degrees below normal. A few locations, such as Columbia, Versailles, and Green Ridge saw extreme highs for the week at or above 100 degrees. Rainfall averaged 0.48 inches statewide. By area, the north-central district received 0.17 inches, while the northwest and west-central each received 0.23. All other districts saw 2/3 inches or less with the exception of the southeast, where 1.43 inches fell, including 5.84 inches in Dunklin County.

District Summaries As Of July 30, 2006
  Missouri NW NC NE WC C EC SW SC SE
Days Suitable For Fieldwork                    
This Year 6.4 6.8 6.4 6.5 6.7 6.9 6.2 6.9 6.5 5.2
Last Year 6.2 5.2 5.7 6.3 6.3 6.4 6.5 6.4 6.5 6.9
Topsoil Moisture Supply                    
Very Short 35 46 23 25 47 53 30 67 15 4
Short 43 36 58 52 46 38 55 28 45 30
Adequate 21 18 19 22 7 9 15 5 40 61
Surplus 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 5
Corn Dough Stage and Beyond, Percent                    
This Year 59 38 54 40 83 62 46 86 36 96
Last Year 63 51 54 59 79 54 66 91 30 81
Normal 57                  
Corn Dented, Percent                    
This Year 20 11 15 2 38 12 4 43 0 55
Last Year 15 10 7 16 27 5 23 53 8 23
Normal 14                  
Soybeans Blooming and Beyond, Percent                    
This Year 74 64 77 76 83 80 73 33 54 74
Last Year 77 73 84 77 81 80 85 76 69 66
Normal 64                  
Soybeans Setting Pods and Beyond, Percent                    
This Year 33 33 33 26 40 30 20 7 22 49
Last Year 39 47 45 32 42 30 45 41 13 36
Normal 30                  
Sorghum Headed and Beyond, Percent                    
This Year 74 65 69 67 86 60 64 85 50 95
Last Year 69 66 74 65 62 50 64 87 50 80
Normal 56                  
Sorghum Turning Color and Beyond, Percent                    
This Year 10 2 1 1 40 2 2 5 12 25
Last Year 11 1 27 5 8 8 1 24 4 10
Normal 10                  
Alfalfa Hay 3rd Cutting, Percent                    
This Year 57 48 43 35 85 69 45 76 76 99
Last Year 48 42 35 28 59 45 45 77 71 83
Normal 36                  
Corn Condition                    
Very Poor 4 2 10 3 1 13 2 1 2 0
Poor 10 16 13 8 7 15 8 3 7 3
Fair 32 32 28 34 39 37 40 32 22 19
Good 46 43 39 49 47 31 43 60 49 64
Excellent 8 7 10 6 6 4 7 4 20 14
Soybean Condition                    
Very Poor 4 4 10 2 1 9 1 0 6 3
Poor 12 17 15 7 18 14 5 9 6 9
Fair 36 40 34 32 42 35 45 42 25 30
Good 42 33 30 55 33 41 41 49 54 52
Excellent 6 6 11 4 6 1 8 0 9 6
Sorghum Condition                    
Very Poor 1 3 6 0 0 2 0 0 1 0
Poor 5 24 11 1 7 9 5 2 11 4
Fair 33 20 49 26 60 37 30 22 36 33
Good 56 52 34 63 30 50 64 70 21 59
Excellent 5 1 0 10 3 2 1 6 31 4
Pasture Condition                    
Very Poor 31 41 13 19 40 46 16 60 11 0
Poor 35 27 41 44 36 30 29 28 42 2
Fair 25 23 34 30 19 13 33 10 38 72
Good 9 8 12 6 5 10 22 2 9 23
Excellent 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 3
                     
Average Precipitation 0.48 0.23 0.17 0.66 0.23 0.34 0.48 0.55 0.65 1.43