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Week Ending August 27, 2006

Agricultural Summary

Moderate temperatures and soaking rain nearly statewide improved soybean conditions and perked up dormant pastures, while early corn harvest saw mixed yield reports. Topsoil moisture supplies improved substantially from last week to 17 percent very short, 28 percent short, 47 percent adequate, and 8 percent surplus. Several districts showed dramatic improvements, although the southwest and east-central districts were helped only marginally. Most areas are still in need of rain to boost subsoil moisture and refill creeks and ponds. There were 4.8 days suitable for fieldwork.

Field Crops Report

Ninety percent of the corn crop is dented, which is 3 days ahead of last year and 8 days ahead of normal. Fifty-two percent is mature, 1 day ahead of last year and 4 days ahead of the 5-year average of 38 percent. Harvest is 9 percent complete, 4 days ahead of both last year and normal. Harvest has advanced rapidly in west-central and southwestern areas due to rapid dry-down. Reporters in those areas are seeing variable yields, with some of the poorest areas less drought-damaged than expected. Northern districts are maturing near the normal pace, with the bulk of their harvest starting later in September. Corn condition is rated 6 percent very poor, 15 percent poor, 33 percent fair, 40 percent good, and 6 percent excellent, nearly the same as last week. Soybean pod set is at 93 percent, about even with last year but 4 days ahead of average. Soybeans turning color is at 9 percent, 2 days behind both last year and normal, while 2 percent are dropping leaves. Condition of the bean crop rates 8 percent very poor, 19 percent poor, 33 percent fair, 34 percent good, and 6 percent excellent, an improvement of 6 points over last week in good to excellent and 10 points better than last year at this time. There were reports of isolated problems, including sudden death syndrome in Marion County, spots of dead plants and defoliation due to dryness in Dade County, and heavy flights of pod worm moths in the Bootheel. Sorghum heading is virtually complete, while 73 percent is turning color, 2 days ahead of last year and 5 days ahead of normal. Sorghum mature is at 19 percent, about 3 days ahead of both last year and normal. Sorghum condition is rated 1 percent very poor, 8 percent poor, 45 percent fair, 42 percent good, and 4 percent excellent. Nearly all the rice crop is headed, while harvest has just gotten started at 1 percent complete. Rice condition is rated 3 percent poor, 11 percent fair, 53 percent good, and 33 percent excellent. Cotton opening bolls is at 21 percent, 5 days ahead of last year and 2 days ahead of normal. Condition of the crop is 5 percent poor, 22 percent fair, 65 percent good, and 8 percent excellent. Producers with alfalfa left to cut were mainly doing spot cutting of fields. The third cutting is 91 percent harvested, 11 days ahead of last year and 2 weeks ahead of average.

Pasture & Livestock

Pasture condition is rated 34 percent very poor, 31 percent poor, 23 percent fair, 11 percent good, and 1 percent excellent, a modest improvement over last week. Reporters indicated that pastures are greening and breaking dormancy, but have not shown much growth yet. However, recent rain is improving hopes of revived fall pastures.

Weather Summary

Most of the state experienced near normal temperatures for the week, although a few central counties were 3 to 4 degrees above average. The State did well on rainfall, averaging 1.49 inches. Every district received over an inch except the northeast, which was just shy at 0.95 inches. Receiving the most was the central district at 2.49 inches and the west-central at 2.43. Localized totals of 4 to 8 inches and isolated flash flooding were reported in those same districts.

District Summaries As Of August 27, 2006
  Missouri NW NC NE WC C EC SW SC SE
Days Suitable For Fieldwork                    
This Year 4.8 3.0 4.2 4.9 4.8 4.9 5.1 5.6 5.4 6.0
Last Year 3.9 4.1 3.9 4.4 1.9 2.4 4.0 6.1 5.3 4.4
Topsoil Moisture Supply                    
Very Short 17 5 7 15 20 25 28 49 7 9
Short 28 10 17 34 37 27 49 42 38 19
Adequate 47 58 75 47 43 38 23 9 53 60
Surplus 8 27 1 4 0 10 0 0 2 12
Corn Mature, Percent                    
This Year 52 25 44 40 82 65 47 86 42 70
Last Year 50 29 40 36 69 69 40 83 24 79
Normal 38                  
Corn Harvested, Percent                    
This Year 9 2 2 4 25 7 4 47 10 15
Last Year 5 2 3 5 4 6 3 29 7 9
Normal 5                  
Soybeans Setting Pods and Beyond, Percent                    
This Year 93 96 93 96 95 93 92 88 80 88
Last Year 94 96 96 90 95 95 95 97 75 88
Normal 87                  
Soybeans Turning Color and Beyond, Percent                    
This Year 9 6 4 7 13 12 14 10 3 11
Last Year 11 9 8 12 12 18 12 10 2 9
Normal 11                  
Sorghum Turning Color and Beyond, Percent                    
This Year 73 82 82 66 95 56 44 96 51 97
Last Year 69 69 68 68 74 48 44 89 40 84
Normal 62                  
Sorghum Mature, Percent                    
This Year 19 9 2 11 49 9 8 42 3 26
Last Year 10 3 2 11 11 2 0 22 1 16
Normal 13                  
Alfalfa Hay 3rd Cutting, Percent                    
This Year 91 91 82 89 100 96 95 99 100 100
Last Year 79 83 78 46 98 70 96 98 94 100
Normal 80                  
Corn Condition                    
Very Poor 6 4 15 6 2 19 2 1 0 1
Poor 15 19 16 15 14 22 17 9 5 5
Fair 33 32 21 45 50 31 37 38 5 20
Good 40 40 37 31 33 27 41 49 47 61
Excellent 6 5 11 3 1 1 3 3 43 13
Soybean Condition                    
Very Poor 8 3 12 4 7 16 1 38 0 4
Poor 19 16 19 11 37 22 10 46 0 15
Fair 33 31 22 31 49 36 51 12 35 33
Good 34 39 38 50 7 26 33 4 59 41
Excellent 6 11 9 4 0 0 5 0 6 7
Sorghum Condition                    
Very Poor 1 1 3 0 2 6 0 0 0 0
Poor 8 4 15 5 16 17 7 8 3 4
Fair 45 18 56 44 61 45 32 76 44 32
Good 42 73 22 48 21 32 59 16 21 55
Excellent 4 4 4 3 0 0 2 0 32 9
Pasture Condition                    
Very Poor 34 11 10 25 55 56 28 68 14 3
Poor 31 31 16 35 38 28 44 17 41 56
Fair 23 23 53 33 7 11 26 13 27 29
Good 11 34 21 6 0 5 2 2 13 12
Excellent 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 5 0
                     
Average Precipitation 1.49 1.59 1.09 0.95 2.43 2.49 1.03 1.03 1.08 1.14