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Week Ending September 3, 2006

Agricultural Summary

Row crop and pasture conditions held steady or showed slight improvement in nearly every area of the State, benefiting from cool temperatures and periodic showers. However, pastures and soybeans are struggling in the west-central and southwest districts, which are still very short on moisture. Statewide, topsoil moisture supplies showed a modest decline from last week to 21 percent very short, 31 percent short, 45 percent adequate, and 3 percent surplus. Most of the State remains short to very short in subsoil moisture supplies, which rate 33 percent very short, 36 percent short, and 31 percent adequate. The southwest district has the poorest rating with 90 percent very short, followed by the west-central at 62 percent very short. There were 5.8 days suitable for fieldwork.

Field Crops Report

Ninety-six percent of the corn crop is dented, which is 5 days ahead of last year and 10 days ahead of normal. Sixty-eight percent is mature, 1 day ahead of last year and 6 days ahead of the 5-year average of 56 percent. Harvest is 21 percent complete, about 4 to 5 days ahead of both last year and normal. Pockets of drought-damaged corn have been harvested quickly to prevent further losses from stalk deterioration. However, the bulk of the crop is still too wet to harvest, as dry-down has been slowed by cool, wet weather. Corn condition improved somewhat from last week to 5 percent very poor, 13 percent poor, 31 percent fair, 45 percent good, and 6 percent excellent, although little change is expected hereafter as the crop nears maturity. Soybeans turning color is at 20 percent, 3 days behind last year and slightly behind normal. Five percent are dropping leaves, about even with both last year and normal. Condition of the bean crop rates 6 percent very poor, 19 percent poor, 34 percent fair, 36 percent good, and 5 percent excellent, 9 points better in good to excellent than last year at this time. While most of the State has seen good improvement in soybeans fields over the last month, the southwest district rates 83 percent poor to very poor, while the west-central district is 49 percent poor to very poor. Eighty-three percent of the sorghum crop is turning color, 1 day ahead of last year and 5 days ahead of normal. Sorghum mature is at 31 percent, about the same as last year but slightly ahead of the average pace. Five percent of the sorghum crop is harvested, with most of the activity in the west-central and southwest districts. Sorghum condition is rated 1 percent very poor, 10 percent poor, 40 percent fair, 44 percent good, and 5 percent excellent. Rice harvest is 4 percent complete, slightly ahead of last year and normal. Rice condition is rated 2 percent poor, 10 percent fair, 57 percent good, and 31 percent excellent. Cotton opening bolls is at 26 percent, 2 days ahead of last year but 3 days behind normal. Condition of the crop is 5 percent poor, 20 percent fair, 68 percent good, and 7 percent excellent. The third cutting of alfalfa is 94 percent harvested, over 2 weeks ahead of last year and average.

Pasture & Livestock

Pasture condition is rated 35 percent very poor, 29 percent poor, 22 percent fair, 13 percent good, and 1 percent excellent, a modest improvement over last week. Hay supply rates 17 percent very short, 32 percent short, 48 percent adequate, and 3 percent surplus. Fall pasture growth will help most areas build supplies, but some producers in central and southwestern areas will likely have to buy supplemental hay to make it through winter. Stock water supplies rate 21 percent very short, 28 percent short, 50 percent adequate, and 1 percent surplus. Many areas in the west-central, central, and southwest districts still need substantial rain to bring streams and ponds to minimally acceptable levels.

Weather Summary

It was a cool week throughout the State, as temperatures were 5 to 8 degrees below average in most areas. Rainfall was light to moderate, averaging 0.81 inches for the week. The northwest district at 1.15 inches and the west-central at 1.21 were the wettest, while all other districts received about one-half to one inch of rain.

District Summaries As Of September 3, 2006
  Missouri NW NC NE WC C EC SW SC SE
Days Suitable For Fieldwork                    
This Year 5.8 5.2 4.8 5.7 5.6 6.4 5.7 7.0 6.7 5.9
Last Year 6.3 6.5 6.7 6.7 5.4 6.9 6.6 6.5 6.9 4.8
Topsoil Moisture Supply                    
Very Short 21 6 2 17 35 30 22 69 7 10
Short 31 10 10 39 46 28 40 25 60 22
Adequate 45 62 88 44 19 39 38 6 33 68
Surplus 3 22 0 0 0 3 0 0 0 0
Subsoil Moisture Supply                    
Very Short 33 15 3 36 62 48 37 90 8 0
Short 36 40 29 56 28 32 50 10 62 19
Adequate 31 44 67 8 10 19 13 0 30 81
Surplus 0 1 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0
Corn Mature, Percent                    
This Year 68 34 60 53 91 85 68 96 79 92
Last Year 66 35 59 53 87 86 65 91 32 95
Normal 56                  
Corn Harvested, Percent                    
This Year 21 3 5 9 41 28 10 78 18 39
Last Year 13 4 7 9 19 16 16 46 13 23
Normal 12                  
Soybeans Turning Color and Beyond, Percent                    
This Year 20 17 12 14 23 19 29 27 17 25
Last Year 27 35 32 37 16 29 26 25 5 16
Normal 21                  
Sorghum Mature, Percent                    
This Year 31 20 3 12 58 20 40 74 7 51
Last Year 32 14 17 39 21 14 21 55 4 39
Normal 28                  
Corn Condition                    
Very Poor 5 3 3 5 1 19 1 0 0 1
Poor 13 17 6 12 11 22 16 6 4 5
Fair 31 31 16 39 51 29 33 20 18 20
Good 45 45 59 41 36 29 48 64 42 61
Excellent 6 4 16 3 1 1 2 10 36 13
Soybean Condition                    
Very Poor 6 3 2 4 8 15 1 35 0 5
Poor 19 12 9 16 41 31 7 48 0 16
Fair 34 37 31 29 42 33 47 16 43 33
Good 36 42 46 48 9 21 43 1 51 39
Excellent 5 6 12 3 0 0 2 0 6 7
Sorghum Condition                    
Very Poor 1 1 0 0 2 7 0 0 0 0
Poor 10 3 13 6 17 20 7 23 3 4
Fair 40 16 52 37 66 41 29 64 43 30
Good 44 76 29 54 15 32 63 13 22 53
Excellent 5 4 6 3 0 0 1 0 32 13
Supply of Hay and Other Roughages                    
Very Short 17 0 4 12 30 27 14 40 1 0
Short 32 37 18 31 40 36 29 54 16 1
Adequate 48 57 66 51 30 36 56 6 83 95
Surplus 3 6 12 6 0 1 1 0 0 4
Stock Water Supplies                    
Very Short 21 4 3 11 43 30 23 43 0 0
Short 28 14 17 34 39 38 35 37 11 3
Adequate 50 78 80 51 18 31 41 20 89 94
Surplus 1 4 0 4 0 1 1 0 0 3
Pasture Condition                    
Very Poor 35 9 5 23 54 60 26 73 9 4
Poor 29 22 11 36 36 26 49 19 43 34
Fair 22 36 43 33 10 12 23 8 24 44
Good 13 30 37 8 0 2 2 0 24 18
Excellent 1 3 4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
                     
Average Precipitation 0.81 1.15 0.64 0.47 1.21 0.74 0.39 0.91 0.91 0.96