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Week Ending September 10, 2006

Agricultural Summary

Farmers made steady progress in corn harvest during the week, while waiting on soybean and milo crops that are maturing somewhat behind last year’s pace. Those that have finished corn harvest have just started to plant winter wheat. Rice harvest progressed ahead of schedule in the Bootheel, but cotton harvest has yet to begin. A mostly dry week left topsoil moisture supplies slightly down from last week to 24 percent very short, 32 percent short, 41 percent adequate, and 3 percent surplus. There were 6.2 days suitable for fieldwork.

Field Crops Report

Corn denting is virtually complete, while 81 percent of the crop is mature, 4 days ahead of last year and 5 days ahead of the 5-year average of 71 percent. Harvest is 31 percent complete, an advance of 10 percentage points over last week and a few days ahead of last year and normal. Of the major crop areas, harvest is ahead of last year in the Bootheel, but wet weather has slowed drydown in the three northern districts, putting progress behind last year. Producers are eager to get into fields due to concerns about stalk condition. Stalk rot is showing up in areas that have been wet the past few weeks, while other areas that had excessive dryness this summer are seeing brittle stalks. Corn condition rates 6 percent very poor, 12 percent poor, 32 percent fair, 43 percent good, and 7 percent excellent. Soybeans turning color is at 41 percent, 3 days behind last year but 1 day ahead of normal. Eleven percent is dropping leaves, 3 days behind last year and 2 days behind normal. Condition of the bean crop rates 7 percent very poor, 17 percent poor, 32 percent fair, 36 percent good, and 8 percent excellent, an improvement of 3 points in good to excellent from last week. Eighty-eight percent of the sorghum crop is turning color, 1 day behind last year but 3 days ahead of normal. Sorghum mature is at 44 percent, 3 days behind last year but slightly ahead of average. Thirteen percent of the sorghum crop is harvested, 1 point above last year and normal. Sorghum condition is rated 1 percent very poor, 11 percent poor, 41 percent fair, 42 percent good, and 5 percent excellent. Rice harvest is 15 percent complete, 1 week ahead of last year and over 4 days ahead of normal. Rice condition is rated 2 percent poor, 9 percent fair, 56 percent good, and 33 percent excellent. Cotton took advantage of a dry week, with the portion of the crop opening bolls moving ahead 29 points from last week to 55 percent, at least 5 days ahead of last year and normal. Condition of the crop is 5 percent poor, 22 percent fair, 67 percent good, and 6 percent excellent.

Pasture & Livestock

Pasture condition is rated 36 percent very poor, 26 percent poor, 22 percent fair, 14 percent good, and 2 percent excellent. The current rating is 2 points better than last week in good to excellent, but most of the gain is attributable to a significant improvement in the northwest district. Fall pasture growth has been minimal especially in the southwest district, while the west-central, central, and southwest districts remain critically short of livestock water supplies.

Weather Summary

It was another cool week throughout the State, as temperatures were 3 to 7 degrees below average, depending on location. A dry week resulted in average rainfall of 0.16 inches on a statewide basis. The northwest district received the most at 0.66 inches, but all other districts averaged less than one-third inch.


District Summaries As Of September 10, 2006
  Missouri NW NC NE WC C EC SW SC SE
Days Suitable For Fieldwork                    
This Year 6.2 4.7 5.4 6.4 6.2 6.5 6.2 6.9 6.9 7.0
Last Year 6.9 6.6 6.9 6.8 6.5 7.0 6.9 7.0 7.0 7.0
Topsoil Moisture Supply                    
Very Short 24 5 1 15 41 36 34 85 11 17
Short 32 9 14 46 45 34 37 14 58 32
Adequate 41 76 80 37 14 28 29 1 31 51
Surplus 3 10 5 2 0 2 0 0 0 0
Corn Mature, Percent                    
This Year 81 54 80 70 99 94 85 99 86 100
Last Year 75 48 70 70 92 92 78 95 54 99
Normal 71                  
Corn Harvested, Percent                    
This Year 31 5 18 14 55 42 20 91 25 66
Last Year 27 11 20 20 38 36 29 64 23 45
Normal 23                  
Soybeans Turning Color and Beyond, Percent                    
This Year 41 49 37 40 36 40 52 31 23 43
Last Year 50 66 61 63 25 46 49 40 23 31
Normal 39                  
Soybeans Dropping Leaves and Beyond, Percent                    
This Year 11 7 8 6 15 8 16 8 0 20
Last Year 16 16 19 23 9 13 9 16 9 12
Normal 15                  
Sorghum Mature, Percent                    
This Year 44 28 14 23 63 31 54 86 11 64
Last Year 52 36 26 62 59 32 36 73 9 59
Normal 43                  
Sorghum Harvested, Percent                    
This Year 13 0 0 1 43 12 0 40 0 17
Last Year 12 0 4 9 7 9 6 36 2 14
Normal 12                  
Alfalfa Hay 3rd Cutting, Percent                    
This Year 97 94 96 98 100 100 98 100 100 100
Last Year 92 100 94 60 100 93 100 100 98 100
Normal 91                  
Corn Condition                    
Very Poor 6 1 15 5 1 19 1 1 0 1
Poor 12 11 14 12 11 21 17 4 4 5
Fair 32 37 24 36 49 29 31 20 4 20
Good 43 43 37 43 37 28 47 61 48 61
Excellent 7 8 10 4 2 3 4 14 44 13
Soybean Condition                    
Very Poor 7 1 11 4 8 15 1 48 0 5
Poor 17 6 17 12 41 26 8 34 0 13
Fair 32 32 29 31 42 32 45 15 38 30
Good 36 45 33 49 9 27 40 3 56 42
Excellent 8 16 10 4 0 0 6 0 6 10
Sorghum Condition                    
Very Poor 1 1 3 0 2 7 0 0 0 1
Poor 11 3 13 6 17 21 8 23 3 5
Fair 41 33 46 37 66 41 29 59 42 34
Good 42 28 34 54 15 31 61 18 22 50
Excellent 5 35 4 3 0 0 2 0 33 10
Pasture Condition                    
Very Poor 36 4 8 20 53 55 33 78 28 5
Poor 26 9 13 38 35 26 50 16 36 37
Fair 22 44 40 33 12 15 16 6 16 44
Good 14 29 36 9 0 4 1 0 20 14
Excellent 2 14 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Average Precipitation 0.16 0.66 0.32 0.13 0.07 0.04 0.11 0.03 0.02 0.00