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Week Ending September 24, 2006

Agricultural Summary

Harvesting progress is staying ahead of normal for corn and rice, while harvesting of soybeans, sorghum and cotton is running slightly behind average. The maturing process has been similar to normal for most crops but warmer weather is needed to speed drying of crops already mature. Topsoil moisture supplies are rated 16 percent very short, 27 percent short, 48 percent adequate, and 9 percent surplus. The driest areas continue to be in the west-central and southwest districts, while the surplus moisture is mainly in southeastern counties where heavy rains caused flooding and significant crop damage in many fields. There were 5.4 days suitable for fieldwork.

Field Crops Report

Ninety-five percent of the corn crop is mature, the same as a year earlier but 4 days ahead of the 5-year average of 92 percent. Harvesting is 57 percent complete, 2 day ahead of last year and 4 days ahead of normal. Progress of the corn harvest by area ranges from 20 percent complete in the northwest district to 88 percent in the west-central and southeast districts and 97 percent in the southwest. The soybean crop is 82 percent turning color, 51 percent dropping leaves and 21 percent mature, 2 or 3 days behind last year but 1 day ahead of average. Condition of soybeans is rated at 6 percent very poor, 14 percent poor, 33 percent fair, 40 percent good, and 7 percent excellent, virtually the same as a week earlier. Harvesting is just beginning with 3 percent of the beans out of the field, 1 day behind last year and 2 days behind the 5-year average of 5 percent. Ninety-six percent of the sorghum crop is turning color, similar to normal, while 75 percent has reached maturity, 2 days ahead of average. Condition of the crop is rated 1 percent very poor, 12 percent poor, 38 percent fair, 44 percent good, and 5 percent excellent, nearly unchanged from last week. The sorghum harvest, at 34 percent complete, is 2 days behind last year but similar to the normal pace. The rice harvest is 52 percent complete, a week ahead of last year and 4 days ahead of normal. Seventy-four percent of the cotton crop is opening bolls, 3 days behind a year ago but equal to the 5-year average. Four percent of the cotton is harvested, 4 days behind both last year and the average of 8 percent. Seven percent of the winter wheat crop for next year has been planted, the same pace as a year earlier but a day ahead of the 5 percent average.

Pasture & Livestock

Pasture condition is rated as 29 percent very poor, 25 percent poor, 28 percent fair, 17 percent good, and 1 percent excellent, up slightly from a week earlier but still with a majority of poor or very poor ratings across the central third of the State and the southwest district. Supplemental feeding remains necessary in many of the driest counties.

Weather Summary

Temperatures ranged from 3 to 5 degrees below normal over most of the State. Rainfall averaged 1.48 inches for the week but amounts varied drastically. The northeast district, at 0.13 inch and the west-central, at 0.33 inch averaged the least rainfall, while the largest amounts were received in the south-central district, at 2.78 inches, and the southeast, 6.19 inches. Mississippi County received 12.15 inches and New Madrid County recorded 13.01 inches. Tornado damage to buildings and trees was reported in Phelps County.


District Summaries As Of September 24, 2006
  Missouri NW NC NE WC C EC SW SC SE
Days Suitable For Fieldwork                    
This Year 5.4 4.9 5.8 6.0 6.3 6.3 5.2 5.9 5.0 2.6
Last Year 5.2 5.8 5.0 5.8 4.4 4.2 4.3 6.8 5.2 5.6
Topsoil Moisture Supply                    
Very Short 16 6 1 8 42 33 9 40 2 0
Short 27 11 13 47 49 33 38 27 26 3
Adequate 48 75 82 44 9 33 46 33 57 33
Surplus 9 8 4 1 0 1 7 0 15 64
Corn Harvested, Percent                    
This Year 57 20 46 45 88 78 52 97 59 88
Last Year 54 22 54 48 69 75 68 89 48 75
Normal 48                  
Soybeans Turning Color and Beyond, Percent                    
This Year 82 95 91 87 75 76 94 47 53 71
Last Year 93 93 95 96 90 93 92 88 86 88
Normal 79                  
Soybeans Dropping Leaves and Beyond, Percent                    
This Year 51 60 52 59 42 46 67 23 17 46
Last Year 60 76 67 71 43 61 55 42 48 42
Normal 48                  
Soybeans Mature, Percent                    
This Year 21 23 26 18 13 18 21 2 4 26
Last Year 29 31 36 30 22 20 20 23 8 32
Normal 23                  
Sorghum Mature, Percent                    
This Year 75 90 47 79 88 62 75 95 45 72
Last Year 79 82 58 82 89 67 69 88 48 91
Normal 70                  
Sorghum Harvested, Percent                    
This Year 34 9 8 20 71 29 24 87 9 40
Last Year 39 10 16 36 44 34 24 62 20 49
Normal 35                  
Winter Wheat Planted, Percent                    
This Year 7 5 3 5 12 10 11 7 26 5
Last Year 7 5 4 7 4 6 9 10 16 7
Normal 5                  
Soybean Condition                    
Very Poor 6 1 10 3 10 7 0 29 0 4
Poor 14 7 18 8 38 15 7 38 0 10
Fair 33 37 24 29 42 32 48 30 40 32
Good 40 47 34 54 9 46 40 3 48 43
Excellent 7 8 14 6 1 0 5 0 12 11
Sorghum Condition                    
Very Poor 1 0 3 0 2 6 0 0 1 1
Poor 12 3 12 6 17 19 7 35 4 3
Fair 38 22 53 32 66 40 28 53 42 31
Good 44 71 24 58 15 34 64 12 21 53
Excellent 5 4 8 4 0 1 1 0 32 12
Pasture Condition                    
Very Poor 29 4 6 16 53 45 14 66 10 5
Poor 25 10 13 31 28 29 39 19 33 34
Fair 28 31 42 40 17 19 40 12 34 41
Good 17 53 34 13 2 7 7 3 21 20
Excellent 1 2 5 0 0 0 0 0 2 0
                     
Average Precipitation 1.48 0.70 0.54 0.13 0.33 0.52 1.65 1.83 2.78 6.19