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Week Ending October 1, 2006

Agricultural Summary

Farmers took advantage of a dry week over most of the State that allowed for steady progress of row crop harvesting. Corn, soybean, milo, and rice harvest are running at or ahead of normal, but the cotton harvest was set back in the Bootheel after last week’s flooding rains. Southeastern counties will see yield and quality loss on soybeans, rice, and cotton, as fields in some areas were under water for several days. The extent of the damage will not be fully known until combines roll through dried out fields, but reporters indicate soybeans and cotton will be hardest hit since very little was harvested at the time of the storms. Topsoil moisture supplies are rated 25 percent very short, 37 percent short, 33 percent adequate, and 5 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies are rated 33 percent very short, 41 percent short, 24 percent adequate, and 2 percent surplus. Although dry weather is appreciated for harvest, several districts are expressing concern about significant dryness heading into winter months. There were 6.3 days suitable for fieldwork.

Field Crops Report

The entire corn crop is nearly mature at 97 percent. Harvest is 71 percent complete, 3 days ahead of last year and 5 days ahead of the normal pace of 62 percent. Nearly every district is near or ahead of last year’s rate of harvest, although progress varies locally depending on dry-down. Yield reports have been highly variable, even within local areas. The soybean crop is 93 percent turning color and 73 percent dropping leaves, behind last year but about 2 days ahead of normal. Forty-two percent of the crop is mature, a few days behind last year but even with normal. Condition of soybeans is rated at 7 percent very poor, 15 percent poor, 32 percent fair, 39 percent good, and 7 percent excellent. Harvest is 11 percent complete, the same as last year but 2 days behind the five-year average of 14 percent. Sorghum turning color is virtually complete, while 85 percent has reached maturity, 3 days ahead of average. Condition of the crop is rated 2 percent very poor, 11 percent poor, 39 percent fair, 43 percent good, and 5 percent excellent. The sorghum harvest is 50 percent complete, 2 days behind last year but similar to normal. The rice harvest is 70 percent complete, 4 to 5 days ahead of both last year and normal. Ninety percent of the cotton crop is opening bolls, the same as last year but 4 days ahead of normal. Cotton harvest stands at 9 percent complete, about 1 week behind normal. Cotton condition rates 4 percent very poor, 8 percent poor, 21 percent fair, 59 percent good, and 7 percent excellent. Twelve percent of the winter wheat crop for next year has been planted, with 4 percent emerged, both slightly ahead of last year and normal.

Pasture & Livestock

Pasture condition is rated 31 percent very poor, 28 percent poor, 25 percent fair, 14 percent good, and 2 percent excellent, down somewhat from a week earlier. Hay supply is rated 21 percent very short, 33 percent short, 44 percent adequate, and 2 percent surplus. The stock water supply rating comes in at 25 percent very short, 32 percent short, 42 percent adequate, and 1 percent surplus. September rains appear to have alleviated some of the hay and water shortages in many areas of the State. However, counties in the west-central, central, and southwest districts still have dire concerns about lack of winter hay supplies and potentially very high prices for producers having to buy supplemental supplies.

Weather Summary

Temperatures were generally 1 to 3 degrees below normal, with a few counties in the east-central and southwestern areas of the State 5 to 6 degrees below average. Rainfall was very light with a state-wide average of 0.11 inch. All districts averaged below one-tenth inch except the south-central at 0.20 and the southeast at 0.55.

District Summaries As Of October 1, 2006
  Missouri NW NC NE WC C EC SW SC SE
Days Suitable For Fieldwork                    
This Year 6.3 6.7 6.6 6.8 6.8 6.9 6.2 7.0 6.1 3.1
Last Year 5.1 5.0 4.5 5.1 5.2 5.1 4.1 6.5 5.6 5.4
Topsoil Moisture Supply                    
Very Short 25 7 8 23 50 39 23 62 10 0
Short 37 24 41 53 50 36 50 26 45 2
Adequate 33 64 51 24 0 25 27 12 41 55
Surplus 5 5 0 0 0 0 0 0 4 43
Subsoil Moisture Supply                    
Very Short 33 7 17 41 64 48 29 66 15 0
Short 41 42 47 47 36 40 46 29 65 5
Adequate 24 48 36 11 0 12 25 5 20 75
Surplus 2 3 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 20
Corn Harvested, Percent                    
This Year 71 33 65 59 96 92 75 98 80 93
Last Year 67 34 67 64 83 80 78 93 62 92
Normal 62                  
Soybeans Mature, Percent                    
This Year 42 46 45 50 35 37 48 9 23 38
Last Year 46 63 46 51 36 33 34 35 32 44
Normal 42                  
Soybeans Harvested, Percent                    
This Year 11 4 11 13 9 14 15 1 7 15
Last Year 11 12 11 13 8 5 7 8 10 18
Normal 14                  
Sorghum Mature, Percent                    
This Year 85 94 56 93 96 76 77 96 54 87
Last Year 89 88 83 90 95 78 85 94 70 98
Normal 82                  
Sorghum Harvested, Percent                    
This Year 50 36 25 43 79 37 32 90 19 56
Last Year 54 17 46 49 48 43 34 76 35 75
Normal 49                  
Winter Wheat Planted, Percent                    
This Year 12 12 8 8 14 14 25 9 38 10
Last Year 11 14 7 13 8 9 13 15 23 10
Normal 11                  
Soybean Condition                    
Very Poor 7 1 10 2 9 8 1 40 1 8
Poor 15 7 17 8 31 15 8 43 1 14
Fair 32 30 28 31 45 32 45 14 24 28
Good 39 48 36 51 15 45 41 3 61 39
Excellent 7 14 9 8 0 0 5 0 13 11
Supply of Hay and Other Roughages                    
Very Short 21 3 8 11 35 30 11 39 15 0
Short 33 22 23 38 43 35 24 47 27 26
Adequate 44 66 63 46 22 35 63 13 58 69
Surplus 2 9 6 5 0 0 2 1 0 5
Stock Water Supplies                    
Very Short 25 2 8 27 35 42 15 41 13 0
Short 32 18 28 32 50 34 32 37 29 1
Adequate 42 74 64 36 15 24 53 22 58 92
Surplus 1 6 0 5 0 0 0 0 0 7
Pasture Condition                    
Very Poor 31 4 7 22 58 44 19 68 13 0
Poor 28 9 14 41 29 26 34 20 43 27
Fair 25 37 39 31 11 23 44 10 25 47
Good 14 42 36 6 2 7 3 2 18 24
Excellent 2 8 4 0 0 0 0 0 1 2
                     
Average Precipitation 0.11 0.03 0.04 0.09 0.07 0.08 0.08 0.00 0.20 0.55