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Week Ending October 8, 2006

Agricultural Summary

Sunny, dry weather of the past week enabled progress of fall harvesting to continue ahead of normal for all the major crops except cotton, which was slowed by the heavy rains of late September in the Bootheel. Topsoil moisture supply ratings fell to 34 percent very short, 38 percent short, 27 percent adequate, and 1 percent surplus. The northeast, west-central, central and southwest districts are all indicated with moisture ratings of over 80 percent short or very short. There were 6.9 days suitable for fieldwork.

Field Crops Report

The corn harvest moved ahead to 84 percent complete, 8 days ahead of last year and 13 days ahead of the normal pace of 73 percent. Progress by area ranges from 57 percent harvested in the northwestern district to mostly well over 90 percent complete in the southern two-thirds of the State. Ninety-one percent of the soybeans are dropping leaves or beyond and 71 percent are mature, similar to last year but about 4 days ahead of average. Condition of the crop is rated at 5 percent very poor, 15 percent poor, 31 percent fair, 43 percent good, and 6 percent excellent, a minor improvement from the evaluation of a week earlier. The bean harvest is 37 percent complete, 4 days ahead of both last year and the five-year average of 27 percent. Progress is most advanced in the central and northeast districts, at about 52 percent harvested, while the southwest and south-central districts are least advanced with 4 percent and 10 percent, respectively. Ninety-five percent of the sorghum has reached maturity, a week ahead of average. Sixty-three percent of the crop is harvested, equal to last year and 3 days ahead of normal. Eighty-one percent of the rice crip has been harvested, 5 days ahead of the 75 percent 5-year average. Ninety-two percent of the cotton crop is opening bolls, 1 day behind last year and average. Progress of opening bolls is up only slightly from a week earlier, as the process was impeded in many fields which flooded before the bolls had opened. Condition of the crop is reported as 5 percent poor, 21 percent fair, 69 percent good, and 5 percent excellent, an improvement from a week ago, as flood damage could be less severe than expected. Twenty-two percent of the cotton is harvested, 5 days behind both last year and average. Twenty-eight percent of the winter wheat crop for next year has been planted, 2 days ahead of the 24 percent average. Seven percent of the crop has emerged, similar to last year and normal.

Pasture & Livestock

Pasture condition ratings fell to 37 percent very poor, 27 percent poor, 23 percent fair, 11 percent good, and 2 percent excellent, as available moisture supplies in much of the State are insufficient to sustain normal fall growth. Farmers in many areas are concerned with both the shortages of hay for winter and the escalating prices of hay for sale. Many stock ponds also have abnormally low water levels.

Weather Summary

Temperatures were mostly 5 to 6 degrees above normal, but ranged from near normal in a few southern counties to as much as 9 degrees above average in the extreme northwest. Rainfall was virtually non-existent in all areas of the State.

District Summaries As Of October 8, 2006
  Missouri NW NC NE WC C EC SW SC SE
Days Suitable For Fieldwork                    
This Year 6.9 6.8 6.8 6.7 6.9 7.0 6.8 6.9 7.0 6.8
Last Year 6.1 5.1 5.2 5.8 5.8 6.4 6.7 6.8 6.9 7
Topsoil Moisture Supply                    
Very Short 34 3 16 50 57 53 34 78 16 0
Short 38 35 58 43 43 35 43 21 46 9
Adequate 27 61 26 7 0 12 23 1 36 85
Surplus 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 6
Corn Harvested, Percent                    
This Year 84 57 76 79 99 96 91 99 90 97
Last Week 71 33 65 59 96 92 75 98 80 93
Last Year 76 48 78 71 88 90 88 96 74 97
Normal 73                  
Soybeans Mature, Percent                    
This Year 71 86 73 80 62 83 75 25 30 56
Last Week 42 46 45 50 35 37 48 9 23 38
Last Year 69 84 68 70 64 68 56 58 56 64
Normal 62                  
Soybeans Harvested, Percent                    
This Year 37 30 40 53 29 52 32 4 10 31
Last Week 11 4 11 13 9 14 15 1 7 15
Last Year 27 28 26 30 20 29 23 21 19 33
Normal 27                  
Sorghum Mature, Percent                    
This Year 95 98 72 97 98 93 91 98 94 100
Last Week 85 94 56 93 96 76 77 96 54 87
Last Year 94 90 96 94 99 86 90 98 88 100
Normal 90                  
Sorghum Harvested, Percent                    
This Year 63 56 35 52 87 53 56 93 50 74
Last Week 50 36 25 43 79 37 32 90 19 56
Last Year 63 24 60 53 61 55 43 87 49 87
Normal 60                  
Winter Wheat Planted, Percent                    
This Year 28 25 29 38 20 31 50 21 55 24
Last Week 12 12 8 8 14 14 25 9 38 10
Last Year 27 24 21 29 17 24 24 25 33 31
Normal 24                  
Winter Wheat Emerged, Percent                    
This Year 7 6 6 7 5 9 16 4 17 6
Last Week 4 2 1 2 3 5 5 3 15 5
Last Year 6 6 7 10 7 7 5 5 18 7
Normal 7                  
Soybean Condition                    
Very Poor 5 0 11 2 7 6 1 41 1 2
Poor 15 7 19 10 29 17 8 44 8 10
Fair 31 33 22 28 47 36 47 13 17 27
Good 43 48 39 54 17 41 38 2 61 53
Excellent 6 12 9 6 0 0 6 0 13 8
Pasture Condition                    
Very Poor 37 0 12 34 61 54 24 83 16 0
Poor 27 4 17 43 32 23 33 15 43 13
Fair 23 54 38 20 7 20 41 2 22 49
Good 11 35 28 2 0 3 2 0 17 38
Excellent 2 7 5 1 0 0 0 0 2 0
                     
Average Precipitation 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.01 0.00 0.02 0.00 0.00 0.00