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Week Ending April 8, 2007

Agricultural Summary

Abnormally cold temperatures were present throughout the state for most of the week, with subfreezing nighttime temperatures setting back pastures and likely damaging early planted corn, maturing wheat, fruit and nut trees, and vineyards. However, the full extent of the damage will not become evident until warmer temperatures arrive. There were 3.6 days suitable for fieldwork, allowing for some tillage and corn planting before the cold arrived. Forty-five percent of spring tillage has been completed statewide, about 1 day ahead of last year but 2 days behind normal. The state continues to enjoy excellent topsoil moisture levels, rated 2 percent very short, 12 percent short, 73 percent adequate, and 13 percent surplus.

Field Crops Report

The cold weather allowed corn planting to advance only 3 percentage points over last week to 12 percent complete, trailing last year and normal by a few days. Emerged corn had burned leaves or broke off due to freezing in the worst cases, but with the growing points still below the ground in most fields, long-term damage is not expected. There might be a few cases of replanting in fields with germinating corn and frozen soils. Sorghum planting saw very minor progress in the central and southeast districts, but remained at 2 percent complete for the state overall. Rice planting advanced only 1 point to 5 percent complete, 4 days behind last year but still 1 day ahead of normal. Winter wheat condition for the state is rated 3 percent very poor, 10 percent poor, 41 percent fair, 40 percent good, and 6 percent excellent, a drop of 19 points from last week in the good to excellent categories. Most of the decline fell back into the fair rating, as reporters are still unsure of the extent of the frost damage. Wheat at the joint stage of maturity could experience moderate to severe damage.

Pasture & Livestock

Pasture condition is reported as 4 percent very poor, 18 percent poor, 47 percent fair, 26 percent good, and 5 percent excellent. The cold stunted grass and alfalfa growth, which will delay the first cutting of hay that is badly needed in some central and southern areas.

Weather Summary

Temperatures averaged 9 to 12 degrees below normal over most of the state, while the Bootheel was 6 to 8 degrees below normal. The week started with highs in the 80’s, pulling the weekly average up somewhat, but readings quickly reversed to well below average the remainder of the week. Many areas saw record low temperatures, with lows in the teens as far south as Shannon County in the south-central district. Notable low temperatures included 18 degrees at St. Joseph, 19 at Columbia, 17 at Cook Station in Crawford County, 14 at Alley Spring in Shannon County, and 24 at Clarkton in Dunklin County. Rainfall was very light, averaging 0.33 inches. The range was 0.03 inches in the southwest district to 0.72 in the northeast.


Weather Data

Hourly and daily weather data from stations throughout the state is available at the
Missouri Historical Agricultural Weather Database.

http://agebb.missouri.edu/weather/history/


District Summaries As Of April 8, 2007
  Missouri NW NC NE WC C EC SW SC SE
Days Suitable For Fieldwork                    
This Year 3.6 3.7 1.5 1.5 5.2 3.5 3.5 4.9 6.1 4.4
Last Year 3.3 2.8 1.9 1.6 3.3 3.8 2.3 6.0 5.2 4.5
Topsoil Moisture Supply                    
Very Short 2 0 0 4 4 0 1 7 4 0
Short 12 12 2 9 6 5 8 15 34 16
Adequate 73 80 61 64 87 89 80 62 61 76
Surplus 13 8 37 23 3 6 11 16 1 8
Ground Worked Spring Tillage, Percent                    
This Year 45 50 35 15 55 32 46 57 48 80
Last Week 37 36 34 14 46 22 30 45 47 71
Last Year 43 50 30 30 64 49 25 67 40 38
Normal 47                  
Corn Planted, Percent                    
This Year 12 2 5 1 15 3 10 22 15 60
Last Week 9 1 1 0 3 2 8 11 10 50
Last Year 14 3 17 3 23 11 3 55 5 39
Normal 19                  
Rice Planted, Percent                    
This Year 5                 5
Last Week 4                 4
Last Year 13                 13
Normal 4                  
Rice Emerged, Percent                    
This Year 1                 1
Last Week 0                 0
Last Year 0                 0
Normal 0                  
Sorghum Planted, Percent                    
This Year 2 2 0 0 0 4 1 0 0 20
Last Week 2 2 0 0 0 2 1 0 0 13
Last Year 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Normal 0                  
Winter Wheat Headed and Beyond, Percent                    
This Year 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 2
Last Week 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Last Year 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Normal 0                  
Winter Wheat Condition                    
Very Poor 3 15 3 10 0 0 1 2 12 3
Poor 10 8 27 5 0 14 7 0 1 17
Fair 41 57 29 24 50 41 52 68 15 27
Good 40 18 36 56 48 19 39 30 61 49
Excellent 6 2 5 5 2 26 1 0 11 4
Pasture Condition                    
Very Poor 4 11 2 20 0 1 7 2 4 0
Poor 18 24 22 18 11 12 8 15 26 0
Fair 47 47 37 40 49 52 31 67 43 48
Good 26 16 37 18 33 30 51 15 16 43
Excellent 5 2 2 4 7 5 3 1 11 9
                   
Average Precipitation 0.33 0.27 0.37 0.72 0.22 0.24 0.58 0.03 0.25 0.44