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Week Ending April 15, 2007

Agricultural Summary

A cold, rainy week with 2.0 days suitable for fieldwork kept farmers out of fields. Spring tillage advanced only 3 percentage points over last week to 48 percent complete, 4 days behind last year and 6 days behind the 5-year average. Warmer and drier weather is needed for fieldwork, but also to assess the crop damage from last week’s freeze. Early evaluations have the worst damage to fruit and nut crops, with a total loss expected in some areas. The extent of damage to the wheat crop is still highly uncertain, with early estimates ranging from mild to severe depending on location. Some corn will need to be replanted, while pasture and alfalfa growth has been nonexistent since the freeze. Topsoil moisture is rated 2 percent very short, 4 percent short, 72 percent adequate, and 22 percent surplus.

Field Crops Report

Corn planting is 18 percent complete, about 1 week behind last year and the normal pace of 41 percent. It appears more fields will need to be replanted than initially thought, especially in the west-central, southwest, and southeast districts where most of the early planting occurred. Corn emerged is at 5 percent, over 1 week behind last year and 3 days behind the 5-year average. Sorghum planting progress remained quite slow, although the state’s completion rate of 4 percent is still slightly ahead of normal. Rice planting has been slowed by rain in the Bootheel, where 7 percent of the crop is planted, 10 days behind last year and 4 days behind normal. Winter wheat condition declined markedly to 20 percent very poor, 37 percent poor, 33 percent fair, 10 percent good, and 0 percent excellent, a decrease of 36 points in the good to excellent categories from last week. A few reporters have already seen farmers plowing up fields to go into another crop, but most are still waiting for a clearer picture of the damage. It appears the far northwest corner of the state received little to no damage since the wheat was not as far along in maturity. Most other areas, however, will likely have moderate to severe damage. Reporters estimate alfalfa and other hay yields will be cut moderately. Pockets of more severe damage are showing up as browning grasses and blackened alfalfa. Fescue seed production may be cut substantially.

Pasture & Livestock

Pasture condition is reported as 9 percent very poor, 29 percent poor, 44 percent fair, 17 percent good, and 1 percent excellent, a drop of 13 points in good to excellent. Producers are having to draw on already short hay supplies to feed cattle that have been pulled off dormant pastures.

Weather Summary

Temperatures were substantially below normal for the third straight week, generally ranging from 10 to 13 degrees under the long term average. A few central locations were 15 to 16 degrees below normal. Rainfall averaged 1.79 inches for the week. All districts received at least an inch, ranging from 1.09 in the north-central to 2.58 in the west-central.


Weather Data

Hourly and daily weather data from stations throughout the state is available at the
Missouri Historical Agricultural Weather Database.

http://agebb.missouri.edu/weather/history/


District Summaries As Of April 15, 2007
  Missouri NW NC NE WC C EC SW SC SE
Days Suitable For Fieldwork                    
This Year 2.0 1.2 1.9 1.4 1.6 1.5 2.3 3.3 4.1 2.5
Last Year 4.9 4.8 3.9 4.8 6.1 5.4 3.7 6.6 5.9 4.6
Topsoil Moisture Supply                    
Very Short 2 0 0 1 0 0 1 7 6 0
Short 4 4 2 2 0 2 3 8 17 0
Adequate 72 86 62 53 55 83 74 62 77 84
Surplus 22 10 36 44 45 15 22 23 0 16
Ground Worked Spring Tillage, Percent                    
This Year 48 53 39 19 58 35 50 58 63 82
Last Year 59 61 54 50 75 65 43 74 55 61
Normal 60                  
Corn Planted, Percent                    
This Year 18 2 10 2 19 6 13 25 20 68
Last Year 45 27 52 35 64 51 19 82 15 73
Normal 41                  
Corn Emerged, Percent                    
This Year 5 0 1 0 1 0 4 0 16 25
Normal 8                  
Rice Planted, Percent                    
This Year 7                 7
Last Year 40                 40
Normal 16                  
Rice Emerged, Percent                    
This Year 1                 1
Last Year 3                 3
Normal 1                  
Sorghum Planted, Percent                    
This Year 4 3 0 0 0 5 1 0 3 26
Last Year 5 1 0 0 13 0 1 8 0 14
Normal 3                  
Winter Wheat Headed and Beyond, Percent                    
This Year 2 0 4 0 0 0 0 0 11 5
Last Year 2 0 0 0 1 0 1 3 1 3
Normal 1                  
Winter Wheat Condition                    
Very Poor 20 25 9 36 28 16 11 7 46 21
Poor 37 30 37 8 43 39 27 25 37 48
Fair 33 38 41 37 23 41 52 38 14 26
Good 10 6 13 18 6 3 10 30 3 5
Excellent 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0
Pasture Condition                    
Very Poor 9 27 11 28 5 4 8 2 6 0
Poor 29 34 33 27 16 26 11 23 47 15
Fair 44 27 35 37 54 46 51 70 36 50
Good 17 10 20 7 25 20 30 5 11 30
Excellent 1 2 1 1 0 4 0 0 0 5
                     
Average Precipitation 1.79 1.14 1.09 1.11 2.58 2.17 1.81 2.08 1.96 2.34