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Week Ending April 22, 2007

Agricultural Summary

Warm, dry weather finally arrived, giving farmers 4.9 days suitable for fieldwork to apply fertilizer and plant corn. Spring tillage stands at 54 percent complete, about 9 days behind both last year and the 5-year average. Topsoil moisture remains mostly adequate for the state, rated 2 percent very short, 10 percent short, 78 percent adequate, and 10 percent surplus. The exception is the south-central district, where a shortage as been developing with 50 percent of soils short to very short. Freeze damage evaluations still hold little hope for salvaging much of the fruit and nut crops. Damage to wheat is becoming more evident, while pasture and hay growth is still relatively stagnant.

Field Crops Report

Corn planting is 32 percent complete, 10 days behind last year and 9 days behind the normal pace of 70 percent. Dry weather allowed planters to roll statewide later in the week. Significant acreage has been replanted in the west-central, the southwest, and especially the southeast. Three weeks of cold weather and the replanted acreage has not allowed for much emergence, which is estimated at 7 percent, 2 weeks behind last year and 8 days behind the 5-year average of 21 percent. Sorghum planting advanced only 1 point to 5 percent complete, 1 week behind last year and 4 days behind normal. Soybean planting has begun, mostly in the Bootheel. The state is 2 percent planted, 3 days behind last year and even with normal. Rice planting progressed 17 points from last week to 24 percent complete, but still lags last year by 11 days and the normal pace by 4 days. Rice emerged is at 4 percent, 6 days behind last year and 2 days behind normal. Cotton is 4 percent planted, about 1 week behind last year and 5 days behind average. Nine percent of the winter wheat crop has headed, 4 days behind last year and about even with average. Wheat condition is rated 27 percent very poor, 37 percent poor, 30 percent fair, and 6 percent good, a slight deterioration from last week. Damage reports continue to vary from slight to severe, but more are falling toward the moderate to severe end of the spectrum as various types of injury become evident. A reporter in the west-central district explained that even if new or existing tillers produce heads, rotted lower stems could cause severe lodging. Even so, most growers appear to still be waiting for definitive evidence, as few reporters have mentioned fields being destroyed or pastured.

Pasture & Livestock

Pasture condition is rated 9 percent very poor, 30 percent poor, 42 percent fair, 17 percent good, and 2 percent excellent, similar to last week. Pastures appear to have been set back 2 to 3 weeks, as many are seeing pastures recover much slower than expected.

Weather Summary

Average temperatures were variable for the week. The far northwest corner was 7 degrees above normal, but the southern third of the state was generally 3 to 5 degrees below average, while the rest of the state was a few degrees either side of the long term average. Rainfall was very light at 0.03 inches for the state. No district averaged more than 0.10 inches.


Weather Data

Hourly and daily weather data from stations throughout the state is available at the
Missouri Historical Agricultural Weather Database.

http://agebb.missouri.edu/weather/history/


District Summaries As Of April 22, 2007
  Missouri NW NC NE WC C EC SW SC SE
Days Suitable For Fieldwork                    
This Year 4.9 5.3 4.6 4.4 3.5 4.8 4.4 5.2 6.6 5.3
Last Year 6.4 5.8 6.1 6.5 6.3 6.8 6.7 6.9 6.8 6.5
Topsoil Moisture Supply                    
Very Short 2 0 1 4 0 0 1 8 5 0
Short 10 8 1 9 0 2 7 12 45 1
Adequate 78 85 78 74 76 91 89 62 50 95
Surplus 10 7 20 13 24 7 3 18 0 4
Ground Worked Spring Tillage, Percent                    
This Year 54 53 45 25 65 46 56 65 70 84
Last Year 72 76 71 62 85 75 63 84 66 78
Normal 70                  
Corn Planted, Percent                    
This Year 32 20 25 8 41 44 42 27 22 86
Last Year 71                  
Normal 61                  
Corn Emerged, Percent                    
This Year 7 0 2 0 3 4 15 1 17 48
Last Year 40                  
Normal 21                  
Soybeans Planted, Percent                    
This Year 2 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 8
Last Year 5                  
Normal 2                  
Cotton Planted, Percent                    
This Year 4                 4
Last Year 17                 17
Normal 11                  
Rice Planted, Percent                    
This Year 24                 24
Last Year 71                 71
Normal 33                  
Rice Emerged, Percent                    
This Year 4                 4
Last Year 20                 20
Normal 7                  
Sorghum Planted, Percent                    
This Year 5 3 1 1 0 5 9 1 8 26
Last Year 17                  
Normal 9                  
Winter Wheat Headed and Beyond, Percent                    
This Year 9 0 10 0 0 21 6 0 11 19
Last Year 26                  
Normal 10                  
Winter Wheat Condition                    
Very Poor 27 19 10 25 37 20 19 30 59 33
Poor 37 34 37 18 42 36 37 31 37 48
Fair 30 39 39 42 18 40 37 38 3 15
Good 6 7 11 14 3 4 7 1 1 4
Excellent 0 1 3 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
Pasture Condition                    
Very Poor 9 20 9 22 10 3 11 5 5 0
Poor 30 34 34 24 25 28 23 23 39 16
Fair 42 35 37 43 54 37 45 55 41 53
Good 17 10 19 11 11 28 21 17 10 25
Excellent 2 1 1 0 0 4 0 0 5 6
                     
Average Precipitation 0.03 0.01 0.04 0.00 0.10 0.00 0.01 0.08 0.02 0.01