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Week Ending April 29, 2007

Agricultural Summary

Rain arrived mid-week, putting a halt to field work across most of the state and leaving row crop planting well behind normal. Spring tillage is 63 percent complete, nearly 2 weeks behind both last year and the 5-year average. There were 3.1 days suitable for fieldwork. The rain boosted already adequate topsoil moisture to 2 percent very short, 7 percent short, 74 percent adequate, and 17 percent surplus.

Field Crops Report

Corn planting is 45 percent complete, about 2 weeks behind both last year and the normal pace of 76 percent. The Bootheel is nearing completion at 95 percent, while the slowest pace is in the northeast district, where 20 percent is planted. Significant replanting has put the southwest well behind normal as well. Corn emergence is at 18 percent, 16 days behind last year and 10 days behind normal. Soybean planting was minimal, with the state 3 percent complete, 9 days behind last year and 6 days behind average. Sorghum planting is 9 percent complete, 11 days behind last year and 1 week behind normal. Rice planting progressed 30 points from last week to 54 percent complete, still 11 days behind last year but moving about 1 day ahead of the 5-year average. Rice emergence is at 15 percent, 9 days behind last year and 3 days behind normal. Cotton planting also advanced significantly to 26 percent complete, 4 days behind last year and 1 day behind average. The portion of the winter wheat crop headed is 19 percent, nine days behind last year and 2 days behind average. Wheat condition is rated 25 percent very poor, 39 percent poor, 31 percent fair, and 5 percent good, virtually unchanged from last week. Widespread destruction of damaged wheat fields does not appear likely, although most fields harvested for grain will almost certainly see yield reductions. The true extent of the damage will not be known until harvest. For those not harvesting for grain, various types of damage have caused different remedies, including replacement with corn or soybeans, pasturing livestock, and baling for hay. The first cutting of alfalfa is 7 percent harvested, well ahead of last year and normal, as several producers have cut fields that were severely damaged from the April freeze to allow for new growth. Alfalfa was hit hard and failed to recover in most areas. Other hay cutting is getting underway in a few locations, with 1 percent harvested statewide. Reporters indicate the fescue seed harvest may be very poor.

Pasture & Livestock

Pasture condition is rated 13 percent very poor, 26 percent poor, 35 percent fair, 23 percent good, and 3 percent excellent, a moderate improvement over last week. Many areas of the state are still seeing very slow grass growth, but a few central and southern counties have reported fairly robust recoveries in their pastures.

Weather Summary

Average temperatures were above normal throughout the state, generally ranging from 2 to 6 degrees above average. Rainfall averaged 1.52 inches for the week. All districts received at least 1 inch except the southeast with 0.60 inches and the east-central with 0.79. At the high end, the southwest district averaged 2.39 inches and the north-central finished the week at 2.01.


Audio Commentary

Weekly Crop Progress and Condition Audio Commentary by State Director Gene Danekas is available on the
Missouri Field Office Audio Publications page.

http://www.nass.usda.gov/Statistics_by_State/Missouri/Publications/Audio/


Weather Data

Hourly and daily weather data from stations throughout the state is available at the
Missouri Historical Agricultural Weather Database.

http://agebb.missouri.edu/weather/history/

District Summaries As Of April 29, 2007
  Missouri NW NC NE WC C EC SW SC SE
Days Suitable For Fieldwork                    
This Year 3.1 2.7 2.0 2.6 2.7 2.7 3.9 3.9 4.5 5.0
Last Year 6.4 6.4 6.2 6.7 6.7 6.4 5.7 7.0 6.6 5.8
Topsoil Moisture Supply                    
Very Short 2 0 0 2 0 0 1 7 6 0
Short 7 3 0 5 0 2 15 24 25 2
Adequate 74 85 68 74 57 91 80 52 65 85
Surplus 17 12 32 19 43 7 4 17 4 13
Ground Worked Spring Tillage, Percent                    
This Year 63 58 54 40 71 56 64 72 81 90
Last Year 83 87 85 78 88 81 77 88 76 84
Normal 76                  
Corn Planted, Percent                    
This Year 45 32 46 20 52 61 49 35 41 95
Last Year 88 84 88 84 96 92 79 89 68 98
Normal 73                  
Corn Emerged, Percent                    
This Year 18 5 13 3 21 23 21 10 30 75
Last Year 56 43 41 40 76 62 39 57 56 89
Normal 43                  
Soybeans Planted, Percent                    
This Year 3 2 1 1 0 1 5 0 3 13
Last Year 12 17 17 13 9 10 8 0 5 13
Normal 7                  
Sorghum Planted, Percent                    
This Year 9 5 1 3 0 7 15 1 18 44
Last Year 23 13 10 8 42 14 7 23 34 61
Normal 16                  
Winter Wheat Headed and Beyond, Percent                    
This Year 19 1 10 0 1 22 17 4 24 69
Last Year 59 1 22 20 59 44 24 83 32 81
Normal 26                  
Alfalfa Hay 1st Cutting, Percent                    
This Year 7 2 1 0 0 14 16 20 14 14
Last Year 3 0 3 2 5 4 9 4 0 17
Normal 1                  
Winter Wheat Condition                    
Very Poor 25 20 7 17 34 23 17 31 68 30
Poor 39 35 29 32 40 34 37 34 26 51
Fair 31 38 54 33 26 40 43 33 4 15
Good 5 6 7 18 0 3 3 2 2 4
Excellent 0 1 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Pasture Condition                    
Very Poor 13 17 10 17 6 2 11 24 20 0
Poor 26 37 32 18 14 32 21 18 27 2
Fair 35 31 43 41 41 37 48 35 16 66
Good 23 14 13 23 39 25 20 22 24 24
Excellent 3 1 2 1 0 4 0 1 13 8
                     
Average Precipitation 1.52 1.52 2.01 1.71 1.71 1.75 0.79 2.39 1.19 0.60