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Week Ending May 6, 2007

Agricultural Summary

Nearly the entire state experienced at least moderate rainfall during the week, although scattered areas saw bursts of progress in spring row crop planting before the rain stopped fieldwork. The northwest and west-central districts were beset by thunderstorms at the end of the week that dumped heavy rain and caused some lowland flooding. Locations in the southeastern part of the state also saw heavy rainfall. As a result, row crop planting remains well behind the normal pace with the exception of cotton in the Bootheel. Spring tillage is about 2 weeks behind both last year and normal at 70 percent complete. Topsoil moisture rates 5 percent short, 48 percent adequate, and 47 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture rates 1 percent very short, 9 percent short, 69 percent adequate, and 21 percent surplus. There were 2.3 days suitable for fieldwork.

Field Crops Report

Fifty-eight percent of intended corn acres are planted, 18 days behind last year and 16 days behind the normal pace of 82 percent. Districts with the slowest progress are the northeast at 33 percent and the southwest at 38 percent. Despite significant replanting, the Bootheel is nearly complete at 98 percent. The heavy rains in the northwest and west-central districts have prompted some concern about corn seedling washout. Corn emergence is at 37 percent, 15 days behind last year and 9 days behind normal. Soybean planting stands at 7 percent complete, at least 1 week behind last year and average. Sorghum planting is 13 percent complete, 16 days behind last year and 11 days behind normal. Rice planting is 68 percent complete, 15 days behind last year and slightly behind the 5-year average. Rice emergence is at 40 percent, 9 days behind last year and slightly behind normal. Cotton planting advanced significantly to 55 percent complete, at least 3 days ahead of last year and average. Bootheel reporters indicate ideal soil conditions for planting and germination of cotton. Thirty-eight percent of the wheat crop is headed, 11 days behind last year and 4 days behind the 5-year average of 53 percent. Wheat condition is rated 22 percent very poor, 37 percent poor, 32 percent fair, 8 percent good, and 1 percent excellent, a slight improvement over last week. Although a few reports in mostly southern areas still show significant damage, most of the crop will be carried through to grain harvest. The first cutting of alfalfa is 12 percent harvested, 5 days ahead of last year and 1 week ahead of normal. Other hay cutting is still minimal, with 2 percent harvested statewide.

Pasture & Livestock

Pasture condition is rated 8 percent very poor, 19 percent poor, 40 percent fair, 28 percent good, and 5 percent excellent, a modest improvement over last week as the rains revitalized grass growth. Rainfall also has stock water supplies in good shape at 1 percent very short, 5 percent short, 74 percent adequate, and 20 percent surplus. On the other hand, hay supply remains tight, with 27 percent very short, 40 percent short, 32 percent adequate, and 1 percent surplus. The shortage is most pronounced in the west-central, central, southwest, and south-central districts.

Weather Summary

Temperatures averaged 7 to 11 degrees above normal for the week. A few locations in the south-central and southeast districts broke the 90 degree mark. Statewide rainfall averaged 1.93 inches, ranging from 1.11 in the southwest district to 3.63 in the northwest. Isolated severe weather was reported with the late-week storms, but flooding was the major concern, as locations in the northwest, north-central, west-central, and central districts all reported lowland flooding.


Audio Commentary

Weekly Crop Progress and Condition Audio Commentary by State Director Gene Danekas is available on the
Missouri Field Office Audio Publications page.

http://www.nass.usda.gov/Statistics_by_State/Missouri/Publications/Audio/


Weather Data

Hourly and daily weather data from stations throughout the state is available at the
Missouri Historical Agricultural Weather Database.

http://agebb.missouri.edu/weather/history/

District Summaries As Of May 6, 2007
  Missouri NW NC NE WC C EC SW SC SE
Days Suitable For Fieldwork                    
This Year 2.3 2.8 1.4 2.1 0.4 1.8 2.5 3.5 3.9 3.3
Last Year 3.6 3.4 4.2 4.7 1.8 3.4 4.4 3.4 4.0 3.2
Topsoil Moisture Supply                    
Very Short 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 2 0
Short 5 0 0 4 0 1 8 18 12 9
Adequate 48 21 15 47 31 58 78 54 72 75
Surplus 47 79 85 48 69 41 13 28 14 16
Subsoil Moisture Supply                    
Very Short 1 0 0 2 0 0 4 0 0 0
Short 9 2 6 17 0 6 7 26 24 8
Adequate 69 58 50 72 55 87 87 59 62 85
Surplus 21 40 44 9 45 7 2 15 14 7
Ground Worked Spring Tillage, Percent                    
This Year 70 68 63 47 72 62 75 74 93 94
Last Year 85 89 88 80 89 86 83 89 82 86
Normal 81                  
Corn Planted, Percent                    
This Year 58 55 51 33 59 73 67 38 71 98
Last Year 93 90 91 90 97 96 86 91 73 99
Normal 82                  
Corn Emerged, Percent                    
This Year 37 31 27 17 48 38 46 20 46 89
Last Year 73 61 64 62 90 78 62 78 59 98
Normal 60                  
Soybeans Planted, Percent                    
This Year 7 7 1 3 0 4 6 1 8 27
Last Year 15 20 17 18 9 13 12 3 6 15
Normal 14                  
Sorghum Planted, Percent                    
This Year 13 9 1 6 0 7 20 4 26 67
Last Year 33 32 11 24 48 20 10 27 38 66
Normal 25                  
Winter Wheat Headed and Beyond, Percent                    
This Year 38 2 12 12 15 31 34 27 46 94
Last Year 80 28 49 49 79 70 71 98 73 97
Normal 53                  
Winter Wheat Condition                    
Very Poor 22 22 7 17 32 21 22 30 61 21
Poor 37 36 27 31 44 29 32 36 33 49
Fair 32 35 52 29 24 42 41 31 5 22
Good 8 6 11 23 0 8 5 3 1 7
Excellent 1 1 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
Supply of Hay and Other Roughages                    
Very Short 27 19 14 31 41 21 24 28 40 4
Short 40 37 45 29 28 48 26 48 45 5
Adequate 32 41 40 35 31 31 50 23 15 91
Surplus 1 3 1 5 0 0 0 1 0 0
Pasture Condition                    
Very Poor 8 0 5 18 2 1 8 19 17 0
Poor 19 33 17 18 14 17 16 12 22 3
Fair 40 44 51 32 43 47 52 33 22 17
Good 28 22 25 30 40 31 24 19 32 63
Excellent 5 1 2 2 1 4 0 17 7 17
                     
Average Precipitation 1.93 3.63 1.32 1.12 2.13 1.47 1.79 1.11 2.31 1.97