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Week Ending May 20, 2007

Agricultural Summary

A mostly dry week with 5.5 days suitable for fieldwork enabled farmers to make significant progress in row crop planting and hay cutting. A tour of floods along the Missouri River in northwest and north-central parts of the state indicated substantial loss of planted acreage throughout the affected areas. Many county roads in those areas were damaged, with some still impassable. Much work will need to be done to repair terraces, clean drainage ditches, and clear trees and sand. Some farmers indicate they will replant lost corn acres to grain sorghum, but sorghum seed has been difficult to find. Meanwhile, reports of army worm damage are becoming more widespread across the southern two-thirds of the state. Spring tillage is 84 percent complete, 3 weeks behind last year and 1 week behind normal. Topsoil moisture rates 1 percent very short, 9 percent short, 79 percent adequate, and 11 percent surplus. Some topsoil dryness is developing in the three eastern districts, but adequate subsoil moisture is still in place.

Field Crops Report

Corn planting advanced 22 points over last week to 87 percent complete, but trails last year by 3 weeks and behind the normal pace of 91 percent. Planting could wrap up quickly if growers in flooded areas switch to sorghum or soybeans. Corn emergence is at 66 percent, 17 days behind last year and 11 days behind the 81 percent average. Corn condition rates 2 percent very poor, 5 percent poor, 32 percent fair, 53 percent good, and 8 percent excellent. Soybean planting also made good progress, ending the week at 34 percent complete, 4 days behind last year and 2 days behind the average pace of 40 percent. Soybeans are 11 percent emerged, about 3 days behind last year and 4 days behind normal. A reporter in the northwest indicated some early soybeans damaged by bean leaf beetles. Sorghum planting is 35 percent complete, lagging last year by 12 days and normal by 1 week. Rice planting is 96 percent complete, even with last year and 9 days ahead of normal. Rice emergence, at 83 percent, is 10 days behind last year but 1 week ahead of average. Rice condition rates 6 percent poor, 20 percent fair, 73 percent good, and 1 percent excellent. Cotton planting is nearing completion at 96 percent, about 12 days ahead of last year and 11 days ahead of the 5-year average. A few cases of blowing sand did enough damage to cause some replanting. The wheat crop is 91 percent headed, 8 days behind last year but slightly ahead of normal. Ten percent of the crop is turning color, 5 days behind last year but slightly ahead of average. Wheat condition is rated 21 percent very poor, 36 percent poor, 32 percent fair, 10 percent good, and 1 percent excellent, little change from last week. The Bootheel has seen some flag leaf damage from army worms. The first cutting of alfalfa is 39 percent harvested, about the same as last year and 3 days ahead of normal. Other hay is 21 percent cut, 2 days ahead of last year and 6 days in front of average. Army worm infestations have become a problem in hay fields throughout the southern two-thirds of the state, affecting both the quantity and quality of hay cuttings.

Pasture & Livestock

Pasture condition is rated 4 percent very poor, 13 percent poor, 47 percent fair, 31 percent good, and 5 percent excellent, a slight deterioration from last week.

Weather Summary

Temperatures averaged a few degrees either side of normal, with northern sections 1 to 2 degrees above average and southern areas 3 to 4 degrees below normal. State-wide rainfall averaged 0.45 inches. Little variation was seen around the state, as all districts received about one-third to one-half inch.


Audio Commentary

Weekly Crop Progress and Condition Audio Commentary by State Director Gene Danekas is available on the
Missouri Field Office Audio Publications page.

http://www.nass.usda.gov/Statistics_by_State/Missouri/Publications/Audio/


Weather Data

Hourly and daily weather data from stations throughout the state is available at the
Missouri Historical Agricultural Weather Database.

http://agebb.missouri.edu/weather/history/

District Summaries As Of May 20, 2007
  Missouri NW NC NE WC C EC SW SC SE
Days Suitable For Fieldwork                    
This Year 5.5 5.6 4.8 5.7 4.3 5.9 6.2 5.8 5.5 5.7
Last Year 3.2 3.7 3.8 4.4 3.3 4.0 1.2 3.4 3.0 1.2
Topsoil Moisture Supply                    
Very Short 1 0 0 3 0 0 3 0 2 6
Short 9 1 1 17 0 10 20 6 14 16
Adequate 79 71 86 72 68 85 75 88 81 78
Surplus 11 28 13 8 32 5 2 6 3 0
Ground Worked Spring Tillage, Percent                    
This Year 84 78 73 78 78 83 93 90 97 98
Last Year 93 96 97 94 94 93 92 94 95 90
Normal 88                  
Corn Planted, Percent                    
This Year 87 87 75 85 79 93 91 78 91 100
Last Year 98 99 97 99 100 99 96 99 85 99
Normal 91                  
Corn Emerged, Percent                    
This Year 66 61 53 48 66 76 73 39 69 97
Last Year 92 89 86 89 99 95 87 96 76 99
Normal 81                  
Soybeans Planted, Percent                    
This Year 34 38 18 31 12 40 36 5 31 55
Last Year 49 64 57 61 33 57 39 18 14 33
Normal 40                  
Sorghum Planted, Percent                    
This Year 35 47 15 40 10 23 41 11 54 95
Last Year 60 88 44 49 54 50 37 58 54 93
Normal 49                  
Winter Wheat Headed and Beyond, Percent                    
This Year 91 68 91 89 97 96 87 87 98 98
Last Year 98 88 95 87 100 97 98 100 99 100
Normal 90                  
Alfalfa Hay 1st Cutting, Percent                    
This Year 39 10 24 15 22 71 64 84 43 99
Last Year 38 45 22 24 51 40 27 58 35 31
Normal 31                  
Other Hay Cut, Percent                    
This Year 21 2 4 4 14 30 33 28 29 21
Last Year 16 9 16 6 12 19 11 31 17 10
Normal 10                  
Corn Condition                    
Very Poor 2 4 5 1 3 4 1 0 0 1
Poor 5 3 5 3 10 8 1 0 3 6
Fair 32 42 25 19 34 22 62 61 24 17
Good 53 39 57 62 47 64 35 39 65 73
Excellent 8 12 8 15 6 2 1 0 8 3
Winter Wheat Condition                    
Very Poor 21 21 8 14 26 15 21 11 29 33
Poor 36 39 26 33 33 28 29 50 44 38
Fair 32 32 40 30 36 44 44 32 27 22
Good 10 7 17 23 5 13 6 7 0 7
Excellent 1 1 9 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Pasture Condition                    
Very Poor 4 0 2 6 1 1 7 20 1 0
Poor 13 24 14 24 9 12 16 9 10 3
Fair 47 42 56 36 47 51 41 38 53 50
Good 31 32 26 31 43 29 35 23 31 29
Excellent 5 2 2 3 0 7 1 10 5 18
                     
Average Precipitation 0.45 0.48 0.51 0.32 0.53 0.39 0.40 0.53 0.45 0.58