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Week Ending May 27, 2007

Agricultural Summary

With 4.8 days suitable for fieldwork, farmers made good progress in row crop planting, nearly catching the normal pace for corn and soybeans and advancing to 91 percent complete with spring tillage, the same as normal. However, a few areas have experienced setbacks. Some farmland especially in the northwest district that was flooded in early May received additional rain during the past week, further delaying corn replanting as well as planting of soybeans and milo. A few far eastern counties have the opposite problem, as topsoil dryness has temporarily halted soybean planting and emergence; soils that are too dry near the surface but too wet and gummy underneath are presenting farmers with challenging conditions for planting. The army worm infestation of hay and wheat fields has been mostly contained, with heavy insecticide spraying during the past week limiting the damage. Topsoil moisture rates 3 percent very short, 15 percent short, 70 percent adequate, and 12 percent surplus, a moderate drop in the adequate to surplus ratings. Most of the decline is due to dryness developing in the Bootheel, where 67 percent of soils are rated short to very short compared to 22 percent last week.

Field Crops Report

Corn planting is 93 percent complete, 3 days behind normal. Emergence is at 79 percent, 18 days behind last year and 9 days behind the 88 percent average. Corn condition rates 4 percent very poor, 5 percent poor, 29 percent fair, 53 percent good, and 9 percent excellent, up 1 point in good to excellent over last week and identical to last year’s good to excellent rating at this time. Soybean planting ended the week at 55 percent complete, 5 days behind last year and slightly behind the normal pace of 57 percent. Soybeans are 32 percent emerged, about 2 days behind last year and marginally behind the 5-year average of 35 percent. Sorghum planting is 51 percent complete, trailing last year by 10 days and normal by 6 days. In the Bootheel, rice planting has virtually finished, about 1 week ahead of normal, while emergence of 95 percent is 10 days ahead of average. Rice condition rates 5 percent poor, 27 percent fair, 67 percent good, and 1 percent excellent, a moderate drop from last week. Cotton planting was completed during the week, 1 week ahead of last year and normal. The earliest cotton has just begun squaring. Heading of the winter wheat crop is nearly complete, while 41 percent is turning color, 3 days behind last year but slightly ahead of average. Most districts are below 20 percent turning color, but the Bootheel, a major wheat district, is at 93 percent. Wheat condition is rated 22 percent very poor, 34 percent poor, 33 percent fair, 10 percent good, and 1 percent excellent, nearly the same as last week. The first cutting of alfalfa is 52 percent harvested, 4 days behind last year but even with normal. Other hay is 29 percent cut, 2 days behind last year but 3 days ahead of average. Reports from throughout the state have consistently indicated fescue and alfalfa yields below normal. The April freeze and army worms have been the primary causes, reducing yields by up to 50 percent in the worst fields.

Pasture & Livestock

Pasture condition is rated 5 percent very poor, 13 percent poor, 46 percent fair, 31 percent good, and 5 percent excellent, stable from last week.

Weather Summary

Temperatures averaged 2 to 4 degrees above normal over most of the state, although a few areas of the Bootheel were 5 to 7 degrees above average. Rainfall averaged 0.75 inches. All districts saw at least one-half inch except the southeast at 0.06 and the west-central at 0.28. The northwest received significantly more, with 1.28 inches.


Audio Commentary

Weekly Crop Progress and Condition Audio Commentary by State Director Gene Danekas is available on the
Missouri Field Office Audio Publications page.

http://www.nass.usda.gov/Statistics_by_State/Missouri/Publications/Audio/


Weather Data

Hourly and daily weather data from stations throughout the state is available at the
Missouri Historical Agricultural Weather Database.

http://agebb.missouri.edu/weather/history/

District Summaries As Of May 27, 2007
  Missouri NW NC NE WC C EC SW SC SE
Days Suitable For Fieldwork                    
This Year 4.8 3.8 4.3 5.2 4.4 4.6 4.4 4.5 5.7 6.8
Last Year 5.7 6.6 6.3 6.4 5.6 5.9 4.0 6.5 4.2 4.1
Topsoil Moisture Supply                    
Very Short 3 0 0 4 0 0 6 1 0 15
Short 15 3 13 15 3 4 21 26 20 52
Adequate 70 67 65 73 77 90 72 53 80 33
Surplus 12 30 22 8 20 6 1 20 0 0
Corn Emerged, Percent                    
This Year 79 64 75 77 81 90 85 74 89 98
Last Year 97 95 96 97 100 97 96 97 93 100
Normal 88                  
Soybeans Planted, Percent                    
This Year 55 53 44 65 26 67 59 5 55 73
Last Year 71 84 82 78 64 84 75 27 36 48
Normal 57                  
Sorghum Planted, Percent                    
This Year 51 73 41 75 28 42 47 23 56 97
Last Year 80 94 80 76 73 68 65 83 70 96
Normal 63                  
Winter Wheat Turning Color, Percent                    
This Year 41 3 6 32 11 17 15 18 44 93
Last Year 56 16 10 40 63 40 38 74 75 71
Normal 40                  
Alfalfa Hay 1st Cutting, Percent                    
This Year 52 12 26 41 69 76 70 98 92 100
Last Year 70 70 56 54 85 74 64 91 69 88
Normal 52                  
Other Hay Cut, Percent                    
This Year 29 2 13 10 16 40 35 37 43 48
Last Year 33 25 27 16 28 36 31 49 37 20
Normal 23                  
Corn Condition                    
Very Poor 4 5 10 1 3 4 1 0 0 4
Poor 5 1 10 3 8 5 3 0 1 7
Fair 29 31 30 20 28 17 60 83 15 22
Good 53 50 37 63 49 71 35 15 61 64
Excellent 9 13 13 13 12 3 1 2 23 3
Winter Wheat Condition                    
Very Poor 22 19 7 15 23 11 12 15 16 36
Poor 34 41 20 31 33 25 26 44 44 38
Fair 33 36 55 28 37 45 39 32 40 22
Good 10 4 14 26 7 16 20 9 0 4
Excellent 1 0 4 0 0 3 3 0 0 0
Pasture Condition                    
Very Poor 5 0 2 7 2 1 10 23 1 1
Poor 13 23 13 24 7 9 24 7 16 1
Fair 46 44 50 37 51 49 49 28 56 64
Good 31 31 29 28 40 30 17 36 24 21
Excellent 5 2 6 4 0 11 0 6 3 13
                     
Average Precipitation 0.75 1.28 0.51 0.69 0.28 0.87 0.80 0.73 0.89 0.06