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Week Ending June 3, 2007

Agricultural Summary

Frequent showers over most of the state proved very beneficial for young corn plants, emerging soybeans, pasture grasses, and livestock water supplies, although they also delayed the hay harvest somewhat. In contrast to the rest of the state, dryness continues to be a problem in the southeast district, where center pivots are running more than usual for this time of year, emerged non-irrigated crops are being stressed, and several fields have soybean seed lying in dry soil. State-wide, topsoil moisture rates 3 percent very short, 13 percent short, 65 percent adequate, and 19 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture rates 2 percent very short, 13 percent short, 76 percent adequate, and 9 percent surplus. Bootheel fields are 80 percent short to very short of topsoil moisture and 47 percent short to very short of subsoil moisture. There were 3.7 days suitable for fieldwork.

Field Crops Report

Corn planting is complete except for a few flooded areas, mostly in the northwest district, that are waiting to be planted a second or even third time. Emergence is at 90 percent, slightly behind the 5-year average of 93 percent. Corn condition rates 3 percent very poor, 3 percent poor, 26 percent fair, 58 percent good, and 10 percent excellent, up 6 points in good to excellent over last week. Soybean planting stands at 66 percent complete, 9 days behind last year and 3 days behind the normal pace of 72 percent. The southwest district is only 8 percent planted, as progress has been hampered by soaking rains. Soybeans are 49 percent emerged, 4 days behind last year and marginally behind the 5-year average of 52 percent. Emergence is a concern in dry Bootheel soils. Sorghum planting is 68 percent complete, trailing last year by 11 days and normal by 5 days. Rice emergence is nearly complete in the Bootheel, while condition of the crop rates 6 percent poor, 28 percent fair, 65 percent good, and 1 percent excellent, a slight deterioration from last week. Cotton squaring is at 4 percent, the same as average. Cotton condition is rated 10 percent poor, 29 percent fair, 58 percent good, and 3 percent excellent. Seventy-three percent of the winter wheat is turning color, 3 days behind last year but slightly ahead of normal. A few fields have been harvested in the south-central district, although reporters indicate that more fields than anticipated will not be harvested for grain in that district as well as the southwest. Wheat condition is rated 22 percent very poor, 34 percent poor, 33 percent fair, 10 percent good, and 1 percent excellent, identical to last week. The first cutting of alfalfa is 61 percent harvested, 9 days behind last year and 4 days behind average. Other hay is 38 percent harvested, 4 days behind last year but on pace with normal. Although the April freeze and army worms reduced first-cutting production, the moisture has made very good prospects for productive second cuttings of both grasses and alfalfa.

Pasture & Livestock

Pasture condition improved to 3 percent very poor, 10 percent poor, 45 percent fair, 35 percent good, and 7 percent excellent, 6 points better than last week in good to excellent. Hay supply is estimated as 12 percent very short, 43 percent short, 44 percent adequate, and 1 percent surplus, 12 points better in adequate to surplus than last month at this time. Ponds and streams are in excellent shape statewide, with stock water supplies rated 2 percent short, 89 percent adequate, and 9 percent surplus.

Weather Summary

Temperatures averaged 2 to 4 degrees above normal over most of the state. Rainfall averaged 1.64 inches. Generally, it was very wet to the west but became drier to the east and southeast. The southeast (0.41 inches), south-central (0.58 inches), and east-central (0.81 inches) districts were on the low end, while the southwest (3.55 inches) and west-central (3.06 inches) averaged the most. Other districts received one and one-half inches or more.


Audio Commentary

Weekly Crop Progress and Condition Audio Commentary by State Director Gene Danekas is available on the
Missouri Field Office Audio Publications page.

http://www.nass.usda.gov/Statistics_by_State/Missouri/Publications/Audio/


Weather Data

Hourly and daily weather data from stations throughout the state is available at the
Missouri Historical Agricultural Weather Database.

http://agebb.missouri.edu/weather/history/

District Summaries As Of June 3, 2007
  Missouri NW NC NE WC C EC SW SC SE
Days Suitable For Fieldwork                    
This Year 3.7 3.1 2.6 3.4 2.1 3.4 4.4 2.7 4.4 6.4
Last Year 5.5 2.8 4.5 5.8 4.8 6.3 6.9 6.9 7.0 6.7
Topsoil Moisture Supply                    
Very Short 3 0 0 3 0 0 0 0 2 23
Short 13 0 1 17 0 3 27 9 18 57
Adequate 65 67 58 72 61 86 69 50 79 20
Surplus 19 33 41 8 39 11 4 41 1 0
Subsoil Moisture Supply                    
Very Short 2 0 1 6 0 0 1 0 0 12
Short 13 1 5 21 4 6 14 15 23 35
Adequate 76 80 69 68 83 91 84 70 73 53
Surplus 9 19 25 5 13 3 1 15 4 0
Corn Emerged, Percent                    
This Year 90 77 93 90 89 97 90 95 96 100
Last Year 100 99 100 100 100 100 100 100 99 100
Normal 93                  
Soybeans Planted, Percent                    
This Year 66 69 58 71 35 78 84 8 60 78
Last Year 83 95 91 88 79 92 89 37 42 64
Normal 72                  
Soybeans Emerged, Percent                    
This Year 49 45 38 53 27 62 51 2 39 66
Last Year 62 70 68 75 56 65 70 29 35 44
Normal 52                  
Sorghum Planted, Percent                    
This Year 68 84 53 88 41 64 70 37 78 99
Last Year 88 96 91 85 91 75 86 89 75 99
Normal 76                  
Winter Wheat Turning Color, Percent                    
This Year 73 59 52 38 68 60 62 74 52 99
Last Year 83 68 57 73 91 73 73 91 95 93
Normal 69                  
Alfalfa Hay 1st Cutting, Percent                    
This Year 61 26 32 47 70 84 92 99 93 100
Last Year 85 90 75 67 90 88 83 97 92 99
Normal 70                  
Other Hay Cut, Percent                    
This Year 38 9 15 14 26 50 49 44 57 70
Last Year 46 43 29 29 37 52 48 61 55 37
Normal 37                  
Corn Condition                    
Very Poor 3 5 2 1 3 4 0 0 0 2
Poor 3 1 3 4 7 5 1 0 1 7
Fair 26 32 37 19 28 13 36 16 17 20
Good 58 49 43 58 50 75 57 79 60 68
Excellent 10 13 15 18 12 3 6 5 22 3
Soybean Condition                    
Very Poor 1 1 2 2 0 0 0 0 0 3
Poor 6 1 5 6 1 8 1 0 0 16
Fair 36 38 48 22 60 21 32 13 25 34
Good 54 58 36 62 39 71 67 86 75 47
Excellent 3 2 9 8 0 0 0 1 0  
Winter Wheat Condition                    
Very Poor 22 20 7 9 31 13 14 23 24 33
Poor 34 35 25 29 35 25 26 38 42 40
Fair 33 40 51 32 30 46 41 34 34 23
Good 10 5 15 29 4 14 17 5 0 4
Excellent 1 0 2 1 0 2 2 0 0 0
Supply of Hay and Other Roughages                    
Very Short 12 18 2 16 24 14 18 8 9 0
Short 43 35 39 44 38 43 44 47 45 54
Adequate 44 46 57 36 38 42 38 44 44 46
Surplus 1 1 2 4 0 1 0 1 2 0
Stock Water Supplies                    
Very Short 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
Short 2 0 1 11 0 0 0 0 4 4
Adequate 89 89 94 79 77 95 98 81 92 96
Surplus 9 11 4 9 23 5 2 19 4 0
Pasture Condition                    
Very Poor 3 0 3 7 1 0 1 16 1 1
Poor 10 5 15 28 6 8 22 5 12 3
Fair 45 60 47 40 48 44 50 26 47 68
Good 35 30 28 24 45 37 26 41 32 20
Excellent 7 5 7 1 0 11 1 12 8 8
                     
Average Precipitation 1.64 1.57 2.63 1.45 3.06 1.53 0.81 3.55 0.58 0.41