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Week Ending June 10, 2007

Agricultural Summary

Farmers worked around light rain showers to plant soybeans and cut hay during the week, while initial fescue seed and wheat harvest took place in southern areas. In general, corn and soybean condition is very good, although topsoil dryness is causing a few problems in the eastern third of the state. Uneven emergence was reported in the east-central district, while double-crop soybeans are struggling to emerge in dry Bootheel soils. The Bootheel is also seeing some increased insect pressure, but no major damage yet. Topsoil moisture rates 3 percent very short, 12 percent short, 70 percent adequate, and 15 percent surplus. There were 5.1 days suitable for fieldwork.

Field Crops Report

Corn emergence is at 97 percent, even with the 5-year average. Isolated infestations of white grubs in the north-central district caused some replanting. Corn condition rates 3 percent very poor, 4 percent poor, 24 percent fair, 56 percent good, and 13 percent excellent. Soybean planting stands at 81 percent complete, 8 days behind last year but nearly even with normal. Emergence is at 63 percent, 1 week behind last year and slightly behind the 5-year average of 66 percent. The southwest district showed virtually no planting or emergence during the week. Rain showers on already wet soils kept it at 8 percent planted, well behind all other districts. Soybean condition is 1 percent very poor, 6 percent poor, 35 percent fair, 54 percent good, and 4 percent excellent. All districts are above 50 percent in good to excellent except the Bootheel, where the emergence problems with dry soils pulled down the rating. Sorghum planting is 79 percent complete, 2 weeks behind last year and 5 days behind average. Some early sorghum is heading in the east-central and southwest districts. Rice condition rates 3 percent poor, 32 percent fair, 51 percent good, and 14 percent excellent, a slight improvement from last week in good to excellent, with a substantial portion moving from good into excellent. Cotton squaring is at 16 percent, about 4 days ahead of last year and average. Cotton condition is rated 9 percent poor, 39 percent fair, 49 percent good, and 3 percent excellent, a moderate drop from last week. Ninety-three percent of the winter wheat is turning color, 3 days ahead of normal. Harvest is 4 percent complete, with most of the activity in the south-central and southeast districts. A few reports tell of some farmers making last minute decisions to destroy poor fields to plant another crop. Wheat condition is rated 24 percent very poor, 30 percent poor, 34 percent fair, 11 percent good, and 1 percent excellent, similar to last week. The first cutting of alfalfa is 78 percent harvested. Producers in the northern third of the state made substantial progress, although the state is still 11 days behind last year and 3 days behind average. Other hay is 47 percent harvested, 1 week behind last year and marginally behind normal.

Pasture & Livestock

The rain that fell during the week helped keep pasture condition stable at 4 percent very poor, 9 percent poor, 46 percent fair, 36 percent good, and 5 percent excellent.

Weather Summary

Temperatures averaged 1 to 2 degrees above normal over most of the state. Rainfall was consistent across the state at about one-half inch in nearly every district, averaging 0.58 inches at the state level. The southwest district was slightly higher at 0.96 inches.


Audio Commentary

Weekly Crop Progress and Condition Audio Commentary by State Director Gene Danekas is available on the
Missouri Field Office Audio Publications page.

http://www.nass.usda.gov/Statistics_by_State/Missouri/Publications/Audio/


Weather Data

Hourly and daily weather data from stations throughout the state is available at the
Missouri Historical Agricultural Weather Database.

http://agebb.missouri.edu/weather/history/

District Summaries As Of June 10, 2007
  Missouri NW NC NE WC C EC SW SC SE
Days Suitable For Fieldwork                    
This Year 5.1 5.4 4.4 5.1 5.1 5.0 5.6 3.8 5.7 5.4
Last Year 4.9 5.7 4.4 3.3 4.2 5.1 5.1 5.8 6.1 4.9
Topsoil Moisture Supply                    
Very Short 3 0 0 4 0 0 7 0 0 21
Short 12 1 5 19 0 8 23 1 25 41
Adequate 70 75 64 74 76 80 70 62 74 38
Surplus 15 24 31 3 24 12 0 37 1 0
Corn Emerged, Percent                    
This Year 97 95 98 98 98 99 98 99 98 100
Last Year 100 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14
Normal 97                  
Soybeans Planted, Percent                    
This Year 81 82 76 93 62 90 91 8 78 83
Last Year 89 98 98 93 84 96 93 45 68 79
Normal 82                  
Soybeans Emerged, Percent                    
This Year 63 62 57 73 36 77 71 3 61 71
Last Year 74 85 82 83 73 73 77 35 50 63
Normal 66                  
Sorghum Planted, Percent                    
This Year 79 93 86 95 98 79 71 41 80 99
Last Year 94 98 98 92 97 87 91 95 97 100
Normal 86                  
Winter Wheat Turning Color, Percent                    
This Year 93 75 95 91 95 86 88 93 100 100
Last Year 96 93 92 92 98 95 93 99 100 99
Normal 87                  
Alfalfa Hay 1st Cutting, Percent                    
This Year 78 64 65 75 77 89 98 100 99 100
Last Year 94 96 91 82 95 95 94 100 97 100
Normal 83                  
Other Hay Cut, Percent                    
This Year 47 22 18 25 37 66 52 58 73 73
Last Year 60 63 42 43 45 69 65 67 69 67
Normal 50                  
Corn Condition                    
Very Poor 3 4 2 1 1 4 0 0 0 7
Poor 4 2 2 4 6 5 0 0 1 11
Fair 24 26 33 17 28 14 33 28 14 26
Good 56 50 49 63 55 67 59 68 47 47
Excellent 13 18 14 15 10 10 8 4 38 9
Soybean Condition                    
Very Poor 1 1 2 1 0 0 0 0 0 4
Poor 6 1 4 6 2 9 1 0 0 14
Fair 35 42 41 23 43 25 36 39 0 35
Good 54 52 45 63 55 66 61 52 50 44
Excellent 4 4 8 7 0 0 2 9 50 3
Winter Wheat Condition                    
Very Poor 24 17 5 13 27 13 14 23 15 46
Poor 30 40 28 28 34 23 23 44 44 28
Fair 34 36 51 30 33 48 45 32 41 21
Good 11 6 16 29 6 13 16 1 0 5
Excellent 1 1 0 0 0 3 2 0 0 0
Pasture Condition                    
Very Poor 4 0 2 5 1 1 6 24 0 4
Poor 9 5 12 22 5 6 14 3 15 9
Fair 46 54 60 39 45 45 37 24 48 35
Good 36 37 20 31 49 38 43 42 35 36
Excellent 5 4 6 3 0 10 0 7 2 16
                     
Average Precipitation 0.58 0.57 0.56 0.45 0.47 0.67 0.34 0.96 0.55 0.62