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Week Ending June 17, 2007

Agricultural Summary

Farmers took advantage of mostly dry weather to harvest hay and fescue seed, catching up to the normal pace and benefiting from yields that were better than expected in many areas. The clear weather was also helpful for wheat harvesting, which has started across the state. However, the eastern side of the state is becoming increasingly dry, especially the Bootheel, where the dearth of rain is stressing crops and forcing farmers to spray increased insect populations. The southwest is beset by the opposite problem of too much rain, with thunderstorms bringing drenching rains early in the week. Topsoil moisture rates 8 percent very short, 26 percent short, 57 percent adequate, and 9 percent surplus. The three eastern districts had substantial increases in soils rated short to very short, with the northeast at 48 percent in those categories, the east-central at 68 percent, and the southeast at 93 percent. There were 6.1 days suitable for fieldwork.

Field Crops Report

Corn silking is beginning at the usual time, with the state at 4 percent and the majority taking place in the Bootheel. Reports indicate the crop is growing well in most areas, taking on a darker green color as roots tap into nitrogen. However, dryness is becoming a concern to the east. Corn in good to excellent condition dropped 15 points from last week in the northeast district, 13 points in the southeast, and 7 points in the east-central. State-wide, the condition rating fell 4 points to 3 percent very poor, 5 percent poor, 27 percent fair, 54 percent good, and 11 percent excellent. Soybean planting, at 90 percent complete, and emergence, at 79 percent, are both a few days behind last year but about even with the 5-year averages. The southwest district is still planting at a very sluggish pace due to heavy rain, with only 10 percent planted compared to at least 80 percent in all other districts. Emergence remains a problem in dryland Bootheel fields planted behind wheat, while early growth has been slowed in other dry areas. Soybean condition is 2 percent very poor, 7 percent poor, 36 percent fair, 50 percent good, and 5 percent excellent, a slight deterioration from last week. Sorghum planting is 87 percent complete, 2 weeks behind last year and 6 days behind average. Sorghum heading is at 3 percent. Condition is rated 4 percent poor, 38 percent fair, 55 percent good, and 3 percent excellent. Rice heading is beginning in the Bootheel. Rice condition rates 4 percent poor, 20 percent fair, 55 percent good, and 21 percent excellent, a substantial improvement from last week as irrigation begins to take affect. Cotton squaring is at 35 percent, about 4 days ahead of last year and average. Two percent is setting bolls. Cotton condition is rated 4 percent very poor, 18 percent poor, 33 percent fair, 43 percent good, and 2 percent excellent, a moderate drop from last week. Wheat harvest progressed into northern areas, standing at 21 percent complete statewide. Early yield reports have been disappointing. Wheat condition is rated 24 percent very poor, 30 percent poor, 34 percent fair, 11 percent good, and 1 percent excellent. The first cutting of alfalfa is 90 percent harvested, while other hay is 63 percent harvested, both behind last year but near the normal rates of progress.

Pasture & Livestock

Pasture condition is rated 4 percent very poor, 13 percent poor, 40 percent fair, 37 percent good, and 6 percent excellent. Stable pasture condition, surprisingly good hay yields on the first cutting, and good prospects for the second cutting should help alleviate the hay deficit for cattle producers.

Weather Summary

Temperatures were 3 to 5 degrees above average in central and northern areas, while southern parts of the state were 1 to 3 degrees above normal. While the state averaged 0.81 inches of rainfall, the week was notable for drastic differences in amounts among districts. The southwest averaged 4.89 inches, mostly from heavy downpours early in the week. County totals include Barton with 7.98, Dade with 7.35, Jasper with 6.50, and Lawrence with 6.18. By contrast, the southeast averaged only 0.01 inches, with most counties receiving no measurable precipitation. The west-central, central, and south-central saw about three-quarters inch, while the three northern districts as well as the east-central received less than one-quarter inch.


Audio Commentary

Weekly Crop Progress and Condition Audio Commentary by State Director Gene Danekas is available on the
Missouri Field Office Audio Publications page.

http://www.nass.usda.gov/Statistics_by_State/Missouri/Publications/Audio/


Weather Data

Hourly and daily weather data from stations throughout the state is available at the
Missouri Historical Agricultural Weather Database.

http://agebb.missouri.edu/weather/history/

District Summaries As Of June 17, 2007
  Missouri NW NC NE WC C EC SW SC SE
Days Suitable For Fieldwork                    
This Year 6.1 6.7 6.4 6.5 5.7 5.9 6.6 3.1 5.8 7.0
Last Year 5.8 5.8 5.1 4.9 4.8 6.1 5.8 6.5 6.7 6.9
Topsoil Moisture Supply                    
Very Short 8 3 0 16 0 1 27 0 2 47
Short 26 36 23 32 3 12 41 0 42 46
Adequate 57 47 66 51 83 81 32 65 56 7
Surplus 9 14 11 1 14 6 0 35 0 0
Corn Silked and Beyond, Percent                    
This Year 4 0 4 0 2 0 4 0 4 37
Last Year 8 0 3 0 2 2 5 40 0 18
Normal 5                  
Soybeans Emerged, Percent                    
This Year 79 87 75 89 55 89 85 6 74 79
Last Year 85 95 85 92 84 77 89 40 61 80
Normal 78                  
Sorghum Planted, Percent                    
This Year 87 96 96 98 99 86 83 54 83 100
Last Year 97 99 100 96 99 92 94 98 100 100
Normal 92                  
Winter Wheat Harvested, Percent                    
This Year 21 8 1 8 3 9 14 1 16 71
Last Year 57 4 25 11 55 47 26 62 60 82
Normal 26                  
Alfalfa Hay 1st Cutting, Percent                    
This Year 90 93 83 87 79 95 100 100 100 100
Last Year 100 100 100 99 100 100 100 100 100 100
Normal 92                  
Other Hay Cut, Percent                    
This Year 63 50 36 50 51 74 71 63 80 89
Last Year 72 83 52 63 58 79 76 78 78 82
Normal 61                  
Corn Condition                    
Very Poor 3 3 1 2 1 4 0 0 0 16
Poor 5 5 2 4 3 5 1 0 3 17
Fair 27 23 38 31 26 13 39 35 12 24
Good 54 53 46 54 61 68 52 60 50 41
Excellent 11 16 13 9 9 10 8 5 35 2
Soybean Condition                    
Very Poor 2 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 8
Poor 7 3 3 8 1 9 5 0 0 20
Fair 36 38 40 35 39 25 38 40 0 37
Good 50 52 44 52 57 65 55 54 50 32
Excellent 5 7 12 4 3 1 2 6 50 3
Sorghum Condition                    
Very Poor 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 3
Poor 4 1 6 5 1 1 3 0 0 25
Fair 38 47 42 44 32 27 45 50 0 40
Good 55 48 49 48 66 72 50 46 88 28
Excellent 3 4 2 3 1 0 2 4 12 4
Winter Wheat Condition                    
Very Poor 24 17 6 17 33 11 15 23 24 46
Poor 30 39 27 38 35 21 24 44 40 24
Fair 34 37 48 28 28 49 43 32 36 20
Good 11 6 17 17 4 16 16 1 0 10
Excellent 1 1 2 0 0 3 2 0 0 0
Pasture Condition                    
Very Poor 4 1 3 9 0 0 5 14 1 53
Poor 13 9 13 32 4 6 16 4 28 13
Fair 40 54 59 40 44 40 37 21 31 15
Good 37 35 22 16 48 42 42 48 34 16
Excellent 6 1 3 3 4 12 0 13 6 3
                     
Average Precipitation 0.81 0.15 0.16 0.24 0.66 0.78 0.23 4.89 0.72 0.01