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Week Ending June 24, 2007

Agricultural Summary

Substantial progress was made in the winter wheat harvest during the week, as some farmers found better yields than earlier harvested fields. Hay harvest also progressed, with all areas beginning the second alfalfa cutting. Spotty coverage of showers and storms, typical of summer, brought timely rains to some counties but left others mostly dry. Enough rain fell to keep corn and soybean conditions stable from last week, but reporters are communicating the need for continued rains in order to germinate double-crop soybeans, activate herbicides, and supply moisture to corn entering critical development stages. Rain is especially needed in the three eastern districts, where topsoil moisture shortages remain. Topsoil moisture at the state level rates 6 percent very short, 27 percent short, 62 percent adequate, and 5 percent surplus. There were 5.8 days suitable for fieldwork.

Field Crops Report

Twenty-two percent of the corn crop is silked, slightly behind last year but a few days ahead of 16 percent as normal. Silking ranges from 4 percent in the northeast to 75 percent in the southeast. Slight stress was observed in the dryer counties, mostly in the form of corn leaves rolling in the afternoons, but lack of extreme heat has kept stress to a minimum. After sharp deterioration the week before, corn condition in the northeast and east-central districts stabilized at 62 percent and 51 percent in good to excellent, while Bootheel corn improved from 43 percent to 59 percent. State-wide, the condition rates 3 percent very poor, 5 percent poor, 29 percent fair, 50 percent good, and 13 percent excellent. Soybean planting is 94 percent complete. Most of the fields yet to be planted are in wet areas of the west-central and southwest districts. Emergence is 86 percent complete, 6 days behind last year and slightly behind normal. Early growth remains slow in dry eastern areas. Reporters in the wet southwestern areas mentioned that delayed wheat harvest could reduce double-crop soybean acreage from normal levels. Soybean condition is 2 percent very poor, 5 percent poor, 36 percent fair, 51 percent good, and 6 percent excellent. Sorghum planting is 90 percent complete, 9 days behind the 5-year average. Sorghum heading is at 5 percent. Condition is rated 1 percent very poor, 3 percent poor, 37 percent fair, 55 percent good, and 4 percent excellent. Rice heading is 2 percent complete, with condition rated 2 percent poor, 22 percent fair, 60 percent good, and 16 percent excellent. Cotton squaring is at 62 percent, 1 week ahead of last year and average. Twelve percent is setting bolls, well ahead of the normal 2 percent. Dunklin County reported spraying for spider mites. Cotton condition is rated 7 percent very poor, 15 percent poor, 28 percent fair, 46 percent good, and 4 percent excellent. Wheat harvest advanced substantially, moving ahead 31 points to 52 percent complete, 8 days behind last year and slightly behind normal. A few yield reports indicated better than expected results. First cutting alfalfa is 96 percent harvested, while second cutting is off to a slower start than usual at 16 percent complete, or 8 days behind average. Other hay is 73 percent cut, equal to normal.

Pasture & Livestock

Pasture condition is rated 4 percent very poor, 12 percent poor, 41 percent fair, 38 percent good, and 5 percent excellent. Cattle producers in some areas are still reporting hay shortages, but look to find relief from stable grass condition and normal hay yields.

Weather Summary

Temperatures were 1 to 3 degrees above normal throughout the state. The state averaged 0.83 inches of rainfall, ranging from 0.53 in the northeast and southwest to 1.03 in the northwest.


Audio Commentary

Weekly Crop Progress and Condition Audio Commentary by State Director Gene Danekas is available on the
Missouri Field Office Audio Publications page.

http://www.nass.usda.gov/Statistics_by_State/Missouri/Publications/Audio/


Weather Data

Hourly and daily weather data from stations throughout the state is available at the
Missouri Historical Agricultural Weather Database.

http://agebb.missouri.edu/weather/history/

District Summaries As Of June 24, 2007
  Missouri NW NC NE WC C EC SW SC SE
Days Suitable For Fieldwork                    
This Year 5.8 5.8 5.5 5.9 5.9 5.9 6.0 5.6 5.8 5.8
Last Year 6.0 6.7 5.7 6.3 5.8 6.0 5.5 6.1 5.8 5.9
Topsoil Moisture Supply                    
Very Short 6 4 0 23 0 3 26 0 2 16
Short 27 19 22 36 16 25 50 3 35 44
Adequate 62 67 77 41 78 68 24 75 63 40
Surplus 5 10 1 0 6 4 0 22 0 0
Corn Silked and Beyond, Percent                    
This Year 22 6 27 4 10 32 15 6 26 75
Last Year 25 1 21 9 17 40 17 75 13 66
Normal 16                  
Soybeans Emerged, Percent                    
This Year 86 90 87 96 78 95 93 22 91 97
Last Year 95 90 97 97 95 95 95 66 82 91
Normal 89                  
Sorghum Headed and Beyond, Percent                    
This Year 5 11 2 4 0 1 16 9 0 6
Last Year 2 0 4 0 1 7 2 0 3 7
Normal 1                  
Winter Wheat Harvested, Percent                    
This Year 52 11 9 48 21 47 64 18 66 98
Last Year 80 31 50 46 88 76 71 80 83 97
Normal 57                  
Alfalfa Hay 2nd Cutting, Percent                    
This Year 16 1 6 6 29 23 9 21 51 78
Last Year 45 26 23 27 71 66 58 58 63 92
Normal 35                  
Other Hay Cut, Percent                    
This Year 73 67 50 68 59 83 87 70 85 92
Last Year 78 89 56 75 74 83 85 83 85 88
Normal 73                  
Corn Condition                    
Very Poor 3 4 1 2 1 8 0 0 0 4
Poor 5 4 1 4 2 9 11 0 3 12
Fair 29 32 38 32 22 15 38 22 17 25
Good 50 40 45 55 60 59 44 71 50 48
Excellent 13 20 15 7 15 9 7 7 30 11
Soybean Condition                    
Very Poor 2 1 1 2 0 3 0 0 0 7
Poor 5 2 1 7 0 9 6 2 0 12
Fair 36 51 39 34 28 24 38 14 25 33
Good 51 43 46 55 68 63 52 82 41 41
Excellent 6 3 13 2 4 1 4 2 34 7
Sorghum Condition                    
Very Poor 1 0 1 1 0 0 2 0 0 3
Poor 3 0 1 6 1 0 5 0 0 17
Fair 37 54 42 44 25 29 42 45 20 36
Good 55 42 52 47 65 70 47 55 72 39
Excellent 4 4 4 2 9 1 4 0 8 5
Winter Wheat Condition                    
Very Poor 17 20 2 10 29 8 13 17 25 22
Poor 30 42 26 28 31 21 23 45 39 27
Fair 38 32 49 30 30 49 50 37 36 35
Good 14 6 19 32 10 18 14 1 0 15
Excellent 1 0 4 0 0 4 0 0 0 1
Pasture Condition                    
Very Poor 4 2 3 11 0 1 8 10 1 40
Poor 12 9 17 34 2 7 23 6 17 20
Fair 41 54 55 38 48 44 43 14 39 21
Good 38 35 23 16 46 38 26 56 41 17
Excellent 5 1 2 1 4 10 0 14 2 2
                     
Average Precipitation 0.83 1.03 0.97 0.53 0.94 0.75 0.68 0.53 0.99 0.90