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Week Ending July 1, 2007

Agricultural Summary

Soaking rains fell nearly statewide, providing excellent conditions for early corn in the silking and pollination stages. However, excessive rain in especially the west-central and southwest districts caused lowland flooding, state and county road closures, and significant delays to the wheat harvest, which, in turn, set back double-crop soybean planting. Reporters indicate significant wheat acreage could be lost in some counties. Rainfall totals as high as 17 inches were reported. Topsoil moisture rates 3 percent very short, 15 percent short, 61 percent adequate, and 21 percent surplus. The far northwestern section of the state missed most of the rain, causing a moderate decline in topsoil moisture supply in that district. However, the northwest has mostly adequate subsoil moisture, as does most of the state. State-level subsoil moisture rates 3 percent very short, 16 percent short, 73 percent adequate, and 8 percent surplus. There were 3.7 days suitable for fieldwork.

Field Crops Report

The corn crop is 44 percent silked, nearly even with last year and 3 days ahead of the 5-year average of 37 percent. Moderate temperatures and adequate soil moisture have resulted in very few reports of stress as the bulk of the crop enters pollination. Condition of the crop rates 3 percent very poor, 5 percent poor, 27 percent fair, 49 percent good, and 16 percent excellent. Ninety-five percent of the soybean crop is planted, while 90 percent is emerged. Producers in west-central and southwestern areas are still waiting to plant double-crop soybeans, but reporters are expecting the wait will get too long, resulting in substantial reductions in double-crop acres from normal levels. Soybean blooming is at 8 percent, nearly even with the 5 year average of 9 percent. Condition is rated 3 percent very poor, 6 percent poor, 34 percent fair, 49 percent good, and 8 percent excellent. Sorghum planting is 93 percent complete, with 9 percent headed. Condition is rated 1 percent very poor, 4 percent poor, 33 percent fair, 58 percent good, and 4 percent excellent. Rice heading moved up 1 point from last week to 3 percent complete, with condition rated 3 percent poor, 24 percent fair, 45 percent good, and 28 percent excellent. Cotton squaring is at 78 percent, about 1 week ahead of last year and average. Twenty-four percent is setting bolls, well ahead of 7 percent as normal. Cotton condition is rated 9 percent very poor, 12 percent poor, 33 percent fair, 39 percent good, and 7 percent excellent. Wheat harvest is 67 percent complete, 12 days behind last year and 5 days behind normal. Harvest has been seriously hampered in areas that received heavy rains. The west-central district is 42 percent harvested compared to 97 percent last year, while the southwest is at 21 percent compared to 92 percent last year. Standing water has many fields severely lodged, heads turning gray, and grain sprouting in the heads. The second alfalfa cutting is 35 percent harvested, 11 days behind last year and 1 week behind normal. Other hay is 78 percent cut, 1 week behind last year and 3 days behind average.

Pasture & Livestock

Pasture condition improved moderately from last week to 2 percent very poor, 10 percent poor, 41 percent fair, 40 percent good, and 7 percent excellent. Hay supply is rated 7 percent very short, 34 percent short, 57 percent adequate, and 2 percent surplus. A majority of areas in the northwest, north-central, east-central, and southwest districts are rated short to very short. Stock water supplies are 1 percent very short, 5 percent short, 75 percent adequate, and 19 percent surplus, with the Bootheel the only area of concern due to dryness in recent weeks.

Weather Summary

Temperatures were 1 to 3 degrees below average over most of the state, while south-central and southeastern areas were normal to slightly above normal. Rainfall averaged 2.89 inches, ranging from 0.84 in the northwest to 7.54 in the west-central. Notable county totals in the west-central district include Cass at 11.11 inches, Vernon at 8.97, Henry at 8.40, St. Clair at 7.77, and Bates at 6.66; the southwest district included Barton at 8.08 and Lawrence at 6.72. Many other counties throughout the state received 4 inches or more. Isolated severe storms occurred along with the heavy rainfall. A tornado touched down in Polk County, causing some structural damage.


Audio Commentary

Weekly Crop Progress and Condition Audio Commentary by State Director Gene Danekas is available on the
Missouri Field Office Audio Publications page.

http://www.nass.usda.gov/Statistics_by_State/Missouri/Publications/Audio/


Weather Data

Hourly and daily weather data from stations throughout the state is available at the
Missouri Historical Agricultural Weather Database.

http://agebb.missouri.edu/weather/history/

District Summaries As Of July 1, 2007
  Missouri NW NC NE WC C EC SW SC SE
Days Suitable For Fieldwork                    
This Year 3.7 5.3 3.2 4.5 1.7 2.8 3.5 1.4 4.3 4.9
Last Year 5.5 4.9 4.6 5.4 5.9 5.8 5.3 6.2 6.5 5.3
Topsoil Moisture Supply                    
Very Short 3 6 4 12 0 0 5 0 0 2
Short 15 35 19 21 0 0 19 0 8 36
Adequate 61 53 60 56 27 75 73 43 81 62
Surplus 21 6 17 11 73 25 3 57 11 0
Subsoil Moisture Supply                    
Very Short 3 1 5 10 0 0 3 0 0 8
Short 16 18 11 30 0 1 31 0 25 32
Adequate 73 80 83 59 46 94 65 78 69 60
Surplus 8 1 1 1 54 5 1 22 6 0
Corn Silked and Beyond, Percent                    
This Year 44 37 44 17 36 66 45 22 65 94
Last Year 45 10 33 35 54 61 40 89 32 85
Normal 37                  
Soybeans Blooming and Beyond, Percent                    
This Year 8 2 3 8 2 10 6 0 4 23
Last Year 11 8 8 14 9 14 27 1 4 6
Normal 9                  
Sorghum Headed and Beyond, Percent                    
This Year 9 13 4 4 4 6 25 10 4 10
Last Year 5 1 8 0 4 8 9 1 8 16
Normal 4                  
Winter Wheat Harvested, Percent                    
This Year 67 51 58 62 42 79 89 21 90 100
Last Year 92 55 75 80 97 93 90 92 96 100
Normal 84                  
Alfalfa Hay 2nd Cutting, Percent                    
This Year 35 17 26 25 35 56 46 41 73 91
Last Year 65 66 38 51 86 74 68 75 85 98
Normal 56                  
Other Hay Cut, Percent                    
This Year 78 83 61 78 60 84 88 73 87 98
Last Year 86 90 70 83 87 87 89 91 91 94
Normal 81                  
Corn Condition                    
Very Poor 3 4 1 1 1 5 0 0 0 5
Poor 5 4 1 4 5 5 9 2 3 16
Fair 27 31 32 27 20 15 32 29 5 32
Good 49 40 47 56 57 64 50 58 55 31
Excellent 16 21 19 12 17 11 9 11 37 16
Soybean Condition                    
Very Poor 3 1 1 2 4 4 0 0 0 6
Poor 6 2 2 5 8 7 5 2 0 12
Fair 34 45 32 28 39 22 34 16 0 36
Good 49 48 50 60 42 60 58 81 58 33
Excellent 8 4 15 5 7 7 3 1 42 13
Sorghum Condition                    
Very Poor 1 0 1 0 3 0 2 0 0 1
Poor 4 1 1 4 5 0 4 12 0 17
Fair 33 44 31 38 45 16 43 42 3 38
Good 58 51 62 55 46 82 48 41 87 33
Excellent 4 4 5 3 1 2 3 5 10 11
Supply of Hay and Other Roughages                    
Very Short 7 12 21 11 4 0 6 0 2 75
Short 34 57 35 35 41 29 48 15 33 8
Adequate 57 30 43 48 55 68 46 84 63 17
Surplus 2 1 1 6 0 3 0 1 2 0
Stock Water Supplies                    
Very Short 1 1 2 3 0 0 2 0 0 1
Short 5 6 5 13 0 0 15 0 4 77
Adequate 75 87 79 77 43 81 76 52 92 22
Surplus 19 6 14 7 57 19 7 48 4 0
Pasture Condition                    
Very Poor 2 2 3 11 0 0 7 0 0 45
Poor 10 10 21 34 3 4 18 1 11 5
Fair 41 51 52 37 34 37 41 25 43 25
Good 40 35 19 17 54 50 34 54 43 22
Excellent 7 2 5 1 9 9 0 20 3 3
Average Precipitation 2.89 0.84 1.46 2.41 7.54 4.00 1.86 3.64 2.79 2.36