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Week Ending July 8, 2007

Agricultural Summary

Farmers utilized 5.7 days suitable for fieldwork to make good progress with hay harvest. Crop conditions remain mostly fair to good around the state with the exception of some dry pockets across the northwest, north-central, and east-central districts. Row crops in the drier areas are showing signs of stress, while hay yields have been somewhat short. Meanwhile, counties in the west-central district along the Kansas border have struggled with the effects of last week’s heavy rains. Flooding caused some crop losses to corn, soybeans, and hay where fields were completely drowned out. A dry week caused moderate deterioration in topsoil moisture from last week, with the state rated 6 percent very short, 20 percent short, 63 percent adequate, and 11 percent surplus, a drop of 7 points in adequate and surplus.

Field Crops Report

The corn crop is 62 percent silked, slightly ahead of the 5-year average of 61 percent. The percentage of the crop entering the dough stage is on track with last year and normal, with 7 percent at the state level. Among the major corn districts, the central already has 24 percent in dough stage. The crop is rated 3 percent very poor, 5 percent poor, 26 percent fair, 51 percent good, and 15 percent excellent, stable from last week. Ninety-seven percent of the soybean crop is planted, with 94 percent emerged. Only the wettest areas of the west-central and southwest districts remain to be planted. Soybean blooming is at 16 percent, 4 days behind last year and 2 days behind normal. Three percent of the crop is setting pods. Soybean condition is rated 3 percent very poor, 5 percent poor, 33 percent fair, 52 percent good, and 7 percent excellent, a slight improvement from last week. Sorghum heading is at 19 percent, about 6 days ahead of last year and average. Sorghum condition is rated 1 percent very poor, 4 percent poor, 35 percent fair, 54 percent good, and 6 percent excellent. Rice heading is at 6 percent, slightly ahead of normal. Rice condition is rated 2 percent poor, 15 percent fair, 54 percent good, and 29 percent excellent. Cotton squaring is at 89 percent, 8 days ahead of both last year and average. Thirty percent is setting bolls, at least 4 days ahead of last year and normal. Cotton condition is rated 7 percent very poor, 11 percent poor, 25 percent fair, 55 percent good, and 2 percent excellent. Wheat harvest is 83 percent complete, nearly 2 weeks behind last year and 1 week behind normal. All districts are at least 81 percent complete except the southwest at 40 percent and the west-central at 53 percent. Good progress was made in the alfalfa harvest, advancing to 64 percent complete, but still 1 week behind last year and 5 days behind average. Other hay is 84 percent cut, 8 days behind last year and 4 days behind average.

Pasture & Livestock

Pasture condition is rated 3 percent very poor, 12 percent poor, 42 percent fair, 37 percent good, and 6 percent excellent. There have been isolated reports of pastures struggling to recover from various setbacks, including the April freeze, overgrazing, and dry weather.

Weather Summary

Temperatures averaged close to normal over most of the state, although parts of the Bootheel were 3 to 4 degrees below normal. Rainfall averaged 0.34 inches. The west-central and southeast districts averaged about 1 inch, the east-central and southwest received about one-half inch, and all other districts were under one-quarter inch.


Audio Commentary

Weekly Crop Progress and Condition Audio Commentary by State Director Gene Danekas is available on the
Missouri Field Office Audio Publications page.

http://www.nass.usda.gov/Statistics_by_State/Missouri/Publications/Audio/


Weather Data

Hourly and daily weather data from stations throughout the state is available at the
Missouri Historical Agricultural Weather Database.

http://agebb.missouri.edu/weather/history/

District Summaries As Of July 8, 2007
  Missouri NW NC NE WC C EC SW SC SE
Days Suitable For Fieldwork                    
This Year 5.7 6.3 6.1 6.1 3.7 6.5 5.6 5.4 6.3 4.8
Last Year 6.6 6.4 6.4 6.7 6.6 6.6 6.7 6.9 6.9 6.7
Topsoil Moisture Supply                    
Very Short 6 20 8 9 0 0 5 0 0 9
Short 20 30 35 27 8 3 40 1 17 24
Adequate 63 42 41 60 40 94 53 74 82 64
Surplus 11 8 16 4 52 3 2 25 1 3
Corn Silked and Beyond, Percent                    
This Year 62 48 60 42 60 75 70 35 90 99
Last Year 69 42 70 64 82 82 49 97 44 93
Normal 61                  
Soybeans Blooming and Beyond, Percent                    
This Year 16 3 12 18 10 24 29 2 16 26
Last Year 27 32 36 27 34 27 42 3 7 16
Normal 20                  
Sorghum Headed and Beyond, Percent                    
This Year 19 16 21 6 24 12 31 23 21 17
Last Year 9 2 10 1 12 11 20 2 15 25
Normal 10                  
Winter Wheat Harvested, Percent                    
This Year 83 81 88 96 53 95 99 40 98 100
Last Year 98 89 94 95 100 99 99 99 99 100
Normal 96                  
Alfalfa Hay 2nd Cutting, Percent                    
This Year 64 54 45 64 43 74 70 84 93 91
Last Year 83 87 62 69 89 94 86 96 94 99
Normal 75                  
Other Hay Cut, Percent                    
This Year 84 85 70 85 70 90 92 82 94 98
Last Year 91 94 83 89 91 92 94 94 95 99
Normal 88                  
Corn Condition                    
Very Poor 3 4 1 1 4 4 0 0 0 4
Poor 5 5 1 4 6 4 9 2 3 7
Fair 26 35 39 26 16 15 31 18 14 18
Good 51 43 39 61 48 59 46 69 39 56
Excellent 15 13 20 8 26 18 14 11 44 15
Soybean Condition                    
Very Poor 3 2 1 1 12 3 0 0 0 4
Poor 5 4 2 5 8 5 5 1 3 8
Fair 33 51 38 26 24 24 33 34 19 28
Good 52 38 45 64 51 63 58 65 35 51
Excellent 7 5 14 4 5 5 4 0 43 9
Sorghum Condition                    
Very Poor 1 0 0 0 4 0 2 0 0 1
Poor 4 0 1 2 6 0 4 11 0 11
Fair 35 63 46 38 38 17 37 36 17 34
Good 54 34 38 56 43 81 52 48 73 46
Excellent 6 3 15 4 9 2 5 5 10 8
Pasture Condition                    
Very Poor 3 2 7 10 3 0 6 0 0 39
Poor 12 13 30 31 5 3 16 0 10 3
Fair 42 55 43 30 32 43 38 21 58 31
Good 37 28 17 29 51 43 40 63 29 27
Excellent 6 2 3 0 9 11 0 16 3 0
                     
Average Precipitation 0.37 0.16 0.20 0.10 1.27 0.16 0.44 0.50 0.19 1.01