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Week Ending July 15, 2007

Agricultural Summary

The week was mostly dry, with 6.2 days suitable for fieldwork. Moderate temperatures were present for most of the week, helping to limit stress on row crops in critical reproductive stages. While state-wide crop and pasture conditions remained stable from last week, reporters across the three northern districts as well as the east-central and southeast regions indicate the need for rain to replenish soil moisture. Topsoil moisture fell 12 points from last week in the adequate and surplus categories to 9 percent very short, 29 percent short, 57 percent adequate, and 5 percent surplus. Serious damage is evident over much of Bates and Vernon counties from flooding. Flood waters have yet to recede on some fields, while other bottomlands have silt, sand, brush, and debris scattered on them. Roads, terraces, waterways, dikes, and fencing were washed out in many areas. Considerable acreages of corn, soybeans, and wheat were lost.

Field Crops Report

The corn crop is 77 percent silked, even with average, while 18 percent is in dough stage, slightly behind normal. The crop is rated 2 percent very poor, 6 percent poor, 26 percent fair, 49 percent good, and 17 percent excellent, stable from last week. Soybean emergence is at 96 percent. Reporters in west-central and southwest areas indicate that farmers with flooded fields have given up on planting double-crop soybeans, resulting in less double-crop acreage than normal. Thirty-five percent of soybeans are blooming, while 7 percent are setting pods, both on pace with the 5-year averages. Soybean condition is rated 3 percent very poor, 6 percent poor, 34 percent fair, 49 percent good, and 8 percent excellent. Sorghum heading is at 28 percent, about 2 to 3 days ahead of last year and normal. One percent is turning color, mostly in the east-central district. Sorghum condition is rated 1 percent very poor, 5 percent poor, 31 percent fair, 58 percent good, and 5 percent excellent. Rice heading is at 9 percent, slightly behind normal. Rice condition is rated 2 percent poor, 13 percent fair, 61 percent good, and 24 percent excellent. Cotton squaring is at 94 percent, about 1 week ahead of both last year and average. Fifty percent is setting bolls, 4 days ahead of average. Cotton condition is rated 4 percent very poor, 9 percent poor, 28 percent fair, 54 percent good, and 5 percent excellent. Wheat harvest is 92 percent complete compared with 99 percent as normal. Farmers in the flooded areas of the west-central district opted to burn some fields because of severe lodging and quality deterioration. Second-cutting alfalfa is 76 percent harvested, 1 week behind normal, while the third cutting is 7 percent done, 4 days behind normal. Other hay is 87 percent cut, 13 days behind last year and 8 days behind average.

Pasture & Livestock

Pasture condition is rated 5 percent very poor, 12 percent poor, 41 percent fair, 37 percent good, and 5 percent excellent. Deteriorating pasture conditions and short hay yields in the northwest, northeast, and southeast districts are causing livestock producers to search out extra hay acres to cut or begin supplemental feeding.

Weather Summary

Temperatures averaged 2 to 5 degrees below normal in most areas, with average high temperatures in the mid- to upper- 80’s throughout the state. Rainfall averaged 0.34 inches. The north-central received the most at 0.71 inches. All other districts received about one-half inch or less.


Audio Commentary

Weekly Crop Progress and Condition Audio Commentary by State Director Gene Danekas is available on the
Missouri Field Office Audio Publications page.

http://www.nass.usda.gov/Statistics_by_State/Missouri/Publications/Audio/


Weather Data

Hourly and daily weather data from stations throughout the state is available at the
Missouri Historical Agricultural Weather Database.

http://agebb.missouri.edu/weather/history/

District Summaries As Of July 15, 2007
  Missouri NW NC NE WC C EC SW SC SE
Days Suitable For Fieldwork                    
This Year 6.2 6.3 5.6 6.1 5.7 6.6 6.8 5.7 6.6 6.7
Last Year 4.8 5.4 5.5 5.2 4.8 5.2 4.9 5.1 4.2 2.6
Topsoil Moisture Supply                    
Very Short 9 20 11 19 0 2 13 0 0 13
Short 29 40 39 29 0 25 47 10 32 40
Adequate 57 33 48 49 77 68 40 89 65 47
Surplus 5 7 2 3 23 5 0 1 3 0
Corn Silked and Beyond, Percent                    
This Year 77 75 68 65 72 83 87 57 97 100
Last Year 83 68 80 84 95 94 70 100 60 97
Normal 77                  
Corn Dough Stage and Beyond, Percent                    
This Year 18 3 8 11 26 41 21 8 54 37
Last Year 20 11 10 9 19 9 9 44 9 54
Normal 20                  
Soybeans Blooming and Beyond, Percent                    
This Year 35 17 31 51 18 38 54 6 30 48
Last Year 43 44 45 53 53 44 48 13 28 35
Normal 34                  
Sorghum Headed and Beyond, Percent                    
This Year 28 32 33 13 33 13 42 37 40 26
Last Year 22 7 12 2 26 21 39 17 28 47
Normal 20                  
Winter Wheat Harvested, Percent                    
This Year 92 87 97 100 67 99 100 83 100 100
Last Year 100                  
Normal 99                  
Alfalfa Hay 2nd Cutting, Percent                    
This Year 76 72 55 77 70 75 89 92 96 97
Last Year 90 91 79 77 93 99 95 100 98 100
Normal 86                  
Other Hay Cut, Percent                    
This Year 87 86 77 91 74 92 95 87 96 99
Last Year 94 96 86 93 92 95 96 95 96 100
Normal 92                  
Corn Condition                    
Very Poor 2 2 1 2 4 5 0 0 0 4
Poor 6 8 2 6 5 5 8 3 2 7
Fair 26 39 27 23 14 16 34 19 9 21
Good 49 38 51 51 53 63 45 67 37 48
Excellent 17 13 19 18 24 11 13 11 52 20
Soybean Condition                    
Very Poor 3 1 2 1 11 4 0 0 0 4
Poor 6 4 3 8 8 7 2 1 3 7
Fair 34 52 33 27 21 29 38 35 17 32
Good 49 40 48 55 50 55 53 64 34 46
Excellent 8 3 14 9 10 5 7 0 46 11
Sorghum Condition                    
Very Poor 1 0 0 0 4 0 2 0 0 1
Poor 5 2 1 6 6 0 5 13 0 12
Fair 31 51 27 25 33 21 39 38 17 32
Good 58 45 69 59 53 77 47 46 71 49
Excellent 5 2 3 10 4 2 7 3 12 6
Pasture Condition                    
Very Poor 5 3 10 22 3 1 6 0 0 39
Poor 12 19 25 21 3 3 13 0 26 7
Fair 41 60 37 35 36 45 40 33 36 32
Good 37 18 26 17 47 46 41 55 34 22
Excellent 5 0 2 5 11 5 0 12 4 0
                     
Average Precipitation 0.34 0.54 0.71 0.52 0.50 0.13 0.15 0.44 0.18 0.14