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Week Ending July 22, 2007

Agricultural Summary

Light, widely scattered rain showers failed to improve soil moisture levels in drier areas of the state, particularly the northern third. However, crop conditions remain mostly favorable statewide. The corn crop showed only a modest decline in condition, as most of the crop is past the critical pollination stage. Soybean condition held steady. The greater concerns in northern areas are the short hay crop and poor pasture conditions. In fact, nearly every district experienced at least some deterioration in pasture condition along with declining soil moisture supplies. Topsoil moisture fell 11 points from last week in the adequate and surplus categories to 10 percent very short, 39 percent short, 50 percent adequate, and 1 percent surplus. The west-central, central, and southwest districts are mostly adequate to surplus, but all other districts are 42 percent or less in those categories. There were 6.4 days suitable for fieldwork.

Field Crops Report

The corn crop is 87 percent silked, while 34 percent is in dough stage, both nearly even with normal. Light to moderate stress has been reported in drier northern areas. The north-central district fell 16 points from last week in good to excellent, with the northwest, northeast, and west-central showing less severe declines. The declines more than offset improvements in other districts, resulting in a moderate drop of 4 points at the state level, rated 3 percent very poor, 8 percent poor, 27 percent fair, 45 percent good, and 17 percent excellent. Soybean blooming is at 51 percent, the same as the 5-year average. Seventeen percent is setting pods, the same as last year but slightly ahead of normal. Soybean condition is rated 3 percent very poor, 8 percent poor, 33 percent fair, 48 percent good, and 8 percent excellent. Sorghum heading is at 40 percent, about 2 days behind last year but marginally ahead of normal. Three percent is turning color. Sorghum condition is rated 1 percent very poor, 6 percent poor, 36 percent fair, 51 percent good, and 6 percent excellent. Rice heading is at 24 percent, 3 days ahead of normal. Rice condition is rated 2 percent poor, 14 percent fair, 60 percent good, and 24 percent excellent. Cotton squaring is at 95 percent, the same as average. Sixty-one percent is setting bolls, slightly ahead of normal. Cotton condition is rated 4 percent very poor, 11 percent poor, 29 percent fair, 51 percent good, and 5 percent excellent. Wheat harvest is complete except for a few scattered fields in the northwest, as well as some fields in the west-central and southwest districts still affected from early July flooding. Second-cutting alfalfa is 88 percent harvested, 5 days behind normal, while the third cutting is 15 percent done, 6 days behind normal. Other hay is 93 percent cut compared with 95 percent last year and normal.

Pasture & Livestock

Pasture condition is rated 5 percent very poor, 17 percent poor, 39 percent fair, 31 percent good, and 8 percent excellent, a decline of 3 points in good to excellent. An increasing number of reports across the north are indicating that short hay production and poor pastures are forcing cattle producers into supplemental feeding. If conditions do not improve, some might have to consider liquidating part of their herds. Additionally, the flooding in Bates and Vernon counties destroyed considerable grass acreage.

Weather Summary

Temperatures were generally 2 to 3 degrees below average throughout the state with the exception of the northwest corner, which was slightly above normal. Rainfall averaged 0.45 inches, ranging from .07 in the west-central district to .88 in the east-central.


Audio Commentary

Weekly Crop Progress and Condition Audio Commentary by State Director Gene Danekas is available on the
Missouri Field Office Audio Publications page.

http://www.nass.usda.gov/Statistics_by_State/Missouri/Publications/Audio/


Weather Data

Hourly and daily weather data from stations throughout the state is available at the
Missouri Historical Agricultural Weather Database.

http://agebb.missouri.edu/weather/history/

District Summaries As Of July 22, 2007
  Missouri NW NC NE WC C EC SW SC SE
Days Suitable For Fieldwork                    
This Year 6.4 6.6 6.6 6.1 6.6 6.0 5.8 6.3 6.3 6.7
Last Year 6.1 5.4 5.7 6.1 6.8 6.3 5.8 7.0 6.3 5.9
Topsoil Moisture Supply                    
Very Short 10 22 13 24 0 2 11 0 2 18
Short 39 46 49 45 16 27 49 24 61 40
Adequate 50 32 38 29 80 70 40 75 37 42
Surplus 1 0 0 2 4 1 0 1 0 0
Corn Silked and Beyond, Percent                    
This Year 87 84 88 81 89 95 89 74 100 100
Last Year 88 76 89 88 97 96 78 100 71 100
Normal 88                  
Corn Dough Stage and Beyond, Percent                    
This Year 34 20 21 32 34 58 25 19 77 59
Last Year 35 16 21 20 43 25 31 72 25 84
Normal 36                  
Soybeans Blooming and Beyond, Percent                    
This Year 51 35 56 65 29 49 61 11 60 67
Last Year 56 52 55 61 65 67 53 20 48 52
Normal 51                  
Sorghum Headed and Beyond, Percent                    
This Year 40 40 36 33 42 29 51 52 50 43
Last Year 46 21 33 31 47 50 52 49 43 70
Normal 37                  
Alfalfa Hay 3rd Cutting, Percent                    
This Year 15 3 5 5 10 19 14 38 40 47
Last Year 29 18 11 20 39 28 23 47 58 85
Normal 24                  
Other Hay Cut, Percent                    
This Year 93 94 87 93 84 96 98 95 97 100
Last Year 95 97 87 95 93 97 98 96 97 100
Normal 95                  
Corn Condition                    
Very Poor 3 1 3 2 4 4 0 0 0 5
Poor 8 13 6 10 5 4 9 3 3 6
Fair 27 38 37 28 19 12 31 19 4 18
Good 45 35 31 46 48 60 50 68 29 51
Excellent 17 13 23 14 24 20 10 10 64 20
Soybean Condition                    
Very Poor 3 1 1 2 11 3 0 0 0 5
Poor 8 9 6 10 8 6 2 1 0 13
Fair 33 43 41 27 26 24 38 36 1 28
Good 48 42 40 54 45 62 55 63 35 43
Excellent 8 5 12 7 10 5 5 0 64 11
Sorghum Condition                    
Very Poor 1 0 0 0 4 0 2 0 0 3
Poor 6 10 2 5 6 0 5 13 0 13
Fair 36 45 61 33 33 23 44 31 5 33
Good 51 42 31 54 53 72 43 48 68 48
Excellent 6 3 6 8 4 5 6 8 27 3
Pasture Condition                    
Very Poor 5 7 13 26 3 1 10 0 0 8
Poor 17 28 29 29 4 3 20 0 41 21
Fair 39 43 40 26 50 40 42 39 27 52
Good 31 21 17 18 35 42 28 44 26 19
Excellent 8 1 1 1 8 14 0 17 6 0
                     
Average Precipitation 0.45 0.28 0.18 0.29 0.07 0.64 0.88 0.30 0.56 0.52