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Week Ending July 29, 2007

Agricultural Summary

Warm and mostly dry weather during the week brought modest deterioration to row crop and pasture conditions. Any rainfall that benefited crops and grasses was very localized. Farmers are looking for a soaking rain, an event that has been absent from most areas for the past month. Even so, corn and soybean condition ratings are slightly better than last year at this time, a year that saw above average yields. Crops at most risk from continued dry weather are late-planted corn in northern areas, especially the northeast, and dryland corn and soybeans in the southeast. Concerns about hay supply and pasture condition are spreading from the north into most other districts as well. Topsoil moisture fell 15 points from last week in the adequate and surplus categories to 20 percent very short, 44 percent short, and 36 percent adequate. Every district experienced a decline. There were 6.7 days suitable for fieldwork.

Field Crops Report

The corn crop is 94 percent silked, 2 days behind last year and even with normal. Fifty percent is in dough stage, about 2 days behind last year and the five-year average of 55 percent. Eight percent is dented compared to 12 percent as normal. Conditions in the western two-thirds of the state were mostly steady, but the three eastern districts showed significant declines. The northeast, east-central, and southeast dropped by 12, 8, and 11 points in good to excellent. Counties in the northeast along the Illinois border are especially showing stress, with one reporter describing second ears aborting and shrinking kernel depth. Overall, condition is rated 3 percent very poor, 9 percent poor, 30 percent fair, 44 percent good, and 14 percent excellent, a drop of 4 points. Sixty-four percent of the soybean crop is blooming, nearly the same as the 5-year average. Twenty-nine percent is setting pods, marginally ahead of normal. Soybean condition dropped 6 points from last week in the good to excellent categories, rated 4 percent very poor, 10 percent poor, 36 percent fair, 43 percent good, and 7 percent excellent. Like corn, the biggest declines in condition were in the three eastern districts. The greatest concern is for double-crop soybeans in the Bootheel, where one report indicated plants are starting to wilt and die on light, sandy soil. Also vulnerable are several thousand acres of soybeans planted very late in the west-central district after flooding. Sorghum heading is at 53 percent, 5 days behind last year and slightly behind normal. Seven percent is turning color, the same as average. Sorghum condition is rated 1 percent very poor, 5 percent poor, 38 percent fair, 52 percent good, and 4 percent excellent, steady from last week. Rice heading advanced considerably to 50 percent, at least 5 days ahead of last year and normal. Rice condition is rated 1 percent very poor, 2 percent poor, 16 percent fair, 55 percent good, and 26 percent excellent. Cotton squaring is complete, while 77 percent is setting bolls, 2 days ahead of normal. Cotton condition is rated 4 percent very poor, 16 percent poor, 29 percent fair, 46 percent good, and 5 percent excellent. Second-cutting alfalfa is 95 percent harvested, while the third cutting is 25 percent done, 1 week behind normal. Other hay is 95 percent cut compared with 97 percent as normal.

Pasture & Livestock

Pasture condition is rated 6 percent very poor, 21 percent poor, 41 percent fair, 27 percent good, and 5 percent excellent, a decline of 7 points in good to excellent. Conditions are worst in the southeast district, where only 1 percent is in good or excellent condition, and the northeast at 11 percent. Meanwhile, condition fell 16 points in the west-central district, as the effects of severe flooding in early July have taken their toll. Cattle producers in the worst areas are concerned about both availability and price of hay.

Weather Summary

Temperatures were 1 to 4 degrees below normal over most of the state but 2 to 3 degrees above normal in the northwest. Rainfall averaged 0.24 inches, ranging from .05 in the southeast district to .52 in the northwest.


Audio Commentary

Weekly Crop Progress and Condition Audio Commentary by State Director Gene Danekas is available on the
Missouri Field Office Audio Publications page.

http://www.nass.usda.gov/Statistics_by_State/Missouri/Publications/Audio/


Weather Data

Hourly and daily weather data from stations throughout the state is available at the
Missouri Historical Agricultural Weather Database.

http://agebb.missouri.edu/weather/history/

District Summaries As Of July 29, 2007
  Missouri NW NC NE WC C EC SW SC SE
Days Suitable For Fieldwork                    
This Year 6.7 6.5 6.8 6.7 7.0 6.7 6.7 6.5 6.7 7.0
Last Year 6.4 6.8 6.4 6.5 6.7 6.9 6.2 6.9 6.5 5.2
Topsoil Moisture Supply                    
Very Short 20 28 30 39 5 5 21 1 18 36
Short 44 46 47 43 42 35 58 52 40 44
Adequate 36 26 23 17 53 60 21 47 40 20
Surplus 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 2 0
Corn Dough Stage and Beyond, Percent                    
This Year 50 32 47 50 61 67 52 44 89 65
Last Year 56 35 49 37 78 57 44 84 35 95
Normal 55                  
Soybeans Blooming and Beyond, Percent                    
This Year 64 43 66 79 45 74 75 16 65 82
Last Year 72 62 74 74 81 79 70 31 54 71
Normal 65                  
Sorghum Headed and Beyond, Percent                    
This Year 53 49 38 56 58 48 73 55 52 66
Last Year 71 59 64 63 81 59 63 81 49 92
Normal 566                  
Alfalfa Hay 3rd Cutting, Percent                    
This Year 25 9 8 11 24 33 49 48 53 73
Last Year 53 44 39 33 79 63 42 72 74 98
Normal 40                  
Other Hay Cut, Percent                    
This Year 95 95 90 97 88 97 99 96 98 100
Last Year 98                  
Normal 97                  
Corn Condition                    
Very Poor 3 2 6 4 4 4 0 0 0 6
Poor 9 12 6 14 4 4 8 0 4 11
Fair 30 39 34 34 19 13 40 27 10 23
Good 44 34 44 38 53 60 46 61 34 45
Excellent 14 13 10 10 20 19 6 12 52 15
Soybean Condition                    
Very Poor 4 2 6 2 10 3 0 0 0 9
Poor 10 10 8 11 6 5 3 0 9 19
Fair 36 45 42 36 29 23 46 35 18 34
Good 43 40 39 45 43 64 49 65 27 26
Excellent 7 3 5 6 12 5 2 0 46 12
Sorghum Condition                    
Very Poor 1 0 1 0 2 0 0 0 0 6
Poor 5 5 3 5 2 0 5 1 17 18
Fair 38 40 58 37 39 21 38 54 22 39
Good 52 52 37 54 53 75 53 41 48 32
Excellent 4 3 1 4 4 4 4 4 13 5
Pasture Condition                    
Very Poor 6 10 13 31 4 0 5 0 4 16
Poor 21 38 35 33 8 4 19 4 35 47
Fair 41 35 34 25 61 44 46 45 32 36
Good 27 16 17 10 22 39 30 41 27 1
Excellent 5 1 1 1 5 13 0 10 2 0
                     
Average Precipitation 0.24 0.52 0.10 0.23 0.17 0.10 0.17 0.31 0.39 0.05