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Week Ending August 5, 2007

Agricultural Summary

A dry week with hot temperatures inflicted serious stress on pastures and decreased soil moisture. Row crops also came under stress, especially the northeastern quarter of the state. Topsoil moisture fell 14 points from last week in the adequate and surplus categories to 37 percent very short, 41 percent short, and 22 percent adequate. Subsoil moisture is rated 22 percent very short, 47 percent short, and 31 percent adequate. The most serious moisture deficits are in the north-central, northeast, east-central, and southeast districts. Only the west-central and southwest districts are near or above 50 percent adequate in topsoil and subsoil moisture levels. There were 6.8 days suitable for fieldwork.

Field Crops Report

Sixty-nine percent of the corn crop is in dough stage, 3 days behind last year and 2 days behind the five-year average of 74 percent. Thirty-two percent is dented, 3 days behind last year and slightly behind normal. Corn condition in the north-central, northeast, central, and east-central districts declined significantly, while the other major corn districts showed modest improvement. A report from the northeast commented that fields in the driest areas are maturing early, which will likely cut yields. Overall, condition is rated 6 percent very poor, 12 percent poor, 29 percent fair, 40 percent good, and 13 percent excellent, a drop of 5 points in good to excellent. Seventy-four percent of the soybean crop is blooming, 6 days behind average and 3 days behind the 5-year average of 78 percent. Forty-four percent is setting pods, 2 days behind last year but marginally ahead of normal. Soybean condition is rated 6 percent very poor, 14 percent poor, 36 percent fair, 38 percent good, and 6 percent excellent, 6 points below last week in good to excellent. Considerable deterioration in condition was seen in the same areas as the largest declines in corn condition. Sorghum heading is at 66 percent, 8 days behind last year and 3 days behind normal. Twelve percent is turning color, 5 days behind last year 2 days behind average. Sorghum condition is rated 2 percent very poor, 10 percent poor, 38 percent fair, 44 percent good, and 6 percent excellent, down 6 points in good to excellent from last week. Rice heading is at 59 percent, even with last year and 2 days ahead of normal. Rice condition is rated 1 percent very poor, 1 percent poor, 16 percent fair, 58 percent good, and 24 percent excellent. Cotton setting bolls is at 87 percent, 3 days behind last year but slightly ahead of normal. Four percent of bolls are opening. Cotton condition is rated 5 percent very poor, 16 percent poor, 27 percent fair, 48 percent good, and 4 percent excellent. The third cutting of alfalfa is 48 percent complete, over 1 week behind last year and 4 days behind average.

Pasture & Livestock

Pasture condition experienced a sharp decline during the week, falling 10 points in the good and excellent categories to 16 percent very poor, 25 percent poor, 37 percent fair, 19 percent good, and 3 percent excellent. The north-central, northeast, east-central, and southeast districts are all 5 percent or less in good to excellent, while the northwest is not much better at 11 percent. Conditions are better in the west-central and southwest districts, but reporters stated that pasture and hay quality are becoming an issue after severe drought last year, the April freeze, and July flooding. Hay supply is rated 12 percent very short, 39 percent short, 48 percent adequate, and 1 percent surplus. All districts are less than 50 percent adequate to surplus except the west-central, central, and southwest. Stock water supply is estimated at 4 percent very short, 18 percent short, 77 percent adequate, and 1 percent surplus. While livestock water has not been an issue thus far, reports in the driest areas are starting to indicate shortages.

Weather Summary

Temperatures averaged 1 to 2 degrees above normal. High temperatures reached the mid- to upper-90’s in most areas. Rainfall averaged 0.22 inches, with the west-central district receiving 0.90 inches, the northwest 0.59 inches, and all other districts about two-tenths inch or less.


Audio Commentary

Weekly Crop Progress and Condition Audio Commentary by State Director Gene Danekas is available on the
Missouri Field Office Audio Publications page.

http://www.nass.usda.gov/Statistics_by_State/Missouri/Publications/Audio/


Weather Data

Hourly and daily weather data from stations throughout the state is available at the
Missouri Historical Agricultural Weather Database.

http://agebb.missouri.edu/weather/history/

District Summaries As Of August 5, 2007
  Missouri NW NC NE WC C EC SW SC SE
                     
Days Suitable For Fieldwork                    
This Year 6.8 6.5 6.9 6.9 6.6 6.9 6.8 7.0 6.9 7.0
Last Year 6.5 5.5 6.5 6.5 6.7 6.9 6.8 6.9 6.8 6.2
Topsoil Moisture Supply                    
Very Short 37 30 61 66 18 24 50 8 31 51
Short 41 41 35 26 32 56 44 47 39 39
Adequate 22 29 4 8 50 20 6 45 29 11
Surplus 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0
Subsoil Moisture Supply                    
Very Short 22 14 38 41 3 15 28 10 17 31
Short 47 41 58 37 33 59 56 38 50 41
Adequate 31 45 4 22 63 26 16 52 33 28
Surplus 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0
Corn Dented, Percent                    
This Year 32 24 17 14 23 46 32 9 50 79
Last Year 41 30 38 27 53 44 21 58 15 71
Normal 34                  
Soybeans Setting Pods and Beyond, Percent                    
This Year 44 25 37 45 27 60 57 13 33 69
Last Year 49 46 59 51 55 47 36 21 33 50
Normal 43                  
Sorghum Headed and Beyond, Percent                    
This Year 66 74 59 72 68 59 76 58 66 92
Last Year 85 86 84 80 97 75 77 94 71 99
Normal 73                  
Alfalfa Hay 3rd Cutting, Percent                    
This Year 48 28 24 37 55 63 51 64 80 93
Last Year 71 68 55 53 92 75 70 80 89 100
Normal 57                  
Corn Condition                    
Very Poor 6 2 11 12 3 9 4 0 0 4
Poor 12 12 15 21 4 10 16 0 6 10
Fair 29 34 31 38 16 16 40 22 18 22
Good 40 36 38 24 53 56 31 66 32 45
Excellent 13 16 5 5 24 9 9 12 44 19
Soybean Condition                    
Very Poor 6 1 6 4 9 7 2 0 3 14
Poor 14 11 22 19 4 8 12 1 5 19
Fair 36 39 39 44 33 36 45 17 30 30
Good 38 43 31 31 44 46 36 82 25 28
Excellent 6 6 2 2 10 3 5 0 37 9
Sorghum Condition                    
Very Poor 2 0 5 2 1 0 2 0 4 7
Poor 10 4 18 10 4 6 10 0 16 24
Fair 38 37 49 37 42 32 54 39 13 36
Good 44 53 27 43 42 61 31 49 53 31
Excellent 6 6 1 8 11 1 3 12 14 2
Supply of Hay and Other Roughages                    
Very Short 12 23 22 22 5 3 21 2 8 54
Short 39 38 43 48 26 43 42 6 60 23
Adequate 48 38 33 28 68 53 35 90 31 23
Surplus 1 1 2 2 1 1 2 2 1 0
Stock Water Supplies                    
Very Short 4 5 4 10 0 1 3 2 4 55
Short 18 32 18 28 6 19 35 5 11 20
Adequate 77 62 78 58 89 80 59 93 84 25
Surplus 1 1 0 4 5 0 3 0 1 0
Pasture Condition                    
Very Poor 16 24 37 36 3 2 20 1 18 53
Poor 25 34 35 32 11 21 44 12 29 40
Fair 37 31 23 28 50 52 34 38 30 7
Good 19 11 5 4 32 22 2 37 21 0
Excellent 3 0 0 0 4 3 0 12 2 0
                     
Average Precipitation 0.22 0.59 0.04 0.04 0.90 0.08 0.21 0.08 0.11 0.07